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elections of the South, to manipulate and con

and his political associates are concerned, for trol the southern States; and it costs, not the une to state again, as I have before, the precise $1,500,000 as pretended here, not the $6,000,- expense which this bureau has been to the 000, as alleged by the gentleman from Massa- Treasury of the United States; because these chusetts, [Mr. Eliot,] but the $15,000,000 same old stories are reiterated which have been proved by the gentleman from Pennsylvania, coinmeuced at the White House and reëchoed (Mr. BOYER.] This enormous sum is to beim | through the Democratic prints, that the exposed upon the tax-ridden dupes of the North, i penses of the bureau have ranged from ten tools of the North in that respect. We are to to twenty million dollars. Sir, on the 1st of be ground to powder by taxation solely for the January last, every dollar that had come out purpose of keeping up northern electioneering of the Treasury for the support of this bureau, agents in ten Siates of the South to manipulate from its commencement, was between three and control elections in those States.

and four million dollars, beside the amount of Mr. PIKE. I wish to ask the gentleman a

stores and clothing issued from the quarterquestion.

master's department. In the bill passed in Mr. BROOKS. Not out of my time. My July, 1866, no appropriation at all in money time is precious.

was made. From the first inception of the Mr. ELIOT. How much longer does the bureau down to the present hour there has not gentleman ask?

been an appropriation by Congress of a sum Mr. BROOKS. Five minutes.

equal to the smallest amount that the gentleMr. ELIOT. I yield five minutes longer to men have charged against it as its annual cost. the gentleman.

I wish to say in this connection that besides Mr. BROOKS. Why not move that it shall the speech which I had the honor to make here expire on the 1st of November or December some time ago I took a great deal of care and next, when this Congress reassembles? Why pains to prepare a report upon this subject, have it expire at some indefinite time? The showing the precise expenses and the operation gentleman from Massachusetts [Mr. Eliot] is of the bureau under General Howard; showgenerally frank in his political maneuvers. I ing the good it had done and the evil it had will not use those words, but in his political prevented. Gentlemen will find in the folding manipulations and intentions. Why not, if

room at their credit some twenty or thirty he intends to end this bureau, end it Decem- copies of that report, in which I assure them ber 1, in a frank and honorable way, instead

they will find material to answer all the charges of these ambiguous terms extending it over all

which have been made against this bureau on time. And I tell the gentleman from Massa- account of its expenses. They will find morechusetts (Mr. Eliot] he may as well end this over that, had it not been for the unprecedented Freedmen's Bureau at one time as another. and unexpected animosity which the measure Our northern countrymen, our western coun.

received at the hands of the Executive, by the trymen, cannot longer manipulate and control provision which was made in the first bill all the negroes of the South. There is an instinct the expenses that the bureau could have even higher than intelligence and education, charged upon the treasury of the United States because it is God given. The instinct of could have been paid out of funds which should the negro is at last discovering that he is being have been appropriated to the bureau from used, as his donkey or mule or his horse is

rebel sources.

It was designed that the rebelused, by porthern adventurers for the purpose

lion which created the war should pay for the of riding into the capital of the United States whole expense of this bureau, and that would from the plantations of the South. The Freed- have been the case but for the fact that the men's Bureau had as well be ended at first as rebels, pardoned and unpardoned, with their at last. Its day is over, or nearly over, and

hands red with the blood of Union men, propit will be hardly able to manipulate the negroes

erty by the thousand was turned over by the during the election. The instinct of the negro

President taken from the bureau under whose has discovered at last, as in Mississippi and charge it was, in order that the expenses might southern Georgia, what is the object and

be thus defrayed. intent of this Freedmen's Bureau, and there Now, sir, the gentleman from New York soon will be an end to it throughout the south

[Mr. Brooks] will pardon me for saying he ern States. I thank the gentleman from Mas- has made a statement unjust, unfair, and untrue sachusetts for the opportunity he haggiven me, againt the gentleman who now holds the office so seldom given to my side of the House. of Commissioner of this bureau, because he has

Mr. ADXMS. I ask leave to offer an amend- | recently been building a house for himself in ment.

the city of Washington. I do not, of course, Mr. ELIOT. I cannot yield for that purpose.

impute to him the making of a statement that Mr. ADAMS. Allow it to be reported?

he does not believe. But, sir, I do not believe Mr. ELIOT. I will hear it read.

there can be found a man more upright in his The Clerk read as follows:

dealing than the Commissioner of this bureau. Strike out all after the enacting clause in section

I have known him long. I believe him to be a two, and insert the following:

man of high integrity, and one of the last that That said bureau shall be immediately withdrawn would permit himself to be made richer by a and discontinued in all the States now represented

single dollar from the public money that does in Congress, and shall be discontinued in the remaining States, as soon as they shall be restored to their not legitimately belong to him from the salary former political relations with the Government of he receives as a major general of the Ariny. the United States.

Sir, when General Howard went into the Mr. ADAMS. Will the gentleman allow | Army he had a few thousand dollars. During me five minutes to state why that amendment the existence of the war he by great economy should be adopted ?

saved a few thousand dollars more out of which Mr. ELIOT. There is no use, as I could he has built a house, putting in it all he has, not let the amendment be offered. The gen- and being compelled to give security, as I undertleman from Kentucky is opposed to the Freed- stand, for the payment of the full indebtment. men's Bureau. He has been consistently General Howard has laid on the battle-field of opposed to it from the beginning, and I do his country his right arm, and I believe he not know but if I were in his situation and would consign the other in companionship with represented the political feelings he does on the it before he would permit himself to be a party general subjects embraced in the bureau I to any transaction involving a taint of pecuniary should feel as he does. I have been familiar fraud. It is not fair because of certain personal also with the opinions of the distinguished hostilities which have grown up against him in gentleman from New York, (Mr. Brooks.] | the church with which he is connected, about From the inception of the bureau to the pres- which I do not propose to speak, that gentleent time he has been one of its most bitter men ordinarily so careful should throw out opponents.

slurs and reproach upon his private character. Now, sir, there have been some things said Gentlemen should not permit themselves to be by the gentleman from New York which I heard organs of communication through this House indistinctly, but to which I propose to reply to the country of stories like that to which briefly. It is of no use, so far as the gentleman " allusion was made.

potrate their crimes with apparent impunity and a rels or difficulties with any one so far as known to be restored to their former political relations satanic determination and disregard of consequences Us.

with the Federal Government. Why does not perfectly appalling. From Giles county a dozen or more colored men He was here during the cholera scourge of the fall

the gentleman from Massachusetts [Mr. Ellor] of 1866, and Hon. Edmund Cooper has testified in arrived yesterday morning by way of the Alabama

public speeches that he kindly and faithfully waited accept that amendment? What is the necesrailway. Their narrative of suffering is heartrend- upon the sick and dying, and was of great help to ing. They all have families depending on them, are

sity for continuing this bureau, with all its farmers who cultivated pieces of land, and were just

him in disbursing his charities and benevolence to
the poor and needy where most others fled the dread-

vast expenditures, until the 1st day of January housing their crops. They had from thirty to tilty ful plague.

next? The reason assigned for its continuwores cach under cultivation besides other little prop- On the 4th of July, Mr. Dunlap, as he had doneon crty in the way of stock. They are men rugged and

ance heretofore has been that the southern kuotted up with ceaseless toil in an up-hill struggle,

former occasions, formed a procession of his large
school, and under the school banners and stars and

States were in such a disorganized and disar. not only to make a little for fuure contingencies,

stripes, inarched around the square and out to the ranged condition that it was necessary to have but even to make bread whereon to live. Douest Taborers, out in the fields from early dawn to dewy

grounds of Hop, William H. Wismer, where they had this bureau in order to protect the freedmen in ere, earning, as they simply express it,"ment and

a large gathering and pic-nic. They sang, danced,
and celebrated the glorious Fourth in a social gath-

their rights and privileges ; that the civil insticlothes for their little ones." They all lived in the ering of their own race principally. Enough whites

tutions and civil officers down there were not neighborhood of Cornersville, about twelve wiles from Pulaski, in Giles county, were present, the writer among the nuinber, to tes

adequate to the protection of that class of A Mr. T. Clark, al very mild and gentlemanly man,

tily that there was no disorderly conduct, profane
swearing, or dissipation upon the ground,

people. who used to teach school down there, was compelled After night, and when many had retired to repose, Now, there are to-day three of those States tu quit by the persecuting members of the klan. lle is even afraid to write about their doings. George

no friend of law, order, and peace dreaming of a raid
from the ku-Klux, they inade their appearance on the

represented on this floor; three of them are Bose, a colored teacher, had a prosperous school of

now restored to all their relations with this square, about fifty in number, mounted on capariorer forty children, was also compelled to give up bis school, and is now in town, The Klan is repre

soned horses, revolver in hand and whistle in mouth, Government, having State governments estab.

and proceeded directly to Mr. Dunlap's house. Ho sented as being perfectly reckless, and the house of

lislied which are competent to afford the most shut the door in their faces. They fired a shot into one widow Gordon, twelves miles from Pulaski, and the house; forced the doors; promised to spare his

ample and abundant protection to the freedfire froin Cornersville, is said to be the headquarters. life if hesurrendered; disarmed him of hispistol, (and They micet there almost nightly, and hold delibert

men, giving them even greater civil and politstill have it,) and made him mount behind one of tions and plan their infernal work of blood. The

ical rights than are given to the whites. Then them. wives and families of these colored fugitives idre now They then went to the house of Jim Franklin, a where the necessity for continuing this bureau in the Foods living in the best manner they can. colored man, and found bimin berl; inade him follow for a single hour in those States? If the geti: They, too, aro driven out of their houses. Giles

them. They returned to the square, Lac tlireccheers county needs purging.

tlemen who bave advocated this bill heretofore for Andrew Johnson, and proceeding a short distance from town, stripped and whipped their victims

were sincere in the reasons they have assigned Assassination of the Registration Comnuissioner of with a strap most unmercifully, cruelly, and shame- for the further continuance of this bureau, then I Overlon County. fully, and discharged them, with orders to Dunlap to must say that those reasons no longer exist

, at Editor Press and Timer:

leave immediately. or his life would be taken. On the 1st day of July five armed men appeared

The supposed oitense of the colored man was that least so far as they apply to the States which before the dwelling house of James Francis, com

he wore the sash of a marshal. Threats were made have been already restored. I wish to ask want missioner of registration for Overton county, and

against others, and the brare and gallant troop left, better reason will there be for withdrawing this pointing their guns in at the windows demanded his

no doubt vastly proud of their achievements.


bureau from those three States now represurrender. On being informed by Mrs, Francis that her husband was not at the house, they proceeded to

sented here on the 1st of January next than search the premises, took what arms they could find,

Mr. ARNELL. I desire to state that in

exists to-day? None whatever. But there is and such other articles as they chose to appropriate. Middle Tennessee the only guardian for these

one reason to wbich I desire to call the attenBy this time some confederates, who had concealed colored persons that is capable of ferreting tion of the House as being the reason which themselves on the farm, called to them to come on, they had him." At this the ruflians leit, taking their

out these outrages and bringing them to public prompts the chairman of the committee (br. booty. A short time after they were gono Mrs. F. notice is this much-abused bureau. I hold in

Eliot) and the majority on this floor to favor heard two guns fire, and supposing her husband had my hand two sworn statements from ex-F'ed. been shot, she and iwo neighboring women followed

the continuance of this burean, which is 80 in the direction of the firing. Directly they heard

eral soldiers, who did gallant service in the l plain that no one can mistake it. One of the other guns, and in a few minutes twenty or more Army. shots were tired. Continuing to follow the trail she

[Here the bammer fell.]

reasons assigned by the gentleman from Jascame upon a waste-house in an old ticid, some inile

sachusetts (Mr. Elior) for the continuance of or more from her house, whereshe found her husband Mr. ELIOT. I now ask for a vote on the this bureau was in a letter which he incorpo. lying dead. This hands wero tied, and he was literally bill. riddled wita Waidol-boles.

rated in his speech, and of which I will read Mr. ADAMS. Is this bill to be pressed an extract, as follows:

through without allowing the minority of the Marshall County.

"3. The bureau should be continued one year Committee on Freedmen's Affairs to say a word longer to act as a sort of moderator between white A letter from Marshall county of the 1st gives a

and black during the exciting contest nowimpeading foarful account or the resurrected rebels in that dis

over the whole country. It can thus assist wondertrict:

Mr. ELIOT. I will yield five minutes to my fully in reconstructing the South on a logal basis. MARSHALL COUNTY, July 1. colleague [Mr. ADAMS] on the Committee on

To continue the bureau one year more than je proWe have gathered some further particulars about Freedmen's Affairs.

vided will cover most all the exciting political issues the cruel intentions of those infamous wretetes, the

about to be made in the election for President, and Ku-Kluxes, or resurrected rebels, as they call them

Mr. ADAMS. Mr. Speaker, much has been this is of no little importance to the whole country." selres, On the night of the 15th of June those inta- said about the cost of the Freedmen's Bureau, I have shown that the reason heretofore mous wretches went to the house of Mr. Lewis Strick

and the gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. || assigned for the continuation of this bureau, ally and abused him, and we learn their calculations were to serve in a like manner the person of Berry- Eliot] has time and time again asserted in the protestion of freedmen in their rights, is man Scales, Mr. Willis, and also R. Royster, for the this House that only about three million dol- not now applicable to some of these States, sole cause of boarding a teacher at his house. They

lars have been drawn from the Treasury for expressed an intention to hang Mr, Jenkins for his

and will not be applicable to the others so 9000 habit of reading the Bible to tbose of his own race, the purpose of supporting the operations of as they shall be restored to their former politi

: thereby making them as wise as the white men, as this bureau. Now, sir, I am prepared to prove

cal relations. Why should this bureau be coti: they allege.. Mr. Jenkins is the winister in this

to this House, if I had time, that this bureau vicinity and is worthy of protection. He is allowed

tinued in these States? Why should you not to preach but once a month. Five hard-working,

has actually cost the Government, notin money as to these States do pow what you propose in honest citizens were dragged out of their beds in appropriated and taken from the Treasury, but do in January next? Why is it more appro the night and maltreated in the most shocking

from various sources, taken altogether, the sum manner. While the whipping was being done the

priate to discontinue the bureau in January cause given for it was that ho voted for Brown- of $16,000,000 up to the 1st of January last.

next than now, unless we intend the bureau to low, and if he did not vote the Conservative ticket I have never seen the statement which the next time he would be killed. John Street, one of gentleman from Massachusetts has made in

operate as a political machine to control polit

. the oficers of Chapel Ilill, openly declared that

ical sentiments and to accomplish political there never has been any peace, and that they only

his report; but he has made the statement in ends in those States. Mr. Speaker, it is apretired a while to rest and gather force for another the House, and repeated it time and time

parent and cannot be denied--the gentleman rebellion. The son of another squire has been en

again, that only about three million dollars gaged in these night law-breaking and citizen-terri

from Massachusetts knows it, and dare not Tying expeditions. Ile had his right arm wounded. have been taken from the Treasury for this

denyit--that all the reasons heretofore assigned Three of the Klan have been founded, one mortally, bureau. That statement was intended to leave but they are busily recruiting, and have an immense

for the continuance of the bureau bare now amount of guns and revolvers, and they swear they upon the House and the courtry the impres- ceased to exist. There is at this time no reason will fight again. There is a regulur war here between sion that the entire cost of this bureau has

why this bureau should not be withdrawn from the whites and blacks.

some time since, when I made some remarks restored to their former political relations.

$so Outrages in Bedford county.

upon this subject, that this bureau has cost SHELBYVILLE, July 7, 1868.

cannot see, therefore, why the amendment ! Editor Press and Times :


have proposed should not be accepted, and The facts are simply theso: Mr. Dunlap is a northern or westeru man, first sent here by somo society support that statement by the report and state. But, sir

, if the object is to have the benefit of to teach the colored people. He has been in our ments of General Howard himself.

this institution, as indicated by the corre. midst three or four years, leading a quiet, unobtrusivylife, well qualified to teach, devoted and correct

Now; in regard to the continuance of this spondent of the gentleman from Massachusetts in the work. Ho has never attempted to force him

bureau, it is proposed to discontinue it after until after the presidential election, why not self upon the notice of the white people, but has at- the 1st of January next, provided it may be discontinue it on the first Wednesday after the tended to his own business, offering no contempt or done without injury to the Government. insult, nor peripitting it to be done by his pupils

I presidential election, when they have realized

offered, or desired to offer, an amendment to toward any person, but, on the contrary, as some of

the benefits and accomplished the ends desired our best conservative citizens are ready to testify, the effect that this bureau should be disconreadily and promptly rebuked and corrected any im. tinued now in all the States which are at pres

instead of postponing until the 1st of January proprieties on their part that came to his knowledgo

as proposed. or were suggested to him. He has been honest, upent represented in Congress, and that it should

(Here the hammer fell.] right, and just in all his dealings with white and be discontinued in those States which are not black since he has been here. He has kud no quar

Mr. ELIOT. Mr. Speaker, the only point represented in Congress as soon as they shall

that has been made by the gentleman from

upon it?

are reorganized and

sixteen million dollars, and I am prepared to why it should not be adopted by the House

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Kentucky [Mr. Adams) is the same one at- freedmen within the limits of the State of Ten tempted to be made by other gentlemen here pessee. I trust the State of Tennessee will be in regard to the expense of the bureau. I able to do that. I confess, sir, I am a little have answered it two or three times already; 1 surprised to hear gentlemen from Tennessee and I only want to say now one word upon the admit, as they seem to admit, the inability of point. The gentleman knows or ought to know the State government of Tennessee, of the loyal that all the expenses of this bureau would have people of Tennessee, to afford this protection. been defrayed from the collections of cotton Why are they not able? Is it because they made by the labor of freedmen under the have not arms in their hands to defend them operations of the bureau. Not one dollar of | against the outrages of these rebels? If that expense would have been imposed upon the is the reason let us give them out of the innTreasury of the United States if it had not mense supply of unnecessary arms now on been for the action of President Johnson in hand, enough of arms so they can protect themreturning property, both personal and real, to selves and the freedmen against these outrages. the rebels from whom it had been taken. It Unless there is some reason, then, not sug: is by that action, and that alone, that any ex- gested on this floor to-day, I hope the amendpense for the support of the bureau bas been ment of the gentleman from lowa (Mr. ALLI: put upon the Treasury of the United States. son] will be adopted, and the Freedmen's

Mr. ELDRIDGE. I desire to know whether Bureau be discontinued in every reconstructed the gentleman from Massachusetts [Mr. State as soon as the 1st of January next. Eliot] denies specifically the charge made by Mr. BOYER. Will the gentleman from the gentleman from Kentucky, [Mr. Adams,] Massachusetts allow me to correct some of the the gentleman from Pennsylvania, (Mr. Boy | fallacies in his calculation ? ER,] and the gentleman from New York, [Mr. Mr. ELIOT. I cannot yield. I demand the Brooks,] that the expense of this bureau has previous question, been within the time stated $16,000,000?

The previous question was seconded, and the Mr. ELIOT. I deny it emphatically. The main question ordered. gentlemen have had before them the figures Mr. Allison's amendment was adopted. which would have shown them their statement The bill, as amended, was ordered to a third is not correct.

reading, and it was accordingly read the third Mr. ELDRIDGE. They all affirm that it time. is true.

Mr. ELIOT demanded the previous question Mr. ELIOT. Certainly; and the gentle- on the passage of the bill. men's President has stated the amount at The previous question was seconded, and the $20,000,000. There is no truth in any such main question ordered. statement.

Mr. BROOKS and Mr. BECK demanded the
Mr. ELDRIDGE. President Johnson, I yeas and nays.
believe, stated the amount as $12,000,000. The yeas and nays were ordered.

Mr. ELIOT. I yield to the gentleman from The question was taken; and it was decided
Wisconsin, [Mr. Paine.]

in the affirmative--yeas 101, nays 31, not voting
Mr. PAINE. Mr. Speaker, by the second 53; as follows:
section of the thirteenth article of the amend.

YEAS-Messss. Allison, Ames, Arnell, Delos R. ments of the Constitution authorizing Congress Ashley, James M. Ashley, Bailey, Baldwin, Beatty, to “enforce by appropriate legislation the Benjamin, Benton, Blair, Boles, Boutwell, Bromwell, abolition of slavery, we are empowered to use

Buckland, Benjamin F. Butler, Roderick R. Butler,

Churchill, Sidney Ciarko, Cobb, . Coburn, Cook, for that purpose this bureau whenever it may be Covode, Cullom, Dawes, Delano, Dixon, Donnelly, necessary. So long as it is impossible for the Driggs, Eckley. Ela, Eliot, Farnsworth, Ferriss, State governments in the South to do this it

Fields, French'Garfield, Griswold, Hamilton, Higby,

Hinds, Hooper, Hopkins, Chester D. Hubbard, Hulwould seem to me to be reasonable to continue burd, Hunter, Jenckes, Alexander H. Jones, Judd, the Freedmen's Bureau, and I should be in favor Julian, Kelsey, Ketcham, Kitchen, Koontz, William of such continuance. But as a member of the

Lawrence, Lynch, Mallory, Marvin, Maynard, Mc

Carthy, Meclurg. McKee, Mercur, Miller, Moore, Committee on Freedmen's Affairs, I am in Moorhead, Mullins. Myers, O'Neill, Orth, Paine, favor of discontinuing this bureau just as soon

Perham, Peters, Pike, Pile, Pianty, Poland, Pomas the people of those reconstructed States

eroy, Raum, Robertson, Roots, Sawyer, Schenck,

Scofield, Shanks, Smith, Starkweather, Thaddeus shall themselves be able to secure to the freed- Stevens, Stokes, Taylor, Thomas, Trowbridge, Twichmen of the South that which it is the duty of ell, Van Aernam, Burt Van Horn, Robert T.Van Horn, the nation to see secured to them. The recon

Van Wyck, Etihu B. Washburne, llenry D. Wach

burn, William B. Washburn, Welker. Thomas Wilstruction of these States will, I trust, speedily liams, William Williams, and John T. Wilson-104. be followed by such a condition of things in NAYS-Messrs. Adams, Archer, Axtell, Beck, the South as will enable the States themselves

Boyer, Brooks, Cary, Chanler, Eldridge, Getz, Gloss

brenner, Golladny, Grover, Haight, Hawkins, Johnto accord to the freedmen the protection to son, Thomas L. Jones, Kerr, knott, George V. Lawwhich under this thirteenth article they are rence, Marshall, Mungen, Niblack, Phelps, Raudall, entitled.

Ross, Sitgreaves, Stewart, Taber, Lawrence S. Trim

ble, Van Auken, and Van Trump-31. I am therefore in favor of the amendment NOT VOTING- Mesers. Anderson, Baker, Banks, of the gentleman from Iowa, [.Hr. ALLISON,]

Barnes, Barnum, Beaman, Bingham, Blaine, Broommaking compulsory the discontinuance of this

all, Burr, Cake, Reader W. Clarke, Cornell, Deweese,

Dodge, Eggleston, Ferry, Finney, Fox, Gravely, Ilalbureau on the 1st of January next. I should sey, Harding, Hill, Holman, Hotchkiss, Asahol W. be in favor of discontinuing it in each of those

Hubbard, Richard D. Hubbard, Huinpbrey, IngerStates as fast as they are reconstructed but for

soli, Kelley, Latlin, Lincoln, Loan, Logan, Lough

ridge, McCormick,. McCullough, Morrell, Morthe fact that it will require time for the State rissey, Newcomb, Nicholson, Nunn, Polsley, Price, governments there to acquire the power to Pruyn, Robinson, Selye, Shellabarger, Spalding, carry out to the freedmen the guarantees of

Aaron F. Stevens, Stone, Taffe, John Trimble,

Upson, Ward, Cadwalader c. Washburn, Jaines F. this new amendment of the Constitution. It Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, Windom, Wood, Woodwill be our duty to furnish these State govern- bridge, and Woodward-63. ments with the means of doing it. It will be So the bill was passed. our duty to furnish the militia of those States

Mr. ELIOT moved to reconsider the vote with arms which will enable them to protect | by which the bill was passed; and also moved these freedmen. Already measures have been

that the motion to reconsider be laid on the inaugurated which will result in a provision for || table. that necessity of the case, but time will be The latter motion was agreed to. required to consummate these arrangements. Therefore it would be wrong for us to violate

NORTII CAROLINA MEMBERS. this constitutional amendment by discontinuing Mr. DAWES. I rise to a question of privthe Freedmen's Bureau at once. But I cannot | ilege. The Committee of Elections, to whom see, if arms are furnished by the Federal Gov- were referred the credentials of Nathaniel Boyernment to the militia of these States to enable den and Oliver H. Dockery, claiming seats them to protect themselves and the freedmen from the third and seventh districts of North within their limits against outrages, why we Carolina, instruct me to report they find the cannot safely withdraw the Freedmen's Bureau | credentials in due form of law, but that these and the Federal Army. I cannot see why the gentlemen are unable to take the oath of office State of Tennessee hereafter cannot protect the Il prescribed by the statute of July 2, 1862, because

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grossed and read a third time; and being en- Twichell, Upson, Van Auken, Burt Van Horn, Van Mr. ALLISON. I should like to know the
grossed, it was accordingly read the third time,
and passed,

Washburn, welker, Thomas Williams, and Stephen gentleman's reason for the statement he las
F. Wilson-81.

just made, that the Senate postponed the tariff Mr. GRISWOLD moved to reconsider the NAYS-Messrs. Adams, Allison, Axtell, Baker, bill at the instance of the Special Commis. vote by which the joint resolution was passed; | Beatty, Beck, Benjamin, Bromwell; BrooksBeatsioner of Internal Revenue. I never heard of and also moved that the motion to reconsider

min F. Butler, Cary, Chanler, Sidney Clarko, Cobb,
be laid on the table.
Cook, Cullom. Donnelly, Eldridge, Farnsworth,

it before.
Glossbrenner, Golladay, Grover, Ilawkins, Hopkins, Mr. MOORHEAD. If the gentleman will
The latter motion was agreed to.

Kerr, Knott, William Lawrence, Loan, Logan Lough: only be cool and keep his seat, I will endeavor ROSWELL BATES. ridge, Marshall, Mugen, Niblack, Nun)), Orth,

to give him all the light I bave on the subject; On motion of Mr. MILLER, by unanimous

Paine, Peters, Phelps, Pike. Ross, Shanks, dit- and whicb, perhaps, may be all he will want

greaves, Stewart, Taber, Talie, Thomas, Lawrence consent, the Committee on Invalid Pensions S. Trimble. Van Trump, Llibru B. Washburne, Wil

to know. were discharged from the further considera- liam Williams, and James F, Wilson-56.

The gentleman to whom I referred, who has tion of the memorial of Roswell Bates, asking

NOT VOTING-Messrs. Bailey, Barnes, Barnum, the title of Special Commissioner of Internal

Beaman, Bingham, Blaine, Broomall, Burt, Cake, for a pension from 1817 to 1852; and the same Reader W. Clarke, Coburn, Cornell, Delano, De

Revenue, represented to the Senate that the was referred to the Committee on Revolution- weese, Dodge, Eggleston, Eliot, Ferry, Finney, Fox,

bill of the Committee of Ways and Means, ary Pensions and of the War of 1812.

French, Gravely, Halsey, Harding, Will, Holman, which was a small, delicate, genteel bill, as llooper, Hotehkiss, Asaliel W. Hubbard, Richard

the House may see by examining the files of THE TARIFF BILL,

D. Tlubbard, Humphrey, Ingersoll, Kelley, Latin,
Mr. MOORHEAD. I now move that the

Lincoln, McCormick, McCullough, Jorrell, Morris- the last Congress, merely amending the tariff

sey. Newcomb. Nicholson, Polsley, Price, Pruyn, he represented that that was not a perfect bill; rules be suspended, and the House resolve Raum, Robinson, Roots, Shellabarger, Aaron F. that we wanted an entirely new tariff

' bill, one itself into Committee of the whole on the

Stevens, Thaddeus Stevens, Stone, John Trimble,

Van Aernam, Robert T. Van llorn, Cadwalader C. that should contain every article upon which state of the Union, for the purpose of consid- Washburn, Join T. Wilson, Window, Wood, Wood- any tariff duty was imposed. The Senate sup: ering the tarifl bill; and pending that motion, bridge, and Woodward-60.

posed there was something in that, and agreed I move that all general debate on the bill be So the motion was agreed to.

to postpone the bill, with the understanding closed in thirty minutes.

The rules were accordingly suspended ; and
Mr. ELDRIDGE. Cannot the gentleman

that he would prepare the details

, the outlines, the House resolved itself into the Comruittee the groundwork of an entire tariff bill

, and say thirty-one minutes? Mr. MOORHEAD.

of the whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. | have it ready for them at the commencement No, sir. Mr. ELDRIDGE. I think he ought to give

Dawes in the chair,) and resumed the consid- | of the next session.

eration of the bill (11. R. No. 1519) to increase At the commencement of the next session us another minute.

the revenue from duties on imports and tendMr. MOORIIEAD. Not at this stage of the

here was his bill, containing three times as ing to equalize exports and imports.

much as the bill which passed the House, session.

The CHAIRMAN. By order of the House
Mr. ELDRIDGE. Surely on a bill of this

which was merely a bill amendatory of the all general debate on the bill is closed in two tariff. In his bill there were included hun. importance he might let us have thirty-one | hours.

dreds of articles upon which the tariff was not minutes. I move to amend his motion so as

The pending paragraph of the bill was as changed at all, neither enlarged nor reduced. to make the time thirty-one minutes.

follows: Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I move to

They were put in merely as a make-weight,

That from and after the passage of this act, in lieu amend the motion so as to close debate in two

as I believe, put in merely to kill the bill

, to of the duties heretoforo imposed by law on the artihours. cles hereinafter mentioned, there shall be levied,

prevent its passage during ihat Congress. And Mr. ELDRIDGE. As the gentleman from collected, and paid on the articles herein enumerated

it had that result most effectually. I have treand provided for, inuported from foreign countries, Illinois is so liberal, I withdraw my amendment.

quently told that gentleman that he had drugged the following specified duties and raics of duty, that that bill to death. The question was put on the amendment; is to say; on all copper imported in the form of ores, and there were-ayes 57, noes 46. three cents on each pound of fine copper contained

There were hundreds, perhaps thousands of therein ; on all regulus of copper, and on all black or drugs named in that bill; and every drug was Mr. MOORHEAD demanded tellers.

coarse copper, fvur cents on each pound of uine cop- named and carried out with its rate of duty, Tellers were ordered ; and Mr. MOORHEAD per contained therein; on all ok copper, fit only for and Mr. GOLLADAY were appointed. romanufacture, lour cents per pound; on all copper

either ad valorem or specific. The rates in in plates, bars, inguts, piss, and in other forms not more than two thirds of the cases were not The House divided; and the tellers report. manufactured or herein enumerated, live cents per changed, yet they were all iuserted, and had to edmayes 60, noes 56.

pound, So the amendment was agreed to.

Mr. MOORHEAD. Mr. Chairman, I

be gone over and considered. The result was

that so much time was occupied in the Senate The motion to close debate, as amended, not at all surprised at the vote that has just that, Congress meeting early in December

, the was then agreed to. been taken, nor will I be surprised at any

bill was not reported to the Senate until JanMr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved to motions that may be made to delay action on

uary, 11, 1867. It was then ordered to be reconsider the vote by which the motion was this bill. I congratulate the country and the printed.' That bill afterward came to the agreed to; and also moved that the motion to House upon the fact that we have now reached House. reconsider be laid on the table, this bill, and that the Representatives of the But before leaving this point, as

my The latter motion was agreed to.

people will now have a chance to express their tive friend, the gentleman from lowa, (Mr. Mr. CULLOM. Is it in order to move to views upon this subject.

ALLISON,] seemed a little anxious about the postpone the bill until next session?

I do not intend to make a speech; I do not Special Commissioner of Internal Revenue, to The SPEAKER. It is. want any speaking. It is now so late in the

whom I unfortunately referred in this comec; Mr. CULLOM. Then I make that motion. session ihat the time for action has arrived ; tion, I deein it proper to say to the House and

The SPEAKER. The motion to postpone and I want voting and not speaking. But i to the country that if it is necessary or importwill be reserved until the vote is taken on the deem it proper to spend a few minutes in call

ant that this Government should keep an oltimotion to suspend the rules to go into Com- ing the attention of the House to the history

cer in its service at a large salary for the purmittee of the Whole on the state of the Union, of the action of the Thirty-Ninth Congress pose of guarding the interests of the foreigt as that motion, if adopted, would suspend the upon the tariff question. These facts are rule allowing the motion to postpone to be somewhat important, and I invite the attention | agent in New York, then the Secretary of the

manufacturer, the foreign importer, the foreigu made.

of the House to them ; and particularly I urge Treasury has been signally fortunate in the Mr. CULLOM. I demand the yeas and upon gentlemen here who are in favor of the

selection he has made, and Mr. Wells is the nays on the motion to suspend the rules. tariff to examine those facts. During the The yeas and nays were ordered. Thirty-Ninth Congress, at every time and at

proper man for the place. I want to put that

on the record before leaving this point. The SPEAKER The Chair will state that every step when we had action on this subject, Mr. ALLISON. Mr. Chairmanthe House or the Committee of the Whole on we had a large majority; just about as large a

Mr. MOORHEAD. I cannot yield to the the state of the Union can take a recess at any majority as we liave on the vote to-day. Time | gentleman. There are two hours allowed for time they please, but the House will meet at after time, again and again, the yeas and nays general debate, and he will have a portion of half past seven o'clock this evening in Com- were called, and votes were had, and on each that time. mittee of the Whole (Mr. Cullom in the chair) | occasion we had a large majority. But by

This bill came from the Senate to the House. for general debate exclusively: superior financiering of some kind, we were

We had to take it up-bow? Not as in the The question was taken on Mr. Moorhead's intercepted at every step, and finally failed to form of amendments to our bill. It was an motion; and it was decided in the affirmative- get a tariff bill passed into a law.

amendment, it is true; but it was a single yeas 81, nays 56, not voting 60; as follows: I will proceed very briefly to give the history amendment, because the Senate struck out all YEAS-Messrs. Ames, Anderson, Archer, Arnell, of the tariff bill of the last Congress, House bill

after the enacting clause and inserted a ves Delos R. Ashley, James M. Ashley, Baldwin, Banks, No. 718. On the 25th of June, near the term- bill. Benton, Blair, Boles, Boutwell, Boyden, Boyer, Buok

I am not a parliamentarian por a tacui
land, Roderick R. Butler, Churchill, Covode, Dawes,
ination of the long session, the Committee of

cian. I have been in this House a consider
Dixon, Dockery, Drises, Eckley, Ela, Ferriss, Fields, Ways and Means reported that bill to the House. able time; but I have not yet learned all the
Gartield, Getz, Griswold, Haight, Hamilton, Higby, It was passed through the House and sent to
Hinds, Chester D. Hubbard, Hulbura. Jenckes, Alex-

rules, and I do not expect that I ever shal!
ander II. Joncs, Kelsey, Ketcham, Kitchen, Koontz.
the Senate. The Senate postponed the bill

But under the ruling made by our very abb
George V. Lawrence, Lynch, Mallory, Marvin, May- until the commencement of the next session, Speaker, (and I do not doubt its correctness,
pard, McCarthy, McClurg, McKce, Mercur. Miller, 1 until the December following. And I believe
Moore, Moorhead, Mullins, Myers, O'Neill, Per-

when that bill came in here it required a two
ham, Pile, Plants, Poland, Pomeroy, Randall, Rob-
they postponed it mainly at the suggestion of

thirds vote to take it up. The will had passed ertson, Sawyer, Schenck, Scofield, Selye, Smith, Spald- the gentleman who occupies the position of ing, Starkweather, Stokes, Taylor, Trowbridge, U Special Commissioner of Internal Revenue.

this House and gone to the Senate. The Ser ate had adopted the plan of Nr. Wells, waking



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an immense bill. They had passed upon every: ceeding vitality. To remedy our losses and build up thing embraced in our bill and a thousand that prosperity we so much need, there is no other

instrumentality than the one now presented. It must things beside. Yet, although as to nearly all

either be improved, and at once, or the losses must the articles embraced in the original bill both continue, and prosperity be remitted for another Houses agreed upon the same rates we were

doubtful term. To prevent this, and to garner what

is so essential for the country and for all its parts, not able to enact the bill into a law, because

we trust that Congress will not adjourn before the we could not get the Senate amendments con- opportunity afforded by partisan zeal has been wisely sidered here without a two-thirds vote.

and effectually improved." This is a fact in the history of this measure. Mr. MOORHEAD. Mr. Chairman, the facts It is new, perhaps, to some gentlemen who were not here at that time. It is not new to

set forth in the statistics just read by the Clerk

ought to be carefully examined and pondered the old members; it is not new to you, Mr.


and they should satisfy any man, or any Chairman; it is not new to the Speaker of this

set of men, that unless we can stop this drain House ; for we tried every metbod to get the

of gold to foreign countries we must go into bill up. Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont, who was

bankruptcy. I know of but one way to stop then chairman of the Committee of Ways and

that, and that is through the tariff. I have Means, implored the House on different occa- been the advocate of a tariff for many years. sions to take up the bill, and made varivus

I have been denounced frequently for my advomotions with that object. By reference to

cacy of the principle of protection to our home page 1658 of the Congressional Globe for the industries. Some of the free-trade papers have second session of the Thirty-Ninth Congress it

gone so far as to say “MOORHEAD has tariff on will be found that on the 28th of February, the brain." Well, Mr. Chairman, I have, and 1867, after the Committee of Ways and Means

I will continue to have it upon the brain until had reported the bill back to the House, a

I can induce the whole country to stand up in motion was made to suspend the rules, on

favor of the development of our great national which the yeas were 106, the nays 01. We

resources, and until we lift the country out of could not obtain quite the necessary two thirds,

the mire into which it has been thrown by freetrade

Now, sir, I want to read a little myself. I a similar motion the yeas were 102, the nays will read a short paragraph which appeared in 69; there being all the time, as will be seen,

a New York paper, for which I am indebted a large majority in favor of considering the

to the able report of my colleague (Mr. Morbill.

RELL) on the warehousing system ; and I should I have thus referred to the history of this

like very much to have the House listen to it. measure for the sake or calling the attention

I do not expect I can get the House to give of the taritf men here to the facts of the case.

me its attention for any great length of time; I do not want them to allow themselves to be

and therefore I shall be brief. hoodwinked in that way again. We have got Now listen to what this New York paper this bill now in such a position that a majority

says : can put it through, and I ask the tariff men of

"One of the immediate effects of a high tariff is to the House to put it through. I do not want to

keep up the price of labor, which is more than four make a speech; but I have here some statistics times as high in this country as it will average in which show the importance of passing this bill.

Europe. I am for unqualified free trade. I would

sell out the custom-houses, discharge the leeches They exhibit the immense drain of gold which

that swarm around them, and allow people to sell has been going on from this country, showing and buy products and goods wherever they found it that something must be done to stop this drain

for their interest to do so. This will bring us to a

truo and normal condition. I see clearly what the unless we wish to go into bankruptcy, and effect would be. Commercial disturbance would be demonstrating that this bill is a step in the the natural result, for it would be a great and radical right direction. I ask the Clerk to read the

change. We should be on an entirely new founda

tion. The first effect would be tostop manufacturing statistics which I send to the desk.

here, and the country wowd be filled with foreign The Clerk read as follows:

goods, many of wbich' Europe would never see her The drain of gold and the tariff.--The published

money for. A commercial revulsion would follow,

laborers would be out of employment, and the price statements of our imports and exports for the eleven

of labor would come down, down, down, until it months euding May 31, 1968, show of imports $33,211,4 17 against about two hundred and fifty-eight

touched the European standard.” million for 1867, and about two hundred and eighty- Shall I read the last words?" And then three million for 1866. Our receipts of revenue on these imports are $102,503,519, against about one hun

success is secured.'' Think ofthat, Mr. Chairdred and twelve millions for the same period in 1867 man! After you bankrupt the country, get and $123,000,000 in 1506. Of these imports, $73.000.000

labor down, down, down, until it touches the in gold values were dry goods. Our exports, exclusive of specie, for the same period were $103,219,520,

European standard, and then success is seas against about one hundred and sixty-five million cured! Why, sir, it puts me in mind of a story for the same period in 1860-67, and 8205,000,000 in 1805- I heard when I was a boy: a simple-minded 66. The balance of trade against us was paid for by an export of gold anounting to $11,979,398, in the woman was raising a child of her own, and eleven months ending with May, 1866; $34,642,660 in some wag, not contemplating the result of his the same period ending with May, 1867, and the enormous sum of $61,156,358 for the like period ending advice, asked her why she did not teach her wiih May, 1868, nearly twenty millions more than

child to live without cating. She went to our export of gold has ever reached before in the work to practice the advice. She kept her same period. Mr. J. Ross Browne, in his report of

child without eating on and off, trying to teach our production of the precious metals, estimated our total annual product of both gold and silver at $75,

it to do entirely without eating for weeks, and 000,000. Taking into account the amount of spccio

at last the child died. The woman lamented leaving directly for Europe from San Francisco it is the death of the child, for, said she, “How sad evident we are draining every dollar of gold we are producing to pay for these imports,

it was I lost the child just as I had taught it The balanceof trade against this country has been to do without eating.” [Laughter.] $723,266,717 gold since 1861. To meet this we have exported $130,301,0:29 of Government bonds, and

Now, here is the free trade doctrine, they $:286,965,688 of coin above our imports. From 1860 to endeavor to teach us to do without a tariff, and 1861, both inclusivo, our importations were $476,928,- || just as we get well enough learned, so that, ac616 in excess of our exports, and the excess of our coin export over import was $121,551.794, inaking a

cording to this writer, success is attained, we balance of trade amounting to $1,002,195,331 against

are literally dead to all prosperity. us for eighteen years, with a loss of coin amounting But I did not intend to say haif as much as to $711,517,667, or an amount equal to the whole gold and silver product of the country for that period.

I have on this subject. I only wanted a few The consumption of foreign goods in 1866 was equal

minutes to appeal to members of the House, to $12 22 per capita for a population of thirty-five and then let the discussion go on, hoping that miilions, and all of our factories were stopping for a lack of support. In 1867 this consumption announted

when it is ended we shall get at a speedy vote. to $11 15 per capita, whereas it was only $11 81 per

I have shown members of the House that durcapita in the crash of 1857, and averaged but $3 44 ing the last Congress when we had a majority under tho tariff of 1812, “There is no other country on the face of the earth,

we did not succeed in getting a tariff bill not even excepting opulent Great Britain,that could through. Now, I appeal to members not to lave endured such a drain on its gold and such a tax succumb to that same kind of influence that on its industry as is shown by the above figures to bave been sustained through a term of years by this. The

defeated us before. I expect there will be all fact that we have sustained it and live only proves

sorts of amendments offered. You will find the extent and variety of our resources and our ex- one gentleman who thinks he will strike a

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