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2. Show fully the importance of muscular movements
and local signs in perception. 3. State, and examine, Baldwin's treatment of the
“physiological theory of Retention.” 4. Reproduce, with explanatory notes, the rules
prescribed by Descartes as the method of scientific research.
5. Give an account of Descartes' theory of Error,
showing its place in his system of philosophy. 6. How, asks Kant, can the categories determine
a priori the combination of the complex phenomena of nature, instead of going to nature to find out how phenomena are combined ?
Examine his solution of this problem. 7. What, according to Kant, is the critical solution of
the cosmological problem? 8. What principle is proposed by Spencer as a guide
in dealing with antagonistic beliefs? Is this
principle legitimate ? 9. Write a short essay on Spencer's attempt to
reconcile Science and Religion.
Professor Laurie. 1. Trace the manner in which Socrates arrived at the
identification of knowledge with virtue.
2. Give an outline of Aristotle's doctrine of the mean.
How does he state, and how does he endeavour to meet, the difficulty of determining the mean?
3. What do you understand by the Stoic formula of
“ living according to nature ?”. Mention any difficulties to which this formula has given rise.
4. Show precisely the value allotted by Butler to the
principle of benevolence in the constitution of human nature. On what grounds does he hold that “ benevolence, and the want of it, are in no sort the whole of virtue and vice ?"
5. Examine critically Kant's first formula of the
6. What conclusions are arrived at by Kant as to the
extreme limits of all Practical Philosophy?
7. What, according to Mill, are the distinctive elements
which enter into the composition of the idea of Justice ?
8. What objections are offered by Spencer to the
method of empirical Utilitarianism ? And in what direction does he seek to amend it ?
9. What, according to Spencer, are the principal stages
in the evolution of conduct generally, from the lowest types of living creatures to the highest? What conclusion does he draw from this survey as to the subject matter of Ethics ? Is this conclusion legitimate ?
NATURAL PHILOSOPHY.-Part I.
The Board of Examiners.
Not more than TEN questions are to be attempted.
1. Define work, power, impulse, torque.
A 10-ton bammer falls through a height of 6 feet and makes an impression on a mass of iron to the extent (i.e., depth) of 1 inch. Find the average force on the mass of iron, in pounds
weight, which has been exerted during the blow. 2. A body falls from rest. How long is it in passing
over the second 10 feet of its fall ?
3. Discriminate the general properties of solids,
liquids, and gases.
What is the difference between a very soft solid and a very stiff liquid ?
What is the difference between a gas and a
4. Describe the specific gravity bottle, and explain fully its use.
Four parts by weight of a liquid whose specific gravity is 8 are mixed with 7 parts by weight of water, and the mixture shrinks in the ratio of 25 to 21. Find the specific gravity of the mixture.
5. Describe the construction of an aneroid barometer,
and explain how to calibrate it.
6. Distinguish between the coefficients of apparent
and of absolute expansion of a liquid, and establish the relation between them.
A glass flask graduated in cubic centimetres is filled up to the 100 c.c. mark with water at 4° C. What volume in the vessel will the water occupy when its temperature is 80° C., having given that 1 gram of water at 80° C. occupies 1:029 c.c., and that the coefficient of cubical expansion of glass is .000024 ?
7. State the laws of the pressure of vapours, and
describe experiments by which they may be illustrated.
8. Describe how to determine the focal length of a
convex lens without the aid of sunlight.
9. Describe how to project à pure spectrum on a
10. Describe the Dip Circle and how to use it to
determine the angle of dip.
11. Describe the apparatus required, and how to use it,
to determine the resistance of a given coil of wire.
12. Describe the construction, and explain the action,
of the Bell telephone.
NATURAL PHILOSOPHY.-Part II.
The Board of Examiners. 1. Shew how to weigh accurately with a balance the two arms of which are not of equal length.
A body placed in one pan of a balance weighs apparently 24.997 gr., in the other 24.501 gr.; find the true weight.
2. Describe some good method of directly determining the bulk-modulus of elasticity of a solid.
What instrumental appliances are required for determining this quantity for a gas ? Give full
reasons for your answer. 3. A thin cylindrical glass ring 24.5 c.m. in
diameter is suspended horizontally from one arm of a balance and counterpoised. On allowing it to touch the surface of a vessel of water it is pulled down and a mass of 12•5664 grams has to be placed in the other scale to restore equilibrium. Calculate the surface tension of water in
dynes per square centimetre. 4. State fully the arguments and describe the obser
vations by which the presence of sodium vapour in the solar atmosphere has been demonstrated.
5. Summarize the evidence on which the First Law
of Thermodynamics is based.
6. Describe the quadrant electrometer, and give its