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Englishmen might do incalculable good in Greece, for the people are anxious to improve.' pp. 197-199.

The public departments in Greece are described in the Report in the following terms.

• The Executive Body has hitherto been composed of men of various characters. At one time influenced by Mavrocordato, when the Primates, the Fanariots, and the foreign interests, predominated. The leading features of the government were then order, and some say intrigue. At another time Colocotroni obtained, by his martial fame, his riches, and his extensive family connections, an ascendancy; then prevailed the military power, united at first with the democratic, but afterwards with oligarchical, interests; and, lastly, a sort of league was formed to put down the plunderers. Conduriotti was placed at the head of this administration, and the islands assumed their due weight. The Executive Body has hitherto exercised a degree of power that is inconsistent with republican government. The principles of a wild liberty have all along prevailed in Greece, but those of civil liberty are only beginning to be duly appreciated and followed. The depredations of the military chiefs and Oligarchs have brought home to the bosoms of the peasantry the blessings of order, and of security for person and property. They begin with arms in their hands to defend their lands and purses; and they look to their representatives for the

proper appropriation of their revenues, and the general direction of their armies and fleets.

The Legislative Body is composed of persons selected by the civil and military oligarchs and the people. They naturally lean to the interests of their electors. They are respectable in character, but, like most other public functionaries in Greece, are deficient in intellectual aptitude, and have but little knowlege of business. They are friends to order, and enemies to all extortion, and they are careful of the people's money. Nothing could exceed the firmness and dignity of their conduct when attacked by the emissaries of Colocotroni. To raise the character of this body is an object of primary importance. This is to be effected by making the people take a strong interest in the elections; by pointing out to them able men for their representatives ; by selecting some important person for their president; and by giving publicity to their proceedings. My exertions have been directed to these ends.'

• Prefects.- This is a government of Prefects. Under newly-formed states, it is absolutely necessary that strong power should be vested in certain persons, in every district, and that they should be made responsible for the constitutional exercise of it. Unless these local authorities are established, whatever the vigour of the central control, the distant provinces fall a prey to some despot, or to anarchy. In Greece, the Prefects are ill selected. Iostead of having a lead. ing influence in their districts, they are generally the tools of the principal Primates or Captains.

« The Primates--are addicted to Turkish habits and principles of government. In the Morea they have great influence. In Eastern and Western Greece, that of the Captains predominates. Hydra is ruled by the Primates, who are under the dominion of the maritime mob. The government of Spetzia is somewhat similar, but Ipsara is influenced by constitutional maxims. The other islands are under mild administrators.

• State of the Greek Church.-The ceremonies of the Greek church are tawdry and irrational. The priests, though they possess considerable influence, do not appear to have the same preponderating sway over their flocks 'that is exercised in some catholic countries. This may be attributed to their poverty and to the counteraction of the Mahommedan religion. Where toleration and a variety of religions prevail, there the power of the priests must be subdued, except within the pale of the established state creed. The Greek priests were greatly instrumental in bringing about the glorious refolution. They traversed the country, and enlisted their votaries in the honourable plot; they fought in the ranks of the noble insurgents, and many of them are permanently engaged as soldiers, and some as captains. During the period of their military service, they are suspended from the exercise of their ecclesiastical functions. This rule does not extend to peaceful employments. The vice-president of the legislative body and the minister of the interior are of the clerical order. The priests are industrious. Most of them are engaged in agriculture and other useful labours. The dress of the pastors, when not on duty, in the country, is like that of the peasantry, and they are only distinguished from them by their beards. I every where found both the people and the clergy most anxious to receive the Scriptures in their native tongue.'

The Greek navy, Col. Stanhope represents to be of the same character as the Greek army; not equal to cope with the combined Turkish feet, but it has gained a mastery over it by its superior seamen and tactics. It is composed chiefly of merchant brigs from Hydra, Spetzia, and Ipsara, about eighty sail. The greatest alarm prevailed, when it was heard that the Egyptian fleet had sailed; but it had the good effect of producing a greater degree of union. Mavromichaeli and • Niketas,' writes Colonel S., haye joined the government. • Colocotroni held out till the people of Caritena, his own dis*trict, obliged him to follow the example.'

Colonel S. anticipates, in his letter of May 22, that the Turkish and Egyptian forces would effect their landings, and succeed in their first efforts. • But with the winter comes the • ebb: then is the time for the Greeks to commence their blockades and sieges, and to march. The sequel is known, i The Egyptians did not effect their landing, and Greece has obtained another respite from the invader. May her rulers wisely improve the interval, in the consolidation of what she wants still more than money-a national government !



pen of a

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Art. I. Bishop Burnet's History of His Own Time : with the sup

pressed Passages of the First Volume, and Notes by the Earls of Dartmouth and Hardwicke, and Speaker Onslow, hitherto unpub. lished. To which are added, the cursory Remarks of Swift, and other Observations. 6 vols. 8vo. pp. xxxii. 2942. Price 21. 5s.

Oxford, at the Clarendon Press. BISHOP Burnet's History of his own Time is not a work

which we can be expected to review; but, as the present edition of it is much enlarged by the additions described in the title, we have thought proper to give some account of them, that we may not be charged with overlooking a publication which has more important claims to our attention than many other works which come under our notice.

The delegates of the Clarendon Press, having signified their intention to reprint Burnet's History, received from the Bishop of Oxford, a copy of the work into which he had transcribed the marginal notes written by his ancestor the first Earl of Dartmouth. The offer of this copy was gratefully accepted, and the notes were ordered to be printed with the text. Soon after the acquisition of these notes, the delegates were favoured by the Earl of Onslow with a copy of Burnet's work which formerly belonged to Speaker Onslow, and in which he had written numerous observations on the history. Besides these remarks, the Onslow copy contains notes on Burnet's History by the second Earl of Hardwicke, Son of the Chancellor, written by himself in his copy of Burnet, and thence transcribed, with the Earl's permission, into the Onslow copy by George Earl of Onslow, the Son of the Speaker. The suppressed passages of the first volume were also communicated to the Earl of Onslow by Lord Hardwicke, and are inserted in the Onslow copy, as are also the notes in red ink of Dean Swift, taken from his own copy of the History, which had VOL. XXII. N. S.

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