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lutely just, he was resolutely determined that no plume of her renown should ever be defaced.
3. You say truly that the great duty devolving on us is that of regarding the Union as the foundation of our peace and happiness, and the Constitution as the cement of that Union. So Washington regarded them, so he conjured his fellow-citizens, in all generations, to regard them; and whenever his Farewell Address to his country shall be forgotten and its admonitions rejected by the people of America, from that time it will become a farewell address to all the bright hopes of human liberty on earth.
4. Gentlemen, a wise and prudent shipmaster makes it his first duty to preserve the vessel that carries him and his merchandise to keep her afloat, to conduct her to her destined port with entire security of property and life. That is his first object, and that should be the object, and is, of every chief magistrate of the United States who has a proper appreciation of his duty. It is to preserve the Constitution which bears him, which sustains the government, without which everything goes to the bottom; to preserve that, to keep it, to the utmost of his ability, off the rocks and shoals and away from the quicksands; to preserve that he exercises the caution of the experienced shipmaster-he suffers nothing to betray his watchfulness, to draw him aside from the joint interests committed to his care and the great object in view.
"Though pleased to see the dolphins play,
And oft he throws the wary lead
To see what dangers may be hid.
On upright keel and meets the gales."
5. Now, gentlemen, with this steadiness of purpose, this entire and devoted patriotism of motive, Washington reached that which those who wish to reach must emulate him and his
example to find all their efforts crowned with success. lived to see his country great, prosperous and happy. He reaped a rich reward in the thanks of his countrymen, and we are enabled to read his history in a nation's pride.
SELECT ETYMOLOGIES.-Ability: L. habil'itas; fr. hab'ilis, able; fr. hab'eo, hab'itum, to have, to hold; h., able, de-bility, ex-hibit, habiliment, habit, inhabit, in-hibit, pro-hibit, etc. Administration: L. administra'tio; fr. ad and minis'tro, ministra'tum, to serve; fr. minis'ter, a servant; fr. măn'us, a hand; h., ministry, minstrel, etc. Appreciate: L. appre'tio, appretia'tum, to value at a price; fr. ap=ad and prě'tio, I prize; fr. prě'tium, value; h., ap-praise, ap-prize, de-preciate, praise, precious, price, prize (vb.). . . . Aspect: L. aspec'tus; fr. aspi'cio, aspec'tum, to look at; fr. as=ad and spě'cio, I look; h., au-spicious (fr. au'spex, au'spicis, a bird-seer, i. e., one who draws his predictions from watching the habits of birds; fr. av'is, a bird, and spě'cio), circum-spect (looking round), con-spicuous, de-spise (to look down on), de-spite, e-special (belonging to a species), ex-pect, in-spect, introspect, per-spective, per-spicacity, pro-spect, pro-spectus, re-spect, retro-spect, special, specie, species (lit., a look), specific (characterizing the species), specify, specimen, specious, spectacle, spectator, spectre, spectrum (a visible form), speculate (lit., to spy out, to watch for), su-spect (su=sub), su-spicion. etc.... Commerce : L. commer'cium; fr. com=cum and merx, mer'cis, merchandise; h., mercantile, mercenary, mercer, market, merchant, etc... Contumely: L. contumel'ia, abuse arising from contempt; allied to contem'no, I contemn.... Design: L. desig'no, designa'tum; fr. de and sig'no, I mark; fr. sig'num, a mark; h., as-sign, con-sign, de-sign, in-signia (L. n. pl. marks, badges, etc.), re-sign, sign, signet, signature, signify, significant, etc.... Dolphin: Gr. děl'phis; L. delphi'nus.... Emulous: L. œ'mulus, a rival; h., emulale, etc.... Escutcheon: L. scu'tum, an oblong shield.... Expansive: v. COMPASS.... Fraternal: L. frater'nus; fr. fra'ter, a brother.... Locality: L. local'itas; fr. loc'us, a place; h., col-locate, dis-locate, local, loco-motion, etc. Magistrate: L. magistra'tus; fr. magis'ter; h., master, etc... Perpetual: v. APPETITE. . . . Preserve: L. præser'vo; fr. præ, before, ser'vo, serva'tum, to keep, to save; h., con-serve, con-servative, ob-serve, reserve, reservoir, etc. . . Relation: L. rela'tio, a carrying back; fr. re and la'tum, supine of fèr'o, I carry (v. DEFER); h., col-late, cor-re-late, di-latory, e-late, ir-re-lative, ob-late, ob-lation, pre-late (one carried or advanced before the rest), re-late, super-lative, trans-late, etc.: v. LEGISLATURE. . . . Regulation: L. reg'ula, a wooden ruler or rule; fr. reg'o, rec'tum, to keep straight, to rule; h., cor-rect, di-rect, e-rect, in-cor-rigible, ir-regular, rectangular, rect-ify, rectitude, rector, regal, regent, regi-cide (v. CONCISE), regimen, regiment, region, regular, 1 eign, rex (L. king), right, rule.. Security: L. securitas; fr. se, for, si'ne, without, and cu'ra, care; h., ac-curate (ac=ad, for), care, curate, cure, curious, in-accurate, in-secure, pro-curator or proctor, pro-cure, proxy (contr. of pro-curacy, lit., care taken of a thing for another), se-cure, sine-cure (si'ne, without), etc. . . . Sphere: Gr. sphai'ra, a ball. Union: L. u'nio; fr. u'nus, one: v. UNIQUE. P
LII.-ON A MOTHER'S PORTRAIT.
The following lines, written by Cowper on the receipt of his mother's portrait, are full of pathos, and the poet's history confirms all the personal allusions to his own unhappiness. His mind, even in childhood, exhibited that gentleness, timidity and diffidence which ripened into such bitter fruit in his after life. Insanity developed itself, taking the form of religious melancholy, and he was confined for eighteen months to a lunatic asylum.
OH that those lips had language! Life has passed
The same that oft in childhood solaced me;
Voice only fails, else how distinct they say,
(Blest be the art that can immortalize
Faithful remembrancer of one so dear,
O welcome guest, though unexpected here!
But gladly, as the precept were her own;
A momentary dream that thou art she.
My mother! when I learned that thou wast dead,
Perhaps thou gav'st me, though unfelt, a kiss;
I heard the bell tolled on thy burial day,
Thy maidens, grieved themselves at my concern,
I learned, at last, submission to my lot,
SELECT ETYMOLOGIES.-Adieu : F.; fr. a, to, Dieu, God. ard'eo, ar'sum, to burn, ar'dens, burning; h., ardor, arson (the crime of willfully setting on fire a dwelling-house or other building). . Elysinn fr. L. elys'ium, Gr. ělu'sion, the abode of the blessed. Filial: fr.
1. fil'ius, a son, fil'ia, a daughter; h., af-filiate, to adopt, to receive as an associate or member. . . . Nursery fr. L. nu'trio, nutri'tum, to nourish, to suckle; h., nourish, nurse, nurture, nutriment, nutritious. . Reverie: fr. the F. rêver, to dream.... Tyrant: L. tyran'nus; Gr. turan'nõs, a ruler, a king. Window: Icelandic, vindauga, lit., wind-eye; old English, windor, i. e., win-door.
It should be borne in mind that there are many suffixes or terminations which are not significant, but simply paragogical-that is, they are letters or syllables without meaning, and merely serve to lengthen the words.
LIII. ORIGIN OF THE ENGLISH NATION.
1. THE great-grandsons of those who had fought under William, and the great-grandsons of those who had fought underHarold, began to draw near to each other in friendship; and the first pledge of their reconciliation was the Great Charter, won by their united exertions and framed for their common benefit. Here commences the history of the English nation. The history of the preceding events is the history of wrongs inflicted and sustained by various tribes, which, indeed, all dwelt on English ground; but which regarded each other with aversion such as has scarcely ever existed between communities separated by physical barriers. For even the mutual animosity of countries at war with each other is languid when compared with the animosity of nations which, morally separated, are yet locally intermingled.
2. In no country has the enmity of race been carried farther than in England. In no country has that enmity been more completely effaced. The stages of the process by which the hostile elements were melted down into one homogeneous mass are not accurately known to us. But it is certain that, when John became king, the distinction between Saxons and Normans was strongly marked, and that before the end of the reign of his grandson it had almost disappeared. In the time of Richard I. the ordinary imprecation of a Norman gentleman was, "May I become an Englishman!" His ordinary form of indignant denial was, "Do you take me for an Englishman?" The descendant of such a gentleman a hundred years later was proud of the English name.
3. The sources of the noblest rivers which spread fertility over continents and bear richly laden fleets to the sea are to be sought in wild and barren mountain tracts, incorrectly laid down in maps and rarely explored by travelers. To such a tract the history of England during the thirteenth century may not inaptly be compared. Sterile and obscure as is that portion of her annals, it is there that we must seek for the origin of her freedom, prosperity and glory. Then it was that