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The blessing which are effectually conveyed by

these means to the Lord's elect, or chosen ones Mat. xxii. 14. Many are called, but few are chosen.

B

Y these outward ordinances, as our Lord makes the re

probate inexcusable, so, in the power of his spirit, he applies unto the elect, effectually, all faving graces purchased to them in the covenant of Redemption, and maketh a change in their persons. In particular, 1. He doth Convert or Regenerate them, by giving spiritual life to them, in opening their understandings, renewing their wills, affections and faculties, for giving spiritual obedience to his commands, 2. He gives them faving faith by making them, in the sense of deserved condemnation, to give their consent heartily to the covenant of grace, and to embrace Jesus Christ unfeignedly 3. He gives them Repentance, by making them, with godly forrow, in the hatred of sin, and love of righteousness, turn from all iniquity to the service of God. And, 4. He Sanétifies them,by making them go on and persevere in faith, and spiritual obedience to the law of God, manifested by fruitfulnels in all duties, and doing good works, as God offereth occasion.

II. Together with this inward change of their persons, God changes all their state: For, fo soon as they are brought by faith into the covenant of grace, 1. He Justifies them, by imputing unto them that perfect obedience which Christ gave to the law, and the fatisfaction also which upon the cross Christ gave unto justice in their name. 2. He Reconciles them, and makes them friends to God, who were before enemies to God. 3. He Adopts them, that they shall be no more children of Satan but children of God, enriched with all spiritual privileges of his Sons. And last of all, after their warfare in this life is ended, he perfects the holiness, and blessedness, first of their foul at their death, and then both of their souls and their bodies, being joyfully joined together again in the resurrection, at the day of his glorious coming to judgment, when all the wicked shall be sent away to Hell, Сс 3

with

with Satan whom they have served :. But Chrilt's own chofen and redeemed Ones, true believers, students of holiness, shall remain with himself for ever,in the State of Glorification.

The PRACTICAL USE

of SAVING KNOWLEDGE,

Contained in Scripture, and holden forth briefly

in the forcfaid Confession of Faith and Cate:
chifms.
HE chief general use of christian doctrine, is to con-

vince a man of fin, and of righteousness, and of judgment, John xvi, 8. partly by the law or covenant of works, that he may be humbled and become penitent; and partly by the gospel or Covenant of grace, that he may become an unfeigned believer in Jesus Christ and be strengthned in his faith upon solid grounds and warrants, and give evidence of the truth of his faith by good fruits, and so be saved.

The Sum of the covenant of works, or of the law, is this, If thou do all that is commanded and not fail in any point, thou Malt be saved; But if thou fail, thou shalt die, Rom. x. 5. Gal. iii. 10. 12.

The sum of the gospel, or covenant of grace and reconcili. ation, is this, If thou flee from deferved wrath to the true Re. deemer Jesus Christ, (who is able to save to the uttermost all that come to God through him) thou shalt not perish, but have eternal life, Rom. X. 8.9.11.

For convincinga man of sin, of righteousness, and of judg; ment by the law, or covenant of works, let these Scriptures as mong many more be made use of.

Į. For convincing a Man of fin by the law, con:

sider Jer. xvii. 9, 10. HE heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately

wicked, who can know it? I the Lord fearch the heart, I try the reins even to give every man according to hîş ways, and according to the fruit of his doings,

Here Here the Lord teachęth these two things ;

1. That the fountain of all our miscarriage, and actual sin. ning against God.' is in the heart, which comprehendeth the mind, will, affections, and all the powers of the soul as they are corrupted and defiled with original fin; the mind being not only ignorant and uncapable of saving truth, but also fuli of error and enmity against God; and the will and affections being obstinately disobedient unto all God's directions, and bent toward that only which is evil : The heart (faith he) is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked; yea, and unsearchably wicked, so that no man can know it; and Gen. vi. 5. Every imagination of the thoughts of man's heart is only evil continually, faith the Lord, whose Testimony we must trust in this and all other matters, and experience also may teach us that, till God make us deny ourselves we never look to God in any thing, but fleshly self-interest alone doth rule us, and move all the

wheels of our actions. 2. That the Lord bringeth our original fin, or wicked in. clination with all the actual fruits thereof, unto reckoning be. fore his judgment-feat ; For he searcheth the heart, and tryetle the reins to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings,

Hence let every man reason thus ;

“ What God and my guilty conscience beareth witness of, *C I am convinced that this is true.

“ But God and my guilty conscience beareth witness, that my

heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately i wicked; and that all the imaginations of my heart, by nature, * are only evil continually.

“ Therefore I am convinced that this is true,"

Thus a man may be convinced of sin by the law,

II. For convincing a man of righteousness by the

law, consider Gal. iii. 10,

As works

for it is written, Gurfed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.

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Here

Here the apostle teacheth us three things ;

1. That, by reason of our natural sinfulness, the impolli, bility of any man's being justified by the works of the law; is so certain, that whosoever do seek justification by the works of the law,are liable to the curse of God for breaking of the law; For as many as are of the works of the law, are under the curse, faith he.

2. That unto the perfect fulfilling of the law, the keeping of one or two of the precepts, or doing of some, or of all duties (if it were possible) for a time, is not fufficient; for the law requireth, that a man continue in all things which are written in the book of the law, to do them.

3: That, because no man come up to this perfection, every man by nature is under the curse; for the law saith, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law, to do them.

Now, to be under the curse, comprehendeth all the dis pleasure of God, with the danger of the breaking forth more and more of his wrath upon foul and body, both in this life, and after death perpetually, if gracę do no prevent the full ex: çcution thereof.

1

Hence let every man reason thus;
• Whosoever, according to the covenant of works, is liable
to the curse of God, for breaking the law, times and ways out
of number, cannot be justified, or find righteousnefs by works
of the law.

But I may every man fay) according to the covenant of
works am liable to the curse of God, for breaķing the law,
times and ways out of number.
"Therefore I cannot be justified, or have righteousness by the
• works of the law."

Thus may a man be convinced of righteousness, that it is not to be had by his own works, or by the law.

III. For convincing a man of judgment by the

Law, consider 2 Theff. i, 7.

HE Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven,with his

": In ,

4. vengance on them that know not. God, and that obey $ not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ : verse. 9. Who shall “ be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence

of the Lord, and from the glory of his power.;. verse 10. - When he shall come to be glorified in his Saints, and to be “admired in all them that believe..'s

Wherein we are taught, that our Lord Jesus, who now of, fers to be mediator for them who believe in him fall, at the last day, come arined with flaming fire, to judge, condemn and 'destroy all them who have not believed God, have not receive ed the offer of grace made in the gospel, nor obeyed the doc, trine thereof; but remain in their natural state, under the law or covenant of works,

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Hence let every man reason thuss ! What the righteous judge hath forwarned me, shall be done at the last day, I am sure is just judgment,

But the righteous judge hath forewarned me, that if I do not believe God in time, and obey not the doctrine of the gospel, I shall be secluded from his presence and his glory, at the last Day, and be tormented in foul and body for ever,

Therefore I am convinced that this is a just judgment. And I have reason to thank God heartily, who hath forewarned me to flee from the wrath which is to come.'

Thus every man may be, by the Law or covenant of works, convinced of judgment, If he shall continue under the coves nant of works,'or fhall not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. IV. For convincing a Man of Sin, Righteousness

and Judgment, by the Gospel,

S for convincing a man of sin, and righteousness and

A de

understand three things; 1. That not believing in Jesus Christ, or refusing of the covenant of grace offered in hằm is a grea, ter and more dangerous Sin,then all other fins against the law; because the hearers, of the gospel not believing in CHRIST do reject God's mercy in CHRIST, the only way of freedom from sin & wrath, and will not yield to be reconciled to GOD, 2. Next, he must understand, that perfect Re,

mission

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