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QUESTIONS. - What mumber of dollars are in six bags, containing each 37542 dollars ?

ins. 225252. 2. If one quarter of a ship's cargo be worth eleven thousand and ninety-nine dollars, how many dollars is the whole cargo worth?

Ans. 44396 dols. S. Money was first made of gold and silver at Argas, eight hundred and ninety-four years before Christ; how long has money been in use at this date, 1814 ?

Ans. 2708 years. 4. The distance from Portland in the Province of Janine, to Boston, is 125 miles ; from Boston to New. Boton, 16.2 miles; from thence to New-York, 88; from teaca to Philadelphia, 95; from thence to Baltimore, 10.?; from thence to Charleston, South-Carolina, 716; and from thence to Savannah, 119 miles-What is the whole distance from Portland to Savannah :

Ans. 1407 miles. 5. John, Thomas, and Harry, after counting their prize money, John had one thousand three hundred and screnty-five dollars; Thomas had just three times as ma ny as John ; and Harry had just as many as John and Thomas both-Pray how many dollars had Harry ?

Ans. 5500 dollars.

FEDERAL MONEY. NEXT in point of simplicity, and the nearest allied to whole numbers, is the coin of the United States, or

FEDERAL MONEY, This is the most simple and easy of all money-itincreases in a tenfold proportion, like whole numbers.

10 mills, (m.) make 1 cent, marked c.
10 cents,

1 dime,

d. 10 dimes,

1 dollar, 10 dollars,

1 Eagle, Dollar is the money unit; all other denominations be ing valued according to their place from the dollar's place. A point or comma, called a separatrix, may be ninspd after the dollars to separate them from the interior denominations; then the first figure at the right of this separatrix is dimes, the second figure cents, and the third mills. *

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ADDITION OF FEDERAL MONEY."

RULE. 1. Place the numbers according to their value; that is, Collars under dollars, dimes under dimes, cents under ots, &c. and proceed exactly as in whole numbers ; en place the separatrix in the sum total, directly under 26 separating points above.

EXAMPLES. S

$. d. c.m. 365. 5 4 1 439, 504 156, 5 1 4 487, 060 416, 390

125, 090 94, 670 168, 934 200, 909 459, 089 239, 060

304, 006 742, 500 149, 00 5

111, 191

d. c.01.

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2. When accounts are kept in dollars and cents, and no other denominations are mentioned, which is the usu. al mode in common reckoning, then the two first figures at the right of the separatrix or point, may be called so many cents instead of dimes and cents; for the place of dimes is only the ten's place in cents; because ten cents make a dime; for example, 48, 75, forty-eight dollars, seven dimes five cents, may be read forty-eight dollars and seventy-five cents.

* It may be observed that all the figures at the left hand of the separatrix are dollars; or you may call the first figure dollars, and the other eagles, &c. Thus any sum of this money may be read differently, either wholly in the lowest denomination, or partly in the higher, and partly in thc lowest; for example, 37 54, may be either read 5754 cents, or 375 dimes and 4 cents, or 37 dollars 5 dimes and 4 cents, of S cagjes, 7 dollars dimes and 4 cents.

If the cents are less than ten, place a cypher in the ten's place, or place of dimes.-Example. Write down four dollars and 7 cents. Thus, $4, 07 cts.

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1. Find the sum of 304 dollars, 39 cents; 291 dollars, 9 cents ; 136 dollars, 99 cents; 12 dollars and 10 cents.

304, 39
Thus,

291, 09
156, 99
12, 10

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Sum, 744, 57 Seven hundred forty-four doli

lars and fifty-seven cents.

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$. What is the sum total of 127 dols. 19 cents, 278

dols 19 cents, $4 dols. 7 ceuts, 5 dols. 10 cents, and a SRO 33 cents ?

Ans. $446, 54 cts.

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9. What is the sum of 378 clols. I ct. 136 dols. 91 (:13S44 dols, 3 cts. and 365 lols.:

Ans. $122.1. 10. What is the sum of 46 cents, 52 cents, 92 cents and 10 cents ?

îns. Se 11. What is the sum of 9 dimes, S dimes, and 80 ceris?

2:15. SO. 19. I received of .i and C a sum of money ; i paid me 95 dols. 43 os. b paid me just three times as inuch as A, and C parci me just as much as A ani B both ; can you tell me how much money paid me?

21. 9531,7 Cu!!!:. is. Tlcre is aa excollent rich built ship just retart: from the Indies. The slip only is valuel at 12140 civico cents; and one quarter of her cargo is worties dols. 63 cents Pray what is the value of the whole s...s and cargo?

Aus. 8113792, 40 cts.

TAILOR'S BUIL. Mr. James Paywell,

2 Timothy Taylor, nr. 1814,

S. cts.

S. (15. April 15. 7. 24 yds. uf Cloth, at 6, 50 per yd. 16 17 To 4 vds. Shalloon, na 5

S
To making your Coat,
To 1 silk Vest Pattern,
To making your Vest,

150 To Silk, Buttons, &e. for Vest,

Sum, $ 97 50

By an act of Congress, all the accounts of the United States, the salaries of all officers, the revenues, &c. are to be reckoned in federal money, which moccas reckoning is so simple, easy and convenient, that it is soun comcinto common practice throughout all thesis

SIMPLE SUBTRACTION.

Subtraction of whole Numbers, TEACHETH to take a less number from a greater, et the same denomination, and thereby shows the difference, or remainder : as 4 dollars subtracted from 6 dollars, the remainder is two dollars.

RULE.

Place the least number under the greatest, so that units may stand under units, tens under tens, &c. and draw a line under them.

2. Begin at the right hand, and take cach figure in the lower lipe from the figure above it, and set down the romainder.

3. If the lower figure is greater than that above it, add ten to the upper figure;

from which number 90 lacreased, take the lower and set down the remainder, carrying one to the next lower number, with which proceed as before, and so on till the whole is finished.

PROOF.

Add the remainder to the least number, and if the sum be equal to the greatest, the work is right

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