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the information of the violation of the law for which answer that reference to the New Yorker. The || transportation of merchandise, valued at exceeding recovery is had. New Yorkers charge the tax to the owners,

$300 and not above $500 each, including harness used Mr. HOOPER, of Massachusetts. I think whereas in all other cities it is not charged to

therewith, six dollars.

No amendment being offered, those words have been stricken out already. the owners. The CHAIRMAN. The clause has just been The amendment to the amendment was dis

The Clerk read as follows: amended. The Clerk will report it as it now agreed to.

Carriages of like description, valued above $500,

each ten dollars. stands.

The amendment of Mr. · MYERS was then On gold watches, composed wholly or in part of The Clerk read as follows: disagreed to.

gold or gilt, kept for use, valued at $100 or less, each

one dollar. And the penalty recovered shall be awarded and Mr. FARNSWORTH. I move the follow On gold watches, composed wholly or in part of distributed by the court between the United States and the informers, if there be any, as provided by ing amendment:

gold or gilt, kept for use, valued at above $100, each,

two dollars, law.

Provided further, That the provisions of this section Billiard tables, kept for use, ten dollars. Mr. WRIGHT. My motion is to strike out

shall not apply to sales of flour, wheat, pork, and Provided, That billiard tables kept for hire, and beef.

upon which a special tax has been imposed, shall not that clause as amended, and I am moved to do

Mr. Chairman, I move that for the reason be required to pay the tax on billiard tables kept for it because I think the principle is a wrong one. the articles mentioned are articles of prime

use, as aforesaid, anything herein to the contrary Mr. SCOFIELD. I rise to a point of order.

notwithstanding. The clause objected to has just been voted in, provisions every man has to have. And this necessity for poor men. They are substantial

Mr. ROSS. I move in line twenty-three and a motion to strike it out is not in order.

hundred and twenty to insert after the word The CHAIRMAN. The Chair sustains the tax comes out of the men who produce them or

"use'' the word " each." point of order. The amendment of the gentle. The farmers in the West are taxed most unwho consume them. In either case it is unjust.

The amendment was agreed to. man from New Jersey is not in order.

The Clerk read as follows : Mr. MYERS. In line twenty-two hundred | mercifully. [Laughter.] Gentlemen who own

On plate, of gold, kept for uso, per ounce troy, fifty and eighty-one I move to strike out the words large manufactories in the East may laugh, but

cents. "one twentieth of one per cent.,' and to insert

I repeat there are no people so unmercifully On plate, of silver, kept for use. per ounce troy, liyo in lieu thereof the words " at the rate of one

taxed as the farmers of the West. They are

taxed upon all the articles of husbandry. They No amendment being offered, cent for every $100;'' so that the clause will

are taxed upon everything they wear. They The Clerk read as follows: read:

are taxed upon every particle of leather and Provided, That silver spoons or plate of silver used And there shall be paid on all sales by commercial brokers of any goods, wares, or merchandise, a

every stitch of clothing. You tax the farmer by one family to an amount not exceeding forty ounces tax at the rate of one cent for every $100 upon the again and again ; he is taxed upon his income,

as aforesaid, belonging to any one person, plate be

longing to religious societies, and souvenirs and keepamount of such sales, &c.

and if he has a large family you do not allow sakcs actually given and received as such and not Mr. Chairman, I use these words because enough above a thousand dollars to support

kept for use; also, all premiums awarded as a token they are the words used in the tax provided them. You tax tliem upon every bushel of

of merit by any agricultural society, corporation, or

association of persons, for any purpose whatever, for on page 99 in reference to stock-brokers and || wheat. You tax them upon every hog they shall be exempt from duty. gold-brokers. There is no reason why com raise for market. You tax them on the sale Mr. MORRILL. I move to insert in lieu mercial brokers should pay five times as much of all these articles of beef, pork, and flour. of the last word “duty” the word “tax.” as stock-brokers; neither is there any reason These sales are always managed through The amendment was agreed to. why they should pay five times as much as brokers. Beef, pork, and flour are shipped to

The Clerk read as follows: commission merchants are required to do by | Chicago and Buffalo to be sold by these brokanother section of this act.

That sections one hundred and one and one hundred ers, and this tax reverts and is deducted from

and two be, and the same are hereby, repealed. Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I concur the value of the goods to the producer. It is Mr. MORRILL. I offer the following as a entirely with my colleague. out of the producer or the consumer and is

substitute for the next paragraph in the bill. The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman is not wrong in either case.

It contains a few changes: in order in concurring. [Laughter.]

[Here the hammer fell.]

That section one hundred and three be amended Mr. MORRILL. Mr. Chairman, I may Mr. MORRILL. This is an old acquaint. || by striking out all after the enacting clause and say

ance which has been thoroughly discussed and inserting in lieu thereof the following: that every Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I did every time defeated. The taxing of these arti

person, firm, company, or corporation owning or

possessing or having the care or management of any not concur in my colleague's amendment, but cles when sold by brokers does not come out railroad, canal, steamboat, ship, barge, canal-boat only in some of his expressions.

of the producer, but the sales reached are those or other vessel, or any stage-coach or other vehicle The CHAIRMAN. The Chair so understood made for the purposes of speculation. Daily

engaged or employed in the business of transporting the gentleman, and the floor has been given to in New York these contracts are made as in

passengers for hire, or in transporting the mails of the

United States upon contracts made prior to the pasthe gentleman from Vermont.

gold or bullion for the purposes of speculation. sage of this act, or any canal, the water of which is Mr. MORRILL. I will give the gentleman || Beef, pork, and flour largely change hands in

used for mining purposes, shall be subject to and pay

a tax of two and one half per cent of the gross receipts from Pennsylvania a part of my five minutes. expectation of a rise or fall in the market. It

from passengers and mails of such railroad, canal, Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. Which is such sales as these that this tax reaches steamboat, ship, barge, canal-boat, or other vessel part? (Laughter.] very small on legitimate trade and none too

or such stage-coach or other vehicle: Provided, Thai

the tax hereby imposed shall not be assessed upor Mr. MORRILL. Well, the first part. large when it reaches speculators in bread and receipts for the transportation of persons or mails [Laughter.] meal. I hope the amendment will be rejected.

between the United States and any foreign port; but Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I move The amendment was rejected.

such tax shall be assessed upon the transportation

of persons from a port within the United States to strike out "one twentieth and insert "one

The Clerk read as follows:

through a foreign territory to a port within the Uni. fortieth,” so as to make the tax "one fortieth

ted States, and shall be assessed upon and collected

That section one hundred be amended by striking of one per cent." I do it because I think the

from persons, firms, companies, or corporations out all after the enacting clause, including schedule amendment of my colleague [Mr. Myers) goes

within the United States, receiving hire or pay for A and Inserting in lieu thereof the following.

such transportation of persons or mails: Provided further than the House is willing to go. I No amendment being offered,

also, That any person or persons, firms, companies, or think the House would be willing-I hope so The Clerk read as follows:

corporations, owning, possessing, or having the caro

or management of any toll-rond, ferry, or bridge, at least-to go for one fortieth of one per cent. That there shall be levied, annually, on every car authorized by law to receive toll for the transit of

A few moments ago I stated the burdensome riage, gold watch, and billiard table, and on all gold passengers, beasts, carriages, teams, and freight of character of the tax imposed on commercial

or silver plate, tho tax or sums of money set down in any description, over such toll-road, ferry, or bridge, brokers by this section. Out of $2,500 profit | specificd and set forth in schedule A, hereto anfigures against the same, respectively, or otherwise shall be subject to and pay a tax of three per cent.

of the gross amount of all their receipts of every the commercial broker has to pay one tenth nexed, to be paid by the person or persons owning, description; but when the gross receipts of any such part, or $250. My amendment proposes that

possessing, or keeping the samcon the 1st day in May, bridge or toll-road, for and during any term of twelvo

in cach year, and the same shall be and remain a lien consecutive calendar months, shall not exceed tho he shall only pay $125. thereon until paid.

amount necessarily expended to keep such bridge or Mr. MORRILL. Let me have the rest of

Mr. GRISWOLD. I move to strike out the

road ip repair, no tax shall be assessed upon such my five minutes.

receipts during apy month next following any such Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I think

words “gold watch," "gold and silver plate." term: And provided further, That all such persons,
I do this
because I regard it as a petty, annoy.

firms, companies, and corporations shall have the right that this is a burdensome tax, and I hope the

to add the tax imposed hereby to their rates of faro ing tax, unworthy the system we are inauguHouse will so amend the section as to take

whenever their liability thereto may commence, any rating at the present time. I find the whole limitations which may exist by law or by agreement only $125 instead of $250. Nr. MORRILL. I cannot give the gentlerevenue from gold watches was only $9,000, with any person or company which may have paid

or be liable to pay such fare to the contrary notand from gold and silver plate $117,000. man any more of my time.

withstanding: Ånd provided further, That do tax

Mr. GARFIELD. I am sorry to see the under this section shall be assessed upon any person, Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I will || distinguished gentleman from New York de

firm, company, or corporation whose gross receipts give you as much time as you wish. (Laugh- serting the conimittee. What can better bear

do not exceed $1,000 per annum. ter. ] Mr. MORRILL. I wish to say that I had a

Mr. WILSON, of lowa. If I understand this taxation than gold watches, gold and silver letter yesterday from one of the largest com

plate, and luxuries indulged in by rich people? proposition it will impose this tax upon the The amendment was disagreed to.

gross receipts of the railroads, steamboats, or mercial brokers in New York, and the tax here

The Clerk read as follows:

canal companies for carrying passengers or imposed is entirely satisfactory to him.

freights. That is the effect of it. It will reNr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I can

SCHEDULE A. explain that.

Carriage, phaeton, carryall, rockaway, or other like quire the payment of two and a half per cent.

carriage, and any coach, hackney coach, omnibus, upon the gross receipts from the carrying of Nr. MORRILL. I hope the committee will or four-wheeled carriage, the body of which rests freights and passengers. The object of the comnot reduce the tax.

upon springs of any description, wbich may be kept Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. Let me for use, for bire, or for passengers, and wbich shall

mittee is, I suppose, to assess the tax nierely not be used exclusively in husbandry or for the

on the receipts from passengers.

Mr. HOTCHKISS. There is one feature of it be in order to ask the consent of the comthis amendment that I would like to under mittee that the amendments offered be printed? stand. I do not understand that this is a tax The CHAIRMAN. The committee can give upon these companies. It provides

their consent, but that would not be an order That all such persons, firms, companies, and cor to print. porations shall have the right to add the tax imposed The Clerk read as follows: hereby to their rates of fare whenever their liability thereto may commence, any limitation which may

That section one hundred and seven be amended exist by law or by agreement with any person orcom.

by striking out all after the enacting clause, and inpany which may have paid or be liable to pay such

serting in lieu thereof the following: that any perfare to the contrary notwithstanding.

son, firm, company, or corporation owning or pos

sessing or having the care or management of any This is simply a tax upon their customers. telegraphic line by which telegraphic dispatches or I would like to have it explained by the chair

messages are received or transmitted, shall be subject

to and pay a tax of three per cent. on the gross man of the committee.

amount of all receipts of such person, firm, company, Mr. MORRILL. I will modify my amend or corporation. ment by inserting after the words “gross re. Mr. MORRILL. I move to amend by addceipts’’ihe words from passengers and mails." || ing to the paragraph the following proviso: I have only to say that the law is teft exactly

Provided, That no returns shall be required of as it now is with the exception of exempting | receipts not subject to tax. all freights, and the provision objected to by The amendment was agreed to. the gentleman from New York, [Mr. Hotch. KISS,] which authorizes the railroads to add

The Clerk read as follows: this tax to their rates of fare, is one that has

That section one hundred and eleven be amended

by inserting after the words "proprietors, managers, always existed, and is more required in the

or agents of lotterics" the words "and all lottery gentleman's own State, New York, than in ticket dealers." any other.

No amendment being offered, Mr. SPALDING. I desire to ask the chair.

The Clerk read as follows: man of the Committee of Ways and Means a

That section one hundred and ten be amended by question.

striking out all after the enacting clause and insertMr. MORRILL. Wait until I have answered ) ing in licu thercof the following: that there shall the gentleman from New York.

be levied, collected, and paid a tax of ono twenty

fourth of one percent. cach month upon the average Mr. SPALDING. Well, let us vote down amount of the deposits of money, subject to payment the amendment.

by check or draft, or represented by certificates of Mr. MORRILL. If the gentleman will keep || deposit or otherwise, whether payable on demand or

at some futuro day, with any person, bank, associahis temper until I reply to the gentleman from tion, company, or corporation engaged in the busiNew York, he shall have a chance. The gen ness of banking, and a tax of ono twenty-fourth of tleman from New York knows very well that

one per cent, each month, as aforesaid, upon the cap

ital of any bank, association, company, or corporain his own State the roads are restricted

tion, and on the capital employed by any person in (Here the hammer fell.]

the business of banking beyond the amount invested Mr. SPALDING. I hope this amendment

in United States honds, and a tax of one twelfth of

one per cent, each month upon the average amount will not prevail. I am opposed to it. If I of circulation issued by any bank, association, corunderstand it correctly, it is the very provision

poration, company, or person, including as circulawe discussed here two years ago for one or two

tion all certified checks and all notes and other obli

gations calculated or intended to circulate or to be days, and the chairman of the committee then used as money, but not including that in the vault yielded to us and put this tax in another shape of the bank, or redeemed and on deposit for said in his bill. It now purports to be a tax upon

bank; and an additional tax of one sixth of one per

cent. each month upon the average amount of such the gross receipts of steamboats, railroads, &c., circulation, issued as aforesaid, beyond the amount of from passengers, but really, according to the ninety per cent. of the capital of any such bank, asso

ciation, corporation, company, or person. And on the amendment, there is very little difference made

first Monday of each month a true and accurate return between passenger steamers and freight steam of the amount of circulation, of deposit, and of capital, ers. It will be a tax of two and a half per cent.

as aforesaid, and of the amount of notes of State banks

or State banking associations paid out by them for the upon the gross receipts of all railroads, freight

previous month, shall be made and rendered in duplisteamers, canal-boats, and everything else. cate by each of such banks, associations, corporations, The bill which is sought to be amended is tol.

companies, or persons to ihe assessor of the district

in which any such bank, association, corporation, or erably distinct.

company may be located, or in which such person Mr. MORRILL. The gentleman will see may reside, with a declaration annexed thereto, and that, as modified, it only applies to receipts

the oath or affirmation of such person, or of the presi

dent or cashier of such bank, association, corporafrom passengers and mails.

tion, or company, in such forin and manner as may Mr. HOOPER, of Massachusetts. Will the be prescribed by the Commissioner of Internal Rev. gentleman from Ohio yield to me for a mo

enue, that the same contains a true and faithful

statement of the amounts subject to tax as aforesaid, ment?

and shall transmit the duplicato of said return to Mr. SPALDING. Certainly, sir.

the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, and within Mr. HOOPER, of Massachusetts. This is

twenty days thereafter shall pay to the said Commis

sioner of Internal Revenue the taxes by law prea very important section, and I suggest that it

scribed upon the said amounts of circulation, of be passed over informally, and that in the deposits of capital, and of notes of State banks and mean time the amendment offered be printed.

banking associations paid out as aforesaid ; and for Mr. HOTCHKISS. I have moved an amend

any refusal or neglect to make or to render such re

turn and payment as aforesaid, any such bank, assoment to strike out the provision which imposes ciation, corporation, company, or person so in default, a tax upon passengers. The gentleman from

shall be subject to and pay a penalty of $200, besides

the additional penalty and forfeitures in other cases Vermont, [Mr. MORRILL,) the chairman of the provided by law; and the amount of circulation, Committee of Ways and Means, says that in deposit, capital, and notes of State banks and bankmy State we need this provision. In that he

ing associations, as aforesaid, in default of the proper

return, shall be estimated by the assessor or assistant is mistaken. In my State we have restricted assessor of the district as aforesaid, upon the best the railroad companies to a certain charge information he can obtain; and every such penalty,

together with the taxes, maybe recovered for the use upon passengers per mile, and we intend to

of the United States in any court of competent jurishold the companies to that charge.

diction. And in the case of banks with branches, the Mr. MORRILL. That was before any tax tax herein provided for shall be imposed upon the was levied.

circulation of each branch, severally, and the amount

of capital of each branch shall be considered to be Mr. HOTCHKISS. Precisely, and this steps the amount allotted to such branch; and so much of in between the company and its passengers an act entitled An act to provide ways and means and changes the contract. We have provided

for the support of the Government,” approved March

3, 1863, as imposes any tax on banks, their circulaby the legislation of the State of New York

tion, capital, or deposits, other than is herein prothat these companies must abide by the pro vided, is hereby repealed: Provided, That this section visions of their charters. We have more re

shall not apply to associations which are taxed under

and by virtue of the act to provide a national curcently provided that no men shall ride upon rency secured by a pledge of United States bonds. their roads without paying their fares. I ask and to provide for the circulation and redemption that my amendment be printed, together with

thereof. And the deposits in associations or com

panies known as provident institutions or savings that of the gentleman from Vermont.

banks, having no capital stock and doing no other The section was then passed over inform business than receiving deposits to be loaned or inally.

vested for the sole benefit of the parties inaking such

deposits, without profit or compensation to the assoMr. HOOPER, of Massachusetts. Would

ciation or company, shall bo oxempt from tax or

duty on so much of their deposits as they have invested in securities of the United States, and on all deposits less than $500 made in the name of any one person: And provided further, That any bank ceasing to issue notes for circulation, and which shall deposit in the Treasury of the United States, in lawful money, the amount of its outstanding circulation, to be redeemed at par, under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe, shall be exempt from any tax upon such circulation.

Mr. MORRILL. I will say to the committee that I do not expect that we shall be able to get through with this paragraph to-night. But I desire to offer some amendments which I think will not be objected to by any one, and then I will move that the committee rise. I move to amend the paragraph near the beginning by inserting the word "average' before the words amount invested in United States bonds."

The amendment was agreed to.

Mr. MORRILL. I move to amend by inserting the words “paid out”' after the words and the amount of circulation, deposit, capital, and notes of State banks and banking associations, near the middle of the paragraph.

The amendment was agreed to. • Mr. MORRILL. And in the same sentence I move to amend by striking out the words "together with the taxes," before the words

may be recovered for the use of the United States in any court of competent jurisdiction."

The amendment was agreed to.

Mr. MORRILL. I move to amend still further by inserting at the close of the first proviso the following:

But the returns required to be made by such provident institutions and savings banks after July, 1866, shall be made on the first Monday in January and the first Monday in July in each year, in such form and manner as may be prescribed by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue.

The amendment was agreed to.

Mr. THAYER. I would suggest to the gentleman from Vermont [Mr. MORRILL] that another amendment should be made, so as to make the proviso read, “ associations or companies known as provident institations, savings banks, savings funds, or savings institutions." These associations are known by that name among us. Of course it will make no difference in the operation of this act.

Mr. MORRILL. I have no objection.
The amendment was agreed to.

Mr. MORRILL. I now move that the committee rise.

The motion was agreed to.

So the committee rose; and the Speaker having resumed the chair, Mr. Dawes reported that the Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union had had under consideration the Union generally, and particularly the special order, being bill of the House No. 513, to amend an act entitled “An act to provide internal revenue to support the Government, to pay interest on the public debt, and for other purposes," approved June 30, 1864, and acts amendatory thereof, and had come to no resolution thereon.

And then, on motion of Mr. DAVIS, (at five minutes to ten o'clock p. m.,) the House adjourned.

PETITIONS, ETC. The following petitions, &c., were presented undor the rule and referred to the appropriate committees :

By Mr. COBB: The memorial of M. Bollcg, and others, for an increase of import duties on metallic zinc.

By Mr. CULLOM: A petition signed by numerous citizens of Sangamou county, Illinois, in favor of protection of American wool.

Also, another petition from citizens of same county, calling upon Congress to impose a tax of two dollars upon dogs.

By Mr. RICE, of Maine: The petitions of E. F. Bradbury, and others, and J. W. Wood, and others, of Dexter, Maine, asking for amendment of tariff laws so that American laborers in manufacturing establishments shall be protected to the extent of the difference of the cost of capital and labor hero and abroad, with the addition of the taxes paid by American industrial products from which the foreign are free."





that the House of Representatives had passed must inevitably result in a failure to construct WEDNESDAY, May 23, 1866.

the following bill and joint resolution, in which a bridge at all connecting the roads either at

it requested the concurrence of the Senate: La Crosse or at Winona. I hope the amendPrayer by the Chaplain, Rev. E. H. Gray.

A bill (H. R. No. 598) to establish a uniform ment will not be adopted. The Journal of yesterday was read and

system of bankruptcy throughout the United Mr. HOWE. I cannot assent to that view of approved. States; and

the effect of this amendment. It is not offered

A joint resolution (H. R. No. 142) author with any such design. It is offered for the sim· Mr. MORGAN presented a memorial of | izing the Postmaster General to pay additional | ple purpose of allowing each of the two States manufacturers of stoves, praying that the tax || salary to letter carriers in San Francisco. to have a voice in settling the point at which on stoves may be reduced; which was referred


these crossings shall be made. If the effect, to the Committee on Finance.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. In compli

however, were to be such as the Senator from Mr. COWAN presented the petition of

Minnesota suggests, it seems to me that would employés in John Wood & Brother's Pennance with the order of the Senate directing the

be a conclusive reason why the Senate should Chair to appoint a select committee on coins sylvania Iron Works at Conshohocken, Penn

not refuse to adopt it, because then the Senate and weights and measures to consider several sylvania, and the petition of Samuel Riddle, bills and joint resolutions from the House of

would be inevitably placing itself in the atti. Wright Turner, and others, of Delaware county,

tude of imposing a burden upon one State in Pennsylvania, praying for an increase of the Representatives on that subject, the Chair will tariff for the protection of American industry; announce the appointment of Mr. SUMNER, || State, which I take it the Senate does not choose

behalf of another or of a locality in another Mr. SHERMAN, Nr. Morgan, Mr. Nesmith, which were referred to the Committee on

to do. and Mr. GUTHRIE. Finance.

Mr. NORTON. Just one word. The railMr. HENDERSON presented additional

road systems of the State of Minnesota and of papers to accompany the petition of J. H. Mr. CRAGIN. I move that the Senate pro

the State of Wisconsin have settled the points Ellis, paymaster, United States Army, to be ceed to the consideration of House bill No. 453. at which these crossings ought to be; and it reimbursed for Government moneys stolen from The motion was agreed to; and the Senate,

does not depend, and it ought not to depend, him at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas; which were as in Committee of the Whole, proceeded to

upon the Legislature of either of these states. referred to the Committee on Claims. consider the bill (H. R. No. 453) for the relief

The construction of the railroads of the State Mr. WILSON presented a petition of citi of Cornelius B. Gold, late acting assistant pay

of Minnesota, according to the system of that zens of the State of Oregon and Washington master United States Navy.

State, makes it necessary to have a bridge at Territory, praying for an appropriation by It directs the proper accounting officers of the

Winona; the railroad system of the State of Congress for the payment of the claims grow Government, in the settlement of the accounts

Wisconsin may make it necessary to have one ing out of the war to repel Indian invasions in of Cornelius B. Gold, late acting assistant pay.

at La Crosse. The systems of these two States 1855 and 1850, in accordance with the award

master United States Navy, to allow a credit ought to settle the question as to the points of a commission authorized by act of Con of $510 09 for clothing abstracted from a store

where bridges are necessary, and it ought not gress; which was referred to the Committee room in his charge while on duty in Mobile

to be made to depend upon the local interests on Military Affairs and the Militia. bay in the spring or summer of 1865; but no

or a clashing between the interests of the two Mr. LANE, of Indiana, presented the peti credit is to be allowed until the proper oflicers

States. As I said the other day, the Senate tion of Margaret A. Farran, praying for a pen of the Government shall be satisfied by full

will remember, there is no company in the sion; which was referred to the Committee on and complete proof of the loss of the clothing

State of Minnesota authorized to construct a Pensions. herein referred to.

road on the west bank of the river from Winona REPORTS OF COMMITTEES. The bill was reported to the Senate without

to La Crosse; and without that, the proposiMr. CHANDLER, from the Committee on amendment, ordered to a third reading, read

tion to Minnesota to make the crossing of the Commerce, to whom was referred a bill (H. R. the third time, and passed.

Winona and St. Peter's railroad at La Crosse

would be simply nonsense, because we have no No. 492) making appropriations for the repair,

company in Minnesota authorized to construct preservation, and completion of certain public

The following bill and joint resolution from a road there. works heretofore commenced under the authorthe House of Representatives were severally

Mr. HOWE. The fact that there is no comity of law, and for other purposes, reported it

read twice by their titles, and referred as indiwith amendments.

pany in Minnesota authorized to build a road cated below : Mr. MORRILL, from the Committee on the

down the west bank of the river to a point District of Columbia, to whom was referred a

A bill (H. R. No. 598) to establish a uni- || opposite La Crosse is an argument which may bill (H. R. No. 564) to annul the thirty-fourth

form system of bankruptcy throughout the Uni be brought to bear in its full force upon the section of the declaration of rights of the State

ted States—to the Committee on the Judiciary. || Legislature of Wisconsin, and it is to that of Maryland, so far as it applies to the District || izing the Postmaster General to pay additional

A joint resolution (H. R. No. 142) author. || Legislature I wish it referred. I do not wish

the Senate of the United States to be influof Columbia, reported it without amendment.

salary to letter carriers in San Francisco-to Mr. WILSON, frora the Committee on Mili

enced by that argument. If under the influthe Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads. tary Affairs and the Militia, to whom were

ence of it the Legislature of Wisconsin see fit referred sundry petitions and memorials, pray

to accept a bridge across the river at Winona ing for the equalization of bounties to soldiers Mr. NORTON. I now move to take up

they can do it; but it is not an argument why in the late war, asked to be discharged from their

the Senate should impose one upon the State Senate bill No. 263. further consideration; which was agreed to. The motion was agreed to; and the Senate,

against her wish. I ask for the yeas and nays Mr. LANE, of Indiana, from the Commit

on the amendment. as in Committee of the Whole, resumed the tee on Pensions, to whom was referred the

The yeas and nays were ordered. consideration of the bill (S. No. 263) to author

Several SENATORS. What is the question ? petition of Mrs. Sarah A. Brewer, widow of ize the Winona and St. Peter's Railroad Com

Mr. HOWE. Senators tell me they do not Major Brewer, late paymaster United States

pany to construct a bridge across the Missisvolunteers, praying for a pension, reported sippi river and to establish a post route, the

know what the question is. I will state it. adversely thereon.

The bill as it stands authorizes the building of pending question being on the amendment of He also, from the same committee, to whom fered by Mr. Howe, in section one, line nine,

a bridge across the Mississippi river at Winona. was referred the petition of Sarah A. Hol after the word "Wisconsin” to insert " or

If this amendment be adopted it will authorize land, praying for a pension, reported adversely between La Crosse, in the State of Wisconsin,

the building of a bridge either at Winona or at thereon. and the opposite bank of said river, in the State || south from Winona, at one or the other of these

La Crosse, which is about twelve miles due He also, from the same committee, to whom of Minnesota, as may be agreed by the Legisla- | points as shall be agreed upon by the Legislawas referred the petition of Mary Good, pray tures of Minnesota and Wisconsin ;' so as to

tures of the two States. ing for a pension, reported adversely thereon. make the section read:

Mr. MORRILL. Suppose the Legislatures
That the Winona and St. Peter's Railroad Com-

cannot agree?
pany, a corporation existing under and by virtue of
Mr. MORRILL asked, and by unanimous the laws of the State of Minnesota, be, and the same

Mr. HOWE. In that event it would not consent obtained, leave to introduce a bill is hereby, authorized and empowered to erect, main authorize the building of a bridge at either (S. No. 337) to incorporate the National Gas

tạin, use, and operate a bridge across the Mississippi | point; but we suppose that the two States Light Company; which was read twice by its Minnesota, and the opposite bank of said river, in know better for themselves than we can know title, and referred to the Committee on the the State of Wisconsin, or between La Crosse, in the whether they want a bridge across the river District of Columbia.

State of Wisconsin, and the opposite bank of said and where they want it.

river, in the State of Minnesota, as may be agreed Mr. RAMSEY asked, and by unanimous by the Legislatures of Minnesota and Wisconsin,

Mr. NORTON. For the purpose of corconsent obtained, leave to introduce a bill subject to tho conditions and limitations hereinafter | recting a false impression that might be made (S. No. 338) for the relief of Henry Greatprovided, &c.

by the remark of the Senator from Wisconsin house and Samuel Kelly; which was read

Mr. NORTON. I do not desire to discuss that La Crosse is twelve miles due south of twice by its title, and referred to the Commit this amendment any further. The Senate per Winona, I desire to state that the fact is that tee on Post Offices and Post Roads.

haps will remember all that was said on the by the course of the river it is forty miles from

subject the other day. I will state, however, Winona to La Crosse, the river running in a MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE.

that the effect of this amendment will be to southeasterly direction. The distance is forty A message from the House of Representa open a controversy between the Legislatures of miles; at least it has been so understood ever tives, by Mr. McPherson, its Clerk, announced the States of Wisconsin and Minnesota that since I have been in that country.


said draw shall be openekoaptly upon reasonable

Mr. RAMSEY. By land it is thirty-five | line. I ask the Secretary to read the section mechanics in the State of Missouri, and a man miles according to recent survey.

as it will stand if amended as I propose. who has proved his ability to comply in every Mr. NORTON. To get to the point on the The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The first respect with his contracts, has consented to La Crosse road at which we wish to intersect question will be on concurring in the amend enter upon the work. I know it was objected, the La Crosse road on the east side of the river ments made as in Committee of the Whole. a few days ago when this question was under is fifteen miles further by La Crosse than it Mr. HENDERSON. I do not wish the consideration, that such a bridge could not be would be to build a bridge at Winona and go Senate to concur in the amendment made in built. This bill proposes only a span of three from there to that point on the La Crosse road, || Committee of the Whole to the second sec hundred feet. That fallacy has been disproved so that if the amendment of the Senator from tion. I propose to amend that amendment. in the building of the bridge at Steubenville, Wisconsin is adopted Minnesota will be so far The PRESIDENT pro tempore. As an Ohio. It is demonstrated beyond doubt that in the power of Wisconsin that she may possi amendment to the amendment made in Com the most perfect structure can be made with bly, in order that we may get an eastern con mittee of the Whole, the motion of the Sena spans of three hundred feet, and that it will nection, compel us to build fifteen miles more tor is of course first in order. The proposed | have sufficient strength to bear the very heaviest of road and at an expense of nearly three quar amendment will be read.

burdens. ters of a million dollars more. That will be The Secretary read the amendment, which The Senator from Minnesota [Mr. RAMSEY] the position in which Minnesota will be if the was after the word "act” in the twenty-first | has proposed a resolution that I think this body amnendment of the Senator be adopted. line of the second section to strike out the fol- | ought to adopt before going into this business

Mr. HOWE. As to the geography of that lowing words: “may, at the option of the com of bridging with pontoon bridges, as it were, country, I have stated that one of these points pany building the same, be built as a draw the Mississippi river. He proposes to have was twelve miles due south of the other. La || bridge, with a pivot or other form of draw, or a scientific board established to go out and Crosse, to be sure, is further east than Winona, with unbroken or continuous spans; provided, | examine the Mississippi river, and see at what but both of these roads are tending east. Just that if the said bridge;" in line twenty-five to points it may be safely bridged, and report the how far it is by the river I am not prepared to strike out the word "it': and insert the word character of the bridges that under the cirsay. I understand it is twenty-nine miles. I and ;'' and also to strike out the proviso | cumstances ought to be constructed. It was concede that the Senators from Minnesota | beginning at the thirty-second line in the fol strenuously urged the other day when a similar ought to know better than myself about that, || lowing words:

proposition was before the Senate that one bank however; they have traveled it oftener. But And provided also, That if any bridge built under of the Mississippi is always low, and that thereI hold in my hand a township map. There are

this act shall be constructed as a draw-bridge, the fore it will be impossible to build these high two roads making to the Mississippi river, one

same shall be constructed as a pivot draw-bridge with
a draw over the main channel of the river at an ac-

bridges. It seems to me better to intrust the touching opposite to La Crosse, and one at cessible and navigable point, and with spans of not matter to a board of scientific men, a board of Winona. Due south of Winona these two less than one hundred and sixty feet in length in the clear between piers on each side of the centralor pivot

engineers. It could be done without cost to roads are about a toweship and a half apart, pier of the draw, and the next adjoining spans to the

the Government, because we have the engineers being about nine miles distant from each other. draw shall not be less than two hundred and fifty feet; here and we are paying them their salaries. That one touches the river further east than and said spans shall not beless than thirty feet above

They could very well discharge that duty. Let the other makes no figure in the case, because

low-water mark, and not less than ten above extreme
high-water nark, ncaring to the bottom chord of the

them go out and report to this body at the next let the traffic come in on which road it will, it bridge, and the picrs of said bridge shall be parallel session whether this thing is practicable or not. wants to come East, and it is not of any imwith the current of the river: And provided also, That

But, strange to say, the Senate of the United portance to that trallic whether it crosses the

for the passage of

States, without ever having suffered a thing of river on one meridian of longitude or the other. shall not be such as to admit of their passago under this sort to be done before in all our history, Mr. NORTON. It makes no difference tho permanent spans of said bridge, except when all at once enters upon a scheme of bridge

trains are passing over the same; but in no case shall whether we cross at one point or the other,

unnecessary delay occur in opening the said draws building upon the Mississippi river, laying down, provided we have a road built, or some com after the passage of trains.

as it were, pontoon bridges of a permanent pany has authority to build one to that point. So that the section will read:

character over that river at almost every conWe have no company in Minnesota authorized That any bridge built under the provisions of this ceivable point. Now, it is seen that so soon to build a road from Winona down to La Crosse. act shall be made with unbroken and continuous

as the proposition of the honorable Senator Mr. HOWE. Provided the two States should spans, and shall not be of less elevation in any caso than fifty feet above extreme high-water mark as

from Illinois (Mr. TRUMBULL) has been adopted agree to cross the river at La Crosse, then it understood at the point of location, to the bottom to build a bridge at Quincy, my constituents would impose upon the St. Peter's company,

chord of the bridge, nor shall the spans of said bridge of course ask that one be built at Hannibal, which is the company now desiring to cross at

be less than two hundred and fifty feet in length, and
the span over the main channel of the river shall be

within thirty miles of that town. It is then Winona, the obligation of building nine miles throo hundred feet in length, and the piers of said proposed by the Senator from Iowa [Mr. to connect with the southern road instead of bridge shall be parallel with the current of the river. GRIMES] to build a bridge also at Burlington, building twenty-seven miles, I think it is, to Mr. HENDERSON. I should like to have and immediately upon the passage of that propconnect with the La Crosse road on the east a direct vote of the Senate upon the proposi- osition a movement is made by the honorable side of the river.

tion of building draw-bridges upon the Missis Senator from Minnesota [Mr. NORTON] for a The question being taken by yeas and nays, sippi river, and the motion that I now make to | bridge at Winona, and of course the Senator resulted-yeas 17, nays 18; as follows:

amend the second section of this bill presents from Wisconsin [Mr. HOWE] desires that La YEAS- Messrs. Anthony, Clark, Conness, Ed

that naked question. If my amendment be Crosse shall have the same privilege. We shall munds, Fossenden, Henderson, Howard, Howe, Kirk adopted,

no draw-bridge can be built at this have propositions for not less than one hunwool, Morgan, Morrill, Poland, Pomeroy, Sumner, || point. The Senate passed a bill a few days dred bridges across this river. Wade, Wilson, and Yates-17. NAYS-Messrs. Buckalew, Cowan, Cragin, Davis,

ago enabling a company to build a draw-bridge I will state further that there is no use of Foster, Grimes, Guthrie, Hendricks, Johnson, Lane or a bridge with continuous spans at Quincy; || haste in this matter. The Mississippi river is of Kansas, McDougall, Norton, Ramsey, Riddle,

but I hope, from what I understand, that it will Trumbull, Van Winkle, Willey, and Williams-18.

now perhaps as high as it usually gets at this ABSENT - Messrs. Brown, Chandler, Creswell,

not meet with the concurrence of the other season of the year. It is all over the bottom Dixon, Doolittle, Harris, Lane of Indiana, Nesmith, branch of Congress, if be in order thus to lands everywhere. It is very high at the points Nye, Saulsbury, Sherman, Sprague, Stowart, and Wright-14.

refer to that branch, or at least it is somewhat where it is now proposed to throw these struct

doubtful. I desired, when that bill was before So the amendment was rejected.

Nothing can be done this summer tothe Senate, to prevent the construction of draw. ward bridging. No progress can be made in Mr. HOWE. I should like to offer another | bridges upon the river at all; and I should like bridging the Mississippi river between now and amendment providing that the bill shall not very much now for the Senate to come to a next December; and why not let the Senator -take effect until the consent of the Legislature direct vote upon the question of the propriety | from Minnesota (Mr. RAMSEY] press his resoluof Wisconsin is obtained.

of building draw-bridges upon that river. tion, and have a board to go and examine, Mr. NORTON. I have no objection to that I do not wish to detain the Senate, but I will and let us act with some prudence, with some amendment.

state in addition to what I said the other day caution, with some discretion, when we act The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Sen when a similar question was pending, that I upon a question of such great importance as ator from Wisconsin moves further to amend learn that a gentleman at St. Louis proposes the bridging of that stream? the bill by inserting at the end of the third sec to construct there a bridge with continuous The commerce upon the Mississippi river totion the following proviso:

spans of four hundred feet, and guaranties the || day is more than all the foreign commerce of Provided, That this act shall not go into effect until passage over it of the heaviest freight trains this country. There are not less than from the consent of the Legislature of Wisconsin is first that are run upon any roads whatever.

thirty to forty thousand miles of navigable obtained. The amendment was agreed to.

Mr. COWAN. The Niagara bridge is eight water upon the Mississippi river and its tribuhundred feet.

taries—not less than thirty-two thousand miles The bill was reported to the Senate as Mr. HENDERSON. But he proposes to do of navigable waters; and we propose, by estabamended.

it with an iron truss bridge, not a wire bridge ; | lishing the precedent in tho case of bridging Mr. HENDERSON. I move to amend the and I understand he states that he prefers build the Mississippi, to allow the bridging of every second section of the bill by striking out all ing a continuous span of four hundred feet to one of those streams. It is a question of very after the word "act” in the twenty-first line | building two spans of two hundred feet each, || great importance and I see no necessity, while down to and including the word " bridge” in and being required of course, as he would be, the water is now from five to six fcet over the the twenty-fourth line; also, by striking out to build an additional pier in the river, that he bottom lands of the Mississippi river, for the the word "it" in the twenty-fifth line and can do it with much less cost of construction Senate hastening to a conclusion upon this inserting the word “and:” and then by strik than wonld be required to put down the addi subject. ing out all of the section after the thirty-first il tional pier. I understand that one of the best do not object to the railroads of this coun:


try having every facility for crossing the nav at all times to be closed, except when steamers December; and as the Legislature of Wisconigable streams of the country. Indeed, I desire are passing? If bridges can be built with a sin does not meet until January, the Senate that it shall be done. I certainly want com continuous span of three hundred feet, so as may be informed on the subject long before munication from the West to the East, and to accommodate the railroads, I say it ought permission to build the bridge can be obtained while I am acting as a member of this body or to be done. I have before stated to the Senate from the State of Wisconsin. Of course no in any other capacity I will do nothing to ob that a mechanic has asserted at St. Louis that company would be foolish enough to proceed struct commerce in its way from the West to he will build bridges with a span of four hun. with the construction of this great bridge under the East or from the East to the West. It is | dred feet, and they now propose to go on and an act of Congress alone. They must have an a thing we want; but is it not going too far to construct a bridge at St. Louis with continuous abutment upon the soil of Wisconsin, and they say that the Mississippi river, a great river nav spans of four hundred feet and fifty feet above must get the consent of the State of Wisconsin igable for three thousand miles by the largest high-water mark. That will accommodate the before they dare put an abutment upon her class of steamers, shall be covered over at steamboat interest and the railroad interest, too. soil or within the jurisdiction of that State, aná every little town with a permanent pontoon Mr. President, if my proposition is adopted her consent cannot be obtained before next bridge? Our eastern friends ought not to ask it only requires these bridges, if built between | January. that, with the idea that it will largely benefit

Mua"YESSENDEN. Could they not erect now and next Deceniber, to be built with conthe railroads that point in their direction, and tinuous spans. I hope the Senate will consider the bridge if they owned the land on each side? that it will facilitate commerce in that direc the matter a little more seriously than it con Mr. HENDERSON. I doubt that very much. tion instead of toward the southern country. sidered the proposition pending the other day. | I do not think a man by merely owning land

Mr. FESSENDEN. Is it the East that is It can do this bridge company no harm, be within the sovereignty of a State has a right, proposing to do this?

cause they can do nothing between now and || by virtue of that, to erect a corporation enMr. HENDERSON. No, it is our western next December except to procure stone for the dowed with the franchise of constructing, a friends. The Senator from Maine suggests building of the piers, and that will ånswer just | bridge and taking tolls on it. I think, under very properly that it is not so much our east as well for a continuous-span bridge as for a all the circumstances, that if this company in ern friends who are urging the passage of these bridge with a pivot and draw. The Mississippi | sist on building the bridge between now and measures as unfortunately the inbabitants of river is so high that no pier can be built be. next January, if they insist on getting a part of the little towns along the Mississippi river. I tween now and next December. The Senator the material there, it should be with the undo think that our western friends ought to act from Minnesota [Mr. Norton] will scarcely | derstanding that it shall be a continuous-span with a little more prudence and a little more contradict me on this point. Nothing can be || bridge until we can know more about this matcaution in matters of this character. Nothing done between now and next fall. The consent ter. It is of very great importance, in my can be lost between now and next December, of the Wisconsin Legislature has yet to be ob judgment of vast importance; and yet we conand let us adopt the proposition of the Senator tained, as I understand, before this bridge can sidered it the other day in the course of an from Minnesota, [Mr. "RAMSEY,] and if the be built at all, by an amendment already || hour and passed a bill setting the precedent engineers report between now and next De adopted, and I wish to inquire of the Senator for bridging this great stream with these poncember that it is impossible to build other from Wisconsin when the Legislature of that toon bridges, as I call them. They are an imthan draw-bridges upon the Mississippi, I shall State again meets.

mense obstruction; I have been so told since the consent to do it.

Mr. HOWE. In January.

passage of that bill by steamboat men. In fact I do not know that I can add anything more Mr. HENDERSON. In January next. the Chamber of Commerce of St. Louis has to what I have said. I regret very much that This consent, then, cannot be bad before next sent a large delegation here to protest against I have to trouble the Senate on this subject. I January. My amendment cannot harm the it in the name of the people of the West. I feel a very great interest in it, but I have no object of the Senator from Minnesota. If it cannot say how far they represent the interest other interest_than any other citizen of the be the desire of western members on this great of the people of the West, but they are very great West. I have no interest in any railroad river to bridge it in this way, I must submit; earnest about it. Gentlemen may say it is becompany or steamboat company upon the earth, but I do enter my most solemn protest, as I cause St. Louis is deeply interested in this matnot a dollar's worth of interest in anything of have already entered it, against this work of ter. St. Louis has no more interest in it than the sort; but as a western man I do feel an constructing pivot and draw-bridges on that any other part of the great West; any other interest in preventing the pontoon bridging of great river.

portion of it is just as much interested as St. the Mississippi river. I know that draw-bridges I have alluded to the increasing commerce Louis; but they come here protesting and say. have been built upon navigable waters; but ori of the country. In thirty years from to-day || ing that with a span of one hundred and sixty ginally when that was done it was required that we shall all see how unnecesary and how idle feet, as we provided the other day, bridges on the draw should always be open except when and how absurd it was to construct these bridges, the river will materially and permanently injure trains were crossing on the bridge. I allude because by that time it will have been demon commerce upon the river. to this in order to show Senators what prog strated by the American mechanics that bridges We can lose nothing by adopting my amend. ress we are making on this subject. I say that can be built with a span of four hundred feet ment and saying that if this company proceed originally it was required that the draw should to accommodate both the steamboat and the to build at all until we can get a report, it shall remain open at all times except when trains railroad interests of the country. It will have be a continuous-span bridge, and I hope the were crossing the bridge, and then, and then been demonstrated by that time that there was Senator from Minnesota [Mr. RAMSEY] will push only, was it closed, so as to leave the river open no necessity for building these pontoon bridges his resolution, urge it forward, and let the board to navigation. But how is it in this bill? How and fastening them to the banks of the river, proceed to the West to report upon this impor; was it in the bill which we passed the other thus obstructing the current of this great stream. tant question. It is an important matter, and day? The draw is required to be closed at all This will be demonstrated in the next thirty it ought to be looked into with more care than times except when steamboats are passing. years, and then we shall have to regret our we seem disposed to look into it now. I know We are conferring privileges upon the railroad folly in having filled the river with these struct that the learned Senator from Pennsylvania, companies and gradually making inroads upon

[Mr. Cowan,] three years ago, discussed the the navigable waters of this country and clos The Legislature of Wisconsin does not meet question on behalf of his State in regard to ing them up. It cannot be denied that this is till next January, so that nothing can be lost the bridging of the Ohio river. Now they are the course now being pursued. Perhaps the by my proposition. . Let us send some engi- | proceeding to put up the right sort of structrailroad companies deserve these privileges ; it neers out to the Mississippi river, and let the ures on the Ohio river. Why not coinpel it to may be that they offer facilities for trade and Senate be informed on the subject. If con be done upon the Mississippi river? They are travel to further the commercial intercourse of tinuous-span bridges can be erected, let that not putting up pivot and draw-bridges upon the country that the rivers do not offer; but I commission so report, and I for one shall say the Ohio river, but bridges that accommodate beg leave to differ from Senators when they amen, and pledge the Senate that I shall make the commerce upon that river as well as the thus insist. I know that all heavy freight can no further opposition to bridging the river. commerce across the river. It can be done, be carried upon the Mississippi river for one If they say that pivot and draw-bridges can be and done easily, and done to the great satisthird of the money that any railroad company built, be it so ; but if they say that continuous faction, not only of the people of the West, can carry it. I know that a barrel of pork or span bridges can be built, I ask whether there but the people of this entire country. These a barrel of whisky can be carried from St. is a Senator in the hearing of my voice who great navigable streams, made by nature, are Louis to New Orleans, and from New Orleans will then consent to construct these low bridges. || better than the railroads, even if they were around to the city of Boston, for one third of I hope not. Sir, you are now putting in the made by the hand of the Almighty. As I the money for which it can be carried by any way of the great lumber interest of Wisconsin have before said, you have nothing to do but railroad company in this country directly; and obstructions that will seriously damage the lum to construct the cars to run upon these navi. it can be carried in that way for one third of bermen of that State and seriously damage the gable streams, and companies and individuals the money, even after you have bridged the commercial interests of that great northwest can carry freight and passengers cheaper than Mississippi river. "That shows most clearly that ern country; and yet Senators seem to think the railroads, yea, for one third the cost of we ought to be prudent and careful how we they are hastening to do them a great benefit. carrying them upon railroads. Why, then, close up this great navigable thoroughfare. We || I cannot so think. I wish I could so think, || shall we obstruct these great arteries of comare navigating the Missouri river now by a provided they are right and I am wrong; but merce made to our hands by nature and by regular line of packets, thirty-two hundred and until I am further satisfied, I cannot believe the beneficence of the Almighty? Why shall forty miles above the city of St. Louis, up to that we are doing any good to the Northwest we, in our puny efforts to make better the comFort Benton, and even above Fort Benton; and and the West by this course of proceeding: mercial channels made by Him, go to work why are these great streams to be closed up by The board proposed by the Senator from and obstruct those channels, and say to man low bridges, the draws of which are required Minnesota (Mr. Ramsey] can report by next that we have improved upon the works of


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