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Bord. (Saxon) À dwelling-house; Bothna. (Scotch) A pasture. a cottage.

Botless. Same as Boteless. Bordage. A feudal tenure by which Bottom. The national registry of a one held a cottage.

vessel. Bordagium. Bordage.

Bottomry. The mortgage of a ship Bordarii. Tenants in bordage.

as security for a loan. See 4 Border warrant. (Scotch)

A war

Binn. (Pa.) 244, 5 Am. Dec. 404. rant for the arrest of a debtor on Bottoms. A slang term used by per

the English side of the border. sons who deal in forged notes to Bord-halfpenny. Duty paid to main- denote paper for making them. tain a market stall.

See Rex v. Dade, 1 Mood. 307. Bord-land. Land held by a tenant Bouche. A feudal allowance for in bordage.

supplies during active military Bordlode. Rent service rendered by service; mouth. bordarii.

Bought and sold notes. Memoranda Bord-service. Bordage.

given by a broker to the respective Borel folk. Laymen as distinguished parties on effecting a sale. from the clergy.

Boulevard. A public driveway reBorg. Same as Borgh.

served for light vehicles. Borgesmon. (Saxon) The name given Bound bailiff. A sheriff's deputy

to the head of each family com- bound to him for faithful performposing a tithing.–Black.

of his duties. See 1 Bl. Borgh. A suretyship; a pledge.

Comm. 345. Borghbrech. (Saxon) Breach of a Boundary. The making or bounding pledge.

line dividing two parcels of land. Born. Wholly delivered from the See 25 L. R. A. (N. S.) 649.

mother. See 1 Brit. Rul. Cas. 568; Bounded tree. A tree marking the also 11 L. R. A. 825.

corner of a tract of land. Borough. A fortified town; a munici- Bounders. Boundary marks.

pal corporation. See Ann. Cas. Bounty. An addition to ordinary 1912 A, 339.

compensation for an act or Borough council. The managing vice; a premium. See 46 Am. St.

board elected by the voters of the Rep. 221. borough.

Bounty lands. Land donated as a Borough-English. A descent to the bounty. youngest son.

Bounty of Queen Anne. Borrowe. (Scotch) A pledge.

vided by statute to aid the smaller Borough court. A court of a borough church livings.

held by prescription, charter or Bourg. A fortified town. statute.

Bourgeois. The inhabitant of a bourg. Borough reeve. The governor of a Bourse. A stock exchange. borough,

Bouwerye. (Dutch) A farm. Borough sessions. Sessions of Bouwmeester, or

Bouwmaster. borough court.

(Dutch) A farmer. Borsholder. The head of a borough. Bovata terrae. Land tillable by one Boscage. Tree leaves and bushes as ox. cattle feed.

Bow-bearer. A sort of forest police. Boscaria. Cattle-sheds.

Boxing-match. Generally, a sparring Boscus. Growing wood.

match of a limited number of Bote. Compensation; a fine; satis- rounds, as distinguished from faction.

prize-fight or a fight to a finish. Boteless. Without a remedy.

Boycott. An attempt by persons Botha. A market stall or booth.

acting in combination to coerce one Bothagium. Same as Boothage. to follow a prescribed line of con



A fund pro





duct by compelling others to shun Breach of trust. The violation of him in business. See 63 L. R. A. the duties of his trust by one act753; also 90 Am. St. Rep. 451.

ing as a fiduciary. Boys. A wood.

Break. To separate; to divide; to Bozero. (Spanish) An advocate.

violate. Brabant. An English coin current

Breaking. The removal of any proin the 13th century.

tection against intrusion for the Brace de la mer. An arm of the sea.

purpose of effecting an unlawful Bracelet. A handcuff.

entry. See 7 Am. Rep. 556. Brachium maris. An arm of the sea. Bradlaugh's Case. A case involving

Breaking bulk. The


division the form of oath required of mem

separating of the contents of a bers of the house of commons.

package or container. See 1 Pick. See 14 L. R. Q. B. D. 667.

(Mass.) 375. Branch. A line of descent from a

Breaking of arrestment. Same as common ancestor.

Breach of arrestment. Brand. To mark with a hot iron;

Breast of the court. The judgment a nark so made.

or mind of the court. Branding-helmet. A helmet


Bredwite. (Saxon) An amercement branding on the cheek one who or fine. pleaded benefit of clergy.

Brehon. (Irish) An hereditary Branks. A bridle used as a punish- judge. ment for scolds.

Brehon law. The old system of Brass knuckles. A metal weapon

Irish law. held in the hand and projecting

Brenagium. Same as Brennage. along the back of it. See 22 Tex. Brennage. A tenure by furnishing App. 679, 3 S. W. 477.

bran for the lord's hounds. Brawl. A noisy quarrel.

Brephotrophi. (Roman Law) CareBreach. To break; a break; a viola- takers of foundling asylums. tion.

Brethwalda, or Bretwalda. An An. Breach of arrestment. (Scotch) The glo-Saxon king.

unlawful delivery of arrested Bretts and Scots. See Laws of the. goods to the debtor.

Breva. Same as Breve. Breach of close. A trespass on land. Breve. A writ; a brief. Breach of contract. The failure to Breve de recto. A writ of right.

perform a contractual obligation. Breve innominata. A writ reciting Breach of covenant. A failure to the cause of action in general comply with the conditions of a

terms. covenant or bond. See 3 Bl. Comm. Breve ita dicitur, quia rem de qua 156.

agitur, et intentionem potentis, Breach of pound. Breaking a pound paucis verbis breviter enarrat.

to take out 'mpounded animals. A writ is so called, because it Breach of prison. A breaking out states the controversy and the purof prison.

pose of the plaintiff briefly in a Breach of privilege. An excess or few words.

abuse of the privilege of a legis- Breve judiciale debet sequi suum lator.

originale, et accessorium suum Breach of promise of marriage. Vio- principale. A judicial writ ought

lation of an agreement to marry. to follow its original, and an acBreach of the peace. Any act dis- cessory its principal.

turbing the peace, quiet or good Breve judicale non cadit pro deorder of a neighborhood. See 13 fectu formae. A judicial writ does L. R. A. 163; also 24 Am. St. Rep. not fall by reason of a defect in 116.

form. 46



Breve nominatum. A writ reciting prepared for the court; to prepare

the cause of action with particu- a brief. See 43 Ind. 356. larity.

Brief a l'evesque. An ecclesiastical Breve originale. An original writ. writ for the removal of the incum. Breve perquirere. To purchase a

bent of a living. writ.

Brief of title. An abstract of title. Breve testatum. A memorandum at- Brieve. (Scotch) A writ. tested by witnesses evidencing a

Briga. Strife; contention; litigagrant of land. See 2 Bl. Comm.

tion. 307.

Brigbote. (Saxon) Contribution for Brevet (French) Letters patent. bridge repairs. Brevia. Writs, plural of Breve. Bringing money into court. DeBrevia adversaria. Adversary writs positing an amount admitted to be to recover land.

due an adversary into the court's Brevia amicabilia. Writs obtained custody. See 59 Neb. 353, 80 by consent of the other party.

N. W. 1045. Brevia anticipantia. Writs of pre

Bris. Wreck; wreckage. vention.

Bristol bargain. A contract by Brevia de cursu. Writs of course.

which A lends B £1,000 on good Brevia formata. Writs of estab- security, and it is agreed that lished form.

£500, together with interest, shall Brevia judicialia. Judicial writs. be paid at a time stated, and, as Brevia magistralia. Writs drawn to the other £500, that B, in conby masters in chancery.

sideration thereof, shall pay to A Brevia selecta Selected writs.

£100 per annum for seven years. Brevia, tam originalia quam judi- Wharton.

ciali, patiuntur anglica nomina. Brit. Rul. Cas. British Ruling Cases. Original writs as well as judicial Brocage. Brokerage. writs bear English names.

Brocarius, or brocator. A broker. Breviarium alaricianum. A Roman Brocella. A copse; a thicket.

code adopted about 506 A. D. Broker. An agent employed to buy, Breviate. An abstract or synopsis. sell or hypothecate, without cusBrevibus et votulus liberandis. A tody or possession. See 23 L. Ed.

writ ordering a sheriff to turn (U. S.) 421; also 34 Am. Dec. 558. over all the paraphernalia of his Brokerage. A broker's compensa office to his successor.

tion. Bribe. An offer to give or a giving Brossus. Wounded or bruised.

of something of value as a reward Brothel. A home of prostitutes. for an illegal act; the act of offer- Bruarium. A place where heath ing or giving a bribe; the thing so grows. given or offered. See 97 Mich. Brugbote. Same as brigbote. 136, 56 N. W. 361.

Bruillus. A thicket or copse. Bribery. The crime of giving or of- Bruise. A bodily injury wherein

fering a bribe. See 57 Am. St. the skin is unbroken; usually no Rep. 847.

more than a temporary contusion. Bribour. A thief; a robber.

See 79 Mich. 7, 44 N. W. 158. Bridewell. A house of correction. Brukbarn. (Swedish) A legitimized Bridge-masters. Officers in charge

child conceived in rape. of public bridges.

Brutum fulmen. An empty threat. Bridle. An instrument of punish- Bubble act. A statute to prevent ment for common scolds.

corporate frauds such as the South Brief. An outline of the case of one Sea Bubble. of the parties; a written argument Buckstall. A net to trap deer.





un meas


Buggery. A term applied to both Burgess. An inhabitant of a town;

bestiality and sodomy. See 10 a borough magistrate; town Ind. 355, 71 Am. Dec. 331.

representative in parliament. Building. Anything erected by art, Burgh-English. Same as Borough

and fixed upon or in the soil, com- English. posed of different pieces connected

Burgh Engloys. Same as Boroughtogether, and designed for per- English manent use in the position in

Burgh-halfpenny. Same which it is so fixed. See 2 Am.


halfpenny. St. Rep. 373.

Burghbrech, or Burghbreche. A fine Building lease. A lease of land by

for breach of the peace levied on which the lessee undertakes to

the borough. erect buildings thereon.

Burghmote. (Saxon) A burg court Bulk. Merchandise in an

held semi-annually and presided ured or uncounted mass.

over by the lord or bishop. Bulletin. A published official report Burglar. One who commits burglary.

of a matter or fact of public in- Burglariously. With intent to comterest.

mit burglary. Bullion. Uncoined gold and silver. Burglary. The crime of breaking Bum-bailiff А dun;


and entering a dwelling-house in deputy.

the night-time with intent to com

mit a felony. See 2 Am. St. Rep. Bunda. A boundary.

383. Bundle. The act of a man and a

Burgomaster. The chief magistrate woman sleeping in one bed with- of German or Dutch town. out undressing.

Burgwhar. A burgess. Bull. A papal edict.

Burke. To murder by smothering. Bulla. Seals used by the Roman em- Burking, or Burkism. Murder for perors.

the purpose of selling the corpse; Bumboat act. An English statute murder by suffocating.

(1761) aimed at harbor thieves. Burlaw. (Scotch) An old system of Burden of proof. The onus of estab- appointment of judges by neigh

lishing certain facts by the produc- bors. tion of evidence. See 33 L. R. A. Burlaw courts. (Scotch) Courts in (N. S.) 1089; also 71 Am. St. Rep. which the Burlaw


istered. Bureau. A business office; a govern- Burning in the hand. A practice of ment department.

branding to prevent Bureaucracy.

A government by claiming of benefit of clergy. bureaus or departments.

Burrochium. A dam or fish-trap weir. Burg, or burgh. A borough.

Burr's Case. Aaron Burr's prosecuBurgage. A tenure wherein lands tion for treason against U. S.,

were held of the king or the lord 1807. See 2 L. Ed. (U. S.) 684. for a yearly rent.

Bursary. The treasury of a college. Burgage-holding. (Scotch) A ten- Burse. A bourse; a purse.

ure held under the crown by watch- Bury. A borough; a castle; a manor ing and warding service.

house. Burgator. A burglar.

Bushel. A measure established in Burgbote. Contributions for main- England in 1701, containing tenance of town walls.

2,150.42 cu. in., was called the Burgenses. Inhabitants of a bor. Winchester Bushel;


lished there in 1826 contains








2,118,192 cu. in.; here the measure Butts and bounds. Boundaries. varies in different states.

Butty. A coal mining contractor. Burying alive. An old punishment Buying of titles. Purchasing inter

for sodomy and dealing with Jews. ests of land claimants who are not Burying-ground. A cemetery.

in possession. See 22 Mass. 348. Business hours. That portion of the By estimation. An expression used

day in which business is ordi- in conveyancing signifying "more narily transacted. See 18 Minn.

or less." 133.

By God and my country. The formal Business month. Thirty days,

answer of a defendant upon ardistinguished from the calendar raignment in answer to a question month.

as to how he will be tried. Bussa. (Old English) A ship of large By the by. A condition existing

size and clumsy construction.- when a defendant was in the cusSpelman.

tody of the court in another acButlerage. An hereditary

tion. duty of two tons of wine from By-bidding. False bidding at every ship importing twenty tons auction in order to raise the price.

See 1 Bl. Comm. 315. By-laws. Ordinances of a town or Butt. A ridge left in ploughing; an city; rules made by the stock

archery target; a measure of one holders of a corporation for its adhundred and ten gallons.

ministration. See 3 L. R. A. 261. Buttals. End boundary lines.

Byrlaw. Same as Burlaw. Butted and bounded. Abutting and By-road. A public road off the main bounded; bounded.

highway. Law Dict.--4




or more.

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