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on war.

ye may avoid the pollution which is theirs who | near missing a word, and for a moment I was join hands with this desolating evil. Let all be ready to hope that he would, but then I thought careful not to seek or accept profit by any con- of what you said, and that perhaps if he should cern in preparations for war; for how reproach- lose his place, he would feel as bad as I did yesfully inconsistent would it be, to refuse an active terday, and I was glad when he succeeded in compliance with warlike measures, and at the spelling the word. When I went out, I found same time not hesitate to enrich ourselves by that one of the boys had knocked my hat off the commerce and other circumstances dependent the nail in the entry. I was beginning to feel

very angry, but I thought how foolish and This meeting fervently recommends to the wicked it was to get angry for such a trifle. deep attention of all our members, that they be When I had time to think more about it, I was religiously guarded against approving or shewing very glad I did not get angry with him, for I did the least connivance at war, either by attending not think he meant to knock it down. When I at or viewing military operations, or in any wise returned home at night, I found Lucy was very encouraging the unstable deceitful spirit of party, busy looking at the pictures in my new book. by joining with political devices or associations, I wished to finish reading it, and was going to however speciously disguised under the ensna- catch it from her ; but she looked very unwilling ring subtleties commonly attendant thereon ; but to give it up just then, and I thought I would go that they sincerely labour to experience a settle- out to do something else; so I said to her, •Lucy, ment on the alone sure foundation of the pure I shall want my book when I come in again, unchangeable truth, whereby, through the preva- and you will make haste, and get through with lence of unfeigned Christian love and good will it, won't you ? to men, we may convincingly demonstrate that “ And Lucy said, • Yes, James;' and when I the kingdom we seek is not of this world : a came back again, she reached out her little kingdom and government whose subjects are free hands to give me the book, and I felt very glad indeed; redeemed from those captivating lusts I had not snatched it from her.” from whence come wars and fightings.

When James had finished his story, his As we are called out of wars and fightings, so mother's kind look of approval, and her affeclet them be as seldom as possible the subjects of tionate kiss, made his heart bound with joy. our conversation ; but let an holy care rest upon She went with him to his chamber, and knelt us, to abide in that power which gives dominion with him to pray that God would still help her over the hopes and fears that arise from the con- little son to conquer all his wicked passions, cerns of an unstable world, which tend, as they that he might become a useful and happy man. are admitted into the mind, to lessen the trust on

I hope my young friends will learn, from the that rock which is immoveable.-Christian Ad-story of James, that neither pleasant weather vices.

nor kind friends, nor any other blessings, will

make them happy, if they indulge in wicked JAMES STEBBINS;

and angry passions.-Christian Intelligencer.

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OR, THE WAY TO BE HAPPY.

AMERICAN CANNEL COAL.

The next night, as James came into the room, his mother said to him, “I shall not inquire A discovery has recently been made of Cannel whether you have been happy to-day, my son, coal, near St. Louis, Mo., possessing the qualifor it is evident that you have. But before Ities of the celebrated English Cannel coal; and bid you good-night, I wish you to tell me some of from a geological survey which has been made, the things which have made you so."

it is supposed to be the largest known body of “I will commence, then, with the morning, "Cannel coal in the world. The beds have been said James. “I started up as soon as I heard shafted in one place to the depth of 46 feet in my father's voice calling me, and it did not seem solid coal, without reaching the bottom of the half so hard as when I lay and thought about it; vein ; and in another place, 3} miles distant, to so I had time for a fine run in the garden before the depth of 24 feet. In England and Scotland breakfast. It was so pleasant; I thought the this coal is found principally in veins of from birds never sang so sweetly before. I did not one to three feet in thickness, and never exceedknow it was so pleasant early in the morning.” | ing seven feet.

His mother smiled and said, “ The boys that The coal has been analyzed, and found to be lie in bed till after breakfast, are not the boys of the purest quality, and suitable for any purthat make such discoveries."

pose for which coal can be used; but it is ad“ When the breakfast bell rang," said James, mirably adapted for smelting iron, for raising “I was right glad to hear it, for I had run till I steam, and for making gas, for which purposes was hungry."

it has been fully tested. “ Did you regain your place at the head of Contiguous to the coal beds, and upon the your class ?" said his mother.

same lands, are found extensive beds of iron ore • No, mother; George Williams came very | (red oxide) of the best quality, together with

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WEALTH AND COMFORT.

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limestone, sandstone, and fire-clay, required for pendent labourer has a rank, and a high rank to the advantageous manufacture of iron.

descend from.Duppa. A company has been organized, under a charter from the State of Missouri, called the Calloway Mining and Manufacturing Company,

HOW TO AVOID QUARRELS. for the purpose of mining this coal, and of manu- J. Clark, of Frome, was asked by a friend facturing iron.

how he always kept himself from being inThe lands, including the coal and iron beds, volved in quarrels, to which he replied, “ By have been purchased, and the Company are letting the angry person have all the quarrel to making arrangements to bring the coal to market himself.” This afterwards became a proverb in in the coming spring, with every prospect of the town. When a quarrel was rising, they realizing a handsome profit on the investment. would say, “Come, let us remember old Mr.

We shall then be no longer dependent on a Clarke, and leave the angry man to quarrel by foreign country for a supply of this valuable himself.” If the reader will always follow this article of fuel.

rule, he will save himself a great deal of trouble, Specimens of the coal and iron ore are to be and perhaps many hard knocks. Remember, it seen at the Merchants’ Exchange, and they are always takes two to quarrel. worthy the attention of capitalists, and of all who take an interest in developing the vast mine

LINES ral wealth of the once “ Far West," which is now brought so near us through the agency of On the death of a venerable member of the Society of

Friends in Philadelphia. steam and electricity.–St. Louis Mercury.

Fourscore and ten—a lengthen'd way,

With peaceful heart the Patriarch trod,

And calmly met life's closing day, It is a singular circumstance that a certain And at its evening walk'd with God. class of politicians should at this time of day re- He walked with God, where spirits just gard the multiplication of the products of labour Without a cloud His face behold; -the aggregate riches and power of a country

Let filial tears bedew the dust

That slumbers in its casket cold. as the sole objects of their anxiety, while, whether the labourer be simply replacing an in- For think not when the aged die, animate piece of mechanism, or taking a rank in And find their couch in mouldering clay, the moral economy of the universe ; or whether That lightly parts the loosen'd tie,

Or scarcely mourned they pass away. riches flow in such contracted channels that the few are princes and the many are beggers; or Speak, ye who by a father's side plenty is diffused through all the ranks of socie- So fondly watched, while years swept by,

Making his hoary locks your pride, ty, so that none need be destitute who are not

And learning how the righteous die : depraved, are matters of utter indifference. We may count our possessions in the east, and in the Say, was the shaft of anguish slight, west, in the north, and in the south; we may

And soon dispelled the sorrowing gloom,

When closed those eyes in rayless night, call the attention to our immense manufactories,

On the cold pillow of the tomb ? the quantity and the superiority of their products; we may point out our merchants who are Hence with the thought! It is not so;

Methinks a deeper wo should wait princes, and our nobility who are the honoura

The loss whose rooted virtues show ble of the earth ;. who may say, Behold our flag

The ripeness of so long a date. in every port, and mistress of the ocean !-still, unless this immense wealth and power tend to Then say not, when the aged die,

And fade from mortal life away, make the mass of those who help to acquire it

That lightly parts affection's tie, more happy, more moral, more affluent, than is

Or brief the tear that dews the clay. the case in other countries that have it not, all

L. H. SIGOURNEY. this is but vain glory and boasting. All this Hartford, January 5, 1848. show of wealth and power is but a false, unprofitable counterseit, and a semblance of a joy and happiness that exist not—the fruit of the glow

PARTING WORDS. ing hue, that crumbles into bitter ashes between " And he said “Let me go, for the day breaketh.'"-Genesis the teeth, unless comfort be within the reach of the humblest peasant in the land, who strives to Let me go, the day is breaking

Dear companions, let me go; earn it by his industry, and the humblest peasant

We have spent a night of waking be habituated to an enlightened industry by a In the wilderness below! careful education. If a distinction of ranks be Upward now I bend my way; worth anything, it is worth most when it makes Part we here at break of day. a line of demarcation between the hard-working Let me go : I may not tarry, labourer and the parish pauper. The inde- Wrestling thus with doubts and fears;

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xxxii. 26.

vernor

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Angels wait my soul to carry

by the motion of a Georgia member to lay the Where my risen Lord appears;

resolution on the table. This motion prevailed by Friends and kindred weep not so

a vote of 94 to 88, seventeen members from the • If ye love me, let me go.

free States voting in the affirmative. We have travell'a long together,

According to the report of the Postmaster Gene. Hand in hand, and heart in heart,

jal the post routes in operation on the 30th of 6th Both through fair and stormy weather,

month last, were 153,818 miles in extent; and the And 'tis hard, 'tis hard to part:

annual trausportation of the mails over them was While I sigh, “ Farewell!” to you,

30,887,899 miles, at a cost of $2,406,848. Answer, one and all, “ Adieu !"

PENNSYLVANIA LEGISLATURE.-Bills have been 'Tis not darkness gathering round me

introduced into both Houses, providing for a geneThat withdraws me from your sight;

ral registration of births, marriages, and deaths, Walls of flesh no more can bound me,

throughout the State. A bill to repeal the usury But, translated into light,

laws, except as regards the banks, has been Like the lark on mounting wing,

brought into the Senate. A bill to provide for the Though unseen, you hear me sing.

abolition of militia trainings has been introduced Heaven's broad day hath o'er me broken,

in the House. Francis R. Shunk, re-elected Go. Far beyond earth's span or sky;

the State, was inaugurated on the 18th Am 1 dead ? Nay, by this token,

inst. Know that I have ceased to die :

Correction.-Our last week's report was erroWould you solve the mystery,

neous as regards the vote of the House in relation Come up hither,-come and see.

to capital punishment. It appears the vote of 38 J. MONTGOMERY.

to 55 was not on the resolution itself, but merely

on the question of considering it at that time. The Mount, near Sheffield, June 26, 1837.

This was on the 17th. On the 18th the resolution was taken up, and an amendment, changing its

character to one of “inquiring into the expediency” VIRTUE.

of the abolition, was adopted by a vote of 46 10 45. Virtue could see to do what virtue would,

On the 19th the resolution as amended was passed By her own radiant light, though sun and moon

-yeas 56, nays 40. For this information we are Were in the fat sea sunk: and wisdom's self

indebted to the report published in the “Harrisburg Oft seeks to sweet retired solitude,

Telegraph.”
Where, with her best nurse, contemplation,
She plumes her feathers, and lets grow her wings,

EUROPE.-News from England to the 1st inst, That in the various bustle of resort,

have been received. The money market cort nued Were all too ruffled, and sometimes impair’d.

to improve, and the Bank of England had reduced He that has light within his own clear breast,

the rate of interest to five per cent. There had May sit i'th' centre, and enjoy bright day,

been a few more failures, and the general state of But he that hides a dark soul, and foul thoughts, trade had not much improved, produce continuing Benighted walks under the mid-day sun;

much depressed in price, and very difficult of sale. Himself is his own dungeon.

MILTON.

The advices from the manufacturing districts were regarded as encouraging. The corn and cotton

markets were firm, with but little change in prices. SUMMARY OF NEWS.

Ireland remained in a terrible condition, murder Congress.—In the Senate, the debate on the and la wless outrages being fearfully prevalent. In Ten Regiment Bill has been continued by Senators many places organized bands of armed ruffians Badger of North Carolina and Foote of Missisippi ;

were in the practice of sending letters to such the former opposing, and the latter advocating the landlords and others as incurred their displeasure

, war and the bill. Resolutions have been passed, threatening them with death; and murdering such calling on the President for the instructious under as afterwards remained in the country. These which Gen. Scott's order (mentioned in our last,) excesses do not appear to be justly chargeable to was issued, and also any opinions of Gen. Scott on

the suffering poor, but to idle and worthless pero file as to the military means necessary to carry sons, who take advantage of the prevailing destituthem into effect.

tion to organize secret confederacies. The new In the House, a bill has been reported, providing Irish Coercion Bill, preventing the carrying of arms for a loan of $18,000,000. On the 17th, J. R. Gid- without license, had been proclaimed in several dings offered a preamble and resolution, setting of the Southern and Western counties, where forth that a coloured man, employed as a waiter in crime was most prevalent. a boarding house in that city, who had made a

The Archdichess Maria Louisa, widow of the contract for the purchase of his freedom for $300, Emperor Napoleon, died at Piacenza, on the 17th and had paid that sum within about $60, had beer of the 12th month, in the 56th year of her age. violently carried away to the New Orleans slave The Market.-Flour $6 to $6.25 per barrel

. market by persons engaged in the internal slave Indian meal $3 to $3.124. Wheat $1 58 to $1.624. trade; that such outrages were common in the Rye 85 to 87 cents. Indian corn 63 cts. Oats District, and were sanctioned by the laws of Con-4fc. Hams 8 cts. Lard 7) cents. gress, -and concluding with a resolution that a committee of five members be appointed to in- A stated meeting of the Female Branch of the quiie into and report upon the facts, and the pro- Auxiliary Bible Association of Friends of Philadelpriety of repealing such acts of Congress as phia Quarterly Meeting will be held on Fourth day, anthorize the slave irade in the District. A scene the 2nd of Second of month, at 3 o'clock, P. M. in of great confusion ensued, which was finally ended the committee room of the Bible Depository.

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FRIENDS' REVIEW.

A RELIGIOUS, LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS JOURNAL.

VOL. I.

PHILADELPHIA, SECOND MONTH 5, 1848.

No. 20.

EDITED BY ENOCH LEWIS.

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of his designs. And any one who carefully ex

amines these memoirs, must perceive that his Published Weekly by Josiah Tatum,

letters and visits 10 men in authority were No. 50 North Fourth Street, corner of Appletree Alley, prompted by a desire to enlist them in the great PHILADELPHIA.

work to which he devoted so large a part of his Price iwo dollars per annum, payable in advance, or six life—the elevation and improvement of the lower copies for ten dollars.

classes of the community ; and that a vain ambiThis paper is subject to newspaper postage only.

tion to add importance to his own character by For Friend's Review.

mingling with the wealthy and the powerful, LIFE OF WILLIAM ALLEN.

had no place in his mind.

About the beginning of 1833, W. Allen appre(Continued from page 276.)

hended himself religiously required to unite once It was mentioned in page 259, that W. Allen more with his friend, Stephen Grellet, in a visit, in 1822 visited the Waldenses, in the neighbour-in which he was then engaged, to some parts of hood of Piedmont, and shortly afterwards wrote the continent. He had, in 1827, married a third to the Emperor a particular account of the suf- time, and the prospect of leaving his wife and his ferings to which those people were exposed; interesting engagements in his native land, to enwhich letter was sent to Verona by a special counter the hardships and dangers of a journey messenger.

Near the end of 1832, a letter from to the continent, especially to Spain, through S. Grellet, who was still travelling on the conti- which he expected to pass, was painful to his nent, contained the following anecdote respecting feelings. But, he observes, “I inust give up the reception and effect of this communication. every thing to my Divine Master. He has been When this letter was sent to the Emperor's graciously with me all my life long, to the preresidence, he was out, but returning late at night, sent hour.” In this prospect he had the satishe received and read it. Baron Wylie, going faction to find that his wife freely resigned him into his apartment at two o'clock in the morn- to the service. ing, found Alexander sitting at the table in On the 3rd of 2nd month, W. Allen joined tears. Surprised and alarmed, he inquired the his friend Stephen Grellet, at Bayonne, where cause of his trouble, when the Emperor, point- they were obliged to perform a quarantine of ing to the letter, answered—“ Read that, and see several days, on account of the cholera. But whether I can help being afflicted for those dear that time was not passed in idleness. There Waldenses.” He then made a donation for the were great numbers of poor in the place, to establishment of a hospital at La Tour.

whom assistance had been usually rendered with The care taken by W. Allen to render his ac- very little discrimination; and our friends had quaintance with persons in the higher walks of several conferences with the principal municipal life subservient to the promotion of extensive authorities, to whom they imparted such inforplans of benevolence, has been repeatedly men- mation as their experience had rendered familiar tioned in this review. His late journeys upon to them, in relation to the proper modes of rethe continent having enlarged his sphere of ac- lieving the wants of the indigent. The plans quaintance, caused a correspondent increase of for this purpose which W. Allen prepared, were literary labour. The plans which he had long translated into French, and delivered to a comcontemplated for improving the condition of the mittee of citizens, who were selected to have labouring classes, were adjusted to the circum- charge of the business; and, from the interest stances of the different countries, and manuscript which the subjeci excited, there was encouragecopies were sent to most of the rulers whom he ment to hope that considerable good would be had visited. From the kings of Bavaria and accomplished. The plans, proposed for adoption, Wirtemburg, letters were received near this time, included the prosiding of employment for the expressive of the utmost gratitude for the interest poor, the elevation of their morals, and the difwhich he manifested in the improvement of their fusion of instruction. Opportunities of spread. people, with an assurance of their disposition to ing religious information were also embraced, employ their influence and power in furtherance principally by the distribution of tracts. Information received after leaving Bayonne confirm- dition of the poor, and the extension of aid to ed the belief that their philanthropic labours enable them to provide for their own support. there would not prove to have been in vain. They laid down the proposition, as established

On the 16th, their quarantine having expired, by the history of all nations, that ignorance is the they commenced a toilsome and perilous journey parent of crime; that it produces idleness and among the Pyrenees, for Madrid, the capital of sloth, and a tendency to indulgences connected Spain, where they arrived on the 20th. Although with mere animal existence; while the desire they were strangers, and Protestants in a Roman for useful knowledge stimulates the intellect, and Catholic country, they soon met with friends increases the capacity for usefulness. Hence among different ranks in society. They were they urged the importance of training the youth kindly received by C. P. Van Ness, the Ameri- to the pursuit of sound useful knowledge, and can Minister, at whose house they twice held the adoption of good moral and religious princireligious meetings; and his son, Cornelius Van ples. Among the evils which appeared to deNess, who was well versed in the Spanish lan- mand the restraining authority of government, guage, kindly agreed to accompany them, in a the spirit of gambling, particularly in lotteries, visit which they were desirous of making to the was specially noticed ; and the injury to morals,

establishments for the suppression of frequently caused by the delusive hopes afforded crimes, or the relief of distress.

by lotteries was pointed out. By the aid of the English Ambassador, they In the second place, the condition of the were introduced to Count de Ofalia, the minister peasantry was brought into view, many of whom of the interior, who had been in America, and were observed to be living in idleness and penuhad some knowledge of our society. He re- ry, while there were large tracts of good land ceived them with kindness, and procured per- lying half cultivated, upon which these peasants, mission, from the king, for them to visit the with proper encouragement, might support themprisons and charitable establishments in Madrid. selves in comfort, and furnish a considerable As the British government was then preparing revenue to the proprietors. The expediency of the measures, which were soon afterwards car- patronizing, by government, a system similar to ried into effect, for the abolition of slavery in the the rural colonies in England, was suggested ; West Indies, they endeavoured to convince this and they expressed the pleasure with which they minister, that Spain ought to adopt a similar had observed the efforts of the king and queen course. They also endeavoured to impress upon to improve and encourage some of the benevohim the propriety of an efficient remedy for the lent institutions, modestly intimating the further prevailing mendicity, and the advantages of as- meliorations of which they were susceptible. signing allotments of land to the agricultural la- One important defect in the prisons which bourers. Whether these benevolent suggestions came under their notice, was the want of classiwere productive of any permanent effect or not, fication, in consequence of which the novices in they were respectfully heard.

vice were associated with the most hardened The particulars of the visits which were sub- and accomplished villains. This defect, and its sequently paid to those institutions, though high- necessary consequences, were forcibly urged, ly interesting, must be omitted in this review. and the advantages accruing from the modes But when these visits were completed, they adopted in other countries, particularly in the thought it right to prepare, for the information United States, were explained. The practice and inspection of the government, a general re- which, it seems, they had witnessed, of comport of the observations which they had made, pelling the criminals to work in chains, exposed and the improvements which their extensive ac- to public view, was held up as calculated to prequaintance with such establishments in other vent all hope of their reformation. The hardencountries, enabled them to suggest.

ing and brutalizing effects of exposing criminals In this report, they first stated the object of to the public gaze, must now be obvious enough their visit to be a desire, under an apprehension to men of much less sensibility and discernment of duty, and the influence of the gospel, which than S. Grellet and W. Allen ; and yet, there teaches peace on earth and good will towards was a time, not seventy years ago, when even man, to promote the happiness of the human in Philadelphia, convicts might be seen at work, family, without respect to nations or religious under the eye of an overseer, in the public profession. They then adverted to several par- streets. ticulars to which they desired to call the atten- The slavery of the coloured race, though not tion of the Spanish authorities.

connected with their visits to the institutions of "The first of these was the prevalence of men- Madrid, and, more particularly, the shelter and dicity, upon which it was justly remarked that encouragement afforded by the Spanish colonies alms, indiscriminately given, tend to support an to the African slave-trade, constituted a part of idle and profligate class, and to keep up a race of this unflattering report. While they did not atbeggars, which operates to weaken and demo- tempt to palliate or conceal the part taken by the ralize the community. Hence the necessity and people of England or the United States in the importance of a proper inspection into the con- slavery of the negroes, they unflinchingly, yet

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