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its true light. May those who have so often con- rare beauties contained in this collection, would tributed to its horrors, be disgusted, whilst they require more space than it might be proper to look upon Mexico, as a picture of that which they occupy in a periodical like the Review. Neverhave shared in painting elsewhere, and learn to theless, it may be well to mention one or two hate this crying sin.”
objects of peculiar interest, which may give
some idea of the whole. In one of these it The subsequent observations of Henry Clay at would be impossible to describe the perfection the meeting, noted in a former number, may be of beauty which Nature displays. Upwards of regarded as a considerable concession from a one hundred and fifty varieties of humming sla veholder.
birds, of such tiny dimensions, and dressed up “I regard slavery as a great evil-greatly to be with such imposing gaiety, and yet every part deplored—and, I will adă, fraught with injustice so perfect, every feather so complete in its structo our fellow beings who are the subjects of it.
ture, are indeed wonderful, and calculated to "Fifty years ago, I advocated the adoption of excite feelings of profound admiration of the the Pennsylvania scheme of Emancipation, and works of the great Creator. had it been made the law, we should have been Another very interesting part of the collection entirely rid of the evil of slavery. And with the is contained in three cases of considerable size: added experience, observation and reflection of
parrots, paroquets and macaws. The richness these fifty years, I regret-I deeply regret and des of the colouring of these birds is well known to just, had not been adopted: for my opinions now many, from a familiar acquaintance with some are precisely what they were then."
few varieties confined in cages, but the idea con
veyed by these is comparatively small when we Married, ---On 5th day, the 16th inst, at Friends' view between one and two hundred together ; Meeting, on Mulberry street, Francis R. Cope to the deepest shades of blue, green, scarlet, and ANNA S., daughter of Jeremiah Brown, all of this orange, all disposed with the most exquisite city.
taste, both for contrast and effect; thes birds
vary in size from that of a common pheasant to Dien, -At Salem, N.J., on 4th day, the 8th inst., that of a blue bird, and the length of the tailin the 71st year of her age, REBECCA Smart, á feathers in some of the larger species gives gracevaluable Elder of Salem Monthly Meeting. fulness to their forms. The light in which some
also at Salem, N. J., and a member of the of the specimens are placed adds much to the same meeting, on 5th day, the 16th inst., WILLIAM beauty of the collection. F. MILLER, at an advanced age.
There is still one object of interest, from which perhaps the reflective mind cannot turn without
deriving some instruction; that is a full length THE ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES. mummy, said to be the body of a priest who
died several hundred years before Christ. The The collection of this institution has for years form of the body is very perfect, and a string of been known to the public as one of the most beads around the neck is almost complete, showscientific in the country; but of late it has been ing their form and colour; the body is wrapped rendered increasingly interesting by the addition in what appears to be the original shroud of the of the far-famed ornithological collection of a deceased.“ If the statements derived from the distinguished individual in France, which has deciphering of the hieroglyphical figures upon been purchased by a wealthy citizen, and de- the sarcophagus be true, it certainly is an object posited in the institution.* It is said to be the of great curiosity. That the poor
frail tenement, third collection, in size, in the world, and the after having been interred, and perhaps entirely variety and number of the specimens, showing forgotten for ages, should thus be again introthe different changes in the plumage of the birds, duced upon earth, in something of its original as well as the neat and scientific manner of their form and appearance, carries the mind back to arrangement, add much to its beauty and interest, the time when it, like ourselves, existed a created and cannot but prove a source of both profit and being; and what a tide of associate ideas sucentertainment, even to the most casual observer. ceed ! The pages of history, both sacred and To give an accurate description of the many profane, are open to our view; numerous inci.
dents which then occurred, are remembered with The writer probably has reference here to a pur- delight, and although the projecting bones, the chase by Dr. Wilson, formerly of this city, of the Duke shrivelled skin, and the hardened and contracted of Rivoli's collection of more than 13,000 specimens. Aesh, may not be a most agreeable object to look The Duke was the son of Marshal Massena. In addition to the liberality which prompted the purchase of this upon, yet it may not prove an unprofitable one. splendid collection, at a cost of $20,000 or more, and
Many other parts of the collection are equally the depositing of it with the Academy of Natural worthy of notice; but perhaps these may serve Sciences, we understand that Dr. Wilson has made to excite sufficient interest in the readers of the large appropriations for increasing the accommodations Review, to induce a personal examination. of the building, and the expenses attendant upon taking care of the collection.
For Friends' Review.
For Friends' Review.
fore the throne, and what would he care about it. Just such will be my feeling whilst I am
hid in the secret of my Redeemer's presence.” (Concluded from page 168.)
The following extracts from a letter to a cler“ When youth's presumptuousness is mellowed down, And manhood's vain anxiety dismissed;
gyman are interesting as evidences of his faithWhen Wisdom shows her seasonable fruit
fulness as well as of the practical character of Upon the boughs of sheltering leisure hung, his piety. "You have always appeared to adIn sober plenty"
mire Christianity as a system, but you never These beautiful words of our great living poet seemed to have just views of Christianity as a may with singular propriety be applied to the remedy. You never seemed to possess selfold age of Simeon-time and experience had knowledge, or to know the evil of your own calmed without weakening his ardent mind. He heart
. I never saw in you any deep contrition, lived for the promotion of Christianity, and to much less any thing of a tender self-loathing oppose what he deemed error; but he had and self-abhorrence. This always made me learned that the example of an earnest yet hum-jealous over you with a godly jealousy; and ble spirit, seeking the good of all around it, and never till this moment have I had my fears for showing “out of a good conversation his works your ultimate state removed. I beheld in you in meekness of wisdom," was a most efficient somewhat of a childlike simplicity; and I well means in preparing men to receive the truth; know that if it be associated with contrition and that true Christian kindness was a more it is a virtue of the sublimest quality; but if formidable weapon against heresy than doubtful contrition be wanting, the disposition which asdisputation. In his sixtieth year he says, “ I see
sumes that form differs but little from childishmany things in a different light from what I once ness. But now you begin to feel the burthen did—such as the beauty of order, of regularity, of your sins; you now begin, though still in and the wisdom of seeking to win souls by kind- a very small degree, to have your mind open to ness, rather than to convert them by harshness the corruptions of the heart and to your need of a and what I once called fidelity. I admire more dying Saviour to atone for you by his blood, and the idea which I have of our blessed Lord's spi- a living Saviour to renew you by the influences rit and ministry than I once did.” Something of His Spirit. Seek, my dear friend, to grow having been told him to the disadvantage of an- in this knowledge; for it is this that will endear other, he makes the following entry in his diary: the Saviour to you, and make you steadfast in “ The longer I live the more I feel the importance your walk with God. This is the foundation of adhering to the rules which I have laid down which must be dug deep, if you would ever build for myself in relation to such matters—1st, To high, and the ballast which alone will enable you hear as little as possible what is to the prejudice to carry sail.” “Christianity is a personal matof others; 2d, To believe nothing of the kind ter, not to be commended merely to others, but until I am absolutely forced to it; 3d, Never to to be experienced in your own soul; and though drink into the spirit of one who circulates an you may confound your opponents by your arguill report; 4th, Always to moderate as far as ments, you will never do any essential good; I can the unkindness which is expressed towards much less will you reap any saving benefit to others; 5th, Always to believe that if the other your own soul till you can say, What mine eyes side were heard, a very different account would have seen, mine ears have heard, and mine hands be given of the matter. I consider love as have handled of the word of life, that same declare wealth ; and as I would resist a man who should I unto you.' come to rob my house, so would I a man who We do not know that we can better close these would weaken my regard for any human being." extracts than by the following passages of a letter My blessed Lord,” he writes on another occa- to a correspondent who had requested him to sion, “ when he was reviled, reviled not again ; attack the work of a clergyman who denied the. when he suffered, he threatened not, but com- restoration of the Jews to their own land :-“I mitted himself to Him that judgeth righteously. have neither taste nor talent for religious controThat seems the right thing for me to do; though versy; nor do I, upon the whole, envy those by some perhaps would think it better to stand whom such taste and such talent are possessed. up for my rights. But to all the accusations I know you will forgive me, if I
that the that were brought against him, our Lord made very account you give of yourself, in relation no reply, “insomuch that the governor mar- to controversy, is a dissuasive from embarkvelled greatly.' I delight in that record; and, ing in it. Let a man once engage in it, and it God helping me, it is the labour of my life so is surprising how the love of it will grow upon to act that on my account also the governor | him; and he will both find a hare in every bush, or spectator may marvel greatly. My expe- and follow it with something of a huntsman's rience all this day has been, and I hope will yet feeling. I am not certain, my dear friend, that continue to be, a confirmation of that word, your preserves, though they have provided many • Thou wilt hide me in the secret of thy presence dishes for your table, have administered any from the strife of tongues.' Insult an angel be- I sound health to your soul. As for me, I have
been a dying creature these fifty years, and have, peace and love; and enjoying such a sense of as on the borders of eternity, sought for truth God's pardoning love himself, he longed to manionly, and that from the fountain of truth itself. I fest an affectionate and forgiving spirit to all have never had time or inclination to run after around. " Without weakness or wandering of error in all its windings ; in fact, there are so mind during his severe suffering, in which patience many errors that one can never search them out.” had indeed its perfect work '-abounding in per“ This is a day of trifling. But I am a dying man, fect love and thanksgiving, he was enabled to and view these things as I shall view them from testify to the last, of the mercy and faithfulness the bar of judgment. All these things are about of his God, and so having fought a good fight, and religion, but they have very little to do with | kept the faith, he finished his course with joy." religion itself. One drachm of contrition and He terminated his remarkable career in his of simple affiance in the Saviour, and of an ad-78th year. miring and adoring sense of redeeming love, is worth all the knowledge that has been, of late,
From the Anti-Slavery Reporter. conveyed to us on these subjects, and all the
ADDRESS OF THE COMMITTEE OF THE feelings that have been generated by the prose- To the Friends of the Anti-Slavery Cause on
BRITISH AND FOREIGN A.S, SOCIETY, cution of them."
the Disuse of Slave-Labour Produce. “ The chamber where the good man meets his fate Is privileged beyond the common walks
The system of slavery, whether viewed in its Of human life-quite in the verge of heaven.”
origin, its incidents, or its results, is now gene
rally admitted to be not only an enormous crime Yet its reports are far from uniform. For against man, but an act of daring impiety against some the final struggle against the enemy of man God; and that, therefore, every legitimate means seems to be reserved to the dying hour, as if to should be used to secure its universal abolition. magnify that grace which shall triumph when The slavery of modern times we speak of * Strength and heart faileth.” Others, who, that which exists among professedly Christian through the efficacy of the same heavenly gift, and civilized nations,—had its origin in the have been enabled to accomplish the work of SLAVE-TRADE, and is, in one form or other, fed their day, are permitted to descend to the valley and sustained by it at the present hour. The of the shadow of death, fearing no evil ; and in the Spanish Colonies and Brazil derive their supbeautiful language of the Apostle, " to sleep in plies of new slaves direct from the Coast of Jesus." Simeon died like the warrior in his ar- Africa, whilst the southern sections of the United mour; his trust was in his great Captain ; yet he States depend for theirs, in a considerable deseems to have felt to the last, the necessity of gree, on the slave-rearing states, where the vicwatching against the frailties of nature, and the tims of oppression are as regularly bred for sale temptations of the evil one. An incident which oc- as cattle are for the markets. In the one case, curred about two weeks before his death, and when we have the foreign African slave-trade, with all all hope of recovery was gone, is singularly illus- the horrors of the capture and the middle pastrative of this feeling. 'An attendant remarked to sage; in the other, the internal or domestic hiin that his work was now quite done, and that slave-trade, with all its loathsome and atrocious it was a privilege to see the peace he enjoyed, incidents; and in both, an epitome of all the and with how much patience and submission he crimes that can darken or debase the character bore his afflictions. He instantly rebuked her in of man. a tone of unusual severity, and calling for writing It is a melancholy and startling fact, that, with materials, dictated with great solemnity, an earnest very few exceptions, all the slaves, upwards of entreaty that nothing laudatory of him, or of seven millions in number, now held in bondage any thing he had done, should be uttered in his in the New World, are either the immediate vicpresence ; expressing, in strong language, his con- tims, or the descendants of former victims of the viction, that could he be pleased with it, it might slave-trade. They are the sad remnants of that be his ruin. When his attendant subsequently mighty host which have been stolen from Africa, explained that she meant to refer to the power of and doomed by the wickedness of their fellowDivine Grace which enabled him to exhibit so men, to hopeless captivity, unrequited toil, and much patience under suffering, he replied in the premature death. gentlest manner, that she might speak of Divine It is unnecessary that we should dwell on the goodness as much as she would, but not of him. essential unrighteousness and hateful cruelty of « There was,” says his biographer, "a remarkable slavery; or depict its fearful results either on and rapid maturing of all the finer parts of his the slave or his oppressur: it is sufficient to character, from the very commencement of his say, that it is full of " deadly evil to both.” It is, illness, and a corresponding diminution, and ul- therefore, against slavery, rather than the slavetimately a disappearance of those symptoms of trade, which has now become its adjunct, that haste and irritability which sometimes were our most strenuous efforts should be directed; visible in his days of health and vigour.” He for as long as slavery exists, there is no reasonseemed now to breathe entirely an atmosphere of able prospect of the annihilation of the slave
trade, and of extinguishing the sale and barter with the produce of slave-labour; yet we hold of human beings.
it to be a duty wherever there is literty of Whilst slavery existed in the British colonies, choice, or a substitute for slave-produce can be or the territorial dependencies of the empire, we found, to avoid it; and we earnestly recommend had the power of overcoming it through the con- this view of the subject, and a corresponding stituted authorities of the realm. Our efforts to practice, to the immediate and serious consideraenlighten the public mind, and to move the legis- tion and adoption of every friend of humanity lature, were, under the divine blessing, crowned throughout the country. with success, and that dreadful evil has disap- If the demand for slaves is now the sole cause peared. But we could not use the same means of the slave-trade, and its accumulated crimes, with foreign states, and were limited to moral the demand for slave-produce is the prolific suasion, the adoption of fiscal regulations in source, the main prop and stay of slavery, with favour of free labour, and the disuse of slave- all its terrible and revolting circumstances and produce. It has pleased the Imperial Legisla- awful responsibilities. It requires no powers of ture to enact laws which admit the free importa- reasoning to demonstrate that if this demand tion of slave-grown produce into the British were to cease; if the righteous indignation felt market for home consumption, and very shortly against slavery led to the general disuse of its the duties will be equalized, so that the last re-produce; and if compassion for the slave prostriction upon it will cease to exist, and the produced its legitimate fruit in a resolute determinaduce of piracy, rapine and murder, will be ele- tion thus practically to discountenance the sin vated to the same dignity with that of free we profess to condemn, it would soon be abanlabour, honestly obtained and fairly remune- doned. It is the market for slave-produce which rated. We deeply regret this; but we fear that gives energy and extension to the system of government will not retrace ils steps; there re- slavery. Unhappily, in our own country, that mains, therefore, only two modes of action left, demand has greatly increased, since the last that of moral suasion, and the disuse of slave- alteration in the sugar duties, and the result has produce.
been, that a vast stimulus has been given to the It is extremely satisfactory to know, that the slave-trade; that slave property has greatly aug. means to which the British and Foreign Anti- mented in value; and that the progress
of emanSlavery Society have resorted to promote the cipation has been greatly impeded thereby. Such abolition of slavery by foreign states, have been being the fact, the question is simple and the anfollowed by a large measure of success. Already swer obvious, with regard to our duty-we must Sweden and Denmark have decided the question abstain from the use of slave-produce. of freedom, and the slaves in their colonies are It
be said that isolated efforts of the kind now in course of being emancipated. France recommended can do little towards the giant evil is prepared, we trust, shortly to follow the ex- of slavery. We admit it, but the question of ample, and Holland cannot hesitate much longer individual duty remains the same. Every one to give liberty to her slaves. Nor is this all: who uses slave-grown produce, when it is in Tunis has listened to the voice of humanity and his power either to do without it or to choose justice, and her noble prince has destroyed the that which is free, does in reality sustain the last vestiges of slavery and the slave-trade, system of slavery; whereas, on the other hand, throughout her coasts. Turkey has abolished every one who abstains from it not only bears her slave-markets. Rajpootana has terminated his protest against the iniquity of enslaving man, her slave-system, and Lahore has declared her but attacks it in its most vulnerable point. bondmen shall be free. To this we may add, But, however weak the effort may be in the that many noble minds and generous hearts in first instance, yet, if it be based on a right prinSpain, Portugal, Brazil, and the Spanish colo- ciple, others will engage in it: the units will benies, sympathise with us in our struggles for the come hundreds, and the hundreds thousands, and freedom of the whole human race. We shall, their abstinence will not fail to make a decided therefore, persevere in the use of those moral impression on the market for slave-produce. If and pacific means which have hitherto been so the abolitionists of this country—and who is not remarkably blest. One means, however, has an abolitionist?-would ally themselves to this been, we fear, much overlooked. We allude to branch of anti-slavery effort, the consequences the disuse of slave-labour produce; a weapon would be not less surprising than beneficial, for which all, more or less, can use with great we may be assured that no slave-holder would effect. To this we invite serious attention. add to his stock of slaves under a decaying de
The rule of the Society, adopted in 1839, is, mand for his productions. Hence, among the “ to recommend the use of free-grown produce, first consequences of abstinence from their use as far as practicable, in preference to slave-would be, that a smaller number of ships would grown.” The qualification, “ as far as practi- be freighted for the slave-trade—that fewer wars cable,” is added, because of the necessity of the would be waged in Africa to obtain slaves—that case, for it is, perhaps, impossible, under exist- a less number of victims would be destroyed; ing circumstances, wholly to avoid all contact land, as the public conscience became awaken
ed, the demand would gradually decrease, until
From Chambers's Edinburgh Journal. slavery would become unprofitable—a burthen RISING AND SINKING OF LAND IN NORTHERN and a yoke too heavy to be borne.
EUROPE. To those who sincerely desire to act in con
(Concluded from page 204.) formity with the rule of this Society, there can be no difficulty in their doing so. A large pro
While rowing to examine a marked rock portion of the sugars, coffees, rice, cocoa, and forty miles to the north-east of Upsal, the boatother tropical productions, brought to the British men pointed out rocks, from one to two feet market, is the result of free labour. To distin-above the water, which, when boys, they reguish them from the produce of the Spanish membered to have been below the surface; and colonies, Brazil, and the United States, is not a channel then nearly dry, as one through which difficult. Any respectable tradesman would be heavily laden boats once passed. So accustomed able to supply the abovementioned articles, with are they to the natural evidences of the rise, out being tempted to deceive. In the article of that they detect them without reference to the cotton goods, the case is somewhat different, artificial marks, but attribute the change rather though it is hoped that the exertions which are
to subsidence of the sea than to elevation of now being made will issue in an abundant
the land. At Lofgrund, a mark cut in a rock
supply of the raw material, free from the taint of in 1731 was found to be nearly three feet above slavery, so that the choice in this respect will the present water level. In the sixteenth cenbe as easy as it now is in reference to sugar, tury, the port of Gothenburg was twenty miles coffee, and rice. But were the difficulties of higher up the firth on which it is built, than the obtaining free labour goods greater than they place where it now stands, and according to really are, the idea that by the non-use of those appearances
, the waters are still retiring. At of an opposite character, you were subserving Geffe, Mr. Lyell states, preparations were being the great interests of humanity, would more than made to remove the harbor nearer to the
sea, compensate for any amount of self-denial which in consequence of the increasing shallowness of the sacrifice might involve.
the water. At some parts of the coast, both of “ Be not ye partakers of other men's sins,” is Sweden and Finland, reports are current among an injunction of the Sacred Scriptures, which the villagers of wrecks and anchors dug up at we think peculiarly appropriate to the subject places far in the interior; and the grass crops we have ventured to submit to your considera- of meadows near the sea are said to be insensibly tion. The slave-holder first robs his fellow- increasing with the gradual elevation of the man of his liberty, and then plunders him of the land. Mr. Lyell travelled across Sweden from reward of his toil. That is his sin; but do we the east to the west coast on the summit level, not participate in it when we purchase of him the and found every where the same appearances as fruits of that toil? We think that every rightly on the coast. The whole country affords inconstituted mind must answer, yes! An eminent contestible evidence of upheaval, but varying American writer, the late Dr. Channing, speak in different districts, being greatest towards the ing of the Cuban slave-trade and slavery, ob- north, where the rise has been from six hundred serves, “We do much to sustain this system of to seven hundred feet, near Christiana four hunhorror and blood. The Cuban slave-trade is dred feet, and at Uddevalla two hundred feet. carried on in vessels built especially for this use The elevation, however, has been neither uniin American ports.
These vessels often sail form nor continuous; what is now rising was under the American flag, and are aided by Ame- once sinking, interrupted by long intervals of rican merchantmen, and, as is feared, by Ameri- rest. Near Uddevalla, on the western coast, on can capital. And this is not all; the sugar, in removing a shelly stralum from a mass of gniess producing which so many of our fellow-ereatures more than one hundred feet above the sea level, perish miserably, is shipped in great quantities barnacles were found clinging so firmly to the to this country. We are the consumers who surface, that portions of the newly-exposed rock stimulate by our demands, this infernal cruelty. came away on detaching them. Other zooAnd, knowing this, shall we become accessories phytes were also met with in considerable to the murder of our brethren, by continuing to numbers, of the same peculiar dwarfish structure use the fruit of the hard-earned toil which de- as those at present existing in the Gulf of Bothstroys them? The sugır of Cuba comes to us nia. The finding of similar shells at places drenched with human blood. So we ought to seventy miles from the sea, in the interior of the see it, and turn from it with loathing. The guilt country, divests the instance here referred to of which produces it ought to be put down by the anything like an accidental character; and spontaneous, instinctive horror of the civilized proves most satisfactorily that this portion of world."
the continent has lain for a long period below These remarks are as applicable to Great Bri- the sea, while accumulations have formed tain, as to the United States. Let us turn from above it. slave-produce “ with loathing," and the millions Perhaps the most interesting fact noticed by who now suffer as slaves will bless us.
Mr. Lyell, is the discovery of a wooden fishing