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fully and properly, I have no objection to grant- thing more. All the advantage the company water Canal Company to enter the District of ing tliem an act of incorporation; but if it is has by being incorporated is, as I said before, | Columbia. an act of incorporation to bring into existence that they may do business wherever they please, Mr. WILLEY. The Committee on the Dis. an artificial person to run all over the Union, || and on the death of some of the members, their | trict of Columbia bave reported an amendment then I say we ought not to grant it. What
company is not entirely dissolved. A great as a substitute for the entire bill, and I there. would be the result is every State in the Union business cannot be carried on without it, and fore suggest that the reading of the original bill should come to enacting corporations of that as they get no additional advantage in a State be omited. kind? Suppose the State of New York should over a natural person prosecuting the same The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The read. pass acts of incorporation authorizing a body business, I do not know why it should not be ling of the original bill will be dispensed with, of gentlemen to mine all over the country; the granted if it is a lawful business. The States, if there be no objection, and the amendment State of New Hampshire should pass acts of of course, may put them under such restric- | only be read. incorporation authorizing people to manufac- tions as they please, and some of the States
The Secretary read the proposed substitute, ture all over the country; and the State of perhaps have prevented foreign corporations
as follows: Pennsylvania should pass acts of incorpora- transacting business within their limits, or have tion, if they could do so, authorizing people modified the terms of their charter. and pre
That the Chesapeake Bay and Potomac Tidewater
Canal Company, incorporated by the General Assemto bank all over the country, and then you set scribed under what circumstances and limita- bly of the State of Maryland, at the January session these fictitious persons running all over the tions they may do business. But in the ab. thereof, 1865, by an act entitled "An act to incorpo
rate the Chesapeake Bay and Potomac River Tidecountry to find some opportunity of doing sence of any such thing a corporation may do water Canal Company," be, and the same are hereby, business; what would be the condition of the all lawful business that a natural person can authorized to extend their canal from the point where country? It seems to me that these acts of do. They cannot do anything more. It strikes
it strikes the boundary line of the District of Colum
bia, thence in and through the said District to the incorporation should be made auxiliary to the me there is ally but little in this objection
Anacostia river at any point thereon above Bidding's business of the country. Where this necessity that if we incorporate them here they will do bridge. is shown first, or a convenience in any way of business somewhere else. I expect they will ; Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said com. operation, then we ought to grant it. I have but if they do a lawful business, beneficial
pany are hereby authorized and empowered to take,
purchase, and hold, for the purposes of this act, so no great opposition to granting acts of incor- to themselves and the community, such as much real estate and other property as shall be neporation to proper parties within the District ; mining or manufacturing, I do not see how cessarily required for the proper construction of the and if in the prosecution of that business in
extension aforesaid, and for the construction of all anybody is to be injured by it. If any State the District they find it necessary to go into
proper and convenient basins, locks, reservoirs, objects to it, they may fence them out, proba- docks, and wharves, to be connected with said ex other States and operate there, I have no ob- bly; but they do not see fit to pass acts of
tension. And where tho said company shall not jection. If, for instance, you should incorpo- prohibition against these corporations gener
be able to procure such real estate by purchase from
the owner thereof, or the owner thereof shall be rate an insurance company to do business in ally, and therefore I think they have been ben- a semme covert, infant, non compos mentis, impristhis District, and they should find it necessary eficial, and I see no kind of objection to it. oned, or resident beyond the District of Columbia, to run into all the States of the Union in a Mr. GRIMES. I move to amend the bill
then application may be made by the president of
said. company to the chief justice of the supremne legitimate way, I have no objection to it. But Mr. MORRILL. I have some other meas- court of the District of Columbia for the appointI have a very great objection to incorporating ures which will not lead to debate, and I will ment of three persons. who sball be frecholders in
said District, as a commission of inquest of damages, this company for the purpose of sending them allow this bill to pass over by common consent
and who shall go upon and inspect any property proelsewhere, when they are not doing or desirous and call up.some other bill.
posed to be taken by said company for the purposes of doing business here. The Senator from The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It is moved
contemplated by this act; and before any person so Maine, undoubtedly, knows whether these peo- that the further consideration of this bill be
appointed as such commissioner shall proceed to act;
he shall take an oath or affirmation that he will ple propose to go into business here; whether postponed until to-morrow.
fairly and truly value the damages sustained by the they are an association of gentlemen under- The motion was agreed to.
owner or owners of any property by the use and octaking it here, or whether he is creating an
cupation of any such real estate, water rights, or HOUSE BILLS REFERRED.
other property, by said company; and said commisartificial person to enable it for speculative
sion shall reduce their inquisition or finding to purposes, or for some purpose outside of the The following bills from the House of Rep- writing, and sign and seal the saine, and it shall then District, to do business. I think he will see a resentatives were severally read by their titles
be returned to said chief justice, who shall file tho
same in the office of the register of deeds of the city very great objection to doing that. I think we and referred as indicated below:
of Washington. But no such inquisition shall be should not pass this bill without grave consid- A bill (H. R. No. 379) to establish in the had until after ten days' uotice thercof bas been eration. District of Columbia a reform school for boys- | served on the owner of the real estate so to be taken.
when he resides in the District of Columbia, or by Mr. WADE. I voted in committee for this to the Committee on the District of Columbia. publication of notice in one or more of the daily incorporation, and for several others like it. A bill (H. R. No. 564) to annul the thirty- newspapers published in the city of Washington for Some of them, I believe, have passed. I have fourth section of the declaration of rights of said District. When the owner is a femme covert the
twenig days where such owner resides beyond tho not been able to see the importance of the the Sinte of Maryland, so far as it applies to notice shall be to her and her husband; when he is a arguments that have been made against this the District of Columbia--to the Committee on
minor, to his guardian; and when he is non compos bill. A corporation is, in law, an artificial the District of Columbia.
mentis, to his committee, or the person having the
charge of his estate. The said report_shall be conperson for any purpose that may be described A bill (H. R. No. 601) to grade East Capi- firmed by the supreme court of the District of Coin the charter of incorporation. The States tol street and establish Lincoln square-to the lumbia at its next term after the return of said report, are in the habit everywhere of granting acts Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds.
unless for cause shown to the contrary. And where
good cause is thus shown, the said cbicf justice shall of incorporation for certain prescribed modes
AMERICA FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY.
set aside said inquest, and appoint another similar of business, and when the parties are incor
cominission, who sball qualify in the same inanner, porated they do business all over the Union. Mr. MORRILL. I now ask the Senate to
and whose inquisition shall be taken, returned, filed.
and confirmed, or set aside for good cause shown, in They can do, unless the law prohibits it, just take up for consideration Senate bill No. 296.
the same manner as the first inquisition was taken, what a natural person may do lawfully, and The motion was agreed to; and the Senate, returned, filed, and confirmed, or set aside. And nothing more. The object of the incorpo- as in Committee of the Whole, proceeded to
such commission or inquisition shall be renewed as
often as may be necessary, until the inquisition made ration is barely for the purpose of perpetual consider the bill (S. No. 296) to incorporate shall be confirmed. Such inquisition shall describe succession. When a great business is con the America Fire and Marine Insurance Com- the property taken by metes and bounds, and tho templated that requires more capital than or- pany ot' Washington, District of Columbia. It valuation thereof shall be paid or tendered within
ten days after the confirmation of such inquisition dinarily belongs to one individual, and a great autliorizes J. L. Kidwell, Francis Wheatley, || by said district court: and when suclı valuation or many, in order to carry it on, have to concen- Esau Pickrell, J. B. Davidson, and Thomas I. damages are so paid or tendercu, said company shall trate their means together, it is convenient for Davis, of Georgetown, District of Columbia ;
have a full and perfect right to enter upon, use. 00
cupy, and enjoy any property so valued during its them to have a charter of incorporation, be- and Benjamin Beall, B. L. Jackson, Joseph
by cause, without it, when any member of the F. Burr, Augustus E. Perry, and Frederick inquisition shall be paid by said company. company dies, the whole company is dissolved, Koones, of Washington, District of Columbia,
SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall be
lawful for said company tolevy, demand, and receive and it passes into the hands of administrators. or any five of them, to receive subscriptions to such even tolls and rents for the use of the wharves Therefore these acts of incorporation do noth- the capital stock of a comany to be denomi- and docks of said company on said extension, or for ing more than to enable then to continue their nated the America Fire and Marine Insur
freight transported by said company, or for the pas
sage through said extension of boats, rafts, or any business, notwithstanding the death of some ance Company of Washington, District of other water craft, as a majority of the directors at of the parties. Columbia. The company are to bave the
any regular meeting shall assess therefor: Prorided, As to the objection of their doing business
That the Congress of the United States shall at all usual powers and privileges of a corporation. outside of the authority that grants the incor- The capital stock is to consist of twenty thou
times have power to increase or reduoc such tolls or poration, almost all your important corpora- sand shares of fifty dollars each.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That said canal tions do that. Why, sir, look at your insur- The bill was reported to the Senate without
extension, when completed, shall forerer thereafter
be esteemed and taken to be a public highway for the ance companies of Hartford, Connecticut. amendment, ordered to be engrossed for a transportation of all goods, commodities, or produce They are doing business all over the United third reading, read the third time, and passed. of every kind and description, and for all canal-boats, States to the amount of millions, and I do not
rasts, or other water crafts of every kind watercr, know but of hundreds of millions, everywhere. CHESAPEAKE AND POTOMAC TIDEWATER CANAL. upon the payment of such tollsor rents as are author
ized to be imposed by this act. Look at your companies for transportation, all Mr. MORRILL. I ask the Senate to take SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That the said comover the country, everywhere. Your banking up for consideration Senate bill No. 281.
pany, shall permit all public property belonging to institutions do business in every State, all over
ihe United States to pass through said capal exten
The motion was agreed tự; and the Senate, sion free of all charge or toll: and the said company the Union, without any objection whatever. as in Committee of the Whole, proceeded to shall, from time to time, as may be required, lay beIn short, they can do just what a natural per- consider the bill ($. No. 281) to authorize the
fore Congress a just and true account of their receipts son may lawfully do, and they cannot do any.
and expenditures on said extension, with a statement Chesapeake Bay and Potomac River Tide
of the clear profits thereof.
Src.6. And be it further enacted, That, subject to the Georgetown to pay over to the trustees of col privilege to run steam cars from the depot of aforesaid provisions of this act, all and singular the
ored schools of those cities such a proportionate the Baltimore and Ohio road down to the bridge; provisions of the aforesaid act of the General Assembly of the State of Marylaul, entitled "An act to in
part of all moneys received or expended for but I always understood it was to cease with corporate the Chesapeake Bay and Potomac River school or educational purposes in them, includ
I see by the newspapers that it is Tidewater Canal Company," relating to the powers, ing the cost of sites, buildings, improvements, constantly attended with destruction of prop. liabilities, and authority of said company, in operating and using their canal, shall take effect and apply
furniture, and books, and all other expendi- erty, and I believe in several instances with to the extension aforesaidinthe District of Columbia. tures on account of schools, as the colored | loss of life. The understanding was that a
SEC. 7. And beit further enacted, That this act shall children between the ages of six and seventeen connection was to be made by a tunnel on the be deemed a publicact, and shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage, and shall be sub
years, in the respective cities, bear to the whole other side of the Capitol. ject to alteration or repeal by Congress.
number of children, white and colored, between Mr. JOHNSON. That was the proposition Mr. WILLEY. I move to amend the amend
the same ages. The money is to be considered made by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Comment in section one, line twelve, by striking
due and payable to the trustees on the 1st day ||pany some years ago, out the word “ Bidding's'' before the word
of October of each year, and if not then paid Mr. MORRILL. I think the Senator from “bridge and inserting the word " Benning's.'
over to them, interest at the rate of ten per Iowa is misinformed, perhaps, about the facts. The PRESIDENT pro tempore. That cor
cent. per annum on the amount unpaid may be Mr. GRIMES. What facts? rection will be made as it is a clerical mistake.
demanded and collected from the authorities Mr. MORRILL. The general facts. This The question is on the amendment reported by of the delinquent city by the trustees.
bill makes no alteration in, gives no additional the committee as a substitute for the original The trustees may maintain an action of debt right beyond, the act of 1863 authorizing the bill.
in the supreme court of the District of Colum- Alexandria, Washington, and Georgetown railThe amendment was agreed to.
bia against said cities of Washington and road to extend its road by Maryland avenue and
Georgetown for the non-payment of any sum make connection with the Baltimore and Ohio The bill was reported to the Senate as amended, and the amendment was concurred
of money arising under the act of June 25, road, and also to build a bridge across the Po1861.
tomac river; but it was not to use the motive in. The bill was ordered to be engrossed for
The bill was reported to the Senate without power of steam except by the consent of the a third reading, was read the third time, and
amendment, ordered to be engrossed for a city of Washington and of Congress. The passed. Its title was amended so as to read: "A bill to authorize the Chesapeake Bay and
third reading, read the third time, and passed. || inference, perhaps, might be fairly enough that Potomac River Tidewater Canal Company to
WASHINGTON GAS-LIGIIT COMPANY.
Congress would give its assent. Now, as a matenter the District of Columbia, and extend
Mr. MORRILL. I move to take up House
ter of fact, all that time and something more,
since the passage of that act, this road has been their canal to the Anacostia river at any point | bill No. 558. above Benning's bridge."
The motion was agreed to ; and the bill (h. || operated by steam and is so operated now. I R. No. 558) to amend the charter of the Wash
suppose nobody would think' it desirable to COLORED SCHOOLS IN WASHINGTON.
limit the use of steam over their own bridge. ington Gas-Light Company was considered as Mr. MORRILL. I now move to take up in Committee of the Whole. It proposes to
On Maryland avenue there is no objection of Senate bill No. 247. amend the charter of the Washington Gas
course to the use of steam. It is a very broad The motion was agreed to; and the Senate,
street and the use of steam there would find its Light Company in the third section by substias in Committee of the Whole, proceeded to tuting the word “ February” for 6 January ;''
parallel in most of the large cities of the coun: consider the bill (S. No. 247) donating certain and also to increase the capital stock of the
try-in Philadelphia, for instance, and Baltilots in the city of Washington for schools for
The cars run for a much larger dig. company $500,000, subject to the same liabil. colored children in the District of Columbia.
tance through a much more dense population ity as is provided in the eleventh section of the The Commissioner of Public Buildings is original' act of incorporation, approved July
in the city of Baltimore. required by the bill to transfer to the trustees
Mr. FESSENDEN. Not by steam. 8, 1848. of colored schools for the cities of Wash
The bill was reported to the Senate without
Mr. MORRILL. Yes, by stcam, both at this ington and Georgetown, in the District of amendment, ordered to a third reading, read
side of the city and on the other. Through the Columbia, for the sole use of schools for the third time, and passed.
most dense part of the city, for a short distance colored children in the District, all the right,
the cars are drawn by horses; but the distance
RAILROAD CONNECTION AT WASIIINGTON. title, and interest of the United States in and
you go by steam before you reach the depot in to lots numbered one and two in square num
Mr. MORRILL. I.move that the Senate Baltimore is much greater than the distance bered five hundred and fifty-four, and lots one,
proceed to the consideration of Senate bill from the bridge up Maryland avenue. The
No. 264. two, and eighteen in square nine hundred and
only point of difficulty about this at all, to my eighty-five, in the city of Washington, those
The motion was agreed to; and the Senate, | mind, was whether they ought to operate this lots having been designated and set apart by
as in Committee of the Whole, proceeded to road by steam in front of the Capitol, across the Secretary of the Interior to be used for
consider the bill (S. No. 264) to grant certain from Maryland avenue to the depot; but that colored schools for present purposes.
privileges to the Alexandria, Washington, and has been done for three long years and more; The Committee on the District of Columbia Georgetown Railroad Company in the District it is done every day. The accident to which reported the bill with amendments. The first of Columbia.
the Senator alludes—there was an accidentamendment was in line four, to strike out the
The bill proposes to give the consent of was caused by an engine coming in collision word “transfer” and to insert the words
Congress to the Alexandria, Washington, and with a horse car; but it was the fault of the "grant and convey."
Georgetown Railroad Company using steam horse car and not the fault of the railroad. The amendment was agreed to.
power in drawing cars on the structure across The corporation of Washington have given
The Potomac river erected by that company, their assent, and the bill is predicated upon The next amendment was in lines nine and
under the provisions of the act entitled " An the assent which has been obtained from the ten, to strike out the words “ one and two in
act to extend the charter of the Alexandria | city of Washington. sqnare numbered five hundred and fifty-four, | and Washington Railroad Company, and for
Mr. FESSENDEN. Does the bill allow and lots;so that the clause will read :
other purposes," approved March 3, 1863, and || them to pass in front of the Capitol grounds All the right, title, and interest of the United States
along the railway now laid by the company, or on the west? in and to lots numbered one, two, and eighteen in square nine hundred and eignty-five.
which may be hereafter laid, under the pro- Mr. MORRILL. Yes, sir; but I have no The amendment was agreed to.
visions of that act, along Maryland avenue and objection to that being stricken out.
First street west, in the city of Washington, Mr. GRIMES. Strike out all after 6-1863" The next amendment was at the end of the bill to strike out the words “ for present par.
to the present depot of the Washington branch in the tenth line.
of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, subject Mr. MORRILL. We have a bill now before poses," and to insert:
always, and in all particulars, to such restric- our committee, and I think it has been reported And whenever the same shall be converted to other uses they shall revert to the United States.
tions and regulations concerning the use of in the House, changing the location of this The amendment was agreed to.
such steam power as the corporation of Wash- route, as it manifestly ought to be, from the
ington may, by its ordinances, at any time rear to the front, requiring them to tunnel under The bill was reported to the Senate as impose upon, or at any time require of, the the streets in front of us. That is contemplated amended, and the amendments were concurred railroad company.
and that will be done; but I suggest whether in. The bill was ordered to be engrossed Mr. GRIMES. I understand that that bill gentlemen really believe there is any necessity for a third reading, read the third time, and grants to this company the power to run its at this moment for interfering with the prac. passed. trains through Maryland avenue and across
tice which has obtained now for three years. Mr. MORRILL. I now ask the Senate to Pennsylvania avenue at the foot of the Capitol Mr. GRIMES. Then what is the use of consider Senate bill No. 246. grounds.
passing the last part of this bill? The motion was agreed to; and the Senate, Mr. MORRILL. And across the bridge. Mr. MORRILL. The reason is obvious. as in Committee of the Whole, procceded to Mr. GRIMES. And across the bridge ? While this road was being run by the War consider the bill (S. No. 246) relating to public Mr. MORRILL. Yes, sir.
Department under the war power we did not schools in the District of Columbia. It pro- Mr. GRIMES. I hope that such a bill will any of us feel exactly like running against the vides that the eighteenth section of the act not be passed. That is a question that has | engine driven by such a power; but now they entitled "An act to provide for the public in- been brought before Congress for eight years,
have surrendered it to the company and the struction of youth in ihe county of Washington, to my certain knowledge, and I believe we have company do not feel that they are authorized District of Columbia, and for other purposes, always refused to grant the privilege. By some to run the road by steam, as it has been run for approved June 25, 1864, shall be so construed sort of legerdemain this company has during the last three years, without the consent of Conas to require the cities of Washington and the war exercised, as a sort of war right, the gress, and I think they are very right about it
Mr. GRIMES. I move to strike out all after was amended they abandoned the bill. If they | they do. They ought to cross the river above “ 1863'' in the tenth line.
could not have it just according to their own instead of running on a bridge alongside the The Secretary read the words proposed to be notion, and if a time was fixed within which Long bridge. I think so stiil. It would be stricken out, as follows:
they must get it done or lose their privileges | somewhat more expensive to them undoubtAnd along the railway now laid by said company, —that was one of the amendments—they chose edly; but it would be a great deal more conor which may be hereafter laid, under the provisions to abandon the bill, and we have not heard of venient for the public. They would be more of the said act, along Maryland avenue and First street weet, in the city of Washington, to the present
it since. Their first application was precisely out of the way, and they would leave the lower depot of the Washington branch of the Baltimore and what it is now, and the Senate never would l part of the city and the principal avenues unOhio railroad, subject always, and in all particulars, consent to encourage for a single day the prop- disturbed. To do that they would have to go to such restrictions and regulations concerning the use of such steam power as the corporation of Wash
osition which they first brought forward and a little further round, and therefore it would ington may, by its ordinances, at any time impose insisted upon so long, to pass directly in front cost them a little more; and I have always upon, or at any timo require of, the said railroad
of the Capitol grounds where there is so much found in my experience in regard to railroad company.
passing on foot continually across Pennsylvania | bills that when the interests of a railroad came Mr. FESSENDEN. Now read the first ten
avenue. We have been obliged, however, to in collision with the interests of the public lines.
submit to it during the war. Now it would be before legislative bodies the interests of the The Secretary read as follows:
very much safer, if they really mean to get a public always have to give way. It is so invaThat the consent of Congress be, and the same is bill to authorize a tunnel and to go down the riably. It has been always found that they could hereby, granted to the Alexandria, Washington, and Georgetown Railroad Company to use steam powerin
other way, to let the matter stand just as it is not stand against the interests of a railroad drawing the cars of said company on the structure at present, let them go on at their own hazard, company, for some mysterious reason or other across the Potomac river crected by said company, because nobody has interfered with them, they that I never could exactly comprehend, even under tho provisions of the act entitled "An act to extend the charter of the Alexandria and Washing;
having permission of the city of Washington, if I could see how the thing was brought ton Railroad Company, and for other purposes,
and we not interfering. It would be better to about. approved March 3, 1863.
do that than it would be to pass a bill giving Now, I have an objection to their running a Mr. FESSENDEN. That bridge runs right them this right, because, as the honorable Sen. steam engine across their bridge right alongalong side of the Long bridge, as it is called. ator from lowa says, we all know that when side of the Long bridge. If the Long bridge The objection before was that it would make they once get the right by law and get the power is to stand, there must always be a great deal the bridge dangerous to travel on.
that is acquired under it, it is almost useless of travel over it by carriages of all descriptions, Mr. HENDERSON. This is a new bridge, in a legislative body to attempt to deprive them and a great many horses to and fro; and as the right by the side of the other. of it.
country across the river settles still more the Mr. MORRILL. A little distant from it. I hope the day is not very far distant when travel will increase; and to have an engine There will be no difficulty on that score. we shall extend the Capitol grounds. It is very come steaming along directly by the side of
Mr. GRIMES. If the amendment which I evident to everybody that the grounds now are that bridge, with horses and carriages on the have proposed shall be adopted, it will give to disproportionately sinall for the building which || bridge as they often are very thick, will, in my this railroad company the privilege of passing stands here. I remember several years ago I apprehension, lead to a great many very seriover the railroad bridge by steam; but it will had a long conversation with Senator Douglas ous accidents. I always objected to it on that deny to them, or rather it will fail to confer on the subject. He took a great deal of inter- account. upon them, the right to pass along Maryland est in the matter, and I took a good deal of I state these things with regard to this propavenue and in front of the Capitol grounds on interest in it, and we both walked over the losition to give by law the right to pass here by the west by steam. This company has from ground, looked all around, and came to our the Capitol. I am opposed to it utterly; bat the time it changed its ownership been con- conclusion as to what ought to be done with as to the other matter of crossing the bridge, I stantly grasping after these privileges. As an reference to the Capitol grounds in our judg- do not take so much interest in, as I do not army takes a fortification, it has been approach- ment. We did not think there could be any risk my own neck down there. ing the proposition that is now before us by dispute about it whenever Congress got time to Mr. HENDRICKS. I rise simply to answer parallels and by regular approaches, until do it. We agreed that we would, it we could, one or two points made by the Senator from finally it has a bill here which gives it unlim- go on the Committee on Public Buildings and Maine, The present Committee on Public ited sweep right through the city, and where, Grounds, and see if we could bring it about; Buildings and Grounds bas, to some extent, certainly as long as I have been here-eight | but when the committee was made up we were examined the question of the extension of the years and a good many years before, I know not put on. I thought then, and think now, Capitol grounds. In so far as I know, that Congress utterly refused to allow them to pass that when we do move in that matter, we ought committee is only divided in regard to one with steam power. One of the schemes for to go to Third street west, taking in the two question, and that is, whether it is well to take enlarging the public grounds around the Capitol squares between First and Third streets, and in the squares immediately north and south of is to take in the very ground over which this go out to the depot on the north, and as far on the grounds east of the Capitol. I do not think road now passes. Grant them this franchise, the south side. We own the land on one side it is proposed by any member of the committee and then where will you be if you conclude in of Pennsylvania avenue all the way to Third now to extend the grounds on the west to Third the future to extend the grounds in that direc- street, and we ought to take in the other side. street. So far as I am concerned, although tion?
Mr. JOHNSON. Permit me to ask whether there is great weight in the name of Senator Mr. JOHNSON. We can alter or repeal a bill did not once pass to that effect.
Douglas brought in in favor of that enterprise, the act.
Mr. FESSENDEN. No, sir; no such bill. I should not think it proper to entertain the Mr. GRIMES. But of what value is a pro
Mr. JOHNSON. Did it not pass the Senate, proposition now. The cost of securing those vision reserving the power to alter or amend I mean?
grounds would be enormous. They are not one of these charters?
Mr. FESSENDEN. No.
necessary, and I do not believe that the greatMr. JOHNSON. It depends on Congress. Mr. GRIMES. There was a report made ness of this country consists at all in the extent Mr. GRIMES. But there is an appeal at in favor of it.
of the pleasure grounds for the accommodation once made to vested rights. There never was
Mr. FESSENDEN. No, never a report of the people of the city of Washington. My an interference with a charter made yet, and made in favor of that. There was afterward judgment is that one line of railroad connectI presume never will be as long as the Gov- a report made by Mr. Bayard, as chairman ing the North with the South, even through the ernment stands. The reservation of the power of the Committee on Public Buildings and great city of Washington, is worth a hundred or does not amount to a thing; it never was exer: Grounds, but it did not go as far as that. à thousand acres of pleasure grounds. cised and it never will be exercised. I would Mr. JOHNSON. You proposed to go to I do not know anything about this particnlar just as lief grant a charter without any reser- Third street?
bill; I did not know it was here; but I should vation of the right to alter or amend as to grant
Mr. FESSENDEN. Our idea was that when dislike very much to see us return to the old it with that. But I understand that this rail- we did move we ought to go to Third street on proposition of being carried from the depot road company have the privilege now from the the west, to the depot building on the north, here across the Potomac river in carriages or city authorities of running through Maryland and as far on the south. We thought that on in omnibuses. I never saw anybody inconvenavenue; I do not want to cut them off imme- the west front we should go to Third street ienced by the running of these trains along the diately from running through Maryland ave- just as far as our public grounds extend on the public grounds. This is a great matter, the nue; but if you pass this bill the way it is now one side of Pennsylvania avenue. Whether that connection of the northern and southern railthey will not any longer talk about coming up will ever be done or not I do not know; but cer- ways. At the last session of Congress, or at and making a tunnel east of the Capitol and tainly the grounds should be extended some. the session before, you granted the privilege of avoiding Maryland avenue and First street what on the west front, and if we are to extend constructing a bridge across the Ohio river. west; they will have got all they want.
them on that front of the Capitol it would be You were content that the steamboat naviga. Mr. MORRILL. They are very anxious for very unwise for us to embarrass ourselves with tion of that great stream should be obstructed the tunnel.
a permission given by law to a railroad com- some extent that you might make one conMr. WADE. Put a limitation on them. pany to establish themselves there, because we nected line of road between the North and the Mr. FESSENDEN. I have tried to stand should be troubled with claims for damages South, connecting the Indiana ronds and the in the way of this thing for several years. They and things of that sort, and it would be said Kentucky roads. I favored it, although to some had a bill up here formerly to tunnel Capitol that we were interfering with rights heretofore extent it interfered with the navigation of that hill, and that bill I was willing to allow to pass granted, and claims would be urged upon Con- || great river; and why? Because it was of with certain amendments which I deemed very gress and of one kind and another. My own prime importance as a public measure to conessential to the preservation of our own rights idea has been always that the cars ought to nect the great lines of railroads of the southern and the rights of the people here; and after it cro$3 above instead of going around where States with those of the northern States. So
here, the road between this city and Baltimore chance at all. The thing, as I said before, is Senator that I objected to was that my few is, to some extent, a trunk road, connecting mysterious, but men's minds work so. I do remarks had satisfied him that when a railroad the State of Virginia and those lying to the not care anything about Maryland avenue; company is on the one side and the public south of it with the States lying to the north. I would as lief the cars should run through interest on the other, he always saw that the
This is a question of commerce, not a ques. that avenue as not; what I object to is cross- railroad company won the field. tion of pleasure grounds, not a question whether ing Pennsylvania avenue at this point, and Mr. FESSENDEN. I will say to the Senthe people of Washiugton can come and hear running along the Capitol grounds. I object ator exactly what I meant by that. I had made the music on Wednesday and Saturday even- to anything that will furnish a permanent dif, the remark before that it always turned out to be ings. I think that is unimportant. I should ficulty in the way of extending the Capitol so, and when I saw so very sensible and so very like to see this elegant building surrounded grounds. I think there is something on this clear-headed a man as my honorable friend with sufficient and suitable grounds. We all earth of value to a people besides money and from Indiana taking that line of argument, it agree about that; but that we should cut off a commerce and trade. "I think that when a satisfied me of the truth of my previous great line of commercial communication for the great Government like this has put up a build- remark. accommodation of a few people in this city is a | ing like this, the grounds around it ought to Mr. HENDRICKS. I will tell you what I proposition that to me has no force. I live in be of suitable extent. If they are large enough, I think it ought to have satisfied the Senator of a city of a good deal of progress, which within so be it. I do not see any necessity for extend- —that the true interests of the country must four or five years has doubled its population, ing them on the east; but I do for extending | be respected. Now, I do not know this comand why? Because there are eight first-class them toward the river. It is, however, a pany, and I care nothing about it as a comrailroads that concentrate there, and we have matter of taste, a matter of opinion. I do not pany, whether it makes profit or not; but to furnished a union depot almost in the very say that my opinion is good for much on such make a railroad connection I do care about. heart of the city, where the traveling commu- a question; but such was my opinion at the That is of prime importance; and this thing nity from all portions of the world can come in time when the proposition to which I have of tunneling around to the cast of the Capitol and step from car to car without expense or alluded was made. "If it had been carried out I do not believe anything in. I do not think delay. In that city there is no delay in tran- at that time the expense would not have been it will ever be done. I have no faith in that, shipment, no hack hire, no omnibus business, as enormous nor so great by any means as it not a particle. I do not believe there will ever but the old and the young can step right in that will be now.
The expense then would have be any tunnel made there. splendid depot from one train of cars to an- been comparatively small. It may perhaps Mr. FESSENDEN. I do not either, if other, and they come in and out of the city by be too expensive now, and it may be too late they can cross down here. steam power running through the main streets to accomplish the object; but it is a thing Nr. HENDRICKS. Where the grounds of the city of Indianapolis, and there is no in- which of all others I should like to have done,
are level. convenience about it. At the crossings of the because I hope the time will arrive-of course Mr. FESSENDEN. That I do not want streets we have men stationed to admonish the I shall not live to see it—when a building like them to do. people of the approach of the cars. I say that this which is a glory to the country shall be Mr. GRIMES. I withdraw my amendment that railroad connection in the city of Indian- surrounded by grounds of suitable extent. The and substitute in place of it an amendment in apolis is worth hundreds of thousands of dol- sooner we begin to provide for them the better; the thirteenth line striking out “and First lars to the city and to the whole country, and and when we have done it, I think that a little street west." the advantage to the traveling community of spot on the face of the earth of a hundred acres Mr. JOHNSON, I ask the honorable memall sections of the country is incalculable. It or so might be spared for the Capitol of a great ber how that affects the bill. is a great thing to make these connections ; nation like this, even to the extreme incon
Mr. GRIMES. It will leave the company and what is it to run through these broad venience of a railroad company of requiring || the privilege of crossing the bridge and Marystreets? Our streets in Indianapolis, where them to take another direction around the land avenue, but will not grant them the privthe trains run at the rate of six miles an hour, grounds instead of going through them. This | ilege of crossing Pennsylvania avenue or first narrow compared with these immense is the whole argument, that it would cost them street in front of the Capitol grounds.
Our streets are thronged with peo- a little more money, they would have to go a Mr. JOHNSON. It is very important, as I ple pursuing commerce, trade, and manufac- little further to get on one side clear of the || think, that there should be a continuous comures, and yet there is no serious inconven- Capitol grounds, where we meet, and where munication. That it ought not to be in front ience. The cars go along, and the people look we are to meet. It would be a little more of the Capitol, I admit, except as a temporary out for them. The avenue here proposed to be expensive to them; but I think that there are provision. That the Capitol grounds ought to used, Maryland avenue, is comparatively a de- arguments of sufficient consequence if we could be extended, I also agree with the Senator serted street. It looks well enough; we keep only find them, why a private company should from Maine. But I do not know that any it up; but if we put a railroad track down there, be put to a little more expense and inconven- any actual inconvenience has occurred, or, more people will go over that street in the rail- ience rather than that they should put every- except upon one occasion, any accident has road cars in a week when proper relations are body else to inconvenience and subject every- occurred, from running the cars across in restored, than now travel for months on the body else to danger. It may be, however, front of the grounds as they now stand. I avenue. You scarcely see anybody on the ave- that I am mistaken, and that there is nothing think the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Comnue; and yet we keep up this broad avenue; which ought to come in competition with the pany once applied for permission to connect we pay the expenses of it as a promenade, I interests of a railroad company,
their road with the Virginia roads by tunnel. suppose, and we are not to allow the channels
Mr. HENDRICKS: I think one remark of ing here to the east, and that application, I of commerce to pass through it. I do not the Senator from Maine was not exactly just. think, they have renewed. I have no doubt think it is good for much else than to lay down I was not interposing for and I do not refer to, that if Congress will give them the privilege a first-class railroad on. I have a little ob- the interests of any railroad company. I said of making a connection in that way they will jection to the railroad passing by in front of I did not know this company. I did not know avail themselves of it; but in the mean time the public grounds, but not much. If people what the interest was, and my whole argument it would be very injurious to the people South want to come up here and listen to the debates was, that a mere matter of taste or the pleas- and North that they should be stopped at of Congress, let them look out for the cars; let ure of people here should not stand in the way Maryland avenue. They must then make the boards be put up, as they are with us, to ad- of a great railroad connection.
connection with the Baltimore and Ohio road monish the people that trains are coming. Mr. FESSENDEN. Then my friend from above, either in omnibuses or horse cars, or There is no great inconvenience about it. Indiana misunderstood me. I am not troubling || by walking, and they must dispose of their
Mr. GRINES. This railroad company is myself about the convenience of the people of baggage in the same way. If the honorable not required even to do that.
Washington particularly, but here is our Capi- l member will limit the privilege that this is to Mr. HENDRICKS. It is suggested to me tol, here are our public grounds; we ourselves | give, to some three or four or five years, I that some people may get killed. I know peo- pass directly every day from the foot of them think it would answer his purpose. ple are sometimes killed at Indianapolis, but across the avenue. What I contend for is that Mr. MORRILL. I think I ought to explain that seems to be almost a necessity of com- we ought to have grounds suitable to the build- this bill a little further. I am sure the Senate merce and trade, and we cannot help it. Peo- ing, we occupy, the Capitol of the nation; and do not quite understand it. I have already ple who travel in cars are liable to be killed. it is totally inconsistent with that idea and said that what the bill now contemplates has People crossing the railroads in their wagons totally unnecessary, too, that we should have a actually been practiced, not by this company, on the roads through the country are occa- railroad company driving its engines and its cars but by the War Department, for the last four sionally killed; but we cannot help that. directly, through these grounds or directly years, and there has been no practical inconThere is no inconvenience here that amounts across the foot of them, where we must neces- venience resulting from it. They have now to anything
sarily pass to and fro every day when Congress | built a bridge at great expense across the I do not know whether I am really in favor is in session, when they can find another mode Potomac river and are running, I am told, of this bill, but I did not want to consent to of crossing at perhaps some additional expense some ten trains a day between this place and the plausible propositions of the Senator from to themselves. I agree with the Senator that the city of Alexandria. Now, if they should Maine.
it might be very important and very well to be restricted to the Potomac river, to simply Mr. FESSENDEN. The speech of the have a connection across this city, north and crossing the river, it will be seen at a glance Senator from Indiana satisfied me, if I needed south, but I do not see the absolute necessity what the inconvenience to the public would be any satisfaction on that point, of the truth of that it should go in one direction rather than here, and would be between the Baltimore and the remark I made, that when you put the
another. That never has been proven to my Ohio depot all this distance to be made good interest of the public in competition with a satisfaction.
in some way, by carriages, &c. I think there railroad bill, the former does not stand any
The remark of the Il is something in the argument of my colleague 39th Cong. Ist Sess.--No.171.
as to the crossing here in front of the Capitol Mr. HENDERSON. I said three years ago, cial relations, anyhow, that the connection grounds; and if it was intended to be a perma- but I take that back. It is three years ago since should be as perfect as possible. This is the nent thing, I would not give my consent to it. we gave authority to build the bridge. It wascon- only point at which it can be made. But I know the fact that a bill is already pend- || structed, I think, within about twelve months. I would suggest another fact that I have bad ing to change the location from Maryland They have been using steam upon the bridge some occasion to examine as a member of the avenue around to the east side of the Capitol, now for about eighteen months or two years, Committee on the District of Columbia. I and there pass by a tunnel to a connection on and not a single accident has occurred in con- was not aware that such a bill was here. It the north side into a common depot with the sequence of it. I have heard of but one acci- is not the bill which we had before us, and Baltimore and Ohio railroad.
dent from the use of steam, even upon First which was given in my charge. That bill was Now, I suggest whether it is worth while to
street west, and that has been alluded to, I for the pursose of tunneling on the east side interrupt the communication that has been believe, by the Senator from Maine, and it of the Capitol; and I examined the matter, made for four years in front of us here. For || turned out in that case that it was not the fault and at the request of the parties interested, the present, why not allow the company to of the railroad company, but the fault of the agreed to let it lie until a bill should come continue to practice what has been so safely || driver of the horse car.
from the other House on the subject. I do practiced for the last four years, until a com- Now, the question arises whether it would | not know what course of action the other munication can be made on the east side of the || be advisable to abandon this direct communi- House has taken on the bill that was pending Capitol? The amendment proposed by the cation between the Baltimore and Ohio railroad | there. There is a bridge at Georgetown that Senator from Iowa relieves the matter very and the Alexandria railroad, or rather to use belonged to the Alexandria Canal Company; much, because it gives the company the right || horse power in drawing the cars through this and the Senator from Ohio (Mr. Wade) and to cross the bridge and the right to come up | city, thus obstructing to a certain extent trade | myself have had a duty devolved on us to make Maryland avenue, but it leaves the connection and travel between the No and the South, some examination into that. It is an interbetween Maryland avenue and the Baltimore because this is the only line that affords direct | ference, as now constructed, with the harbor and Ohio railroad depot unprovided for. If that railroad communication. The Baltimore and at Georgetown; and the inhabitants of Georgeis the sense of the Senate, that they ought not Ohio railroad cars go through with steam a town are exceedingly anxious, now that they to make the connection, I am content. portion of the city that is more densely popu- desire to extend their wharf facilities and their
Mr. HENDERSON. As a member of the lated, or at least as much so as Maryland avenue. coal facilities, to remove the bridge, or to be enCommittee on the District of Columbia, I have Mr. JOHNSON. Where?
abled to put a draw in it, so that commerce may had more or less occasion to look into this Mr. HENDERSON. They use steam com- go for some two or three miles further up the matter. In fact, I was upon a sub-committeş | ing into their depot on the north side.
river, and that they can use that portion of the to examine the scheme of tunneling the ground Mr. JOHNSON. But there are no houses wharves at Georgetown west of the bridge for east of the Capitol. I went around and exam- there.
coaling purposes, and that sailing vessels can ined it. I do not know that I could form any Mr. HENDERSON. I can hardly see any be taken up there. In order to do that, we correct conclusion from any examination I houses on Maryland avenue to be injured or have to interfere with the chartered privileges might make on a subject of that sort, but I endangered by the use of steam.
of the Alexandria Canal Company. A draw should dislike very much, from what I know Mr. JOHNSON. The Philadelphia railroad cannot be put into the bridge when used as an of this matter, to see the amendment of the goes through a large extent of the settled part || aqueduct, but can if used as a bridge; and in Senator from Iowa adopted. I would much of Baltimore by steam.
all probability legislation may be had during rather see a proposition giving the company Mr. HENDERSON. Yes, that is on the this session by which that bridge at Georgethe right to continue the use of steam upon other side; and on this side also the Baltimore town, with certainly very superior piers, with these streets, for a short time, say for twelve | and Ohio railroad in approaching the depot in very little expense may be made a means of months or two years. I would amend the bill the city of Baltimore passes through a portion communication across the Potomac of far betby inserting after the word “granted,'' in the of that city much more densely populated than ter character than now enjoyed through the fourth line, the words “for a period of two is any part of the city of Washington where it | Long bridge. It is now dangerous, as I underyears from the date of the passage of this act;": is proposed to run these cars by steam. This stand, or becoming so, to cross upon the Long and then I would add a proviso that trains is done in almost every city of the Union. It bridge at all, not from the passage of railroad should not be drawn through Washington city, is done in Chicago; it is done in Cleveland; trains, but because of the character of the or along the bridge over the Potomac river, at it has been done in the city of St. Louis dur- strrcture itself. a greater rate of speed than five miles an hour, || ing the whole period of the war, and I do not Mr. WADE. They have not passed on that or if the Senate choose to say six miles an now remember any case of an accident having bridge for a long time. hour I shall be satisfied. In 1863 we had some occurred in consequence of it. Possible acci- Mr. HENDERSON. I nowunderstand that legislation on this subject, and we provided by dents have occurred; but certainly very few, was dangerous; I did not know that fact the first section of the act approved March 3, if any, in consequence of the use of steam. before. 1863
I have not heard of a building being burned, Mr. FESSENDEN. I suppose, then, the "That the Alexandria and Washington Railroad or even of any collision between the drays upon reason that no accidents have happened is Company be, and the same is hereby, authorized to
the wharves at St. Louis and the steam engines. because nobody crosses it. extend their said railroad from the south side of the Potomac across said river to and along Maryland I do not propose to give the permanent use Mr. HENDERSON. There was crossing avenue to the Capitol grounds, and across Pennsyl- of First street west. I have the same objec | there after the company commenced using vania avenue along First street to Indiana avenue,
tion to that which the Senator from Maine preand thence to the Baltimore and Ohio depot; and
steam. I would state that upon an examinathat all the ordinary rights, privileges, and liabilities,
sented. In fact that right is worth a great tion of the subject I think it is likely that we incident to similar corporations are conferred upon deal to this company; it is worth an immense can secure the bridge at Georgetown. The said company for that purpose: Provided, however,
amount to them. The truth of the matter is, That the same shall be subject to alteration, amend
Canal Company owes the Government $300,000 ment, or ropeal: And proviiled further, That the cars
that the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Com- loaned in 1837. No attention has ever been shall not be drawn on the strects aforesaid, or on the
is structure across the Potomac river mentioned in the
anxious to secure the privilege of | paid to it. The canal is very unprofitable
very second section of this act, by steam power, without
tunneling the ground for half a mile or three stock in the hands of the company. It is the consent of Congress and of the corporate author- quarters of a mile on the east of the Capitol, worth nothing. Indeed, it is doubtful whether ities of the city of Washington thereto."
and thus to get a permanent connection between the company would ever again use it as a By one of the provisions of that act I un- the northern and southern lines of railroad in canal. Certainly if we take the past experi: derstand that the company have been propel- | this country. They estimate the cost of that ence of the canal, the profits of the busiling their cars by steam over Maryland avenue work at more than a million dollars, and they ness will not pay for the necessary repairs in and along First street, west of the Capitol, are very willing, indeed very anxious, to secure order to use the bridge as an aqueduct ever since that time. At that time authority | that privilege at the hands of Congress. I would | again. Under the circumstances, inasmuch was given to build a railroad bridge across the not grant the privilege of using First street as as the travel is now passing over the bridge Potomac river, very near to what is termed the a permanent privilege, but I would give them at Georgetown almost entirely, and inasmuch Long bridge. The company constructed a very the temporary use of the street while the tun- as no inconvenience can arise from using valuable bridge, a very good railroad bridge, nel is being constructed, by means of which steam across the railroad bridge, which is a and are now using it. It is true it is near the they can get under ground on the northern side very superior structure, and the company deLong bridge. The Senator from Maine [Mr. of the city, and keep under ground until they serve a great deal of credit for constructing F'ESSENDEN] thinks it would be very dangerous | approach the canal south of New Jersey avenue. such a work as it is, and inasmuch as comto persons crossing the Long bridge, especially Mr. FESSENDEN. That is where they merce would require that if we can use with in carriages, to have railroad trains propelled should go.
anything like security the streets of the city by steam across the railroad bridge. I can Mr. HENDERSON. A tunnel can surely in order to connect the lines of railroad we state to the Senator, upon some inquiry into be constructed on the eastern side of the Cap- || should do so, I think we had better pass the the matter, that I have never heard of a single | itol by means of which to make the connection, bill, limited as I have suggested. accident on the bridge since trains have been and it ought to be done. I would not cut off The Senator from Iowa is a friend of inter propelled across by steam. We can best judge | the privilege which is now being exercised at communication, and even went so far, the matters of this sort by experience and by actual present. I would let them pass through the other day, as to see no objection to bridging test. For three long years they have been using city and across First street, because we are the Father of Waters. steam power on this bridge, and not a single not proposing just now to extend the Capitol Mr. MORRILL. At Burlington. accident has occurred upon the Long bridge in grounds; we are not prepared to do so; and it Mr. HENDERSON. I believe he made no consequence of it.
is of very great moment indeed, now that the objection at any point to very low structares. Mr. GRIMES. How long?
country has been restored, to its old commer- I suggest to him that he had better withdraw