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THE CONFESSION OF FAITH, Agreed upon by the Assembly of Divines at Westminster: Examined and approved, Anno 1647, by the GENERAL ASSEMBLY of the Church of SCOTLAND; And ratified by Act of PARLIAMENT 1649.

CHAP. I. Of the Holy Scripture,


LTHOUGH 'the light of nature, and the works of creation and providence, do so far manifest the goodness, wisdom, and power of God, as to leave men

inexcusable a; yet are they not fufficient give that knowledge of God, and of his will, which is necessary unto falvation b. Therefore it pleased the Lord, at



1. a Rom. 2. 14. For when the work, 7. 2. Day unto day uttereth Gentiles which have not the law, speech andnightunto night thewe doby nature the things contained cth knowledge, v, z. There is no in the law, these having not the speech, nor language,where there. law, are a law unto themselves : voice is not heard. Rom.1.32. Who V, 15. Which shew the work of the knowing the judgment of God, law written in their hearts, their (that they which commit such conscience also bearing withius,& things are worthy of death) not their thoughts the nican while ac- only do ihe fame, but have plea: cusingor elle excusingoneanother. fure in thein that do them. With Rom.1.19.Because that whichnay Rom.2.1. Thereforethou artinexbe known of God, is manifest in calable, o man, wholoever thou them; For God hath thewed it un- ari thar judgelt; for wherein thou tu them. v: 20. For the inviliile judgelt another,thou condemnest things of him from the creation of ihy felf; for thouthat judgeit doth of the world, are clearlyfeen,being the same things. understood by the things that are bı Cor. 1.21.For after that, in made,even his eternal power and the wisdom of God, the world by Godhead; so that they are without wisdom knew not God, it pleased excule, Pfal. 19. 1. The heavens God by thefoolishnessot preaching declare the glory of God, and the to save them that believe. Cor.2. firmament Theweth his handy. 13. Which things also we speak,

fundry times, and in divers Manners, to reveal bimself, and to declare that his will unto the church c; and afterwards, for the better preserving and propagating of the truth, and for the more sure establishment and comfort of the church against thc corruption of the flesh, and the maliçe of Satan and of the world, to commit the same wholly unto writting d: Which maketh the holy scripture to be most necessary e; those former ways of God's revealing his will unto his people, being now ceased f. II. Under the name of holy Scripture, or the word of


not in the words, which mans wise that proceedeth outofthe mouth of dom teacheth, but which the holy God y 7. Jesus said unto him, it Gholt teacheth, comparing spiri, is written again, thou shalt nat tual things with spiritual. v, 14. tempt the Lord thy God. v. 10. But the natural man receiveth not Then faith Jelus unto him, Get the things of the spirit of God; thee hence Satan: for it is written, for they are foolishness unto him: thou shalt worship the Lord thy neither can he know them, because God,and him only shalt thouferve. they are spiritually discerned. Isa. 8. 19. And when theyshall fay

c Heb. 1.:. God who at sundry unto you, seek untothem that have times,and in divers manners, spake familiar įpirits, and unto wizards in time past unto the fathers by that peep, and that mutter; should the prophets,

not a people leek unto their God? d Prov. 22, 19. That thy trust for the living to the dead? v. 20, may be in the Lord, I have made To the law and to the teftimony: known to theetbisday,eventothee, if they speak not according to this v. 20. Haye'not I written to thee word, it is because there isno light excellent things in counsels and in them. knowledge ; v. 21. That I might e 2 Tim. 3:15. And that from a maketheeknow the certaintyof the child thou hastknownthe holy scriwords of truth; that thou mightest ptures, which are able to make thee answer the words of truth to them wise unto salvation, through faith that send unto thee? Luke. 1. 3. It which is in Christ Jesus. 2 1€1.1.19, seemed good to me also, having We have also a more fare word of had perfect understanding of all prophesy, whereunto ye do well things, from the veryfirft, to write that ye take heed, as into a light unto thee in order, most excellent that thineth in a dark place,

until Theophilus,v4. Thatthoumighreft the day dawn, and the day-Itar a know the certaintyof thole things, rile in your hearts. wherein thou haft been instructed, f Heb. 1. 1.od, who at sundry Rom. 1594. For whatsoever things times, & in divers manners, spake were written aforetime, were writ. in time past unto the fathers by ten for our learning ; that we thro' the prophets; v.3. Hath in thele patience and comfort of the scrip: last dayssppken unto us by his son, Zures might have hope, Matth, whom he hath appointedheir of all 4. 4. But he answered and said, things, by whom allo he made the It is written, man shall not leaveby worlds. bread alone, but by every word

Luke God written, are now contained all the books of the Old and New Testament, which are these :


I. Samuel.
II. Samuel,
I. Kings.
II. Kings.
I. Chronicles.

| II. Chronicles. Daniel.







The Song of Songs. Habakkuk,


| Haggai.
Lamentations. Zechariah.

| Malachi.

Of the NEW TESTAMENT. The Gospels accor. Corinthians II. The epistle to the ding to Galatians.

Hebrews, Matthew.

Ephesians, The Epistle of


The first and second, John.

Thessalonians I. Epistles of Peter. The Acts of the Thessalonians II. The first,fecond,and

Apostles. To Timothy I. third epiftles of Paul's Epiftle to the To Timothy II. John. Romans. To Titus.

The epiftle of Jude, Corinthians I. | To Philemon. i The Revelation.

All which are given by inspiration of God, to be the rule of faith and lifeg,

III. The


Luke 16.29. Abraham faith un. ded, though one rose from the to him, They have Moses and the dead. Eph. 2. 20. And are built u. prophets, let them hear them. pon the foundation of thea postles v. 31. And he said unto him,, If and prophets, Jesus Christ himself they hear not Mofes and the pro- being the chief corner stone. Rev. phets, neither will tbcybe perlwa. 22. 18. For I testify unto every


III. The books commonly called Apocrypha, not being of divine inspiration, are no part of the canon of the Scripture; and therefore are of no authority in the church of God, nor to be any otherwise approved, or made use of, than other human writings h,

IV. The authority of the holy Scripture, for which it ought to be believed and obeyed, dependeth not upon the testimony of any man, or church; but wholly upon God (who is truth itself) the author thereof; and therefore it is to be received, because it is the word of God.

V. We may be moved and induced by the testimony of the church, to an high and reverend esteem of the holy Scripture k. And the heavenliness of the matter, the efficacy of the doctrine, the majesty of the stile, the consent of all


man that heareth the words ofthe

IV.i 2 Pet. 1.19. We have alprophecy of this book, If any man so a more fure word of prophecy, Thall add unto these things, God whereunto ye do well that ye také Shall add unto him the plagues heed, as unto a ligit that ihineth that are written in thisbook.v.19, in a dark place,until the day

dawn, And if any man shall take away & the day-star arise in your hearts. from the words of the bookofthis 7,21. For the prophecy came not prophecy, God shall take awaybis in old time by the will of man, part out of the book of life, and but holy inen of God (pake as they out of the holy city, and from the were moved by the holy Ghost. things which are written in this 2Tim. 3.16. All fcripture is given book. 2 Tim. 3. 16. All scripture by inspiration of God, and is prois given by inspiration of God, & fitable for doctrine, for reproof, is profitable for doctrine, for 're. for correction, for instruction in proof, for correction, for instructi- righteousness. 1 Jobo 5. 9. If we on in righteousness.

receive the witness of men, the III, Lukc24.27. And beginning witness of God is greater: for this at Mofes, and all the prophets, he is the witness of God, which he expounded unto them in all the bath testified of his Son. i Theil. scriptures the things concerning 2. 13.For this cause also thank we himielf. v. 44. And he said unto God withoutceasing, because when them, these are the words which yereceived the wordof God, which Ifpake unto you, while I was yet ye heard of us, ye received it not with you, that all things must be as the word of men, but (as it is fulfilled which were written in the in truth,)the word of God, which law of Moses, and in the prophets effectually worketh alsoinyou that and in the pfalms concerning me. believe. Rom: 3.2. Much every way: chief- V. ki Tim.3.15. But if I tarry Jy becauseunto them werecommit- long, that thou mayst know how ted the oracles of God.2 Pet 1:21. thou oughtest to behave thy self For the prophecy came not in old in the house of God, which is the time by the will of nian, but holy church of the living God, the pile men of God spake as they were lar and ground of the truth. moved by the the holy Ghost.

1. John

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the parts, the scope of the whole (which is to give all glory to God) the full discovery it makes of the only way of man's Salvation, the many other incomparable excellencies, and the intire perfection thereof, are arguments whereby it doth abundantly evidence itself to be the word of God; yet not. with standing our full perswalion and assurance of the infallible truth, and divine authority thereof, is from the inward work of the holy Spirit, bearing witness by and with the word in our hearts 11

VI. The whole counsel of God, concerning all things ne. cessary for his own glory, man's falvation, faith and life, is either expresly set forth in fcripture, or by good and neceffary consequence may be deduced from scripture: Unto which nothing at any time is to be added, whether by new revelations of the spirit, or traditions of men m. Never

the. 11 John 2. 20. But ye have an venant with them, laith the Lord, pncion from the holy one, and ye My fpirit that is upon thee, and know all things. v. 27. But the my words which I have put ir. anointing which ye have received thy mouth, fhall not depart out of him abideth in you, & ye need of thy mouth,nor out of the mouth not that any man teach you: But of thy feed, nor out of the mouth as thesameanointing teachcth you of thy seeds feed, faith the Lord, of all things,and is truth and is no from henceforth and for ever. lie;and even as it hath taught you, VI. m 2 Tim.3. 15. And thatfrom ye shall abide in him, John 16.13. a child thou hast known the holy Howbeit, whenhethe spirit of truth fcriptores, which are able to make is come, he will guide you into all the wife unto falvation, through prath:sor he shall not speak of him- faith, whichis in Christ Jesus.v. 16. felf, but whatsoever he shall hear, All scriptureis given byinspiration that shallhes peak;and he will shew of God, and is profitable for doyou things to come, v. 14. Herhal! Arine, for reproof, for correction, glorify me: for he hall receive of for instruction in righteousness.v. mine, and shall fhew it unto you, 17. That the man of God may be iCor.2.10. But God hath revealed perfect thoroughly furnished unto them unto us by his spirit, for the all good works. Gal. 1. 8. But, {pirit fearcheth all things, yea, the though we, or an angel from headeep things of God. v. 11. For ven,preach any other gospel unto what man knoweth the things of a you, than that which we have man, save the spirit of man which preached unto you, let him be acis in him ? even so the things of curled. v. 9. As we laid before, so God knoweth noman but the spirit say I now again : If any man of God. v. 12. Now we have re: preach any other gospel unto you, ceived, not the spirit of the word, than that ye have received, let him but the Spirit which is of God, that be accursed. 2 Thefl2,2. That ye we might know the things that are be not loon thaken in mind, or be freely given to us of God. Isaiah, troubled, neither by spirit, nor by $9, 11, As for me, this is my co-word, nor by letter, as tron us,


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