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POST OFFICE APPROPRIATION BILL.

11

up the bill.

MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE.

The PRESIDENT

pro tempore. The name PACIFIC RAILROAD, EASTERN DIVISION. order I move that the Senate proceed to the will be stricken out at the suggestion of the

consideration of executive business. Senator, if there be no objection.

The Senate proceeded to consider the amendment of the House of Representatives to the

Mr. POLAND. Before that is done I hope The bill was reported to the Senate as

the Senator will allow me to make a motion to amended; the amendment was concurred in. I joint resolution (S. R. No. 80) extending the

reconsider. time for the completion of the Union Pacific Mr. GRIMES. I will inquire what commitrailway, eastern division, which was to add

Mr. GRIMES. I withdraw the motion for tee reported this bill. the following as an additional section:

the present in order to enable the Senator from Mr. POMEROY. The Committee on the

Vermont to make his motion.

Sec. 2. And be it further resolved, That the time for District of Columbia.

commencing and completing the Northern Pacific Mr. GRIMES. I ask that question with a railroad, and all its several sections, is extended for

the terın of two years. view of inquiring whether or not this bill is

Mr. POLAND. On my motion yesterday drawn in accordance with the usual acts of Mr. POMEROY. I move that the Senate

the vote by which the Post Office appropriation incorporations of this description. I under- concur in that amendment.

bill was passed was reconsidered. I desire now stand that it exempts the property of this The motion was agreed to.

to move to reconsider the vote by which the church to any extent that they may own prop

amendment to the bill offered by the Senator

UNIFORM MILITIA. erty in the District from taxation.

from Illinois (Mr. TRUMBULL] was adopted, so Mr. POMEROY. The exemption from tax

Mr. WILSON. I desire to take up for con- as to bring the whole subject before the Senate. ation is limited to sufficient property to enable

sideration the bill (S. No. 262) to provide for Mr. CLARK. I suggest to the Senator not them to sustain religious worship."

the national defense by establishing a uniform to take up that matter now. Mr. JOHNSON. How much will be suffi- militia and organizing an active volunteer militia The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It is moved cient for that purpose ?

force throughout the United States. With the that the Senate reconsider its vote adopting the Mr. GRIMÊS. All I desire is, that they permission of the Senate, I desire to say, a amendment offered by the Senator from Illishall stand on the same footing with other

single word before the motion is put on taking || nois to the bill indicated by the Senator from religions denominations. I do not know whether

Vermont. this bill is in accordance with the practice in The bill has been prepared with the greatest

Mr. POLAND. I do not ask that the motion granting these acts of incorporation or not. possible care. The first nine sections of the be considered now; I desire only to have it Mr. POMEROY. The bill was reported bill take the place of the act of 1792, which is

entered. from the Committee on the District of Colum- not at all applicable to our present militia sys.

The PRESIDENT protempore. The motion bia, and the Senator from Maine, [Mr. Mor- tem, and to which very little attention is paid.

to reconsider will be entered. RILL,] who had charge of it, is out of the Cham- The residue of the bill, eleven sections, prober at this moment.

vides for the organization of an active militia Mr. RIDDLE. I will state that this bill was force, which, if full, would make a force of

A message from the House of Representathoroughly examined by the committee, and about two hundred and forty thousand men in

tives, by Mr. McPherson, its Clerk, announced it is in accordance with the other bills incor- the whole country. The bill was submitted

that the House had agreed to the report of the porating these churches, and is not excessive to several eminent officers of the Army, to

committee of conference on the disagreeing at all. It is the intention of the committee at General Grant, General Sherman, General

votes of the two Houses on the bill (H. R. No.

238) to amend an act entitled “ An act relating some future day to draw up a general bill allow- Meade, and General Thomas, who examined ing religious societies to come in and be incor- it very carefully, made one or two slight sug

to habeas corpus and regulating judicial proporated as is customary in the States. gestions, and stated that the bill would accom

ceedings in certain cases, approved March 3,

1863. Mr. POMEROY. I did not draw the bill, plish the object desired, to have a small, effectbut I understand it is copied from the bill in- ive, well-organized, active militia force in the The message further announced that the corporating the Presbyterian churches in this country, and recommended it very strongly,

House of Representatives had passed the folcity.

Several of the most eminent men connected lowing bills and joint resolutions, in which it Mr. JOHNSON. Does it limit the amount with the Army and the militia of the country

requested the concurrence of the Senate: of the property? have indorsed it.

À bill (H. R. No. 391) to create the office of Mr. POMEROY. Not in dollars and cents.

The present is a good time, as we are just at

surveyor general in Idaho Territory; Mr. JOHNSON. Is it limited by feet and the end of a war, to bring into the militia many

A bill (H. R. No. 555) for the relief of officers of eminence who have distinguished

Charles Brewer & Co.; acres? Mr. GRIMES. There is no limit in the bill, themselves during the war. The bill allows the

A bill (H. R. No.556) to authorize the issuing as I understand it. establishment in each State of a number of

of a military land-warrant to Frederick Berlin, Mr. JOHNSON. There ought to be a limit, regiments, containing from six hundred to a

assignee of the heirs of Peter Hess, deceased; certainly. thousand men, equal to the number of Repre

A bill (H. R. No. 557) to quiet the title to Mr. POMEROY. The bill authorizes them sentatives in Congress of that State; so that the

certain lands within the corporate limits of tlie to purchase, hold, and convey real and per

number of regiments in the country will be equal | city of Benicia ; sonal estate, make contracts,”' &c., to such an to the number of Representatives in the Con

A bill (H. R. No. 558) to amend the charter gress of the United States. It seems to me

of the Washington Gas- Light Company; extent as to enable them to sustain religious that we require such a volunteer militia force;

A joint resolution (H. R. No. 77) for tho worship in Washington, in the District of Coand I should like to take the bill up now and

relief of Ambrose L. Goodrich and Nathan lumbia, and to erect and maintain edifices for 'that purpose, and parsonages; and said society

put it on its passage. The bill is so carefully | Cornish, for carrying the United States mail shall be exempt from any taxes to be assessed tee on the Militia of the House of Representa

of Idaho; and upon their property, under the authority of Congress or of the District of Columbia or of tives have adopted it as their own, with two or

A joint resolution (H. R. No. 133) relative three amendments upon it. They have killed

to the attempted assassination of the Emperor the city or county of Washington.' the Army bill in the House of Representatives,

of Russia. Mr. JOHNSON. That is a departure, if my leand it seems to me this much we ought, at any friend will permit me to say so, from the pol- rate, to do. I know that there is a desire to The following bills and joint resolutions from icy that Maryland has always adopted, and the

go into executive session early to-day, and that the House of Represeutatives were severally policy which I think has been adopted by most there is a large amount of business in executive | read twice by their titles and referred as indiof the States. We limit the amount of prop- session, but I should like to have this bill taken cated below: erty that these corporations shall hold by con- up now and call attention to it that Senators A bill (H. R. No. 391) to create the office stitutional provision, subject only to the qual- may be willing to take some little time to act of surveyor general in Idaho Territory-to the ification that the Legislature may authorize a

upon it. I therefore move to take it up for Committee on Public Lands. larger amount to be held than the constitution consideration at the present time.

A bill (H. R. No. 555) for the relief of by its terms authorizes. Under this bill, it Mr. GRIMES. I will not undertake to con- Charles Brewer & Co.-to the Committee on would be exceedingly difficult to limit the quan

Commerce. tity or value of real estate which this corpora

trovert the many merits which the Senator has

suggested as being embodied in his militia bill, A bill (H. R. No. 556) to authorize the issution may hold.

but I think most of the Senators present will || ing of a military land warrant to Frederick Mr. GRIMES. Say "not to exceed one agree with me that whether it be meritorious || Berlin, assignee of the heirs of Peter Hess, hundred thousand dollars.'

or not, now is not the proper time to proceed | deceased-to the Committee on Public Lands. Mr. POMEROY. I have no objection to to the consideration of so important a bill when A bill (H. R. No. 557) to quiet the title to that. I will move to add as a proviso to the there are not more than ten or a dozen mem- certain lands within the corporate limits of the first section, the following:

bers present. It is true that the House of Rep- || city of Benicia-to the Committee on Public Provided, That the amount of the value of real

resentatives have killed their Army bill, as the Lands. estate shall not exceed one hundred thousand dol- Senator has said, and I congratulate the House A bill (H. R. No. 558) to amend the charter lars,

and the country upon the fact. If they will of the Washington Gas-Light Company-to the The PRESIDENT pro tempore. That pro- now only kill the Army bill we sent to them Committee on the District of Columbia. viso will be added by common consent to the they will have accomplished an object equally A joint resolution (H. R. No. 77) for the bill, if there be no objection.

as great and good, I think, for we have now å relief of Ambrose L. Goodrich and Nathan The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a large Army, fifty thousand men, being one half Cornish for carrying the United States mails third reading, was read the third time, and more than we can keep full, and I know of no from Boise City to Idaho City-to the Commit. passed.

necessity for increasing the Army. If it be in tee on Post Offices and Post Roads.

IIOUSE BILLS REFERRED.

A joint resolution (H. R. No. 133) relative | Hulburd, James M. Humphrey, Jenckes, Johnson,

CORRECTIONS OF THE JOURNAL. to the attempted assassination of the Emperor

Jones, Kelso, Kerr, Loan, Marvin, McIndoe, Moor-
head, Myers, Newell, Niblack, Nicholson, Noell,

Mr. ALLISON. I see by reference to the of Russia--to the Committee on Foreign Re- Patterson, Pomoroy, 'Price, Radford, William 11. Globe that my name is not recorded upon lations. Randall, Ritter, Rogers, Schenck, Shanklin, Sloan,

the final vote on the bill to admit the State of EXECUTIVE SESSION,

Starr, Taber, Thayer, John L. Thonas, Trimble,
Ward, William B. Washburn, Wentworth, Whaley,

Colorado. I voted in the negative. I ask to
Mr. GRIMES. I now renew the motion that
Woodbridge, and Wright--59.

have the Journal corrected accordingly. the Senate proceed to the consideration of ex

So the joint resolution was passed unani- The SPEAKER. The correction will be ecutive business. mously.

made. The motion was agreed to; and after two During the roll-call,

Mr. VAN HORN, of New York. I am rehours spent in executive session, the doors

Mr. ANCONA stated that, in deference to corded as not having voted on the admission were reopened, and the Senate adjourned.

wishes of friends, he would change his vote, of Colorado. I voted in the affirmative.
and vote in the affirmative, although against The SPEAKER. The Journal will be cor-

his own conviction of propriety. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

rected accordingly. The vote was then announced as above Mr. PERHAM. I am also recorded as not Friday, May 4, 1866. recorded.

voting on the passage of that bill. I'voted in The House met at twelve o'clock m. Prayer

Mr. STEVENS moved to reconsider the vote the negative. by the Chaplain, Rev. C. B. Boynton.

by which the joint resolution was passed; and The SPEAKER. The correction will be The Journal of yesterday was read and

also moved that the motion to reconsider be made.
approved.
laid upon the table.

CORRESPONDENCE OF THE STATE DEPARTMENT.
CORRECTION.
The latter motion was agreed to.

Mr. BANKS, by unanimous consent, subMr. UPSON. I rise to a correction of the

INTERNAL REVENUE BILL.

mitted certain correspondence of the SecreJournal of Wednesday, as well as of the Globe. Mr. MORRILL. Mr. Speaker, I ask unan- tary of State with the British minister, on the I find myself recorded on the passage of the imous consent that the internal revenue bill, as subject of the claim of Thomas Miller and Army bill as absent and not voting. I was modified by the Committee of Ways and Means, William Fisher, British subjects, on account present and voted in the negative. I have just with additions including further subjects, and of alleged illegal arrest; which was ordered learned of the error, or would have asked to with errors corrected, may be ordered to be to be printed, and referred to the Committee have the correction made yesterday.

reprinted, and that as reprinted, it shall be on Foreign Affairs. The Journal was corrected accordingly. taken up on Monday next.

Also a letter from the Secretary of State,
EMPEROR OF RUSSIA.
It was ordered accordingly.

transmitting a correspondence relative to the Mr. STEVENS, I ask the unanimous con

Mr. ANCONA. I would inquire whether this claim of Charles Allen, a British subject, for sent of the House to introduce a joint resolu

will include the extra copies ordered some days compensation for injury done to his property tion relative to the recent attempted assassina

since; if not, whether the same number of near Vicksburg, received April 27, 1866; tion of the Emperor of Russia.

copies of the corrections should not be printed. which was ordered to be printed, and referred

Mr. MORRILL. It will not extend to the The resolution was read, and is as follows:

to the Committee on Foreign Affairs. extra copies, because those are already printed. Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives

CHANGE OF REFERENCE. of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

Mr. ANCONA. But a small portion of them, That the Congress of the United States of America I believe. I suggest an amendment, that it

On motion of Mr. INGERSOLL, by unani. has learned with deep regret the attempt made upon embrace the extra copies remaining that have

mous consent, the Committee for the District the life of the Emperor of Russia by an enemy of not been printed.

of Columbia was discharged from the further emancipation. Tho Congress send their greeting to his Imperial Majesty and to the Russian nation, and Mr. MORRILL. I think they have all been

consideration of bill of the Honse No. 404, to congratulate the twenty million serfs upon the prov- printed, but I see no objection.

amend an act entitled "Anact to incorporate the idential escape from dangerof the sovereign to wbose

Mr. CHANLER. I move that the same num

Guardian Society, and provide for reforming head and heart they owe the blessings of their freedom. There was no objection. ber of extra copies of the corrected bill be issued.

juvenile offenders in the District of Columbia ;' The joint resolution was read a first and sec

It is very necessary that this bill should be dis- also, an act entitled "An act granting certain ond time, ordered to be engrossed and read a tributed among our constituents.

privileges to the Guardian Society of the DisThe SPEAKER. That goes to the Commit

trict of Columbia ;'' and the same were referthird time; and being engrossed, it was accord

red to the Committee on Public Buildings and ingly read the third time. tee on Printing under the law.

Grounds.
Mr. STEVENS demanded the previous qués-
MILITARY AND NAVAL APPOINTMENTS.

HABEAS CORPUS. tion.

Mr. PAINE. I ask unanimous consent to

Mr. COOK. I am instructed by the comThe previous question was seconded and the introduce for present action a joint resolutiou

mittee of conference on the disagreeing votes main question ordered. which I am sure will commend itself to the

of the two Houses on the habeas corpus bill Mr. GRINNELL demanded the yeas and justice of every member of the House so that

to make a report, which I ask to have read. nays.

there will be no objection. It is in relation to The House divided; and there were-ayes

The report was read, and is as follows: the ages at which young men who have served

The committee of conference on the disagreeing 17, noes 43. in the Army or Navy during the late rebellion

votes of the two Houses of Congress on the amends Mr. ANCONA demanded tellers.

shall be eligible to appointment to the Military ments of the Senate to the bill(H.R. No.238) to amend Tellers were ordered ; and Messrs. GRINNELL and Naval Academies. A provision relating | regulating judicial proceedings in certain cases,

an act entitled "An act relating to habeas corpus and and ANCONA were appointed. to the Military Academy was embodied in the

approved March 3, 1863, having met, after full and The House was again divided; and the tellers Army bill which has recently been before the free conference have agreed to recommend, and do reported—ayes twenty-nine, more than one fisth House. I awaited the result of the action of

recommend, to their respective Houses as follows:

That the House of Representatives concur in the of those present. the House on that bill before offering this res

first, second, third, fourth, fifth, and seventh amendSo the yeas and nays were ordered.

olution. But inasmuch as it may be some time ments of the Senate. The question was taken ; and it was decided before final action is had on that measure, and

That the House of Representatives concur in the

sixth amendment of the Senate, with an amendment, in the affirmative-yeas 124, nays 0, not voting cases are arising daily, and many must arise as follows: strike out all after the word "act" in tho 59; as follows: before the 1st of July next, so that this meas. fourth line of said amendment.

DANIEL CLARK, YEAS-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ancona, Anderson, ure will be of practical importance to the conn

LYMAN TRUMBULL, Delos R. Ashley, James M. Ashley, Baker, Baldwin, try, I sincerely hope the House will now take Banks, Barker, Baxter. Berman, Benjamin, Bidwell,

Managers on the part of the Senate. action upon it.

BURTON C. COOK, Bingham, Blow, Boutwell, Boyer, Brandegee, Bromwell, Broomall, Buckland, Bundy, nler, Reader Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois.

SAMUEL MCKEE, I will

Managers on the part of the House. W. Clarke, Sidney Clarke, Cobb, Coffroth, Conkling, object to it if it gives rise to discussion, not Cook, Cullom, Dawson, Defrees, Deming, Denison,

Mr. COOK. I demand the previous question Dixon, Dodge, Donnelly, Driggs, Eckley, Eldridge,

otherwise. Eliot, Farquhar, Ferry, Finck, Garfield, Glossbren- The joint resolution was read. It provides

on the report. ner, Grinnell, Griswold, Abner C. Harding, Hart, that those who have performed meritorious ser

The previous question was seconded and the Henderson, Higby,, Holmes, Hooper, Hotchkiss, Asahel W. Hubbard, Chester D. Hubbard, James vice in the United States Army as officers or

main question ordered. R. Hubbell, James Humphrey, Ingersoll, Julian, enlisted men, for a period of not less than two

Mr. ELDRIDGE demanded the yeas and Kasson, Kelley, Ketcham, Kuykendall, Laflin, La- years during the late rebellion, shall be eligible

nays on the adoption of the report. thain, George V. Lawrence, William Lawrence, Le

Mr. ANCONA called for tellers on the yeas Blond, Longyear, Lynch, Marshall, Marston, Mc

to appointment to the United States Military Clurg, McCullough, Mckice, McRuer, Mercur, Mil- Academy until twenty-four years of age, and ler, Morrill, Morris, Moulton, O'Neill, Orth, Paine, to the Naval Academy until twenty-one years

Tellers were not ordered. Perham, Phelps, Pike, Plants, Samuel J. Randall,

The yeas and nays were not ordered. Raymond, Alexander II. Rico, John H. Rice, Rolof age; and all persons who have performed

The report of the committee of conference lins, Ross, Rousseau, Sawyer, Scofield, Shellabar- such service for a period of less than two years ger, Sitgreaves, Smith, Spalding, Stevens, Stilwell, shall be eligible to appointment to the Military

was agreed to. Strouse, Taylor, Francis Thomas, Thornton, Trow

Mr. COOK moved to reconsider the vote by bridge, Upson, Van Aernam, Burt Van llorn, Robert

Academy nntil twenty-three years of age, and T. Van Horn, Warner, Elihu B. Washburne, Henry to the Naval Academy until twenty years of

which the report was agreed to ; and also moved D. Washburn, Welker, Williams, James F. Wilson,

that the motion to reconsider be laid upon the age. Stephen F. Wilson, Windom, and Winfield-124.

table.
NAYS-O.
Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I object

The latter motion was agreed to.
NOT VOTING -Messrs. Ames. Bergen, Blaine, unless the gentleman will agree to put in the
Culver, Darling. Davis, Dawes, Delane, Dumont, word “white."

ENROLLED BILLS SIGNED,
Eggleston, Farnsworth, Goodyear, Grider, Hale,
Aaron Harding, Harris, Hayes, Hill, llogan, Demas

Mr. PAINE. That amounts to an objection Mr. TROWBRIDGE, from the Committee Hubbard, John H. Hubbard, 'Edwin N. liubbell, to the introduction of the resolution.

on Enrolled Bills, reported that the committee

and nays.

had examined and found truly enrolled bills of is. The surveyor general does not survey the the property purchased was private property ; the following titles; when the Speaker signed lands.

and it is deemed an act of justice that they the same:

The bill was then ordered to be engrossed || should have the right to enter their lands at An act for the admission of the State of Col- and read a third time ; and being engrossed, it the rate of $1 25 per acre, and get a title orado into the Union;

was accordingly read the third time and passed. from the United States. An act to encourage telegraphic communica- Mr. ECKLEY moved to reconsider the vote I think there can be no objection to the tion between the United States and the island by which the bill was passed; and also moved passage of the bill, and I demand the previous of Cuba and the other West India islands, and that the motion to reconsider be laid upon the

question. the Bahamas; and table.

Mr. ECKLEY. I trust the gentleman will An act concerning the boundaries of the State The latter motion was agreed to.

withdraw for one moment the call for the preof Nevada.

SOSCOL RANCII, CALIFORNIA.

vious question, as I desire to strike out the I demand Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois.

last proviso of the bill. the regular order of business.

Mr. McRUER, from the Committee on Pub- Mr. BIDWELL. I trust that that amend

lic Lands, reported back House bill No. 260, CILARLES BREWER AND COMPANY.

ment will be made. to amend an act of Congress entitled “An act

Mr. McRUER. I withdrew the call for the The House resumed, as the regular order of to grant the right of preëmption to certain pur; || previous question, and yield to the gentleman business, the consideration of a bill for the relief | chasers on the Soscol ranch, in California,“

from Ohio, [Mr. ECKLEY.] of Charles Brewer & Co., which was pending with a recommendation that it do not pass; and Vr. ECKLEY. I move to amend by strikat the expiration of the morning hour on Fri- moved that the same be laid on the table.

ing out the following: day last.

The motion was agreed to.

And provided further, That the said city shall pay The bill, which was read, directs the Secre

ISSUING OF LAND PATENTS.

into the Treasury of the United States, at the offico tary of the Treasury to pay to Charles Brewer

of the sub-Treasurer at San Francisco, for the land & Co., of Boston, Massachusetts, the sum of

Mr. McRUER, from the Committee on Pub. the title to which is hereby granted and relinquished, $3,520, in full for the passage in the Hawaiian lic Lands, also reported back House bill No. at the rate of $1 25 per acre within one year of the

return to the General Land Office at Washington of a bark Kamehameha, of sixty.cight destitute sea67, to authorize the issue of patents for lands

private plat of the exterior limits of said city, in conmen belonging to American vessels which were

in certain cases, with a recommendation that nection with the lines of the public surveys. burned by the Anglo-confederate pirate Shen

it do not pass; and moved that the same be Mr. McRUER. I have no objection to that,

laid on the table. andoah, from the island of Ascension to Hon

if there is no opposition to it on the part of olulu,

The motion was agreed to.

the House. I consider it an act of equity to The bill was ordered to be engrossed and LAND TITLES IN BENICIA, CALIFORNIA,

the residents of the city of Benicia ; but I desire read a third time ; and being engrossed, it was

that the passage of the bill shall not be preju

Mr. McRUER, from the Committee on Pub. accordingly read the third time and passed.

diced for the sake of this small sum of money. lic Lands, also reported a bill to quiet the title Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved to

Mr. ECKLEY, I think there will be no to certain lands within the corporate limits of reconsider the vote by which the bill was passed;

objection to the amendment. the city of Benicia, California. and also moved to lay the motion to recon

Mr. BIDWELL. I trust there will be no

The bill was read a first and second time. sider upon the table.

The question was upon ordering the bill to

opposition to the amendment, The latter motion was agreed to.

Mr. McRUER. I now renew the demand be engrossed and read a third time.

for the previous question. IIEIRS OF PETER IIESS, DECEASED. The bill was read in full. It provides that

The previous question was seconded and the Mr. ECKLEY, from the Committee on the right and title of the United States to the

main question ordered ; and under the operPublic Lands, reported a bill to authorize the lands situated within the corporate limits of

ation thereof the amendment of Mr. ECKLEY the issuing of a military land-warrant to Frederick

uy of Benicia, California, as defined in

was agreed to. Berlin, assignee of the heirs of Peter Hess, the act incorporating said city, passed by the

The bill, as amended, was ordered to be deceased. Legislature of the State of California April 24,

engrossed and read a third time; and being The bill was read a first and second time. 1851, shall be relinquished and granted to that

engrossed, it was accordingly read the third It directs the Secretary of the Interior to city upon trust that so much of said lands as is

time and passed. issue to Frederick Berlin, as the assignee of in the bona fide occupancy of parties by them

Mr. MCRUER moved to reconsider the vote the heirs-at-law of Peter Hess, deceased, a selves or their assignees upon the passage of

by which the bill was passed ; and also moved military land-warrant for forty acres of land

this act shall be conveyed to such parties by that the motion to reconsider be laid on the in lieu of military land-warrant No. 17,308, the city; provided that this relinquishment and

table. heretofore issued to Peter Hess, deceased, in grant shall not extend to lands occupied by the

The latter motion was agreed to. his life-time, but which was not located.

United States as a inilitary depot, or to lands
heretofore reserved by the United States for

BENICIA, CALIFORNIA,
The bill was ordered to be engrossed and
read a third time; and being engrossed, it was

public purposes; that this grant shall not inter- Mr. McRUER, from the Committee on Pub. accordingly read the third time and passed.

fere with or prejudice any valid adverse right | lic Lands, reported back House bill No. 269, Mr. EČKLEY moved to reconsider the vote or claim, if such exist, to any part of said land,

entitled "An act for the relief of citizens of by which the bill was passed; and also moved

or preclude a judicial examination and adjust. || Benicia, in Solano county, State of California, that the motion to reconsider be laid upon the ment thereof; and provided further, that said

with a recommendation that it do not pass; and table.

city shall pay into the Treasury of the United moved that the same be laid on the table. The latter motion was agreed to.

States, at the office of the sub-Treasurer at San The motion was agreed to.
Francisco, for the land the title to which is

A. L. GOODRICH AND N. CORNISHI, SURVEYOR GENERAL FOR IDAHO. hereby granted and relinquished, at the rate

Mr. McRUER, from the Committee on the Mr. ECKLEY, from the Committee on Pub- of $1 25 per acre, within one year of the return lic Lands, reported back House bill No. 391, to the General Land Office at Washington of

Post Office and Post Roads, reported back a to create the office of surveyor general in Idaho

joint resolution (H. R. No. 77) for the relief an approved plat of the exterior limits of said

of Ambrose L. Goodrich and Nathan Cornish. Territory. city in connection with the lines of the public

The joint resolution, which was read, proThe question was upon ordering the bill to surveys. be engrossed and read a third time.

Mr. CHANLER. I would ask the gentle |ized to audit and settle, as to him may appear

vides that the Postmaster General be authorThe bill was read. It provides that the man from California [Mr. McRtEr) if the value President, by and with the advice and consent of land in the city of Benicia is only $1 25 an

just and equitable, the demand of Ambrose L.

Goodrich and Nathan Cornish for carrying the of the Senate, shall be authorized to appoint surveyor general for the Territory of Idaho, Mr. McRUER. I will state to the gentle | City to Idaho City, in the Territory of Idaho:

United States mail on route 16001, from Boise who shall be allowed an annual salary of man from New York (Mr. CHANLER] that the

from the 5th day of July, 1864, until the 1st $3,000, with the same power, authority, and city of Benicia was built upon what was con.

day of July, 1865. duties as those provided by law for the sur- sidered private land. It was upon what is

The joint resolution was ordered to be enveyor general of Oregon; and to have a proper termed the Soscol ranch, the title to which allowance for clerk hire, office rent, and fuel, was confirmed by the land commissioners || grossed and read a third time; and being not exceeding that allowed by law to the appointed by Congress to examine land claims engrossed, it was accordingly read the third

time and passed. surveyor general of Oregon, the office to be in California. That decision was afterward

Mr. MCRUER moved to reconsider the vote located at Boise City, Idaho Territory. confirmed by the United States district court Mr. UPSON. I would inquire of the genof California. But after a succession of years,

by which the joint resolution was passed; and

also moved that the motion to reconsider bo tleman from Ohio, [Mr. Eckley,) what is the upon an appeal to the Supreme Court of the

laid on the table. ordinary salary of a surveyor general of a new United States, the decision was reversed, and

The latter motion was agreed to. Territory?

the original Mexican grant rejected upon what Mr. ECKLEY. The salary of the surveyor are considered to be technical grounds. There

WELLINGTON AND DORSEY. general of each of the two districts out of fore the parties who seek the right to purchase Mr. McRUER, from the Committee on the which this is made is $3,000 a year.

this land from the United States at $1 25 per Post Office and Post Roads, reported back Mr. UPSON. I know that the salary of the acre, have already paid various prices for it, Senate bill No. 210, for the relief of Welling: surveyor general of the Territory of Dakota some of them perhaps as high as $1,000 per ton & Dorsey, with a recommendation that it was $2,000 a year; whether there was or not acre, and even higher. These individuals have do not pass; and moved that the same be laid much land there capable of being surveyed. made purchases in good faith, and have paid a on the table. Mr. ECKLEY. I do not know how that valuable consideratio”, upon the belief that The motion was agreed to.

39Th Cong. 1st Sess.- No. 150.

a

acre.

"only''

SANITARY CONDITION OF WASHINGTON. 1859, pages 612 and 613) it is laid down, with Mr. McCULLOUGH moved to reconsider Mr. INGERSOLL. By direction of the

a number of illustrations, that bills relating to the vote by which the bill was passed; and also Committee for the District of Columbia, I de. London only are private bills, while those moved that the motion to reconsider be laid sire to move that the Committee of the Whole || relating to the whole metropolis “have been

upon the table. on the state of the Union be discharged from

dealt with as public bills; the large area, the The latter motion was agreed to. the further consideration of the joint resolunumber of parishes, the vast population, and

JIOWARD INSTITUTE AND TIOME. tion (H. R. No. 121) to place funds in the the variety of interests concerned constituted

Mr. INGERSOLL, from the Committee for hands of the Commissioner of Public Buildings them measures of public policy rather than of

the District of Columbia, reported back House local interest." for sanitary purposes, and that the House pro

Bills establishing a police ceed to the consideration of the joint resoluforce in the city of London, improving Smith

bill No. 482, to incorporate the Howard Insti

tute and Home of the District of Columbia, tiou at the present time. field market, &c., were regarded as private

with a recommendation that it pass. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. My col- || bills, while the metropolitan cattle market and league, [Mr. INGERSOLL,] I believe, proposes a metropolitan police were legislated on as

The bill was read. It constitutes James M.

Edmunds, and others, a body-politic for the to make some amendments to the bill.

public bills. Mr. INGERSOLL. I did; but upon inquiry,

From these illustrations it is evident that

establishment of the said Institute for the inI find that the city of Washington has approwhile bills relative to and confined in their

struction of freedmen, and fit them for indepriated more money for the purpose of cleaning operation to the city of London are held in | pendent support, furnishing also a temporary

home for the sick. the streets and alleys than this resolution prothe British Parliament to be private bills, those

The bill was ordered to be engrossed and poses to appropriate; that the city corporation | embracing in their sphere the whole metropolis,

read a third time; and being engrossed, it was has done its full share toward putting the city | including Lambeth, Mary-le-bone, Southwark,

accordingly read the third time and passed. in a proper sanitary condition, and that the sum and Finsbury, with their millions of inhabitants

Mr. INGERSOLL moved to reconsider the proposed to be appropriated by the joint reso

and their vast area, are considered public.
There is also a decision in the second volume

vote by which the bill was passed; and also of Hatsell, which the Chair has not here at this

moved to lay that motion on the table. ting the avenues in a proper condition. I do

The latter motion was agreed to. not therefore propose any amendment. If my

moment, made by the Speaker of the House of colleague proposes any I am ready to hear it. Commons in 1607, that a bill for amending the

WASHINGTON ACADEMY OF MUSIC. Mr. BEÅMAN. Is the motion of the genhighways of three counties was a private bill,

Mr. INGERSOLL, from the Committee for tleman from Liinois in order now? because, as the Speaker said, it being

the District of Columbia, reported back House The SPEAKER. It is not, except by unani

for three counties it was by all former prece- bill No. 510, to incorporate the Academy of dents not a public bill.

Music of Washington city, with a recommendamous consent. Mr. BEAMAN. I object.

The usage has been here that bills confined

tion that it pass. strictly in their operation to the District of The bill was read. It constitutes Max Stra. MESSAGE FROM TIIE PRESIDENT.

Columbia can be reported as private or as kosch, and others, corporators, and fixes the A message in writing was received from the public bills. The bill reported a few weeks capital at $500,000, in shares of fifty dollars President of the United States, by Mr. EDWARD ago for the incorporation of an ice company in each. Cooper, his Private Secretary, who also an. this District was clearly a public bill, because The bill was ordered to be engrossed and nounced that the President had approved and it authorized agencies and the transaction of read a third time; and being engrossed, it was signed an act to provide for the better organi- business in other places outside of the limits || accordingly read the third time and passed. zation of the pay department of the Navy. of this District. This bill appears to be con- Mr. INGERSOLL moved to reconsider the

fined to the District of Columbia, and can vote by which the bill was passed; and also BALTIMORE AND POTOMAC RAILROAD COMPANY.

therefore be reported as a private bill this moved that the motion to reconsider be laid on Mr. McCULLOUGH, from the Committee day.

the table. for the District of Columbia, reported back

Mr. GARFIELD. Would a bill in refer- The latter motion was agreed to. House bill No. 388, to authorize the extension, ence to suffrage in this District be a private WASHINGTON GAS-LIGUT COMPANY. construction, and use of a lateral branch of bill?

Mr. INGERSOLL, from the Committee for the Baltimore and Potomac railroad into and The SPEAKER. It would not. Private bills within the District of Columbia, with amend- relate generally to individuals or corporations.

the District of Columbia, reported back a bill The same volume of May's Parliamentary Prac

to amend the charter of the Washington GasThe Clerk proceeded to read the bill. tice states that private bills are for the inter

Light Company, recommending its passage.

The bill was read. It increases the stock Mr. BEAMAN. Is that a private bill? I est of an individual, a public company or corraise the point of order that it is not.

of the company $500,000. poration, a parish, a city, a county, or other The SPEAKER. The Chair thinks that it || locality.” It must not be a general bill in its

The bill was ordered to be engrossed and is a private bill... And as this raises entirely a enactments, butóba bill for the particular inter

read a third time; and being engrossed, it was new point, the Chair will ask to be indulged est or benefit of a person or persons.' As an

accordingly read the third time and passed.

Mr. INGERSOLL moved to reconsider the in explaining it.

illustration, a pension bill for the relief of a solThere is no decision in Barclay's Digest as dier's widow is a private bill, but a general bill

vote by which the bill was passed; and also to what are private bills as distingnished from granting pensions to any class of such persons

moved to lay that motion on the table. public bills. It does not appear that there has as a class instead of as individuals is a public

The latter motion was agreed to. ever been an appeal from the decision of the bill. So far as the reading has progressed, the

NATIONAL SAFE DEPOSIT COMPANY. Chair on that point. On examination, it bas Chair infers the pending bill is confined to this Mr. INGERSOLL, from the Committee for been found that the ruling of the Chair as to District.

the District of Columbia, reported back, with whether a bill was a private or a public bill The Clerk then concluded the reading of the a recommendation that it do not pass, House has uniformly been acquiesced in. bill.

bill No. 338, to incorporate the National Safe It is evident that appropriation bills, Army The amendments of the committee were read || Deposit Company of Washington, and moved bills, bankrupt bills, and other bills of that and adopted, as follows:

that the same be laid on the table. character, are public bills, while pension bills, On page 3, line six, add "necessary for the construc- The bill was accordingly laid on the table. claims for damages, claims of incorporated tion of said road," and in line sixteen strike out the

J. W. NYE. companies, and all bills of every kind from

word "inhabitants" and insert "citizens.'

On page 5, line forty-nine, at the end of the section, the Court of Claims, are, under the rule, pri

On motion of Mr. INGERSOLL, the Cominsert, "which courts shall have the samejurisdiction

mittee for the District of Columbia was disvate bills; but there is a middle ground be- and powers over the subject-matter as the said circuit tween these bills where the character of the courts have under the act aforesaid."

charged from the further consideration of the

On page 7, line four, strike out sixteen" and insert bill depends upon usage. A number of years "twelve," and in line fourteen, same page, after the

papers relating to the claim of J. W. Nye, asago Mr. Speaker Cobb decided that a bill grant- word "and" insert the word "any."

signee, &c.; and the same were referred to the ing lands to a railroad in Georgia was a private

Committee of Claims.

Mr. McCULLOUGH. By the act of incorbill, but that decision has not been followed by poration this company have a right to make

NATIONAL THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTE. any of those who have followed him as Pre- lateral roads, provided they do not extend be- Mr. WELKER, from the Committee for the siding Officer of this House. It has been cor- yond the limit of twenty miles. This bill gives | District of Columbia, reported back House bill rectly held that railroad land grants were pub- | them a right to make from some point twelve No. 352, to incorporate the National Associalic bills.

miles below Washington a lateral road into the tion to Educate Colored Men for the Christian Bills in reference to the District of Colum- city of Washington.

Ministry, with a substitute, recommending that bia have been reported both as public and Mr. ROSS. I move as an amendment to strike the substitute be adopted. private. The Statutes-at-Large are full of out “four years and insert two years,'' and The substitute was read. It creates Abrathem under the heading of private bills, which also to strike out“six years” and insert "four | ham D. Gillette, and others, a body-politic for is of course collateral evidence. As there is | years." I think they should be limited to two the establishment of a national theological no decision in our own Digest, the Chair has years to commence and four years to finish the institute to educate persons for the Christian examined into the parliamentary practice of work.

ministry. It provides that no person shall Great Britain, where there is a marked dis- The amendment was agreed to.

be excluded from the institute on account of tinction, growing out of the fact that fees have The bill, as amended, was ordered to be theological belief. to be paid upon private while none are paid engrossed and read a third time; and being The substitute was agreed to. upon public bills,

engrossed, it was accordingly read the third The bill, as amended, was ordered to be In May's Parliamentary Practice (edition of Il time and passed.

engrossed and read a third time; and being

ments.

ܕ ܕ

engrossed, it was acc

ccordingly read the third qualified of all may be ineligible for the appoint- | by the committee decreases very materially time and passed.

ments to be made before the 1st of next July the pay provided by the bill originally referred On motion of Mr. WELKER, the title was on account of age. A case of that kind may to the Committee on Military Affairs. It makes amended so as to read, “ An act to incorporate occur in my own district.

the pay of general but $130 per month, or the National Theological Institute.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I suggest | $1,560 per year, more than that of lieutenant Mr.WELKER moved to reconsider the vote to my friend that he ask leave for the commit- | general; and if the gentleman had waited a by which the bill was passed and the title tee to report at any time.

few moments he would have heard the explaamended ; and also moved that the motion to Mr. SCHENCK. I promise him that it shall nation of all the provisions of the bill which I reconsider be laid upon the table.

be reported back within three days, if the House propose to give the Ilouse. The latter motion was agreed to. will allow.

Mr. LE BLOND. I should be glad to hear Mr. GARFIELD. The appointments are LEVY COURT OF WASHINGTON COUNTY.

the reasons for the increase of

pay. not to be made until the 1st of July.

Mr. DEMING. I call the previous question, Mr. INGERSOLL, froin the Committee for

Mr. Schenck's motion was agreed to; and upon the amendment of the Committee on the District of Columbia, reported back bill of

the joint resolution was referred to the Com- | Military Affairs. the Senate No 90, enlarging the powers of the mittee on Military Affairs.

The previous question was seconded and the levy court of the courty of Washington, in the

By unanimous consent, leave was granted to main question ordered; and under the operaDistrict of Columbia, with the recommendation the committee to report it back at any time. tion thereof the amendment was agreed to. that it do pass. The bill empowers the levy court of the

BALTIMORE AND OIIIO RAILROAD.

The question was upon ordering the bill, as

amended, to be engrossed and read a third time. county of Washington, in the District of Co- Mr. McCULLOUGH, by unanimousconsent, Mr. STEVENS. Will the gentleman permit lumbia, to declare and locate as public high- introduced a bill to authorize the extension, me to offer an amendment? ways such roads known and used as "military construction, and use by the Baltimore and Ohio

Mr. DENING. I will hear it read. roads" in the District of Columbia during the Railroad Company of a railroad from between Mr. STEVENS. I desire to offer the followrebellion, as the court may deem advisable. Knoxville and the Monocacy Junction into and

ing as a proviso: It provides further, that the damages which within the District of Columbia; which was

Provided, That whenever a vacancy shall ocour the owners of land may sustain shall be assessed read a first and second time, and referred to

in the office of lieutenant general, by promotion or as provided for in section three of the act of the Committee for the District of Columbia. otherwise, the vacancy shall not be filled until after Congress approved July 1, 1812, “conferring

the death or resignation of Lieutenant General Win

GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY. field Scott; and thereafter thero shall bo but one certain powers on the levy court for the county of Washington, in the District of Columbia.:

Mr. DEMING called for the regular order

lieutenant general. Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I would ask the of business.

Mr. DEMING. I think the amendment gentleman from Illinois what provision the law

The SPEAKER. The first business in order | offered by the gentleman from Pennsylvania of 1812 makes for the payment of the damages

is the consideration of House bill No. 3, reported | [Mr. Stevens) will tend very seriously to emwhen assessed. back from the Committee on Military Affairs

barrass this bill. And as he can have an opporMr. INGERSOLL. It makes provision that

with an amendment, ordered to be printed, and || tunity of offering that same amendment to the damages be assessed by a jury of twelve the further consideration postponed to Tues- || another military bill which will provide for the citizens of the vicinage, and the money is to day, the 17th day of April, and made a special office of lieutenant general, I would prefer that be paid before the use of the road is entered on. order after the morning hour.

he reserve it until then. Nr. WILSON, of Iowa. From what source The bill was read. The first section pro

Mr. STEVENS. If I thought for a moment do they get the fund from which to pay the vides that the grade of “General of the Army that the amendment I propose would tend to damages?

of the United States" be, and the same is embarrass this bill. I would not offer it. But it Mr. INGERSOLL. From the fund raised hereby, revived ; and the President is hereby

is for the purpose of making the bill more likely by the county taxes out of the county treasury. authorized, whenever he shall deem it expe

to satisfy the House that I have offered it. No part of it comes out of the Government dient, to appoint, by and with the advice and

Mr. DEMING. Very well; I am perfectly funds.

consent of the Senate, a General of the Army willing that the sense of the House shall be The bill was ordered to a third reading; and of the United States, to be selected from among

taken upon the amendment. it was accordiugly read the third time and those officers in the military service of the

The question was upon the amendment propassed. United States most distinguished for courage,

posed by Mr. STEVENS. Mr. INGERSOLL moved to reconsider the skill, and ability, who being coinmissioned as

Mr. DEMING. Mr. Speaker, the bill, as vote by which the bill was passed; and also General may be authorized, under the direction

amended upon recommendation of the Commoved that the motion to reconsider be laid and during the pleasure of the President, to

mittee on Military Affairs, is so plain in its procommand the armies of the United States.

visions and in its purpose that it hardly requires upon the table. The latter motion was agreed to.

The second section provides that the pay and

a formal explanation, and I certainly should emoluments of the General coinmissioned as

not enter into one on this occasion except for REFORM SCHOOL IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA hereinbefore provided shall be increased one

certain objections made to me in private conMr. BALDWIN, from the Committee for half in amount, whether in money or in kind, || versation which indicate that members inisapthe District of Columbia, reported back, with over and above the amount allowed to a lieu- prehend not only the limitations of this amended sundry amendments, bill of the House No. tenant general; and the said General may

bill but also the previous legislation of Congress 379, to establish in the District of Columbia a appoint upon his staff such number of aids, not upon the grade of general. reform school for boys. exceeding six, as he may judge proper, who

The bill, as amended, creates the grade of The bill was read.

shall have the rank, pay, and emoluments of a general as a permanent part of the military The SPEAKER. The morning hour has colonel of cavalry; and the chief of staff to the

establishment of this country. It provides also expired, and the bill goes over.

Lieutenant General shall, during the existence for bis allowances, his staff, and his pay. The MILITARY ACADEMY APPOINTMENTS. of this act, be the chiet of staff to the General.

allowances in this bill to a general and the staff Mr. PAINE. I have so modified the joint

The third section provides that whenever any

are precisely those which are provided in the resolution which I offered this morning that the general shall have been appointed and commis

bill creating the grade of lieutenant general. sioned under the provisions of this act, if there

The pay proper, that is to say, the money pay, gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. Randall] after the office shall become vacant, this act

of the General is increased by this bill over that has withdrawn bis objection, and I now ask | shall-thereupon expire and remain no longer of a lieutenant general trom $270 per month,

.
in force.

which is now the pay of a lieutenant general, to The joint resolution, as modified, was read, as follows:

The amendment reported by the Committee | $400 per month; thereby increasing the pay of on Military Affairs was read, as follows:

a general over that of a lieutenant general $130 Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Representatides, &c., That all persons who have performed mer

Strike out all of section two, after the enacting

per month, or $1,560 per year. itorious services as oflicers or enlisted men in the

clause, and the wholeof section three, and insert tho The monthly receipts of ihe Lientenant GenArmy of the United States for a period of not less following in licu thereof:

from all sources under the act creatthan two years during the late rebellion, shall, if

Thattho pay proper of the Gencral shall be $100 per possessing the other qualifications now prescribed month, and his allowances in all other respects shall

ing the office, are $1,340. The monthly receipts by law, be eligible to be appointed to the Military

be the same as were allowed to the Lieutenant Gen- of the General from all sources under this bill Academy of the United States until twenty-four eral by the second section of the act approved Feb.

will be $1,470-making the increased pay of years of age; and all persons who have performed

ruary 29, 1864, entitled "An act reviving the grade of such services for a period of less than two years shall, lieutenant general in the United States Army,” and

the General over that of the Lieutenant General, if possessing the other qualifications now prescribed

the said General may select for his chief of staff a as I have already stated, $130 per month. The by law, be eligible to appointment to said Military brigadiergeneralfrom among the officers of the Army | yearly receipts of the Lieutenant General from Academy until twenty-three years of age.

holding that rank; and may appoint upon his staff
such number of aids, not exceeding six, as he may

all sources, including allowances, commutaNo objection being made, the joint resolu- judge proper, who shall each have the rank, pay, and tions, rations, forage, and everything, are tion was received and read a first and second emoluments of a colonel of cavalry.

$16,080 per annum. The yearly receipts of the time.

The question was upon agreeing to the amend- General from all sources, under this bill, will Mr. SCHENCK. I move that the joint

be $17,640, an increase of $1,500 per annum resolution be referred to the Committee on Mr. LE BLOND. I would inquire of the in favor of the General overthe Lieutenant GenMilitary Affairs. I like it as far as it goes, but | gentleman from Connecticut [Mr. Demix] eral. And this is the sole inerease of pay or I think it ought to go further.

whether the amendment proposed by the Mili. emoluments or allowances or rations or any Mr. PAINE. The only objection I have to tary Committee increases the pay of the oflicers thing else proposed by the bill which I am the reference is, that unless this joint resolu. of the Army above what it was during the war. instructed to report. tion is soon passed, candidates who are best Mr. DEMING. The amendment proposed In the second session of the Fifth Congress,

eral now,

ment.

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