11. What is the sum of 999, 0012, 7, 50005, 11 and 01 ? Ans. 51035. 12. Sir Isaac Newton was born in the year 1642, and was 85 years old when he died; in what year did he die? Ans. 1727. 13. In an orchard 14 trees bear peaches, 27 bear plums, 30 bear cherries, and one hundred and sixteen bear apples; how many trees are there in the orchard ? Ans. 187. 14. A merchant after selling 216 bushels of salt had 112 left; how many bushels had he at first? Ans. 328. 15. How many days are there in the twelve calendar months ? Ans. 16. What is the sum of 8, 1000, 0001, 2, 444444, 20, and 18? Ans. 445493. 17. What is the sum of three billions, two hundred and twenty-six thousand, five hundred and forty millions, nine hundred and twenty-seven thousand, one hundred and one; six hundred and seventy three thousand, nine hundred and eleven; one million, two thousand and two; and five hundred and ninety-seven, when added together? Ans. 3226542603014. 18. A man bought a farm for 1515 dollars, and sold it for 217 dollars more than he gave for it; what did he sell it for? Ans. $1732. 19. What is the amount of 24180, 29, three thousand, four hundred and nine, 50, 99, and seventy-five ? Ans. 27842. 20. New York contains 1913508, inhabitants, Pennsylvania 1347672, New Jersey 320779 and Delaware 76739 ; what is the whole number of inhabitants in the four states ? Ans. 3658698. 21. A merchant bought 55 barrels of beef for 320 dollars ; 70 barrels for 505 dollars; and 120 barrels for 975 dollars, how many barrels did he buy, and how many dollars did he pay for the whole ? . Ans. Paid 1800 dolls. 22. A man has four horses : the first is worth 125 dollars ; the second is worth 112 dollars; the third is worth 100 dollars; and the fourth is worth 90 dollars ; what are all worth? Ans. 427 dollars. 23. Add together 2346721, 900200, 40, 234719. Amount 3481680. 24. A merchant bought a quantity of salt for 325 dollars, and sold it for 78 dollars more than the cost ; what did he sell it for ? Ans. 403 dolls. 25. Add 2; 19; 817; 4298; 50916; 730205; 9180634; together. Ans. 9966891. 26. Add 509267; 235809; 72920; 8292; 420; 21; 9; together. Ans. 826738. 27. Add 456934000; 5903568; 89034511 ; 21; togeth Ans. 551872100. 28. Add 32; 451 ; 89; 1734; 5; 89103 ; together. Ans. 91414. er. SECTION IV. SUBTRACTION. 1. A man having 79 sheep, sold 15; how many had he left ? Ans. 64. 2. If 432, be taken from 612; how many will remain ? Ans. 180. 3. A man bought a chaise for 175 dollars, and to pay for it gave a colt worth 40 dollars, and the rest in money; how much money did he pay? Ans. 135 dolls. 4. In 1830 the number of inhabitants in a certain town was 2014 of whom 1042 were under 20 years of age; how many were over 20 years of age Ans. 972. 5. A man sells his farm for 2720 dollars to pay his debts which amount to 1946 dollars; how much has he left, after paying his debts ? Ans. 774. 6. What number is that which taken from 365 leaves 159 ? Ans. 206. 7. A merchant bought a quantity of butter for 117 dollars and sold it for 141 dollars; how much did he gain in the bargain? Ans. 24 dolls. 8. The population of Boston in the year 1700 was 7000, in the year 1800 it was 24937; what was the increase during this century ? Ans 17937. 9. What number must be added to 436 that it shall become 3524 ? Ans. 3088. 10. A man having been born in the year 1797, what was his age in 1831 ? 11. What is the difference between 8000 and 2999 ? Ans. 5001. 12. The number of inhabitants in the United States in Ans 34 years. 1820 was 9638166, in 1830 there were 12856165; what was the increase between these two dates ? Ans. 3217999. 13. From four billions, seven hundred millions sixty-eight thousand and nine; take three billions, eight hundred and eighty eight thousand, four hundred and ninety-seven millions, one thousand nine hundred and ninety-nine. 112203066010 remainder. 14. A minuend is 4002, and a subtrahend is 999; what is the difference ? Ans. 3003. 15. The sum of two numbers is 64892, and the greater number 46234; what is the smaller number? Ans. 18658. 16. Peace between the United States and Great Britain took place in 1783, and war was again declared in 1812 ; how long did the peace continue? Ans. 29 years. 17. What is the difference between 45678912 and 37899048? Ans. 7779864. 18. If I lend a friend 9480 dollars, and receive in part payment 1987 dollars; how much remains due? Ans. 7493. 19. The population of Virginia in 1830 was 1211272, of whom 469724 were slaves ; how many free persons ? Ans. 741548. 20. The imports of the United States during the year ending Sept. 30, 1830 amounted to 70876920 dollars; the exports during the same time amounted to 73849508 dollars; how much did the exports exceed the imports ? Ans. 2972588 dolls. 21. A farmer has 7 bags of hops weighing 1428 pounds; he sells 6 bags weighing 1195 pounds; how many pounds has he left ? Ans 233 pounds. 22. If you buy 20 sheep for 40 dollars, and sell 15 of them for 35 dollars how many sheep will you have left ? Ans. 5. 23. From 24791 less 3218 take 9110; what number remains ? Ans. 12463. 24. From 5331806 take 5073918. Ans. 257888. 25. What is the difference between 7020974 and 2766809? Ans. 4254165. 26. If from 8503602-574271 be taken-what will remain ? Ans. 7929331. 27. From 834000000 take 9909093. 28. What is the difference between 987654321 and 123456789? 29. From 9000000 take 0000001. SECTION V. MULTIPLICATION. a 1. What will 167 barrels of flour come to, at 9 dollars a barrel ? Ans. $1503. 2. What will be the price of 8 hogsheads of wine, at 129 dollars per hogshead ? Ans. $1032. 3. In an orchard there are 134 rows of trees, and 9 trees in each row; how many trees are there in the orchard ? Ans. 1206. 4. If 23679 be repeated ten times, what will be the product? Ans. 236790. 5. What is the product of 9763421110 multiplied by 7! Ans. 68343947770. 6. If a book has 256 pages, and 100 lines on each page, how many lines are there in the book ? Ans. 25600. 7. How many days are there in 20 years, there being 365 in one year? Ans. 7300. 8. What is the product of 4000 multiplied by 400 ? Ans. 1600000. 9. A certain army was composed of 204 battallions consisting of 824 men each; required the whole number of Ans. 168096. 10. In dividing a sum of money among 352 men, each received 17 dollars; what was the sum divided ? Ans. $5984. 11. If the pendulum of a clock swing 60 times in one minute, how many times will it swing in 3500 minutes ? Ans. 210000. 12. If a man's income be 235 dollars per annum, what will it amount to in 99 years ? Ans. $23265. 13. If a water-wheel revolve 36 times in a minute, how many times will it revolve in an hour ? Ans. 2160. 14. If 2114 men receive 48 dollars each, how many dollars do all receive? Ans. 101472. 15. A garrison of 3000 is to be paid, and each man receives 128 dollars; how many dollars will they all receive ? Ans. 384000. 16. Multiply 79246817 by twenty-seven thousand, four hundred and thirteen. Prod. 2172392994421. 17. How many are 2000 times 14? Ans. 28000. 18. If 4 bushels make a barrel of flour, and the price of men. wheat be 2 dollars per barrel, what will 225 barrels of flour cost? Ans. $1800. 19. A divisor is 29, and the quotient the same; required the dividend. Ans. 841. 20. A certain city is divided into 12 wards, each ward contains 2000 families, and the average number in a family is 5; what is the number of inhabitants in the city? Ans. 120000. 21. Multiply 74218 by 999. Prod. 74143782. 22. What number, divided by 24, will give a quotient of 48? Ans. 1152. 23. If the earth in her annual revolution move 68000 miles in an hour, what distance will she move in 16 hours ? Ans. 1088000 miles. 24. Required the product of 935 multiplied by itself. Ans. 874225. 25. In a certain building there are 64 apartments, in each apartment are 4 windows, and in each window 24 lights ; how many lights are there in the house? Ans. 6144. 26. Multiply six hundred and fifty-nine thousand four hundred and twenty-six millions, eight hundred and ninetyfour thousand, seven hundred and twenty-seven, by one hundred and nine. Prod. 7187531525243. 27. What number, divided by 12, will give a quotient of 144 ? Ans. 1728. 28. Multiply 99999 by 3468. 29. 000919 by 20000. 30. 82164973 by 99003. 31. 9999 by 99. 66 66 SECTION VI. DIVISION. a 1. At 8 dollars a barrel how many barrels of flour can be bought for 576 dollars ? Ans. 72. 2. If 1380 dollars be distributed equally among 12 men, how many will each receive ? Ans. 115. 3. A man having 5520 bushels of corn, wishes to put it into bins holding 16 bushels each; how many bins will it take? Ans. 345. 3 |