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This resolution proposes simply to suspend || tary Affairs. I think that bill should be referred ator from New York, who is not now in his the collection of this tax until the 1st of March to the Committee on Indian Affairs.
seat, [Mr. MORGAN,] introduced a bill for the next, which will enable the Legislature to hold The PRESIDING OFFICER. Does the relief of John Hastings, and an order was its annual session, or until the accounts of the Senator make that motion?
made referring it to the Committee on ComState with the General Government are ad. Mr. DOOLITTLE. Yes, sir.
merce. The Committee on Claims has had justed, which will probably be done and the Mr. STEWART. I do not see the necessity that matter under consideration for quite a money paid in the course of two or three for that change. As the proposition is to trans- number of years, and last year there was a bill months. We are able to pay this tax, if we fer the Indian Bureau to the War Department | passed for his relief, and I wish the order had any permission to do it. We do not ask the I do not know why it might not go to the Com- referring this bill to the Committee on Comabatement which was allowed to other States mittee on Military Affairs, and I think it quite merce to be suspended until the Senator from who were allowed to pay it, and we are not || important that it should go to that committee. New York comes in, when I will move to included in the relief bill that has been pro- Nr. CLARK. It seems to me it certainly || refer it to the Committee on Claims, where it posed in the House of Representatives, which ought to go to the Committee on Indian Affairs, | ought to go. refers only to the rebel States. As this cannot the committee who naturally consider such sub- The PRESIDING OFFICER. That course be of any injury to the Government, and as a jects, and not the Committee on Military Affairs. will be taken if there be no objection. The balance of money on any fair adjustment of They know the condition of affairs in the Indian Chair hears no objection. accounts is actually due to the State of West Bureau, and it is not supposed that the Military Mr. MORRILL asked, and by unanimous Virginia, I trust this relief will be granted by Committee do. It should go to the committee consent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. the Senate.
that is conversant with the matter proposed to No. 325) to give certain powers to the levy Mr. TRUMBULL. I notice in reading over be changed.
court of the county of Washington, in the the resolution that it provides for a suspension Mr. STEWART. I beg the Senator's par- District of Columbia ; which was read twice of the collection of this tax until the 1st of don. I doubt whether anybody is familiar with by its title, and referred to the Committee on March next, or until an adjustment shall be Indian affairs. We hear constantly that it is the the District of Columbia. made with the State. That would put it in the most mixed and discordant branch of the public Mr. KIRKWOOD asked, and by unanimous power of the Secretary of the Treasury to sus- service. Any one traveling through the Indian consent obtained, leave to introduce a joint pend it forever, or of the State, if they did not country will see that the whole system is a very resolution (S. R. No. 93) for the appointment make an adjustment. I apprehend the Sena- defective one. The general knowledge of the of a commission to examine and report upon tor does not mean that it should have that con- system is defective; every one knows that it is certain claims of the State of Iowa; which was struction. I suggest to him whether the phrase | defective; and certainly what little knowledge | read twice by its title. ology should not be altered so as to provide a party here may have of the details, will not Mr. KIRKWOOD. I move that the joint that it shall be suspended 'until March, unless be very important in considering the propriety resolution be referred to the Committee on the accounts are sooner adjusted. of this change.
Military Affairs and the Militia, and printed. Mr. VAN WINKLE. Very well.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. Extended Mr. DOOLITTLE. I suggest that it should Mr. TRUMBULL. I suppose that was the debate on the question of reference is not in go to the Committee on Claims, and not to the intention. order.
Committee on Military Affairs. Mr. VAN WINKLE. I accept that amend- Mr. STEWART. I hope the bill will be Mr. CLARK. What is the nature of it? ment.
referred to the Committee on Military Affairs. Mr. DOOLITTLE. It is in relation to cerThe PRESIDING OFFICER. The joint The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Sen- tain claims of the State of Iowa. resolution has not been read at length to the ator from Wisconsin moves that this bill be Mr. KIRKWOOD. I think it had better go Senate. It will now be read.
referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs. to the Committee on Military Affairs. The The Secretary read the joint resolution, which Mr. NESMITH. Is the question debat- claims grow out of military affairs. directs the Secretary of the Treasury to sus- able?
Mr. JOHNSON. For moneys expended pend the further collection within the State The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senate during the war? of West Virginia of any part of the direct tax has usually allowed a limited debate on the Mr. KIRKWOOD. Yes, sir. imposed by the act of August 5, 1861, until the question of reference, but extended debate is Mr. DOOLITTLE. For raising troops? 1st day of March next, or until the adjustinent not in order. It is not in order to give ex- Mr. KIRKWOOD. Yes, sir; for raising of the claims of the State against the United terided reasons why it should be referred to
troops. States. one committee or the other.
The joint resolution was referred to the ComMr. VAN WINKLE. I move to amend the Mr. KIRKWOOD. Has the bill not been
mittee on Military Affairs and the Militia, and resolution by striking out the words or until" already sent to the Committee on Military ordered to be printed. and inserting - unless the claims of the said Affairs?
MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE.
A message from the House of Representappointing a commissioner to adjust those Mr. NESMITH. I desire to state that the atives, by Mr. W. K. MEHAFFEY, one of its claims.
Committee on Indian Affairs had this whole | Clerks, announced that the House of RepreThe PRESIDING OFFICER. The Sena- subject under consideration, and a sub-com- sentatives had passed the following bills, in tor from West Virginia moves to amend the mittee, consisting of some members of the which it requested the concurrence of the resolution in the seventh line by striking out Committee on Indian Affairs of the House and Senate: the words or until” and inserting “unless ;'' some of the Senate, gave their attention to the A bill (H. R. No. 477) further to provide for and in the eighth line by striking out the words subject during the last summer, made very the safety of the lives of passengers on board " adjustment of the;" and at the end of the extensive investigations, and have collected a of vessels propelled in whole or in part by resolution by inserting the words “
great many facts in a report bearing on the steam, to regulate the salaries of steamboat adjusted ;'' so that it will read:
subject. It is a subject upon which the Com- inspectors, and for other purposes; That the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby au- mittee on Military Affairs, as a committee, I
A bill (H. R. No. 591) for the relief of thorized and directed to suspend the further collection within the State of West Virginia of any part
apprehend, have no particular knowledge.' I || Thomas D. Burrall ; of the direct tax imposed by the act of August 5,
know that a great deal of information on this A bill (H. R. No. 589) for the relief of Delia 1861, untilthelst day of March next, unless the claims subject, which it is necessary to have in order A. Jacobs, late Delia A. Fitzgerald ; of the said State against the United States are sooner adjusted. to act understandingly upon it, has been col.
A bill (H. R. No. 508) to amend the organic The amendment was agreed to.
lected by the Committee on Indian Affairs, and acts of the Territories of Nebraska, Colorado, The joint resolution was reported to the
I believe every principle of propriety would Dakota, Montana, Washington, Idaho, Arisend the bill to that committee.
zona, Utah, and New Mexico; and Senate as amended, and the amendment was
Mr. STEWART. On that statement I with- A bill (H. R. No. 590) for the relief of concurred in. The joint resolution was ordered to be en
draw my objection to its reference to the In- William Mann and Jacob Senneff.
dian Committee. grossed for a third reading, was read the third
ENROLLED BILL SIGNED. time, and passed.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The bill,
The message further announced that the
Speaker of the House of Representatives had Mr. STEWART asked, and by unanimous Mr. WILSON asked, and by unanimous con
signed an enrolled bill (H. R. No. 280) makconsent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. sent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No.
ing appropriations fox the service of the Post No. 322) to transfer the Bureau of Indian 323) to fix the military peace establishment of
Office Department during the fiscal year endAffairs from the Department of the Interior to the United States; which was read twice by
ing June 30, 1867, and for other
purposes; the War Department; which was read twice its title, referred to the Committee on Mili
it was thereupon signed by the President pro by its title, referred to the Committee on Mili- tary Affairs and the Militia, and ordered to be
ORDER OF BUSINESS. tary Affairs and the Militia, and ordered to be printed. printed.
Mr. MORGAN asked, and by unanimous Mr. NESMITH. I move that the Senate Mr. DOOLITTLE subsequently said: The consent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. proceed to the consideration of House joint Senator from Nevada [Mr. STEWART) intro- No. 324) for the relief of John Hastings, late resolution No. 103. duced a few moments since a bill to transfer surveyor and depositary of public moneys at Mr. FESSENDEN. I must object to it. I the Bureau of Indian Affairs from the Depart. | Pittsburg; which was read twice by it title, have now given way for half an hour, and ment of the Interior to the War Department; || and referred to the Committee on Commerce. cannot consent to the taking up of any other which was referred to the Committee on Mili- Mr. CLARK subsequently said: The Sen. bill.
Mr. NESMITH. This is a very brief reso- A bill (H. R. No. 590) for the relief of Wil- Mr. FESSENDEN. It is $2,000 in the list lution, which will not probably occupy two
liam Mann and Jacob Senneff-to the Com- I have here. minutes. It merely proposes to refer a case mittee on Patents and the Patent Office.
Mr. SHERMAN. But it was raised during to the Court of Claims.
A bill (H. R. No. 591) for the relief of the war to $4,000. The PRESIDING OFFICER. The appro- Thomas D. Burrall-to the Committee on Mr. FESSENDEN. Then the increase ceased priation bill is really before the Senate, and Patents and the Patent Office.
with the war; and it is $2,000 now, and this any objection will prevent the taking up of the
amendment increases it to $3,000.
CONSULAR AND DIPLOMATIC BILL. joint resolution.
Mr. SHERMAN. If so, it can be stricken Mr. FESSENDEN. The Senator can take The Senate, as in Committee of the Whole,
out. it up to-morrow just as well.
proceeded to consider the bill (H. R. No. 261) Mr. SPRAGUE, I move that “Nassau, Mr. NESMITH. I should be very much | making appropriations for the consular and (New Providence,)” be stricken out of this obliged to the Senator if he would allow me diplomatic expenses of the Government for the
amendment. to take it up now.
year ending 30th June, 1867, and for other Mr. FESSENDEN. I am told that it is & Mr. FESSENDEN. If I did not have to purposes.
very expensive place, and probably $3,000 is oblige anybody else, I would do it with all my
The first amendment reported by the Com- not too large a salary. heart.
mittee on Finance was in line fifty-two of sec- Mr. GRIMES. It is not more expensive Mr. NESMITH. I presume there will be tion one, to insert "including loss by exchange
than other places where you pay only $1,500. nobody else.
thereon ;'' so as to make the clause tead: Mr. FESSENDEN. It is a very important Mr. FESSENDEN. Well, I will not object. For salaries of consuls general, consuls, commercial
point. Mr. SPRAGUE. Mr. Presidentagents, and thirteen consular clerks, including loss
The PRESIDING OFFICER. Does the Mr. FESSENDEN. I cannot give way any
by exchange thereon, namely. further. I objected to my friend from Oregon
Mr. FESSENDEN. With regard to that, I | Senator from Rhode Island insist on his
amendment? taking up a resolution, but I said I would give should like to ask my friend from Ohio, as I was
Mr. SPRAGUE. Yes, sir; I move that way to him if I did not have to oblige anybody || considered, why those words including loss not presentin the committee when the bill was
“Nassau, (New Providence,)" be stricken out else. Now I see the whole business of the
of the amendment of the committee. I also Senate is coming in. by exchange thereon” are to be inserted here
move to insert “Nassau, (New Providence,)" The PRESIDING OFFICER. Objection when they occur on page 5, line ninety-eight,
after “ Nantes,” in line seventy-two of section being made, the appropriation bill is before before the appropriation. I do not see why
one, in order that it may be established at the Senate.
you want the words in both places. Mr. SPRAGUE. I have been trying all the
Mr. SHERMAN. The last one ought to be
$1,500; otherwise it may be continued at stricken out.
$4,000 as at present. morning to present a petition.
Mr. FESSENDEN. It is $2,000 accordMr. HESSENDEN. It can be presented just other should be stricken out.
Mr. FESSENDEN. Very well, one or the
ing to the recently published list.
The amendment as well to-morrow as this morning. Mr. SPRAGUE. I desire that it may go to may be adopted and the words stricken out in
raised temporarily during the war, and is now the Committee on Commerce to-day, in order line ninety-eight afterward.
$2,000. There are a great many cases where that it may be acted on to-morrow.
The amendment was agreed to.
an increase was temporarily made during the
war ; but the recently published list of diploMr. FESSENDEN. It is exceedingly dis
Mr. FESSENDEN. I move to amend as
matic and consular officers of the United States, agreeable to me to object in any case, but I we go along, to strike out the words “includ
dated March, 1866, states the salary at Nassau have given way for thing after thing for half an ing loss by exchange thereon” in line ninety- at $2,000. hour after the regular time. I did say to the eight of section one.
Mr. SPRAGUE. Then I am willing to leave Senator from Oregon that I would give way to
Mr. SHERMAN. That was the purpose it at $2,000, and my amendment is simply to his resolution, but he has lost the floor. If, of the committee, undoubtedly.
strike out of the amendraent of the committee however, Senators will agree to stop there, I The amendment was agreed to.
the words “Nassau, (New Providence.)" will give way so far as to allow the Senator's The next amendment reported by the Com- The amendment to the amendment was petition to be presented and my friend from mittee on Finance was in line sixty-two of agreed to. Oregon to call up his resolution, which will section one to insert". Barcelona'' after “Bou- Mr. POLAND. I propose to amend the give rise to no debate, as I understand. logne;'' in line sixty-seven to insert “ Hån- amendment of the committee by inserting after
Mr. SPRAGUE. I will agree to that. kow' after“Hong Kong;' and in line seventy- the word "annually" where it first occurs the
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The petition two to insert "Nantes after “Nice," among words that at Nice to commence December will be received, if there be no objection. the consulates provided for in schedule B.
The consulate at Nice had a sal-
ary of $1,500, the same as is provided by the Mr. SPRAGUE presented a memorial of
The next amendment was to strike out the
amendment of the committee, which was to citizens of Rhode Island interested in the navi- | proviso in schedule C, section one, line ninety- continue according to the terms of the law
until the close of the war. That salary actually gation of Narraganset bay, praying that the eight, “Provided, that the compensation of light now kept at Nayatt Point may be removed the consuls at Malta, St. John, (Canada East,)
ceased on the 14th of December last. During to the beacon at Cononicut Point, proposed to Nice, Lisbon, Santa Cruz, and Tampico, is
this period a gentleman from my State, one who be constructed; which was referred to the established at $1,500 each, annually, and the
was many years associated with me upon the Committee on Commerce.
salary of the consul at Nassau (New Provi- bench, has filled the place as consul. He was He also presented a memorial of the Soldiers' dence) is established at $3,000, before the obliged, in consequence of the health of his and Sailors' Union of Washington, District of
gross appropriation of $420,000 for salaries of family, to resign his place upon the bench and Columbia, praying for the passage of a law consuls general, consuls, commercial agents,
go abroad. The salary is very meager, $1,500 creating them a body politic and corporate;
and consular clerks, and to insert the follow- a year, not half enough to support himself and which was referred to the Committee on Miliing proviso after the appropriation:
family. It is a very expensive place to live, tary Affairs and the Militia.
Provided, That the compensation of the consuls at
and one where the consuls of other nations Mr. FESSENDEN. Now my friend from
Malta, St. John, (Canada East.) Nice, Lisbon, Santa have very much larger salaries than we provide
Cruz, Tampico, Prince Edward Island, Barcelona, Oregon can get up his resolution.
for our consul, and a place where the duties and Nantes, is established at $1,500 each, annually, Mr. NESMITH. I will give way for fear of and the compensation of the consuls at Nassau, (New
of the consul are constantly increasing, and disturbing the equanimity of my friend from
Providence,) and Hankow is established at $3,000 cach, largely increasing. Our European squadrons
annually. Maine. 1 prefer to let the matter go over and
winter at Nice, or some portion of them, so
Mr. SPRAGUE. I should like to ask the that the duties of the place have been altogether take the risk. Mr. FESSENDEN. Iam very much obliged the compensation of the consul at Nassau was
chairman of the Committee on Finance what || larger than ever before. Judge Aldis, the conto the Senator.
sul, has been performing the duties during the prior to the war. I know that in the Commit- whole of this time without any salary. The
tee on Commerce the compensation was pro- fees are very small, I think less than $100 The following bills from the House of Rep- | posed to be increased, and I should like to during the last year. It is a place that is very resentatives were severally read twice by their know what the compensation was before the || largely resorted to by persons from this countitles, and referred as indicated below:
war, as it is proposed now to make it $3,000. try and from all countries for health. Most A bill (H. R. No. 477) further to provide for My impression is that it was then $1,500 ; and of the foreigners there are persons who are the safety of the lives of passengers on board if it was $1,500 before, why is it necessary that invalids, and those from this country need of vessels propelled in whole or in part by it should be $3,000 now?
the attention and sometimes the assistance of steam, to regulate the salaries of steamboat Mr. FESSENDEN I was not present when an agent of this Government. It is only bare inspectors, and for other purposes—to the this bill was considered in the Finance Com- justice that the salary should commence when Committee on Commerce. mittee, and I cannot very well answer.
the former salary ceased, on the 14th of DeA bill (H. R. No. 508) to amend the organic Mr. SHERMAN. This is really a reduc. cember. acts of the Territories of Nebraska, Colorado, tion. The Secretary of State thought it ought Mr. FESSENDEN. I can only say with Dakota, Montana, Washington, Idaho, Ari- to be $3,000. I think the present salary is regard to this case that the facts are undoubtzona, Utah, and New Mexico-to the Com- $4,000.
edly as stated by the honorable Senator from mittee on Territories.
Mr. FESSENDEN.' It is $2,000 now, and Vermont. When this gentleman went out he A bill (H. R. No. 589) for the relief of Delia the increase is to $3,000.
supposed the salary to be $1,500, because it was A. Jacobs, late Delia Á. Fitzgerald-to the Mr. SHERMAN. Four thousand dollars is raised to $1,500 during the war.
We now Committee on Patents and the Patent Office. the present salary.
propose with regard to some half a dozen of
HOUSE BILLS REFERRED.
these places, where we are satisfied that we ber, so that he would be getting the salary for mercial agent appointed to perform their duties, or by must have consuls and that the fees will not the same time that he was receiving the fees.
any other person in their behalf, shall be accounted pay them, to give them a salary of $1,500. Mr. POLAND. I will modify that.
for to the Secretary of the Treasury in the same modo
and manner as is provided for in section eighteen of That is right enough; but if we go back in one Mr. FESSENDEN. I do not see any reason the act approved August 18, 1856, entitled "An act to case to inake up the deficiency between the applicable to this case which is not applicable
regulate the diplomatic and consular system of the
Uvited States." And when the fees so collected by period when the salary ceased and the begin. to every other one that we have. This officer
any consul or commercial agent amount to more than ning of the next fiscal year, I do not see why may be, and unquestionably is, a gentleman of $2,000 in any one year the excess for that year shall the same rule should not be applied to all the || high character and standing; but a consul is a
be paid to the Secretary of the Treasury in the mode other places where we have paid a salary of consul, and if we do this in one case there is
provided for by said act. $1,500 during the war. If we begin this sys- no reason why we should not do it in others Mr. FESSENDEN. This amendment was tem with regard to Nice there is the same pro- where the salary has not been received. reported on the strength of statements made priety in going through with it in regard to all Mr. EDMUNDS. I think there is a special
to the committee by various gentlemen, that these other consulates. As the policy has been reason which applies to this case that has not some of the consulships which are paid by as a general rule not to go backward and pay yet been wholly stated ; and it may apply to
fees alone afforded to the consuls very large arrears of salary, the committee do not recom- some others, or it may not. Until some others
salaries, it is estimated as high as $10,000 in mend anything of that kind. It is a matter are suggested to which it does apply, I shall some instances, and in one case even as much for the Senate to decide whether it is worth take it that it does not apply to any others.
as $20,000. They have vice consuls and comwhile to make up to this gentleman who is con- That reason is that Nice is the winter naval mercial agents at different places under them, sul at Nice what he would have received had station for our Mediterranean fleet. They have covering a large extent of territory, and receive
salary been $1,500, from December until been there most of the time, if I am correctly all the fees. The places paid by fees in this the present time. It strikes me that the differ- || informed, this winter, or at least a considerable
way embrace some of the best positions in ence is not very great, and if it really costs no period of the time.
Europe. It was stated on very good authority, more to live there than the salary amounts to, Mr. GRIMES. It is not the headquarters
and I have no doubt is the fact, that many of this little addition will not give him much. of the Mediterranean fleet; the headquarters
them actually receive very large pay from their Mr. POLAND. It is very true, as the honor- is Lisbon.
fees, much larger than any of the consuls at able Senator from Maine says, that the amount Mr. EDMUNDS. I ofcourse yield to the state
regular salaried posts. The difficulty, however, of half a year's salary of $1,500 is not a very mentofthechairman of the Committee on Naval about it is, that it is rather troublesome to get large sum; but when the salary is not more Affairs as to where the technical headquarters of
at it. Our consular system now is working than half enough to support the gentleman and the fleet is. I have not been there myself, and I
admirably well. The fees being accounted for his family at the place, it becomes a matter of cannot say ; but if I am correctly informed by
to the Treasury, and the consuls generally being some importance. I will say, in reference to the newspapers, and from private information || paid by salaries, the system has now got to be the genuleman who holds this small consular from Nice and from Florence, the Mediterra
almost self-supporting; it costs very little. position, that he is a gentleman who is amply nean fleet, or some considerable portion of it,
The fees very nearly pay the salaries provided qualified to represent us at any of the courts has spent some time this winter at Nice; and for; I do not know exactly how nearly. In of Europe. He is in the place, and I know I think the chairman of the Naval Committee those consulates, however, where the consuls that when he went there, although as the law will not dispute me on that. I have credible rea- are paid by fees entirely, they do not account then stood the salary was only to last during son to believe that this gentleman who has been
for the fees, and they amount in some cases, as the war, he was informed by Mr. Seward, Sec- referred to, and who is a gentleman, has been
we are informed, to a very considerable sumretary of State, that the position of that place obliged by those ordinary courtesies and duties
much more than we pay to consuls who receive and the wants of the Government were such belonging to consuls, where any American citi
salaries. I find that after this amendment was that undoubtedly the salary would be contin- zens or sailors are, to spend a sum of money
drawn and reported, a communication was sent ued. He was told that although as the law then which would equal the amount of this small to the State Department requesting informastood it was only a temporary position, the salary for the short time during which it is pro
tion with regard to it and the opinion of the salary undoubtedly would be made permanent, || posed to allow it to him, in those necessary acts
Department in relation to it. In reply we and that he might rely on that when he received of hospitality and assistance which any man
received a communication from the Secretary the appointment. In reference to many of the who represents his country in any position of State, which I send to the desk and ask to . other cases which the Senator named, where abroad feels bound to incur, and which, of
have read. the salary ceased at the same time, the con- course, ordinarily uses up a very large part of The Secretary read the following communisuls' fees are larger than the salary provided. his salary. This gentleman, in this instance,
cation: One object of the Government in providing a
DEPARTMENT OF STATE, if I am correctly informed, has done this, and salary instead of fees was, that the fees in some
WASHINGTON, April 25, 1866. therefore it appears to me that there is a special
Sir: In reply to your letter of the 230 instant, I cases would be a much larger compensation reason which applies to his case, and which may have the honor to state that the proposed section was than the salary of $1,500 which the bill pro- not apply to the others, for having the salary
doubtless drawn up with the commendable and very vides, so that the Government really makes a which he has really expended in the appro
desirable object of preventing any consular officer saving by taking away the fees and reducing
from receiving an undue amount of compensation priate duties of his consulate, and in those from his fees. the officer to a salary of $1,500; but that rea- hospitalities which, to be sure, the law does Nevertheless, I am of opinion that laws already son does not apply to this case. I trust that not oblige him to perform, but which a decent
existing furnish ample safeguards against the appre
nded inconveniences, while they are not liable to the amendment will be adopted.
sense of respect for his countrymen requires some of the objections which seem to me to lie against Mr. SUMNER. I know Mr. Aldis very well, him to perform, should, to this small degree,
the proposition now presented. and have known him for many years. I need
Those objections are:
1. The proposed section requires a certain class of add nothing to what the Senator from Vermont The amendment to the amendment was consular officers to report their fees to the Secretary has said with regard to his eininent merits. He rejected-ayes seven, noes not counted.
of the Treasury, instead of, as at present, to the Secwas one of the Senator's associates upon the Mr. POLAND. One objection to the amend
retary of State, by whom they are submitted to Con
gress and to the President. As the Department of bench of the supreme court of Vermont, and ment I offered before was that it was not equal State is charged with the appointment, direction, I have regarded it as a substantial benefit to and exact justice to all. I now propose to
supervision, and removal of these officers, it would our country that he was willing to accept this amend the amendment of the committee by
soem to be essential to a proper discharge of its func
tions that they should report to it. post. He conferred with me before he did | adding to it this proviso:
2. The proposed section appears to have been drawn accept it, and I most earnestly counseled him
And provided, That in each of the consulates named
up under the erroneous impression that all the fees to accept it, if he could make up his mind under in this schedule, where the salary has ceased, under
received constitute a merely personal compensation the circumstances to leave the country; for I the provisions of the act of August 2, 1861, the salary
to the consular agent receiving them. It is to be con
sidered that out of these fees are also to be paid desired to secure his services there. I shall, shall commence at the time the former salary ceased.
the office rent, clerk hire, and all other expenses intherefore, vote for this amendment; and I make Mr. FESSENDEN. I hope that amendment curred in the performance of the services for which
the fees are exacted. It is also to be remembered that this distinction between this case and theothers, will not be adopted. It is to make up arrear
section fifteen of the act of August 18, 1856, already that in this case we actually have evidence with ages to all these cousuls.
provides that "every consular agent shall be entitled, regard to the character of the incumbent and The amendment to the amendment was as coinpensation for his services, to such fees as he
rejected. to the necessity of this increase. I have con
may collect in pursuance of the provisions of this act,
or so much thereof as shall be determined by the Presferred with my friend, the Senator from Ver- The amendment of the Committee on Fi- ident; and the principal officer of the consulate or mont; I know the evidence that he has, and I nance, as amended, was agreed to.
commercial agency within the limits of which such
consular agent shall be appointed, shall be entitled also have some evidence myself direct from
The next amendment of the committee was to the residue, if any, in addition to any other comNice, all showing the necessity of this increase; in line one hundred and thirteen of section
pensation allowed him by this act for his services and since I am informed of that necessity, and
therein." Inasmuch as the duties and labors of every one, to increase the appropriation for inter- such consul are proportionately increased by every am familiar with the merits of the incumbent,
preters to the consulates in China, and to the con- such agency over which he has supervision and for and as the amendment is now moved, and I am sular court at Bankok in Siam" from $6,800
whose acts he is responsible, to abrogate this portion to vote upon it, I shall vote in favor of it.
of the act, as this proposition seems to contemplate, to $8,300.
would be to require the consul in such cases to asMr. FESSENDEN. In addition to the objec- The amendment was agreed to.
sume additional labors and responsibilities, attended tion which I before stated, there is another difli
The next amendment of the Committee on
probably by increased expenses, for which he is to culty in the way, and that is that in the mean
receive no compensation, or else to discourage the Finance was to add as an additional section the appointment of agencies which the growth of Amertime, from the time the salary ceased up to the following
ican trade in his dista iot really demands. 1st of July next, this officer will have been
3. Values and prices, as well as the duties, respon
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all foes colreceiving his fees; and this amendment gives
sibilities, and expenditures of consular officers, vary lected by any consul or commercial agent not men- so greatly in different parts of the world that a unihim a proportion of $1,500 from last Decem
tioned in schedule Bor, or by any vice consulor com- form limit of $2,000 would be, in different localities,
be made up.
of very unequal value-in some too little, in others ination of the official list that they have gener- agents and vice consuls whom they have to pay too great, and in others, (after the usual deductions
ally selected places where the consuls are paid out of their fees. I should think that $3,000 above mentioned are made,) would leave to the con
by fees. If any gentleman desires to be might safely be fixed as a limit. My only sular agent no compensation whatever. A limitation of the compensation of consuls and commercial agents accurately informed on this subject, if he will doubt about the amendment was whether to a fixed and equalsum at all posts, is potin accord- go to the office of the Fifth Auditor of the | $2,000 would be too small at some of these ance with previous legislation upon the samesubject, which seems to have been intended to graduate the
Treasury, he will there get some anthentic large places. eompensation according to the amount of labor, the information. I am told by officers who have Mr. SUMNER. I think it would be. amount of responsibility, and the amount of expend
charge of the consular business there that there Mr. FESSENDEN. If we amend the amenditure, &c., required at each post. 4. The President has the power, and it has usually
are consuls in the employment of the United ment by inserting $3,000 in place of $2,000 it been the practice of the Department to recommend States who receive salaries of from eight thou- will probably be right, and perhaps by the its exercise, to nominate and appoint, by and with sand to twenty-five thousand dollars.
next session we can get the information we the advice and consent of the Senate, full consuls responsible directly to this Department, (with such
Mr. JOHNSON. In fees?
ought to have in reference to all these places, compensation as Congress may decide to be suitable Mr. GRIMES. In fees alone-at such places so that we may fix the proper salary at each. for the particular place in question,) to all places as Leeds and Bradford, and places of that kind Mr. CHANDLER. I do not object to that. where the increase of business seems to warrant it, instead of continuing subordinate consular agents,
in Yorkshire and Lancashire. It is in conse- Mr. FESSENDEN. I feel disposed, therewho are responsible only to the consuls by whom quence of some law that was passed since the || fore, to move to amend the amendment by they were appointed.
beginning of the rebellion requiring triple || striking out $2,000 and inserting $3,000 in the It can hardly be deemed necessary to guard against any neglect on the part of the executive department invoices.
eleventh line, and then to let it stand ; and I to take such action, for the amount of the fees re- Mr. SUMNER. That is the secret of the || make that motion. ceived at every port is, as beforestated, duly submit- whole thing.
The amendment to the amendment was ted to Congress and printed every year, showing precisely where such changes are needed.
Mr. GRIMES. That requirement is really || agreed to. If under the present system any consular officer is
an imposition upon the importing merchant. Mr. SHERMAN. I desire to amend the likely to receive too inuch coinpensation for his ser- Mr. FESSENDEN. No, it is necessary to vices, the true remcdy would seem to be either to
amendment further by inserting, the word diminish the amount of the fees exacted or else give protect the revenue.
It has been a very great "such" after the word "any'' in line ten, so him a fixed salary. Compensation of all public officers || protection.
as to read, " when the fees so collected by any of the United States is expected to be graduated either
Mr. CHANDLER. I think that this amendaccording to work or according to time. Tho prop
such consul or commercial agent;' so as to osition in question docs not seem to carry out either ment is eminently necessary, and I hope it will confine the operation of the section to these of these objects, sinco it does not guaranty a fixed prevail. It will be remembered by many of particular cases. salary, but pays for a certain amount of work, and then requires an additional amount to be performed
the older Senators that some years ago the con- Mr. FESSENDEN. That is right. without any pay at all.
sular system had become corrupt; very great The amendment to the amendment was 5. It would also seem to make it the interest of
corruptions had crept into it. For example, | agreed to. consular agents to discourage consular business whenever it exceeds a certain amount, whereas it is for
the consul at Liverpool received as much as Mr. JOHNSON. I ask the honorable chair. the advantage of revenue and of trade that all such forty or fifty or sixty thousand dollars per
man whether the act of August 18, 1856, rebusiness should be performed promptly, willingly,
annum. Congress took up the entire consular and effectually.
ferred to in the particular amendment, does It is not deemed necessary or expedient, therefore, system and reviewed it, and fixed the salaries,
not require the consuls to report to the State to recommend a change in the present system. That the intention being to fix a salary at every im- Department. it works justly to the Government and the consular portant point. Then there were some unimofficers is best shown by the fact that, as at present
Mr. FESSENDEN. I think not; but the administered, the consular service has been for the portant points which were not deemed of suffi
amendment was not drawn by me but by the past three years, and for the first time in the national cient consequence to justify the payment of a Senator from Ohio. history, steadily and gradually reaching a point fixed salary, and those we left open to be paid where it will soon becomo a self-supporting system,
Mr. JOHNSON. I understood the letter paying all its own expenses. by fees. The intention was to fix a salary at
from the Secretary of State to the Senator The amount paid for compensation of consuls and every point where the business would really
from Maine to say that by the law as it now commercial agents during the last four fiscal years, warrant the payment of a salary to the consul. and the amount of fees received during the same
stands they make a report to the State DepartUpon that principle the whole consular system years, are as follows:
ment. Amount of salaries and loss in exchange from Janu- was reorganized. This was, perhaps, ten or Mr. FESSENDEN. That is those who are ary 1861, to June 30, 1862...
Since that time some of the paid by fees.
Mr. JOHNSON. And he objects to this Difference....... $306,769 75 importance to authorize a fixed salary have now
particular amendment on the ground that so become points of great business importance, 1862.
far as it is concerned you are taking the conand I am informed that now the same evils Amount of salaries and loss in exchange for fiscal
suls away from the State Department. year ending June 30, 1863......
have crept into those places which existed prior Mr. FESSENDEN. I think by that act Foes.... 152,982 94 to the reorganization of the system, that some
they report to the Secretary of the Treasury. Difference...
of the consuls, as the Senator from Iowa says, .$252,417 43
Mr. SHERMAN. The intention was to ex: receive, perhaps, eight or ten or fifteen thou
tend the provision of the old act which applied 1863. sand dollars a year, when if the places had
only to scheduled or salaried consuls to the Amount of salaries and loss in exchange for fiscal been of sufficient importance to warrant the
$363,779 99 year ending June 30, 1864.
consuls who receive compensation in fees. Fees......
payment of $1,500 a year the salary would have 251,218 31
Mr. JOHNSON. That I understand. been fixed at $1,500.
As the Senator has sug- Mr. SHERMAN. The eighteenth section Difference... $109,561 65 gested, I believe that these fat pickings are
of the act of August, 1856, provides that, 1864. generally selected by those who are not partic
"All fees collected at any of the legations, or by the Amount of salaries and loss in exchange for fiscal
ularly well known to Senators, and without any consuls general.consuls, and commercial agents menyear ending June 30, 1865.
and Fees.... 287,108 00 such appointments.
vice commercial agents appointed to perform their Difference.......
$71,653 64 I hope that this amendment will prevail, and duties: carnby any other persons in their behalf, shall
that a limit of $2,000 will be fixed. If when and held subject to his draft." Amount paid from United States Treasury for year the system was reorganized these places had ending June 30, 1865......
Whoever drew the communication for the . $71,653 64 From this deduct list of consulates at which
been deemed of suflicient importance to justify | State Department, made a mistake, because the salaries have been reduced and disthe payment of a salary at all, $1,500 would
the language of the law was followed in drawing continued, at average rate of returns for
have been fixed as the limit; they would have this section. last fiscal year, and there is a further reduction of amount required to pay con
been placed in schedule C. If this amendment The amendment, as amended, was agreed to. sular salaries of..
shall not prevail, I shall propose to put them
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The amendLeaving an apparent deficit of...............$17,265 85 Mr. FESSENDEN. I think that probably
ments reported by the Committee on Finance It is not doubted that the increase of fecs at some would be an error the other way. I notice
are now completed.
Mr. CHANDLER. I am instructed by the points, and the reduction of salaries at others which that many of these consulates are at very imhave already taken place during the present fiscal portant places, where a great deal of business
Committee on Commerce to propose this amendyear, will, at its termination, show that the consular system is now practically self-supporting. But it is is done. Take, for instance, Sheffield. The
ment to come in at the close of the first section doubtful whether the proposed change would not consul there is paid by fees. The consul at
in the bill: weaken its efficiency, and thus again make it a drain Manchester, which is about the same sort of
For repairs of cemetery, fences, and sexton's house upon the Treasury,
belonging to the United States in the city of Mexico. I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,
place, has a salary of $3,000. Sheffield prob- $1,500, to be expended under the direction of the WILLIAM II. SEWARD. ably is equal in importance to Manchester. President of the United States. Hon. WILLIAM P. FESSENDEN, Chairman of Committee
Mr. CHANDLER. It is
it was not I have a report of the Committee on Com. on Finance, United States Senate. then.
merce on this subject which can be read if deMr. GRIMES. It ought to be known at the Mr. SUMNER. More important.
sired. The appropriation is for the repairs of State Department how much salary is received Mr. FESSENDEN. It is more important, the cemetery in the city of Mexico where our by a good many of these consuls, because I perhaps. Then there are Falmouth, Plymouth, || soldiers are buried. understand there have been persons appointed and Bradford. They are all said to be places Several Senators. State the substance of it. from that Department to the most valuable of importance.
Mr. CHANDLER. The cemetery is out of consulships in Europe. They have an admira- Mr. GRIMES. Bradford is very important. | repair; the fences are down; and the consul ble opportunity there to select the best places, Mr. SUMNER. Bradford is a great center. at the city of Mexico and our late minister in and I guess it will be discovered by an exam- Mr. FESSENDEN. They have commercial Il Mexico united in recommending that this appropriation be made for the repairs of the recommend that $1,500 be appropriated for the pur- consideration which does not always attach to cemetery. That is the substance of the report,
pose specified, to be expendod under the direction of those of the inferior rank.
the President. but it can be read, if Senators desire to hear it. Mr. SUMNER. I do not think it is necesThe amendment was agreed to.
That, in brief, is an outline of the present
condition of things. I think there are none sary.
Mr. SUMNER. I am directed by the Com- of the courts where our representatives do not Mr. FESSENDEN. I suggest whether this
mittee on Foreign Relations to move an amend- || complain that they suffer personally and in the item had better not be put on some other bill.
ment to come in on page 2, line sixteen, after public interests which they represent through Mr. CHANDLER. It is a consular recom
the word "dollars,' in the shape of a proviso: this inferior position, and the object of the mendation, and the Committee on Commerce Provided. That an envoy extraordinary and minis- || proposition now moved is to relieve this evil.
ter plenipotentiary appointed at any place where the proposed to put it on this bill.
It is to secure to these representatives the United States are now represented by a minister resiMr. FESSENDEN. But it is not a con: dent shall receive the compensation fixed by law and advantages which we covet for our country to sular matter.
appropriated for a minister resident and no more. the end that their own respectability may be Mr. CHANDLER. It may as well go on I should like to make a brief explanation of enhanced and that they may transact the pubthis bill as any other.
this amendment. It will be perceived from its lic business with the most effect. Mr. FESSENDEN. In that I differ from place that it comes after the appropriation for It is not proposed—and now I come to the the Senator. It strikes me as singularly in- salaries of envoys extraordinary and ministers | suggestion which the Senator from Iowa has appropriate to this bill. It may well go on the plenipotentiary and ministers resident. The made in a whisper-it is not proposed that miscellaneous bill at the end of the session, l object in one word—that I will state precisely || there shall be any increase of salary. where we insert various miscellaneous items. before proceeding into detail-is to authorize Mr. CONNESS. That will come next year. I think it ought not to go on this bill. I do the Government to employ in its discretion per;
Mr. SUMNER. I will come to that. not object to the appropriation, but I do not sons with the title of envoys extraordinary and Mr. GRIMES. That is not the suggestion think this is the proper place for it. We never ministers plenipotentiary where it now employs | I made. The suggestion I made in a whisper, do put things of that sort in this bill. It has ministers resident, but without any increase of which the Senator seems to have heard, is that nothing to do with the consular and diplomatic salary. This subject has occupied the atten- Mr. Pike, the gentleman to whom he alludes, service.
tion of the committee for several years; it has in a letter to me ridiculed this whole propoMr. CHANDLER. It may just as well go been more than once, I think, brought before sition. on this bill as any other.
the Senate. The committee in their recent con- Mr. SUMNER. I think he must be the Mr. FESSENDEN. There is no propriety | sideration of it, I think, were unanimous that only one, then, that does it. in putting on this bill something entirely in- the good of the service, especially in Europe, Mr. GRIMES. That may be. I have no appropriate to it, when there are other bills to required that this change should be made. correspondence with any but him. which it would be appropriate.
From all the information that comes to us, it Mr. SUMNER. I should like to see the Mr. CHANDLER. I think it more appro
appears that our ministers at the courts where letter. priate to this bill than any other.
they have only the title of ministers resident Mr. GRIMES. I think the Senator from Mr. FESSENDEN. There are no consuls play a second part to gentlemen with the title Maine has seen it. buried there.
of envoy extraordinary and minister pleni- Mr. SUMNER. Very well. I will finish Mr. CHANDLER. It is a matter brought to | potentiary, though representing Governments what little I have to say. I can only say, that our notice by a recommendation of one of our which we certainly should not consider in point from my experience in this matter, with some consuls. I think it belongs quite as much to of rank in the world on an equality with ours. opportunities of observation and reflection, and this bill as to any other.
They are second to them ; in short, to use a with no personal interest in it whatever, with Mr. FESSENDEN. I do not think it is to familiar illustration and simply in order to bring no desire to advance the interest of any human be put on the consular and diplomatic bill the difference home to the Senators, when they ) being, and at this moment having no one of merely because a consul advised it, when there call upon business or appear anywhere they our functionaries in view; simply speaking for are other bills to which it would be appropriate. bear the same relation to the envoys extraor- the interests of my country, as I understand
Mr. CHANDLER. The committee thought dinary of those smaller Governments that, I them, abroad, I am satisfied that they would it better to put it on this bill, and therefore in: for instance, a member of the other House be promoted by this change. And now comes structed me to report it here.
when he waits upon the President of the Uni- the remark of the Senator from California that Mr. FESSENDEN. Probably it did not ted States, as we know, bears to the Senators. next year will be the demand for an increase occur to the committee that this was not the The Senator is admitted to the President, when of salary. proper place for it. the member of the other House, as we know,
Mr. CONNESS. Perhaps it may be a year Mr. CHANDLER. What place would be waits. It is so now with the ministers resident
further on. more proper?
of the United States as compared with persons Mr. SUMNER. Perhaps the year after, or Mr. FÉSSENDEN. The miscellaneous ap- of a higher title at the courts to wbich they are ten years from now. I do not know that it propriation. bill at the end of the session ; it accredited, although those gentlemen with a may not come; but I bring this forward in would be very proper there.
higher title represent what I have already said good faith. I do not bring it forward merely Vr. SUMNER. I am sure that more than we should regard as inferior Powers.
by myself; I bring it forward now as the reponce similar appropriations have been put on I hold in my hand, by way of illustration, ll 'resentative of the Committee on Foreign Pelathis bill. I remember that at least once I the last Almanac of Gotha, for 1866, which is tions on this floor, after having carefully conmoved such an appropriation to the civil and the diplomatic authority for the world, and has sidered it, and believing, as I do, that the diplomatic bill to repair the cemetery at Con- been now for about a century; and by way of public interests will be promoted by it. stantinople.
example, I turn to the diplomatic list for the Now, a question may arise as to the form in Mr. FESSENDEN. Is the money to be Netherlands, where it will be remembered we which it is presented. I should like to have expended by the consul?
are represented by a patriotic citizen, well the Secretary read the proposition before I Mr. CHANDLER. Under his supervision. known to most of us, and who was connected comment on it. I think this is the place for it.
with the press, Mr. Pike, with the title of The Secretary read the amendment. Mr. SUMNER. I think it may come in here. minister resident. By looking at the list, I Mr. SUMNER. It will be observed that the Mr. FESSENDEN. If it is a proper ap
find at this same court that the Grand Duchy proposition does not undertake to empower propriation I suppose there will be no harm of Baden is represented by an envoy extraor- the President, or to direct him, to make this done by putting it here; but I should like to dinary and minister plenipotentiary, that Bel- || change, but it assumes, according to a certain hear the evidence.
gium, the adjoining country, and with a popu- theory of the Constitution, that under the ConMr. CHANDLER. Let the report be read. lation much inferior to our own, is represented | stitution it is in the discretion of the President The Secretary read as follows:
by an envoy extraordinary and minister plen- | to send embassadors, envoys extraordinary, or The Committee on Commerce to whom was referred | ipotentiary; that Denmark, a nation which now, ministers resident, or any other diplomatic the letter of Hon. William H. Seward, Secretary of since she has been shorn of the two prov- || functionary in his discretion, Congress having State, bearing date March 5, 1866, indorsing commu- inces of Schleswig and Holstein, has not a only the discretion of supplying the means. nications from Marcus Ottenberg, relative to the condition of the American cemetery at the city of Mexico,
million and a half of population, is represented The Constitution says: report: by an envoy extraordinary and minister plen
"He [the President) shall have power by and with That by the provisions of the act of Congress: || ipotentiary. Spain, of course, is represented
the advice and consent of the Senate to make treaties, approved September 28, 1850, $10,000 was appropriated by an envoy extraordinary and minister plen
provided two thirds of the Senators present concur, for purchasing, walling, and ditching a piece of land
and be shall nominate, and by and with the advice near the city of Mexico for a cemetery or burial ipotentiary. Even the Grand Duchy of Hesse
and consent of the Senate shallappoint, embassadors, ground for such of the officers and soldiers of our is so represented ; so is the kingdom of other public ministers, and consuls." Army as fell in battle or died in and around said city, and for the interment of Ainerican citizens who had
Italy; so is the Duchy of Nassau ; so is Portu- It was in pursuance of this provision of the died or may die in said city. The money tbus ap- gal, so is Prussia, and so on. In transacting | Constitution that in 1856, when our consular propriated was expended by direction of the Presi- business the American minister resident at the dent of the United States for the object specified in
and diplomatic system was revised, the followthe act. Seven hundred and fifty American officers
court of the Hague is always treated as second | ing provision was enacted; and here again you and soldiers who died in and about the city of Mex- to all these representatives. I have alluded will observe that the provision does not underico during the war, were interred in the ground thus to the relations which we bear to the head of take to empower the President to appoint acquired, and since the wara large number of American citizens have also been interred there. The
the executive department here as compared embassadors, envoys extraordinary, or other American consul now represents that the cemetery
with members of the other House. I doubt | diplomatic functionaries, but it assumes that is in a neglected and dilapidated condition, and estimates that it will requirc $1,500 to repair the ceme
not that Senators know there is an advantage he may do it, and proceeds to supply the salary. tery, tho sexton's house, and for other necessary
in that in the dispatch of business, in having | The provision is as follows: repairs in and about the premises. The committee access promptly and perhaps with a certain "That ambassadors, en roysoxtraordinary, and min