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For Friends' Review.
and elders," of Burlington Quarterly Meeting, | And why not able ? Has the command gone “ at the foot of the list of the members of that forth, “ Be ye holy in all manner of conversameeting, made about five years before his death, tion"? 1 Peter 1: 15. And has a command, we find in his hand writing the following obser- with such an infinite weight of consequences vation, and reflections.” To the writer they are (Hebrews 12: 14,) pending on its non-fulfilment, beautifully touching, and may give us, to some issued from the throne, where eternal love, extent, an idea of the cast of his mind. With power and wisdom preside, and yet the ability them, these remarks will be closed; their prin- for its performance not given? No; it is the cipal object was to draw attention, particularly Almighty God, boundless in love, goodness and that of our young people, to the sweetly in- power, that says, “ Walk before me, and be thou structive autobiography of the honoured indi- perfect." vidual whose name is at the head of this article. But the words of our Saviour will bring us
“ As looking over the minutes made by per- yet more directly to the point, and will stamp sons who have put off this body, hath some- the assertion with the signet of truth, that the times revived in me a thought how many ages intention to be holy, resolutely fixed in the pass away; so this list may probably revive a mind, is a very necessary step towards insuring thought in some, when I, and the rest of the per- the object. “If any man will do his will, he sons above named, are centered in another state shall know of the doctrine,” John 8:17. This, of being. The Lord, who was the guide of my taken in connection with Hebrews 4: 12, " For youth, hath in tender mercies helped me hitherto; the word of the Lord is quick and powerful, he hath healed me of wounds; he hath helped sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to me out of grievous entanglements ; he remains the dividing asunder of the soul and spirit, and to be the strength of iny life, to whom I desire of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of to devote myself in time and eternity.”
the thoughts and intents of the heart,” will yet T. U.
more fully assure us of the necessity of subjecting ourselves to the deep searchings of the spirit,
with the intention decidedly fixed, “to know ON A LIFE OF HOLINESS.
nothing among men save Christ, and him cruci
fied.” It is pleasant to see the principles promulgated by our forefathers in the truth, spreading endure the searching winds, storms and rains,
If you would raise a superstructure that will among prosessors of the present day. In the following extract from a little work published in which will inevitably beat against it, it is absothis city, entitled “Entire Devotion,” we see
lutely necessary that you count the cost, and delineated the doctrine of freedom from sin in deem not that hand or that heart unfriendly, that this life—that point of religious truth explained would assist you in this duty. How needful with so much clearness and force by Thomas for the comfort of the soul, as well as also for the Story and others of our early Friends. M. permanency of the work, that a thorough founNew York.
dation be laid, so that the distressing tempta
tions consequent upon this and the other sacriHOW MAY WE ENTER INTO THE ENJOYMENT OF fice not having been before contemplated, may HOLINESS?
never successfully obtrude. Many are conHaving become convinced that holiness is a tinually vacillating in their experience, and many state of soul, which the Scriptures clearly set more are falling, through a failure in this parforth as an attainment which it is your duty and ticular. Through this the good way is evil privilege to be living in the enjoyment of, it is spoken of. necessary that the intention be fully fixed to 0, if you would be holy and have your name live a holy life.
written in Heaven with those “who have come This will require deep searchings of heart, up out of great tribulation,” and on earth with and will not admit of a secret reserve of this or those “ who adorn the doctrine of God their Sathe other thing, when there may be an impres- viour, in all things,” if you would be a " living sion that the object may be prejudicial to the epistle, read and known of all men,” “count the soul's best interests; the matter must be brought cost?—say with the Apostle, “ Yea, doubtless,
'to bear the scrutinizing eye of God, and if, in and I count all things but loss, for the excellenany degree, hurtful to the soul, must be decided cy of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord.” upon, though the surrender be literally painful, No less devotion of spirit will carry you unpolas that of parting with a right hand, or right eye. luted through the world, than carried the mariyrs
Some may be inclined to think this carrying through the flames to heaven; and though from the subject too far, and with shrinking of heart
, the present state of Christianity, its claims may may solicitously inquire, “ Lord, are there few not be of the same kind, yet the devotion of that be saved ?"-while the Saviour, beholding spirit required is precisely the same in nature the many hindrances, replies, "Strive to enter and extent; and unless it would lead its posin at the straight gate, for many, 1 say unto you, sessor to an entire renunciation, a crucifixion to shall seek to enter in, and shall not be able.” the world, have we not much reason to fear, that
it will not bring us to the same happy heaven, fying the expectations of its friends, it would which they are now in the possession of, and have to struggle against an adverse tide, let it where new accessions are being continually steer which way it might. made by those
I have watched the progress of the Review “ Who washed their robes by faith below," with the interest of one sincerely desirous of its Be assured, that unless you are decided on, success. I have hoped it might supersede, in making the entire sacrifice of all your powers to many families, the introduction of weekly paGod, and are willing to be sanctified on the terms pers, whose columns are too apt to be filled with specified, “Come out from among them, and be matter unsuitable for the perusal of those who ye separate, and touch not the unclean thing,” would only spend their time usefully; and that that you have no proper foundation for your it would be made a welcome visiter among many faith to rest upon, when you endeavour tó be- who had heretofore taken no paper. The wrilieve that God will receive the offering at your ter is no adept at flattery, nor would he be unhand, (Mal. 1:8, 9; 2: 13,) and this is mainly derstood as attempting it, when he says that not the reason why so many find it exceedingly dif- only has himself approved of the course pursuficult to believe.
ed, but that he has good reason to believe that this The eternally Faithful and True hath said, as approbation is common among its readers. My illustrative of the requirements of this way of object in addressing the Editor at this time, was holiness, and also of its simplicity, “ The unclean principally to introduce an extract from a letter, shall not pass over it—the wayfaring men, though dated the 4th ult., from a highly valued friend in fools, shall not err therein.” Then may not the Indiana, which may prove as a little brook by experience of thousands, who have endeavoured the way, and afford encouragement to pursue by merely believing, without having this essen- the even tenor of his course, nothing doubting tial foundation for their faith, be reconciled in that, in due season, all shall reap who do their this way, rather than that the truth of God duty and faint not. should be questioned ?
“ I am so well pleased with the work,” says This is a work in which we must most em- my Indiana friend, “and so desirous that my phatically be workers with God; and, though friends may partake of the benefit of the instrucHe saith “I am the Lord that doth 'sanctify lion and edification that may be derived from its you,” (Exodus 31: 13) He also says, “Sanctify pages; and, above all, of the sweet and calming, yourselves, therefore, and be ye holy," (Lev. 26 yet firm spirit in which it is conducted, that I 7,) and though the blessing is received through have written to a number of my friends in a disfaith, and not by the works of the law, yet it is tant quarter, recommending it to their support." impossible to exercise that faith which brings
I am led to believe, that the earnest sympathe blessing, until we are willing to bring the thies of thousands of our members are with the sacrifice of body, soul and spirit
, and leave it Editor, in his arduous and responsible underthere. Then shall we find that “God is the taking. I acknowledge mine are so, and I God that showeth us light; " when we « bind would cheer him in his labours for good. the sacrifice with cords, even unto the horns of
D. the altar.” Psalms 118: 27. Then it is that this highway cast up for the
LODGING HOUSES. ransomed of the Lord to walk in, becomes plain, so plain that the wayfaring man, though a fool,
The evils which flow from the congregation shall not err.
In obedience to that requirement, of masses of persons fortuitously collected in the (Rom. 12: 1,)“ I beseech you, brethren, by the purlieus of our large cities, can scarcely be overmercies of God, that you present your bodies a rated. Something of this is apparent to the most living sacrifice," the offering is presented ; and indifferent observer, but he who has occasion to will not that God who hath required it at your explore the lanes and allies of our suburbs, and to hand, accept of it, when, in sincerity of heart, inquire into the habits of large portions of their it is brought and laid upon the altar?
inhabitants, has found sources of corruption of which no Christian can think without a shudder.
Little do many who are about to leave the comREMARKS ON FRIENDS' REVIEW.
paratively pure scenes of a country life, to breath To the Editor.
the atmosphere of these thickly peopled districts There is naturally attendant on new under of the city, know of that festering mass of vice takings a degree of anxiety, not merely in pro- and misery with which it is tainted. Many laportion to their magnitude, but also with refer- bouring persons, ingenuous youth or young men ence to their general bearing for good or for just setting out in life, are brought, by the exevil. When the publication of the Review was pectation of greater gains, or a desire to extend announced, the Editor, I trust, was not a stran- their acquaintance with the world, into our large ger to the fears which many entertained, that it towns. If not at once seduced into vicious might fail in this point, or in that—that it might courses, how many ultimately fall into the snares err on one hand or the other, and thus, not satis- set for them. How fathomless the abyss of
For Friends' Review.
misery which opens before such! Let any one shall be confined to one form of evil that assails pass by the doors of those schools of iniquity, our the child when starting in his earliest scarch for theatres, and see the crowds of boys, of young employment; an evil mainly the result of social men, alas ! of females also, who are taking their neglect, and remediable by the expenditure of nightly lessons in dissipation. How would many moderate trouble and still less money. a parent's heart sink within him, were he to “ All our great cities and most towns, contain follow the unhappy pupil in this dreadful school, regular receptacles for the accommodation of poor through the lessons of a single night. How travellers or temporary sojourners; caravansaries, earnestly would he raise the warning voice when generally speaking, of misery and sin, on their he saw a neighbour about to dismiss a son or a road to sustain old, or create new mischief. The daughter from the domestic roof, whatever might country is daily sending up the inexperienced be the privations of home, without having first offspring of its hives, to seek a livelihood in the provided a safe retreat in a religiously ordered mighty capitals ; the capitals, in return, send back family, and a faithful substitute in a Christian their multiform gangs of practitioners, skilled in caretaker. To suffer young persons, from what every device by which mankind may be deceived ever station of life, to remove to one of our larger or plundered. These streams meet together in cities, without such provision, is to expose them their course ; but the feeble rill of simplicity is to danger so imminent that no advantages ought speedily lost in that •Serbonian bog' of corrupto weigh a feather in the comparison. The cor- tion where armies whole have sunk.' More ruption resulting from the causes I have adverted of rustic innocence and honest purpose, both in to, more especially as affecting the most nego males and females, has suffered shipwreck in lected portions of society, have recently arrest- these lodging-houses, than from any other perils ed public attention in England, and the ever that try the skill and courage of young advenactive philanthropy of many individuals in some turers. London is the city of the plague; for of her over-crowded towns, has been engaged in though evils of a similar character abound in palliating evils which seem scarcely to admit of Manchester, Liverpool, Glasgow, and every other à remedy, short of the universal reception of place of like dimensions, yet the metropolis surChristian principles.
passes them all, not only in the number of these An article in a late English journal, con-man-traps, but in the business-like employment tains an interesting notice of the evils which of them. were to be met, and the means resorted to for “It may be true that all these receptacles are their abatement. Its republication, omitting the not equally abominable. Physically there may more revolting details, may not be unappropri- be some difference here and there ; but morally ate at this moment, when the attention of many the distinction is very fine-drawn. Mischief prepersons has been directed to the suffering existing sides over them all; and the keeper of the esin the southern suburbs of the city.
tablishment takes very good care to ask no quesFrom the Quarterly Review,
tions, and impose no restraints that may check " In these days, though the ignorance of the the flow of his nightly receipts. But putting people is largely discussed, and the necessity of aside the Corinthian specimens, which are, at extending education pretty generally admitted, it best, few and far between,' we will keep to the seems to be a prevalent dream that a few more mass of those hospitable mansions which hold schools, well-trained teachers, and an appropriate out to every humble stranger in London, the system, are to prove sufficient safeguards for the promise of .good entertainment.' morals of the nation. Doubtless they are good, “ The astonishment and perplexities of a nay indispensable ; but there are other things young person on his arrival here, full of good needful. The outside and the inside of the intentions to live honestly, would be almost luschool are now in direct antagonism. The child dicrous, were they not the prelude to such mournmay drink in, with reverent docility, the language ful results. He alights—and is instantly directed, and spirit of the Ten Commandments, but will for the best accommodation, to Duck Lane, St. see them broken hourly in every street and alley, Giles's, Saffron Hill, Spitalfields, or Whitechapel. and most of all perhaps in the very dwelling of “ He enters the first, perhaps the largest, and its parents. The beer-house, the gin-palace, the finds it to consist of seven apartments of very dark and pestilential court, the narrow and nu- moderate dimensions. Here are stowed—besides
tenements where all ages and both children-sixty adults, a goodly company of sexes are pressed together like a drum of Turkey males and females, of every profession of fraud figs, are skilful devices of the great enemy of and violence, with a very few poor and industrimankind to suck out the marrow from education. ous labourers. He turns to another hostel- the Here indeed to little purpose is the schoolmaster reader will not, we know, proceed without misabroad—it is a work of Sisyphus, the labour of givings—but we assure him our picture is drawn a month is undone in an hour.
from real life. The parlour measures 18 feet “But should the stone be rolled to the summit by 10. Beds are arranged on each side of it, of the hill, there are then new hazards to topple composed of straw, rags, and shavings, all in it over on the other side. Our present remarks order, but not decently, according to the apostolic
precept. Here he sees twenty-seven adults, and his customers a gratis accommodation for that thirty-one children, with several dogs (for dogs, day, provided they have passed with him the the friends of man, do not forsake him in his other six. Some, though not pressed by the most abandoned condition,)-in all fifty-eight same force of biting want, practice a little human beings, in a contracted den, from which enonomy, and obtain for 1s. 6d. a-week (furnilight and air are systematically excluded. He ture included !) that which would cost a man in seeks the upper room, as more likely to remind comparative cleanliness and comfort from 4s. to him of his native hills : it measures 12 feet 5s. But others resort to them, as we to wateringby 10, and contains six beds, which in their places, for the charms and luxuries of society ; turn contain thirty-two individuals. Disgusted gambling is carried on as keenly as at Spa or once more, he turns with hope to the tranquillity Wisbaden, joined or alternated with intoxication. of a smaller tenement. Here, groping his Tossing and cards, quarrels and fights, the recital way up an ascent more like a flue than a stair- of heroic deeds on the sneak or on the tramp,' case, he finds a nest of four tiny compartments hair-breadth escapes, and plans for fresh enter—and they are all full. It is, however, in vain prises of larceny, are the chief occupations. to search further. The evening has set in; the “ In that admirable document, the Report on tenants are returned to their layers; the dirt, con- the appointment of a Constabulary Force, we fusion, and obscenity baffle alike tongue, pen, or find many curious pages given to this subject. paint-brush; but if our bewildered novice would The Commissioners begin by defining the evils have for the night a roof over his head, he of the lodging-house, and give us, like medical must share the floor with as many as it has space men, a diagnosis of the disorder :— It is the refor.
ceiving-house, they say, for stolen goods; it is " Having made acquaintances with his new as the most extensively established school for juvesociates, he will, should he have a statistical turn, nile delinquency. Here the common vagrants reduce them under the following classifications : and trading-beggars assemble in great numbers at -beggars, street-sweepers, hawkers, hay-makers, night-fall, or take
their quarters for very many blind fiddlers, costermongers, dock-labourers, days, making the lodging-house the cominon venders of lucifer-matches, actors in public- centre from which they issue in the morning, houses, navigators, brickmakers, cabmen. Here traverse their several beats, and return at night. and there, as a kind of skirmishers to this heavy Instances have been stated to us, where travelling force, there are groups of thieves; high-fliers, mechanics have been seduced from their
occupathat is writers of begging leiters, a regular trade, tions into the career of mendicity from ihe profitable in its fruits, and jovial in the enjoyment temptations which it offers '--the very fate we of them; molbursers, which means boys, who apprehend for our country youth. dive their hands into ladies' pockets ;' and de- 6. Our readers will now have some notion of cayed persons—forlorn nondescripts.
the system' which it has been the aim of the “ These singular folks, for the most part, keep Labourer's Friend Society to attack. fashionable hours: they rise very late in what “ The first efforts were on a small scale, being fine ladies call the morning-preferring, like simply experimental, and were limited to the owls, the night, or certainly the dusk, for their adaptation of existing houses in the worst and special avocations.
most crying localities. The indispensable re"Few of the adults ever wash either body or quirements were decency, cleanliness, and essenclothes. As for the children--we need only say, tial comfort-strict though considerate rules for hence the necessity for Ragged Schools! Yet, as the maintenance of order-prices the same as matters now stand, it can hardly be otherwise. those commonly paid—and lastly, that the whole • The only water,' writes a missionary, that should be on the footing, not of eleemosynary can be had by the poor generally in my district shelter, but of a self-supporting and even profitais obtained from a publican, or his brother-in- ble institution. Our readers will observe with law, who keeps a chandler's shop; and I have approbation, that the object was to give the poor often heard both refuse applicants who have man fair play, not to make him the recipient of come to beg a kettle of water, telling them to get charity. That the schemes should turn out to water where they get their goods. Should the be profitable was, they will also agree on a mowater be obtained, it must be publicly used— ment's reflection, necessary to the purpose in there being but one common room for washing, hand; not that the coffers of the Society might cooking, and twenty other purposes.
be enriched, but in order to the extension of its "Some will be puzzled to guess what motives operations, and, above all, that builders and can lead mankind to seek out and colonize such speculators might be induced by its example to haunts. Is it instinct, choice, or necessity ? invest capital in similar undertakings. Actual poverty impels many. For 3d. a-night “ The experiment has proved successful. It they obtain a shelter, such as it is, and save the has in no part failed ; and we earnestly hope expense of one night in seven-inasmuch as the that when the evil shall have become more uniproprietor, in a spirit of piety, munificence, or versally known, and the remedy have been subcalculation, throws in the Sabbath, and allows Istantiated by a somewhat longer trial, we shall
see a multiplication of these efforts to drain and of lighting was the principal attraction. The ventilate the morals of the people.
Newcastle Guardian says: “ The Society's first houses, those in King “ The light, which was of astonishing brillianStreet and Charles Street, Drury Lane, hold re-cy and beauty, was placed under an air tight spectively 24 and 83 lodgers, in rooms of unequal glass vase. When the gas was turned down it size, containing from 3 to 11 beds. The locality sufficiently lighted the spacious building, and could not have been better chosen ; it is as bad bore the closest resemblance to the great orb of as any in London, and in the immediate neigh day of any light which we ever witnessed. The bourhood of many of those receptacles which it electric light was next exhibited in a vessel of was most desirable to put out of countenance. water with equal success. Mr. S. stated it was Over each, a man and his wife are placed in the cheapest as well as the best for all practical charge; they are invested with full authority to purposes ; and the marvellous invention was receive payments, admit or reject applicants, and hailed with rapturous plaudits.” enforce order. They have the care of all the
Its expense is not one-twentieth of the price property of the establishment, and make periodi- now paid for gas, and he has taken out a second cal reports to the superintending Committee of patent for the invention.
Jour. of Commerce. the Society, which provides the additional check of a special Inspector. Each person on his entrance, like a letter by the post, is pre-paid.' He FRIENDS' REVIEW. puts down 4d. for a night's lodging; and for that sum he is entitled not only to a single bed, and a
PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH 4, 1848. clean one, in a room not densely crowded, but to a seat in a large well-warmed common apartment
We insert in the present number, some judicious with benches and tables, until the stated hour of retiring to rest, and to his turn at the kitchen fire, the life and character of John Woolman. As this
and appropriate observations of a correspondent, on to cook his dinner or his supper, as the case may be. He is provided, too, with ample means of devoted servant of the Most High was led in a path washing, and even with a warm bath, if he is which was in some measure new, it is no cause of disposed to pay the extra charge of id.—which surprise, that his character and labours were more is frequently and joyfully done. The rules, highly appreciated by those who have lived since moreover, of the house secure him from all in- his day, than they were by his cotemporaries; and sult or annoyance; no uproar is permitted, drink- we may perhaps reasonably question whether the ing is strictly forbidden, and though smoking depth of his views, and the purity of his principles may be indulged, it is only, as in clubs or the of action, have even yet received the careful attenHouse of Commons, in rooms assigned for that tion which their importance demands. purpose.
That a mind so tenderly alive to the sufferings That these efforts have already issued in a of all creatures, which the creating Power has most happy change, is attested to us by many endued with sensibility, should be early impressed private gentlemen who have visited the houses; with the injustice of slavery, was naturally to be by the reports of the City Missionaries, and, we may add, by our own repeated observation, expected. But on this subject he was at least parOften have we heard these poor people speak tially anticipated by others. Nearly fifty years bewith unrestrained thankfulness of the peace and fore he was born, George Fox advised his friends decency they enjoy under those roofs, and seen in Barbadoes, to set their slaves free after certain them almost shudder when reflecting on the years of servitude; and in 1715 Friends of Chester scenes they had left. 'The demand for admittance suggested to the Yearly Meeting, the propriety of is endless : were the accommodation tenfold, it advising their members to abstain from purchasing would speedily be filled up. Disturbance is un- slaves in future. But the mind of John Woolman known; the lodgers, in most instances, all those appears to have been early instructed, to look deeply indeed who are constant inmates, have estab- and carefully into the principles and the tendency lished laws for their own social government, of his own actions: and seems to have been the whereby any one guilty of offensive conduct or first to embrace the idea, that the system of slavery language would, as the phrase is, be consigned
was to be regarded as a whole; and that if he would • to Coventry ;' the aid of the police is never
keep himself clear of its encouragement and suprequired.
port, he must endeavour to withhold his custom (To be continued.)
from the market on which the system was erected.
In accordance with this conclusion, we find him THE ELECTRIC LIGHT.
carefully abstaining, as far as circumstances would Mr. Staite is lecturing in England on his new admit
, from the use of such articles as were promode of lighting by electricity. The Literary duced by the unrequited labour of slaves. When and Philosophical Society of Sunderland gave a he was performing a religious visit to the southern public soiree last November, at which his mode sections of our country, he sometimes thought it