A table of Federal Money has already been given. The denominations of English Money are pound, shilling, penny, and farthing. 4 farthings (qr.) make 1 penny d. 2 pence - - - - 1 shilling s. 20 shillings - - - 1 pound £. (or-Farthings are written as fractions, thus: 4 one farthing. # two farthings, or a half-ponny. # three farthings. PENCE TABLE. SHILLING TABLE. d. s. d. &. fo. 3. 20 pence make 1 8| 20 shillings make 1 0 46 “ - 2 6 30 - - 1 10 40 46 & - 3 4 40 - - 2 0 50 “ “ - 4 2 || 50 - - 2 10 60 to * - 5 0 || 60 - - 3 0 70 “ (: - 5 10 || 70 - - - 3 10 80 cc % - 6 8 || 80 - - 4 0 90 cc * - 7 6 90 - - 4 10 100 to * - 8 4 || 100 - - 5 0 110 (£ “ - 9 2 | 110 - - 5 10 120 * “ - 10 0 || 120 - - 6 0 240 “ “ - 20 0 || 130 - - 6 10 TABLE OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES, 45 By this weight, jewels, gold, silver, and liquors are weighed. The denominations of Troy Weight are pound, ounce, pennyweight, and grain. 24 grains (gr.) make 1 pennyweight dwt. 20 pennyweights - - 1 ounce 04. 12 ounces - - - 1 pound lb., AWOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. By this weight are weighed things of a coarse drossy nature, that are bought and sold by weight; and all metals but silver and gold. The denominations of Avoirdupois Weight are ton, hundred weight, quarter, pound, ounce, and dram. 16 drams, (dr.) make 1 ounce - • Oz. 16 ounces - - 1 pound - - lb. 28 pounds - - 1 quarter of a cwt. qr. 4 quarters, or 112 lb. I hundred weight cut. 20 hundred weight. 1 ton. - - T. APOTHECARIES WEIGHT. By this weight apothecaries mix their medicines, but buy and sell by Avoirdupois Weight. The denominations of Apothecaries Weight are pound, ounce, dram, scruple, and grain. 20 grains (gr.) make 1 scruple B 3 scruples - - - 1 dram 3 8 drams - - - 1 ounce & 12 ounces - - - 1 pound f5 LONG MEASURE. Long measure is used for lengths and distances. The denominations of Long Measure are degree, league, mile, furlong, pole, yard, foot, and inch. 12 inches (in.) make 1 foot - - - ! miles 1 degree - - deg. Note.—A hand is a measure of 4 inches, and used in measuring the height of horses. | A fathom is 6 feet, and used chiefly in measuring the depth of water. CUBICK, OR SOLID MEASURE. By Cubick, or Solid Measure, are measured all things that have length, breadth and thickness. Its denominations are, inches, feet, ton, or load, and cord. | 1728 inches - make - 1 cubick foot. 27 feet - - - - 1 yard. 40 feet of round timber or 50 feet of hewn o 1 ton or load. timber. 128 solid feet, i. e. 8 in length,4 in breadth, - 1 cord of wood. and 4 in height. LAND, OR SQUARE MEASURE. This measure shows the quantity of lands. The denominations of land Measure are acre, rood, square perch, square yard, and square foot. 144 square inches make 1 square foot ft. 9 square feet - 1 square yard yd. 30+ square yards 1 square perch P. 40 square perches - - 1 rood - R. 4 roods - - - 1 acre - A. 640 acres - - - 1 mile - m. TABLE OF MEASURES. 47 CLOTH MEASURE. By this measure cloth, tapes, &c. are measured. The denominations of Cloth Measure are English ell, Flemish ell, yard, quarter of a yard, and nail. 4 nails (na) make 1 quarter of a yard qr. 4 quarters - - 1 yard - - yd. 3 quarters - - 1 ell Flemish - E. Fl. 5 quarters - - 1 ell English - E. E. 6 quarters - - 1 ell French - E. F. | DRY MEASURE. This measure is used for grain, fruit, salt, &c. The denominations of Dry Measure are bushel, peck, quart, and pint. 2 pints (pt) make 1 quart - - qt. 8 quarts - - - 1 peck - - pe. 4 pecks - - - 1 bushel - bu. | - WINE MEASURE. By Wine Me?sure are measured Rum, Brandy, Per ry, Cider, Mead, Winegar and Oil. Its denominations are pint, quart, gallon, hogshead, pipe, &c. 2 pints (pt) make 1 quart - qt. 4 quarts - - 1 gallon - gol. 42 gallons - 1 tierce - tier. 63 gallons - 1 hogshead - hhd. || 2 hogsheads 1 pipe or butt P. or B. 2 pipes - l ton - - T. ALE, OR BEER MEASURE. The denominations of this measure are pint, quart, gallon, barrel, &c. A8 TABLE OF TIME AND MOTION. 2 pints (pt) make 1 quart - • qt. 4 quarts -, - - 1 gallon - - gal. 8 gallons - - - I firkin of ale - fir. 2 firkins - - - l kilderkin - kil 2 kilderkins - - 1 barrel - • bar. 14 barrels, or 54 gallons 1 hogshead of beer hka. 2 barrels - - - l puncheon - pun. 3 barrels, or 2 hogsheads 1 butt - - butt. TIME. The denominations of Time are year, month, week, day, hour, minute and second. 60 seconds (sec.) make 1 minute 60 minutes - - - 1 hour 24 hours - - - I day 7 days - - 1 week Note.—The six hours in each year are not reckoned till they amount to one day; hence, a common year consists of 365 days, and every fourth year, called leap year, of 366 days. The following is a statement of the number of days in each of the twelve months, as they stand in the calender or almanack: The fourth, eleventh, ninth, and sixth, MOTION. 60 seconds " make 1 prime minute, * 60 minutes - - 1 degree - 30 degrees - - I sign - - 3. |