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not know for a long time that it was a bay, but erred in the hope that he had discovered what he had so long sought-a passage by the north-west to China. Indeed, the extent of its surface amply justified this expectation, since, with the exception of the Mediterranean, it is the largest inland sea in the world.

6. Being obliged to pass the winter in these inclement regions, on the 1st of November, after seeking winter quarters, his men found a suitable spot for beaching their vessel. Ten days afterward they were frozen in, with so scanty a stock of provisions that, on the most stinted allowance, it was hardly sufficient to last till, by the return of spring, they could expect a release from the ice. It is impossible to describe the hardships of that winter, during which, notwithstanding all the birds, fishes and animals serviceable for food which they could succeed in catching, they were always suffering from want and in dread of starvation. Such were their privations that they were finally compelled to live upon moss and frogs.

7. When the ice broke up, Hudson prepared for the homeward voyage. The last ration of bread was dealt out to the crew on the day of their setting sail. As, with a long and perilous voyage before them, they had not other provisions for the entire crew for more than ten days, a report that their commander had concealed a quantity of bread for his own use was readily believed by the famishing men, and a mutiny, headed by a man named Green, broke out on the 21st of June. Hudson was seized and his hands bound on the deck of his own vessel, where his word should have been law. The mutineers, not satisfied with this cruel indignity, followed it up by an act of inhumanity which it is dreadful to think that British seamen could have perpetrated: they put the captain, together with the sick and those whom the frost had deprived of the use of their limbs, into the shallop.

8. The conduct of the carpenter, however, forms a striking contrast to the base heartlessness of the mutineers. Refusing to remain in the ship, he nobly preferred to share the fate of Hudson and his disabled shipmates. Soon afterward the crew

cast the boat adrift with its hapless freight and stood out to sea Doubtless in the great inland sea which they had discovered Hudson and his miserable companions found a grave, for the boat was never seen or heard of more.

9. Two days after the mutineers had sailed they encountered a violent storm, and for fourteen days were in the greatest danger from the ice. That storm was probably fatal to their intrepid commander and his forlorn party, who may thus have escaped a still more terrible death from want and exposure. We contemplate with very different feelings the just retribution which overtook the guilty mutineers. They made the best of their way home in the ship which they had thus foully obtained, but not one of the insolent ringleaders lived to reach the land. The rest, after suffering the most awful extremities of famine, finally gained the shore. None of them were ever brought to trial for their misdeeds, probably because those who were deepest in guilt had already paid the penalty of their crimes.

10. The melancholy end of Hudson is more affecting than the deaths even of Columbus, Cortez and Pizarro in the preceding century. His talents, courage and perseverance rank him among the first navigators of any age. In the comparative infancy of discovery in the northern regions he deserves to take the lead. Though treacherously abandoned in the great inland sea which he had discovered, he has not, like many of his contemporaries, been ungenerously forgotten by posterity. His skill and daring awaken the highest admiration, while the mystery of his fate causes his name even yet to be mentioned with pity.


SELECT ETYMOLOGIES.-Complain: L. L. complan'go; fr. L. com = cum and plan'go, planc'tum, to beat the breast; h., plaintiff, plaintive. Cruel: L. cru-de'lis; fr. cru'dus, bloody, raw; fr. cru'or, blood; h., crude, crudity, etc. Debate: F. débat (dā-bä), strife; fr. de and battre (bättr), Destine: L. de'stino, destina'tum, to make fast, to appoint; h., pre-destinate.... Domain: L. domin'ium, lordship, property; fr. dom'inus, a lord; h., anno Domini (in the year of the Lord), dominate, domineer, dominion, pre-dominant, etc. . . . Doubt: L. du'bito, dubita'tum, to vibrate toward two sides; fr. du'o, two (like the German zwei'feln, to

to beat.


Err: L. er'ro,

doubt, fr. zwei, two); h., dubious, dubitation, in-dubitable... erra'tum, to wander; h., ab-erration, errand, errant, erratum (pl. errata), erratic, erroneous, error, unerring. . . . Excite : L. ex'cito, excita'tum, to call out or forth; fr. cit'o, cita'tum, to put into quick motion, to rouse, to proclaim; h., cita'tion, cite, in-cite, re-cite (to deliver, as from memory or from something written down), re-citation, re-sus-citate (L. re and sus-cito = subcito, I stir up), sus-citate, etc. . . . Fancy: Gr. phantas'ia; fr. phai'nò, I appear; h., dia-phanous (allowing light to pass through-dia, through), em-phasis (Gr. ¿μpaois, lit., a showing in), fantastic, phantasm, phantom, phase, phasis, phenomenon (an appearance, pl. phenomena), etc. . . . Globe : L. glob'us, a round body; h., globule, globular, etc. . . . Inclement : L. incle'mens; fr. in, not, cle'mens, mild; h., clement. . . Increase: L. incres'co; fr. in and cres'co, cre'tum, to come forth, to grow; h., ac-cretion (ac = ad), accrue, con-crete (united in growth, having a real existence, not abstract, but applied to a subject, as, white, abstract, white sugar, concrete), crescent, de-crease, ex-crescence, in-crement, re-cruit, etc. . . . Insolent: L. in'solens, unaccustomed ; fr. in-, not, sŏl'eo, I use, I am wont.... Lateral: L. lat'us, lat'eris, the side or flank; h., col-lateral (col = con), etc. . . . Latitude: L. latitu'do, breadth; fr. lat'us, broad; h., di-late, latitudinarian. Mediterranean: L. med'ius, middle, ter'ra, earth: v. SUBTERRANEAN. . . . Perpetrate: L. per'petro, perpetra'tum, to carry through; fr. per, through, and patro, I bring to pass. ... Plain: L. pla'nus, even, level; h.. ex-plain, piano-forte (for'tis, strong), plane, etc.



TO-MORROW didst thou say?

Methought I heard Horatio say to-morrow;
Go to, I will not hear of it; to-morrow!

'Tis a sharper, who stakes his penury

Against thy plenty; who takes thy ready cash,
And pays thee naught but wishes, hopes and promises,
The currency of idiots; injurious bankrupt,

That gulls the easy creditor. To-morrow!

It is a period nowhere to be found

In all the hoary registers of Time,
Unless perchance in the fool's calendar.

Wisdom disclaims the word, nor holds society

With those who own it. No, my Horatio,

"Tis Fancy's child, and Folly is its father;

Wrought of such stuff as dreams are, and as baseless
As the fantastic visions of the evening.





"AND where have you been, my Mary,

And where have you been from me?" "I've been to the top of the Caldon-Low, The midsummer night to see."


"And what did you see, my Mary, All up on the Caldon-Low?"

"I saw the glad sunshine come down, And I saw the merry winds blow."


"And what did you hear, my Mary, All up on the Caldon-Hill ?"

"I heard the drops of the water form, And the ears of the green corn fill."


"Oh tell me all, my Mary

All, all that ever you know;

For you must have seen the fairies
Last night on the Caldon-Low."


"Then take me on your knee, mother,
And listen, mother of mine;

A hundred fairies danced last night,
And the harpers they were nine.


"And the harp-strings rang right merrily To their dancing feet so small;

But oh, the sound of their talking

Was merrier far than all."


"And what were the words, my Mary,
That you heard the fairies say?"
"I'll tell you all, my mother,

But let me have my way.


"And some, they played with the water,
And rolled it down the hill:
'And this,' they said, 'shall speedily turn
The poor old miller's mill;


"For there has been no water

Ever since the first of May,

And a busy man shall the miller be
By the dawning of the day.


"Oh the miller, how he will laugh

When he sees the mill-dam rise!

The jolly old miller, how he will laugh,
Till the tears fill both his eyes!'

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