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that, on the most favourable calculation, full four | remain until returning light should enable us to miles of treacherous ice yet intervened between pursue our journey. us and land.
We were obliged, however, frequently to We had made but little progress in this way, spring to our feet, and move briskly about, when, to our dismay, the wind began once more in order to counteract the insidious and to increase in violence, and we were compelled benumbing effects of the cold, to which one of again to seek what shelter we could by coming my companions, despite of remonstrance, was to a dead halt. We had scarcely done so, how- fast giving way. Determined to rescue him ever, when our alarm took another direction. from the dangerous lethargy which was stealing We were startled by a dull, deep sound, resem- over him, and finding persuasion useless, I rebling a heavy but smothered crack, which arose sorted to the device of provocation. By degrees to our left, and apparently in the vicinity of the I managed to rouse him into a towering passion, shore; and which, after a moment's cessation, which restored his languid circulation ; and was repeated, and growing louder and louder, saved him, by arousing him to a state of physiseemed to approach the spot where we stood, cal activity. The weary hours at length crawland to which we were now riveted with terror. ed by, and a dull, grayish light in the east beFor a few moments we listened, unconscious of tokened the approach of morning ; but with it its cause, but recognized it, as it came nearer and came no abatement of the tempest. The thick nearer 10 us, bellowing like thunder. It seemed air was still oppressed with its heavy burden of to pass swiftly about a hundred yards in advance snow, of which it seemed vainly endeavouring of us; and, although still in fear, we could not to rid itself. But the approach of light had de refrain from mutual congratulations on having prived the scene of nine-tenths of its horrors, and escaped the danger. As it receded to our right, we lost no time in preparing to resume our it became fainter and fainter, until at length it journey. resembled the sound of musketry heard at a dis- The cold had by this time, however, so entance, and finally died away amongst the bays feebled us, that it was with difficulty we sucand promontories at the upper end of the lake. ceeded, by our conjoint efforts, in restoring the The whole proceeded from the occurrence of sleigh to its right position. I held the horse, one of the physical phenomena of these wintry whilst my companions proceeded to reconnoiregions. The ice had, in fact, opened another tre the chasm, to select the most favourable seam; and in doing so, it roared as if it had been point for crossing it. Whilst they were so racked with pain. As it swept by, we clung in- engaged, I had to shout occasionally to them, stinctively to the sleigh, for the chasm might with all the strength that remained to me, to enhave opened beneath our feet.
able them to rejoin me, for the light was still As this might prove a crowning difficulty to faint, and the heavy snow, mingled with the drift, us, we cautiously advanced to ascertain its ex- soon hid us from each other. The noise thus tent. We had not proceeded far, when we heard occasioned, or something else, which it is not the water beating in small ripples against the now necessary to ascertain, caused the horse to newly-rent ice. It was so distinct, that even the become restive. I tried to soothe him, but failhorse seemed to recognize it; and with unerring ed, and my hand was not strong enough long to instinct, recoiled a step or two from the danger. retain the rein. Finding himself at liberty, he There was now no alternative before us, but to darted off, and ran past my companions, who retrace our steps, or to remain where we were made a vain effort to stop him. We followed until morning. Between the two, however, there him for a few seconds in the direction he had could be no hesitation, and we at once deter- taken, uniil at length a heavy plash warned us mined to remain. We could gain nothing by that further pursuit might be as dangerous as it retreating ; for, to say nothing of our having was useless. We cautiously approached the already crossed the greater portion of the lake, spot whence the sound proceeded, but on reachthere were dangers behind us similar to those ing the chasm, could find no trace of the poor before. The width of the newly-opened seam animal, save a little blood, which the feeble light we ascertained to be about four feet at the point enabled us to discern staining the snow on the where we stood. Dark and stormy as it was, half opposite side, and which showed that his head that width would have deterred us from attempt had come in violent contact with the ice in ing to cross it. We therefore prepared to bi- tumbling into the water. vouac for the night. Retreating some distance We had now no alternative left but to prosefrom the chasm, we unharnessed the horse, and cute our journey on foot. To cross the chasm, turned the sleigh on its side, to protect us from it was necessary to resort to our planks ; but the wind and the still drifting snow. The horse these were no longer at our command, being by we tied by the reins to the sleigh, and left him this time buried under a heavy wreath of snow. to forget the cold in an ample feed of oats, which we made several ineffectual efforts to recover we placed before him. We then sat down, en-them, and at last gave up the attempt in despair. veloped in our buffalo skins, under the shelter of Our situation was now more than ever hopeless. the sleigh, in which posture we determined to l We had not sufficient strength left us to overcome the chasm by a leap, nor were we in a condition to miseries of the night, and the painful apprehenundertake a journey of five-and-twenty miles, sions of the morning.-Chambers' Journal. which an attempt to retrace our steps would have involved. Exhausted and benumbed, and in utter despair at our situation, we once more re
MEMORIAL TO CONGRESS. sorted to our buffalo skins, wrapped in which On the morning of the 10th inst, Daniel P. we again lay down under the shelter of the sleigh. King, a member from Massachusetts, presented The storm raged wildly as before, and, although to the House of Representatives at Washington, the sun had been now more than half an hour the following strong memorial from the Meeting above the horizon, the thick atmosphere seemed for Sufferings of Friends in New England. In to absorb its struggling beams, and nothing but a presenting it, he made some appropriate remarks dull grayish twilight was the result. It was in relation to the source whence it came, stating again with extreme difficulty that we prevented that the meeting represented 9000 citizens of six one another from yielding to that drowsy lethar- different States, of the most respectable classes ; gy which, under such circumstances, is the sure and concluded with moving that it be printed, prelude to dissolution. Our powers of resistance which, after some opposition and discussion, was would have sustained us but little longer, when agreed to. hope again shed its cheering light into our souls. A solitary gleam of wan and struggling sunlight | To the Senate and House of Representatives of suddenly passed over us, but was instantly swal
the United States of America in Congress
assembled : lowed up again by the drifting clouds. "It was an omen of good, and we hailed it with a feeble The memorial of the representatives of the shout. With renewed prospects of life and future Yearly Meeting of the Society of Friends for happiness in store for us, our energies once more New England, respectfully showeth : revived, and we sprang instantly to our feet. That your memorialists regard with deep reThe vapoury masses which had shrouded the hea- gret and sorrow, the existence and continuance vens and deluged the earth with snow, were rent of the war between this country and Mexico. asunder on all sides; the sky gradually lightened We are not insensible of the importance and reof its burden; and in half an hour's time, over sponsibility of appearing as petitioners before the vast surface of the lake—to which the my- the constituted authorities of our country, but riad snow-wreaths now imparted as stormy an we are constrained, under a deep sense of the appearance as its unchained waters had ever unrighteousness and vast practical evils insepaworn when lashed into billows by the wind rably connected with war, again earnestly to the shadows of the broken and fast-drifting clouds solicit your serious attention to it. While your were sporting themselves in the dazzling sun- memorialists believe that all wars and fightings light.
are contrary to the precepts and spirit of the It is unnecessary to prolong the recital. After Gospel of Christ, and are forbidden to Christians, considerable search, we discovered a point at they are aware that circumstances, sometimes which we could safely cross the chasm which attend the prosecution thereof, which may very had so unseasonably yawned across our path- much increase their calamities. How far the way during the night. We had not proceeded war in which this country is now engaged with far on our way towards Bonie, when, to our in- Mexico partakes of such circumstances, it may expressible joy, we perceived a sleigh making not become us, in thus memorializing you, to directly towards us. It was driven by our warm- decide. But in addition to the many thousands hearted friend Mr. to visit whom was the of Mexicans, among whom are great numbers of object of our journey. Aware of our intention women and helpless children, who have fallen on to make a night passage of the lake, our non- the field of battle or in the capture of cities, is arrival, coupled with the storm which had oc- the fearful fact, that the lives of thousands of our curred, gave rise to apprehensions in his mind own citizens have also been sacrificed in this which induced him to start off in search of us. strife, increasing in no small degree the number The relief which his appearance gave us was of the widows and the fatherless. more than seasonable. We jumped into his Nor can we but deplore the circumstance, that sleigh, and made for land at as rapid a pace as
our own citizens now compose an invading the loose, deep snow, with which the ice was army within the acknowledged territory of a now covered, would permit us. On arriving at neighbouring nation, towards whom this country our journey's end, we inured ourselves gradually, has heretofore been on terms of amity and peace. as was but prudent, to the warmth of the house ; And your memorialists would entreat you, as and when, shortly afterwards, seated by the the representatives of this nation, calmly to take large, crackling, blazing log-fire, which leaped into your serious consideration, the responsibility and roared in the ample chimney around which of your present position. we were ranged, its comfortable heat, together And they earnestly desire, that in your deliwith the happy faces and cordial welcomes of berations upon this momentous subject, you may those around us, made us forget for a time the l be directed by that wisdom, which has for its
aim the doing unto others as we would they | manded, of no great actual amount, yet still exshould do unto us, to adopt measures for the travagantly high when estimated by their value or speedy termination of this war; and that the original cost. The occupants of these miserable retrospect of after days may afford to you the habitations are, in many instances, almost desticonsolation of having faithfully discharged your tute of fuel, clothing or furniture, with nothing to duty to yourselves, to your country, and to your repose upon except the boards or the earth. God. Signed by direction and on behalf of a meet
Two committees were appointed at the meeting; ing of the Representatives aforesaid, held in the one to collect the requisite funds, and to afford Providence, R. I., the fourth day of the first relief, with the least possible delay; the other to month, 1848. SAMUEL Boyce, Clerk. devise the proper means for preventing the recur.
rence of these distressing scenes.
We hope to be able at a future day to furnish FRIENDS REVIEW. our readers with more ample details respecting
the condition of these people, and the causes to PHILADELPHIA, SECOND MONTH 19, 1848. which their destitution and sufferings may be
traced. In the mean time we may acknowledge, Agreeably to the intimation in our last number, that we are greatly mistaken, if the impositions we insert in the present one, the first part of the practised by unprincipled dispensers of intoxicating address upon war, recently issued by our friends liquors, and the habits engendered by slavery, do of New York. The Christian doctrines and well not lie at the bottom of all these miseries. compacted arguments which it exhibits, are worthy of a careful and serious examination. We have A sheet entitled the “Christian Soldier," has also given a place in our columns to the concise, been recently published in this city, understood to yet judicious memorial of the Meeting for Suffer- be the compilation of a number of young menings of New England Yearly Meeting. It appears the object of which is to exhibit, in a forcible mandesirable, as intimated in a former number, that ner, the unchristian character and complicated the advocates of peace should unite in memorials horrors of war. The paper is placed, for gratuitous to the general government, urging a cessation of distribution, at Friends' depository, No. 84 Mulhostilities as speedily as possible.
berry street. A correspondent has suggested the expediency of publishing in the Review, the form of a memo- The report respecting the Girard coal mines of rial to be extensively circulated and signed. This Pennsylvania, may perhaps call to the rememcould be easily done; but we apprehend that brance of some readers of the Review, the curious wherever there is a disposition to remonstrate fact that these lands, when exposed to sale by the against the further prosecution of this desolating old Bank of the United States, about eighteen contest, there can be little difficulty in preparing a years ago, were scarcely considered of any value. suitable remonstrance. We have no need of long Their rough and mountainous aspect seemed to or laboured arguments. Our demands may be bid defiance to cultivation; yet beneath that rugged couched in a few simple, but explicit sentences surface uncounted treasures were concealed. Thus We ask, and have a right to ask emphatically, for we may perceive that the Scriptural admonition, the restoration of peace. It is the number, rather judge not according to the appearance, will apply than the arguments, of petitioners that must be ex- in more senses than one. pected to influence the conduct of representative bodies.
MARRIED, -At Friends' Meeting, Raysville, Henry County, Indiana, on Fourth day ihe 29th of 12th
month last, EDWARD MORGAN to RACHEL, youngest A number of Friends were convened, on the daughter of Benajah Parker, all of that vicinity. evening of the 11th inst., at the committee room on Fifth day the 30th of same month, at on Mulberry street, to take into consideration the Friend's Meeting, Greensborough, Joseph BUTLER condition of the coloured people residing in the to Sarah Ann, daughter of Abner Pickering, all of southern parts of this city and vicinity. By a re
Henry County, Indiana. cent investigation it appears there are in that neighbourhood about two hundred and fifty families, the 20th of 11th month last, DEBORAH, wife of
Died, -At Butternuts, N. Y. on the evening of probably consisting of one thousand individuals, Aaron Wing, a member of Butternuts Monthly who are nearly destitute of the means of support.
and Particular Meeting. Many of these are living in cellars totally unfit for enabled to pass through many trials and bodily
Through submission to the Divine will, she was the habitations of human beings; others crowded infirmities, with Christian resignation ; and her together in small rooms, for which rents are de- I friends reverently trust, that through the abounding mercy of our Heavenly Father, she was permitted at Millville, New Jersey, on the 2d inst., to enter into rest.
in the 18th year of his age, Theophilus Beesley, in this city, on Second day the 7th inst., in son of Dr. T. E. Beesley, of this city. the 77th year of her age, Mary Shorwell, a mem- Endued with good natural abilities and an amiber of the Western District Monthly Meeting. able and affectionate disposition, and having, for a on the 19th of last month, aged 83 years, riousness and stability, this beloved youth was ap
considerable time past, evinced an increasing seSARAH Mott, widow of Benjamin Mott. On the 24th, Job SHERMAN, aged 82; and on the 31st, JAMES usefulness in civil and religious society. In the
proaching manhood with the promise of future Chase, aged 88 years. All three were members of Rhode Island Monthly Meeting; the first, of 7th month last, he left the parental roof
, to reside Portsmouth, and the last two of Newport Particular at the glass works belonging to the friends with Meeting. They were diligent attenders of our under the watchful care of his parents appeared to
whom he was apprenticed. His removal from religious meetings, and worthy members of society. The removal, in so short a period, of three such impress his mind with the importance of seeking aged Friends, of one Monthly Meeting, is, we ap- amid the temptations incident to his age, and
divine direction and assistance, to preserve him prehend, an unusual occurrence.
enable him to walk circumspectly. In speaking of at his residence in Marion County, Ohio, his situation to a near relative, he said that he felt on the 2d inst., in the 45th year of his age, Reubey the weight of responsibility which rested upon him, Wood, a member of Gilead Monthly and Prepara- and endeavoured to conduct himself in such a mantive Meeting. A widow and eight minor children ner as to bring no shade over his profession, or are left to mourn their loss. He was an affectionate cause uneasiness to his parents or friends; adding, husband and father, a kind neighbour, and useful that many with whom he was obliged to mingle in member of society; and his friends, in the midst the way of business, were persons of evil habits, of their affliction, are comforted in the belief that and that he had sometimes thought it right to adtheir loss is his gain.
monish them, but felt diffident of doing so, in conat her residence in Muncy, Penna., on sequence of his youth and inexperience. Fourth day the 9th inst., MERCY Ellis, in the 87th
It was his daily practice to spend a portion of year of her age. Although life in the case of this dear time in retirement, reading in the Holy Scriptures, Friend has been protracted far beyond its ordinary and endeavouring to draw near to the source of duration, and the infirmities of age have of latter
all good. years confined her much to her own neighbourhood,
In a letter to one of his young friends, written yet has the intelligence of her decease awakened about two weeks before his death, he makes the very solemn emotions in the minds of many who following remarks, viz: have long loved her for her works' sake. The
“Not being able to go to meeting to-day, I was cheerfulness of her disposition, her affability, and brought into a solemn silence, considering ihe pasthe remarkable sweetness and tenderness of her sage of Holy Scripture, " They that wait upon the spirit, rendered her very attractive in the social Lord shall renew their strength," and was made circle. Her humility, charity, and patience in tri- to believe that the more we keep in this waiting bulation, made her an example which those who and prayerful state, the better it will be for us, were most intimately associated with her most and that we should'thus be enabled to grow from highly prized. Living remote from the great body grace to grace.
But if our minds are so engrossed of her fellow-members, her house was the familiar with business, or other things, that we have not resort of all who needed counsel and sympathy, time, or think we have noi, for this important and she delighted in the exercise of a simple and duty, we shall find that it will choke the word unostentatious hospitality, which few who have and render it unfruitful. Many, I doubt not, who partaken of it will be likely to forget. She appears
have had serious impressions in youth, and who, to have submitted, early in life, to the visitations of if they had continued their course, might have Divine grace, and having known much of the chas- been as bright stars in the firmament of celestial tening hand of her Heavenly Father, she became glory, have, for want of thus waiting for a renewal increasingly conformed to his will, and was enabled, of strength, fallen back, and crucified to themin a remarkable degree" to show out of a good con- selves afresh, Him who would have been their versation her works with meekness of wisdom." Redeemer, and, in many instances, put him to She long filled the important station of a minister open shame. May we be preserved, is the sincere of the gospel, and in the exercise of her gift was prayer of thy friend and well wisher.” often much favoured. To few can with more pro.
He was conscientious and faithful in the dispriety be applied the language of the apostle, "not charge of his duties to his employers, and deslothful in business, fervent in spirit, serving the meaned himself towards all with such propriety Lord.”. Even when the weight of years seemed and kindness as to secure their respect and esteem. to render repose necessary, she more than once His illness was short, and the obscure and insidious yielded to the call of her Divine Master, and went character of the disease prevented any apprehenforth in his service. Few particulars have reached sion of danger, until a few hours before his close. us of her last moments, but to one who had long | Although he said but little respecting himself, yet been so watching, the summons could not come his mind appeared to be under religious exercise, un looked for; and those who have been favoured and at times he was evidently engaged in mental to know something of her meek trust in the mercy prayer. A sudden and general hemorrhage oc. of God through Christ Jesus, may well rest in the curring, his strength rapidly declined, and he assurance of faith that she has been permitted to gently passed away, as we humbly believe, to a join that blessed company "who have come out of brighter and better inheritance in the kingdom of much tribulation, and washed their robes and his heavenly Father. His early and unexpected made them white in the blood of the Lamb." removal presents affecting proof of the uncertainty
For Friends' Review.
of life, and is a loud call, especially to his young sides. An uneasiness under the burden that so
Carolina and Eastern Tennessee. In Georgia,
of the white labouring man are engaging a con-
stantly increasing attention, and there are whis. The following extract appears to have been pers even, that the thing is whispered even intended as the concluding part of an able and among the sandhillers of South Carolina. But eloquent speech which J. G. Palfrey, of Massa- whether more or less developed in one place or chusetts, was delivering in the chamber of the another, I take it to be unquestionable that a House of Representatives, at Washington, when desire for emancipation prevails, to an extent his course was arrested by the expiration of the already not inconsiderable, among the non-slavehour. The bold and uncompromising ground holding population of the Southern country. assumed by the speaker, on the subject of And it has a healthy root, and must grow. They slavery, is worthy of the State which he re
are coming to see that for the welfare of the presents. If the views which he entertains in whole, and especially for their own, it is neregard to a great and growing aversion to the cessary that the nuisance be abated. Atten“ patriarchal institution” in the slaveholding tion is getting fixed upon that great political States, are sustained by facts, the circumstance truth. The baleful Political Aspect of the Slave may be justly hailed by the friends of eman- Question stands out in the light. Discussion of cipation, with mingled emotions of gratitude it must take place, and must infallibly end in and hope. There is, however, some reason confirming, enlightening and guiding to a practito fear, that in reading the signs of the times cal issue, the sense of its reality and of the oblithe orator has been led, by the ardour of his gation to seek a remedy: own sentiments, to ascribe to the non-slave- “So that, as I view the case, this is by no holders of the South, a more deep and abiding means a geographical and sectional question. conviction of the evils of slavery than they actu- It is not at all between North and South, but ally possess. As far as the opinions of the peo- between the many millions of non-slaveholding ple at large can be estimated from the acts of Americans, North, South, East, and West, and their representatives, we can scarcely fail to ad- the very few hundreds of thousands of their felmit that the interests of the slaveholders of the low-citizens who hold slaves. It is time that South, like Aaron's serpent, swallow all the this idea of a geographical distinction of parties
, rest. Yet it is of importance that the friends of with relation to this subject, was abandoned. It justice and equal rights should be aware of their has no substantial foundation. Freedom, with own strength, and the absolute weakness of the its fair train of boundless blessings for white and authority which tyrannizes over them.
black-Slavery, with its untold miseries for both “ There is a large and all-important class of these are the two parties in the field; and, as enemies of Slavery beyond the borders of the to their relative power, the slaveholders, if colFree States. In the Lexington District of Ken- lected, would be outnumbered by the population tucky it is well known that there lives one of its of the single city of New York, while the name foes, and from the city of Louisville a newspaper of the other hosi is Legion. I cannot
, therefore, is sent abroad, within, and to the South and attach any importance to the hint which the East of, that State, devoted to the doctrines of gentleman threw out, towards the close of his Freedom, conducted with singular talent and remarks, of what “the South” might think it good feeling, and exerting a sensible and exten- necessary to do, if the Anti-Slavery movement sive influence. A Governor of Virginia, not were too much pressed. On this point he spoke long ago, proposed to his Legislature the enact-forbearingly, and in a strain which contrasts ment of a law giving to the respective counties most agreeably with language to which these the power to expel coloured people beyond their walls have listened in some other times. I have limits. The non-slaveholding farmers, west of something to say upon the subject, but I do not the Blue Ridge, thanked him for teaching them feel called upon to bring it forward till some furthat word.'. They did not approve the particu- ther occasion shall arise. I will now only exlar application recommended of this new princi- press my deliberate and undoubting conviction, ple in legislation ; but already there is much that the time has quite gone by, when the friends speculation about a State law, authorizing the of Slavery might hope anything from an attempt counties severally to abolish Slavery within their to move the South to disunion for its defence. own borders. Delaware seems on the verge of When they raise that question seriously, their emancipation, and panting for the untried pros- non-slaveholding neighbours—with their majoperity it will bring. There are indications that rity of more than six votes to one, even in that Maryland will not be very far behind. The region—will settle it for them very quietly and institution which her Representative does not effectually, through the ballot-boxes. And it is think ought to be spoken of here, is discussed altogether likely they will then go further yet, very freely in her dwellings and by her road-I and say, “An evil which has all along annoyed,