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RECIDIVIST

RECOOP

Recidivist. One who has been con- Recognize.' To try a question of

victed previously of a similar fact; to ratify; to become bound crime.

by a recognizance. Reciprocal contract. Same as Bilat- Recognizee. The promisee in a reeral contract.

cognizance. Reciprocal demands. Mutual ac

Recognizor. The promisor in a recounts. See 79 N. Y. 1, 35 Am. cognizance. Rep. 496.

Recommendatory. Same as Preca. Reciprocal will. Same as Mutual

tory. will.

Recommit. To commit one to prison Recital. A statement of introduc

again. tory matter in a written instrument or a pleading.

Recompense. Reward; compensaReckless. Simple negligence; want

tion; remuneration. of due care; more than heedless Recompense of recovery in value. ness or negligence. See 114 Ala.

The matter recovered in a com492, 62 Am. St. Rep. 116, 22 South. mon recovery after the vouchee 279.

has disappeared and judgment is Reclaim. To claim again; to de given for the demandant. See 2

mand; to domesticate an animal Bouvier Inst. n. 2093. fera naturae.

Reconduction. (Civil Law) A reReclaimed animals. Domesticated

newal of a lease. animals which are wild by nature.

Reconsideration. The taking up for Reclusion. Incarceration under a

consideration anew that which has sentence to undergo an infamous

been passed or acted on previpunishment, with civil degrada

ously. See 48 App. Div. 428, 63 tion. See 47 La. Ann. 367, 16

N. Y. Supp. 317. South. 952.

Reconstruction. Work done on a Recognition Ratification; adop

structure which has been demoltion.

ished as a whole or in part. See Recognition of belligerency. An ac 50 La. 378, 69 Am. St. Rep. 436, 23

cordance by a foreign govern South. 373. See, also, Repairs. ment of belligerent rights to an

Recontinuance. The recovery back other mass or body of people en

of an incorporeal hereditament gaged in civil war, by which such

tortiously divested. people are granted the rights of civilized warfare and assume the

Reconvenire. To plead a cross-deburdens thereof. See 25 Fed.

mand. (U. S.) 408.

Reconventio. (Civil Law) A crossRecognitors. Jurors im paneled on

demand. an assize. See 17 Serg. & R. Reconvention. A statutory cross(Pa.) 174.

demand more extensive than either Recognizance. An obligation of rec

setoff or recoupment. See 132 ord. See 37 Fed. (U. S.) 470, 2

U. S. 531, 33 L. Ed. 450, 10 Sup. L. R. A. 229. A bond. See 70 Ct. Rep. 166. See, also, Setoff; Conn. 557, 40 Atl. 531. The ver

Recoupment. dict of an assize.

Recoop. Same as Recoupe.

RECORD

RECRIMINATION

Kecord. That on which a cause is

submitted to an appellate court, and may include the transcript of all papers on file in the case and all entries in the record book, but not the evidence. See 143 Iowa, 578, 21 Ann. Cas. 231, 121 N. W. 685. A written history of the proceedings in a cause from the beginning to the end. See 147 U. S. 695, 37 L. Ed. 335, 13 Sup. Ct. Rep. 479. To recite; to repeat; to transcribe. See 126 Ala. 425, 85 Am. St. Rep. 42, 51 L. R. A. 396, 28 South. 497. To file for record in a public office where the document is entitled to be recorded. See 1 Rand. (Va.) 102. See, also, Court of record;

Public record. Record, Conveyance by. See Con

veyance by record. Record, Debt of. See Debt of rec

ord. Record of nisi prius. A transcript

of the pleadings and the issue. Record title. A title appearing by

the recorded conveyances to be

valid. Record, Trial by. See Trial by

record. Recorda sunt vestigia vetustatis et

veritatis. Records are the ves

tiges of posterity and truth. Recordari. A substitute for an ap

peal from a judgment of a court not of record, where the appeal has been lost by fraud or accident.

See 64 N. C. 262. Recordari facias loquelam. Let the

complaint be recorded. See 3 Bl.

Comm. 34. Recordatur. Let it be entered of

record. Recorder. A county officer in

charge of the public records; the judge of the municipal court in many small towns; in New York

city, the chief judge of the crim

inal courts. Recordum. A record. Recount. A counting over again in

an election contest of the ballots

cast. Recoupe. To set up a recoupment

in defense. Recoupment. A defense which has

the effect of summing up the grievanees on each side, instead of the plaintiff's side only, strikes a balance, and gives the difference to the plaintiff, if it is in his

favor. See 40 Am. Dec. 322, note. Recourse. See Indorsement without

recourse. Recourse. Recaption. Recover. To acquire by litigation;

to receive; to come into possession of. See 254 Ill. 524, Ann. Cas. 1913C, 65, 40 L. R. A. (N. S.) 529,

98 N. E. 963. Recoverable. Susceptible of being

regained. See 50 C. C. A. 260,

55 L. R. A. 344, 112 Fed. 311. Recoveree. One who suffered a common recovery. See Common re

covery. Recoverer. A demandant who has

recovered a judgment in a com

mon recovery. Recovery. The award of a judg

ment in one's favor. See, also,

Common recovery. Recovery by double voucher. A

form of common recovery wherein the writ was brought against one to whom a conveyance was made as a matter of form and who vouched the real tenant, the latter

vouching the common vouchee. Recreant. A coward. Recrimination. A showing by a

defendant of any cause of divorce against the plaintiff in bar of the plaintiff's cause of divorce. See RECTE

REDDITUS

74 Cal. 489, 5 Am. St. Rep. 460,

16 Pac. 248. Recte. Rightly. Rectifier. One who purifies spirits

in any manner, or who mixes them with anything else and sells them under any name. See 20 Fed.

Cas. (U. S.) 107. Rectify. To correct; to amend; to

refine by distillation; to subli. mate. See 64 Pa. 100. Recto. See De recto. Recto de advocatione. See De recto

de advocatione. Recto de dote. See De recto de

dote. Recto de rationabili parte. See De

rationabili parte. Recto patens. See De recto patens. Recto sur disclaimer. An old writ

which the lord had against his tenant upon the latter's disclaimer.

See Disclaimer of tenure. Rector. A church officer who pre.

sided over a parsonage. Rector provinciae. A Roman pro

vincial governor. Rectoral tithes. Same as Great

tithes. Rectory. A glebe, tithes and obla

tions established for the maintenance of a parson or rector. See

13 U. S. 292, 3 L. Ed. 735. Rectum. Right. Rectum esse. To be right. Rectum ragare. To pray or peti.

tion for right. Rectum, Stare ad. See Stare ad

rectum. Rectus in curia. Right in court; ex

onerated. Recuperatio, I. e., ad rem injuriam

extortam sive detentam, per sententiam judicis restitutio. Recov. ery, that is, restitution through

the judgment of a court of a thing wrongfully extorted or detained. Recuperatores. Roman judges. Recurrendum est ad extraordinarium

quando non valet ordinarium. Recourse must be had to the extraordinary when the ordinary

does not succeed. Recurrent insanity Insanity which

returns from time to time. See 22 Tex. App. 279, 58 Am. Rep.

638, 3 S. W. 539. Recusable. See Irrecusable. Recusant. One who refused to admit the ecclesiastical supremacy of the king or to attend the Eng

lish church. Recusatio testis. (Civil Law) The

rejection of a witness. Recusation. An exception to the

qualification of a judge to try the cause or to that of a witness to

testify. Red book of the exchequer. A very

old record of the exchequer. Red tape. Order carried to fastidi

ous excess. See 55. Ga. 431. Reddendo singula singulis. Each

word should be interpreted distributively. See 101 Va. 537, 63

L. R. A. 920, 44 S. E. 904. Reddendum. The clause in a deed

or other conveyance whereby the grantor creates a reservation in

himself. See Reservation. Reddere. To return; to render. Reddidit se. An indorsement on a

bail piece when the proper officer has certified that the defendant is

in custody. Redditarium. Rent. Reddition. A surrender; o restora

tion. Redditus siccus. Same as Reditus

siccus.

REDEEM

REFER

see.

Redeem. To purchase back; to re. Reditus quieti. Quit rents, which

tain, as mortgaged property, by paying what is due; to receive

Reditus siccus. Rent seck, which. back by paying the obligation.

see. See 47 Ohio St. 141, 24 N. E. 496.

Redmans. Same as Redmen. Redelivery bond. A bond filed by

a defendant in an attachment or Redmen. Tenants who rendered a replevin case to obtain the re customary service of riding with lease of his property from the cus or for the lord. tody of the officer pending the ac

Redobatores. Thieves who dyed tion. See 24 Or. 198, 33 Pac. 563.

cloth to conceal their larceny of it. Redemption. A redeeming. See

Redraft. The drawing of a new bill Redeem; Equity of redemption;

of exchange on the drawer or inRight of redemption.

dorser of a protested one by the Redemption, Equity of. See Equity holder of the latter bill. of redemption.

Redraw. To make a redraft. Redemptioner. One who holds a right of redemption. See Right

Redress. Remedy; indemnity; repa.

ration. of redemption. Redemptiones. Redemptions; ran

Redubbers. Same as Redobatores. somings; briberies; heavy fines.

Reduce to possession. To change a Red-handed. In the act of commit

chose in action into a tangible ting the crime.

possession. Redhibition. (Civil Law) The re

Pedundancy. Needless repetition;

superfluity. See 58 Wis. 666, 17 turn of a damaged article after

N. W. 300. purchase. Redhibitory defect. Such a defect

Re-enter. To make or effect a rein the article as would warrant

entry. the vendee in returning it.

Re-entry. The resumption of possesRedhibitory vice. Same as Redhibi.

sion pursuant to a right reserved

when the former possession was tory defect.

parted with. See 169 N. Y. 381, Rediscounted note. One held by a

62 N. E. 425. See Writ of Entry. bank, which it indorses and pro

Reeve. See Borough-reeve; Shirecures another bank to discount.

reeve; Tithing-reeve. See 41 C. C. A. (U. S.) 652, 101 Fed. 746. .

Re-exchange. The expense incurred Redisseisin.

by a bill of exchange being disA disseisor's repeated

honored in a foreign country, in disseisin.

which it was payable, and returned Reditu. Rents; revenue; income. to the country in which it was Reditus albi. White rents, which made or indorsed and there taken see.

up. See 5 Me. 174. Reditus assisus. A fixed rent.

Refalo. Same as Re. fa. lo. Reditus , capitales. Chief rents, Refection. Restoration; restitution, which see.

Refer. To submit a cause to a ref. Reditus nigri. Black rents, which erence. See Reference. See, see.

also, 22 Me. 34.

REFEREE

REGE

Referee. An officer of the court ap

pointed for a specific purpose, as to take testimony. See 1 S. D. 182,

46 N. W. 193. Referee in bankruptcy. A judicial

officer with jurisdiction to hear

and determine bankruptcy causes. Referee in case of need. A person

named by the drawer or indorser of a bill to whom the holder may

resort in case of need. Reference. The sending of any mat

ter by the court of chancery to a master, or by a law court to a prothonotary, to examine it. See

7 Ind. 49. Referendarius. A Roman' officer

who laid the causes of petitioners

before the emperor. Referendo singula singulis. The

words or expressions should be

construed distributively. Referendum. An ambassador's sub mission to his government of a proposition in reference to which he requires further authority in order to act; the submission to popular vote of a proposed measure to become a law if ratified at

the election. Refinement. Verbiage in an indict. ment which sets forth what is not essential to the constitution of the

offense. See 24 N. C. 372. Reform. To exercise the power of

the court in reducing an instru: ment to the terms agreed upon by the parties. See 70 Vt. 487, 41

Atl. 437. Reform school. See Reformatory. Reformation. The equitable remedy

of correcting a written instrument which fails to express the real agreement of the parties. See 76

Wis. 66, 44 N. W. 839. Reformatory. A substitute for a

jail or penitentiary for the punishment and reformation of the

youth of both sexes who have committed minor offenses. See

105 Tenn. 399, 58 S. W. 483. Refresh the memory. To refer to

something connected with the subject matter in order to bring it

back to the mind of the witness. Refresher. One of a series of fees

paid to a barrister at intervals

during the progress of a litigation. Refuge. A place to which a fugi

tive from justice has fied. See 25 Tex. App. 372, 8 Am. St. Rep.

440, 8 S. W. 645. Refund. A repayment or restora

tion of money previously paid; to refinance a debt, such as a bonded debt or a public debt. Refuse. To fail to comply with a

demand. See 72 Mass. 224. Reg. gen. Regula generalis, which

see; Regulae generalis, which see. Reg. Jud. Register of judicial

writs. Reg. lib. The Register Book of the

English chancery court. Reg. Orig. The register of original

writs. Regal fishes. Same as Royal fishes. Regalia. (Spanish) The right of

a sovereign over anything which a subject has a right or property

or propriedad. See 15 Cal. 530. Regalia majora. . Royal prerogatives

inseparable from sovereignty. See

1 Bl. Comm. 241. Regalia minora. Royal prerogative

of collecting revenue. See 1 Bl.

Comm. 241. Regard. See Court of regard. Regardant. Annexed to the manor.

See 2 Bl. Comm. 93. Rege inconsulto. A writ to stay

proceedings which might affect the king's interests, until he could be advised.

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