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The hurlers must hauri man to man, and not two set on some of which the land rises into elevaupon one man at once.

tions of great height. On this lake, also, the Carew's Survey of Cornwall.

navigator is often assailed by violent storms, atHurling taketh its denomination from throwing of tended with thunder and lightning, more terrific the ball, and is of two sorts; to goals, and to the than in any other part of North America. Lake country : for hawling to goals there are fifteen or thirty players

, more or less, chosen out on each side, who Michigan, at the western angle, although disstrip themselves, and then join hands in ranks, one

tinguished by a separate name, can only be conagainst another out of those ranks they match sidered as a part of Lake Huron, deepening into themselves by pairs, one embracing another, and so a bay of 262 miles in length, by fifty-five in pass away; every of which couple are to watch one breadth, and whose entire circumference is 731 another during this play.

Carer. miles. Between it and Lake Huron there is a When balls against the stones are hardest throwne, peninsula, that at the widest part is 150 miles; Then highest up into the aire they fly;.

along which, and round the bottom of Michigan, So, when men hurle us (with most fury) downe, runs part of the chain forming the Land's Height Wee hopefull are to be advanced thereby

to the southward; whence descend many

G. Withers. large and numerous streams that run into it. Corrupted light of knowledge hurled

On the north side of Lake Huron many rivers of Sin, death, and ignorance o'er all the world.

considerable size run down from the Land's

Denham.
His darling sons,

Height. One of them, called French River, comHurled headlong to partake with us, shall curse

municates with Lake Nipissing, whence a Their frail original and faded bliss. Milton.

succession of smaller ones, connected by short Highly they rag'd against the Highest,

portages, opens an intercourse with the Ottawa Hurling defiance towards the vaults of heaven. River, that joins the St. Lawrence near Mon

Id. treal. On the eastern extremity of the lake is Thus the rash Phaeton with fury hurled the Matchedash River, which through another And rapid rage, consumes our British world. succession of lakes, separated only by one short

Marvell.

portage, establishes a communication by Lake She strikes the lute; but if it sound.

Simcoe, Holland River, and Yonge Street, with Threatens to hurl it on the ground. Waller.

the town of York, the capital of Upper Young Phaeton,

Canada. The land bordering on the western From East to North irregularly hurled,

shore of the lake is greatly inferior in quality to First set himself un fire, and then the world.

that on Lake Erie. It is mixed with sand and

Dryden. Conjure hiin far to drive the Grecian train,

small stones, and is principally covered with And hurl them headlong to the fleet and main.

pines, birch, and some oaks. Pope.

Huron, a county of the United States, in To hurl the dart, to ride the car,

Ohio, bounded south by Richland, or the paralTo stem the deluges of war,

lel of lat. 41° N. and Indian Lands; east by And snatch from fate a sinking land;

Medina and Cayahoga counties; north by Lake Trample the invader's lofty crest

Erie ; and west by Indian Lands. It is watered And from his grasp the dagger wrest

by Black, Vermillion, and Huron rivers, Pipe And desolating brand.

Beattie, and Cold creeks, and Sandusky and Portage The captive usurper,

rivers. The chief place is Aveny. Hurled down from his throne,

Huron, a river of the United States, in the Lay buried in torpor,

North Western Territory, which rises near the Forgotten and lone.

Sciota, and running north-east falls into Lake
I broke through his slumbers,

Erie.
I shivered bis chain,
I leagued him with numbers,

HURONS, a nation of North American In-
He's tyrant again. Byron's Manfred.

dians, who reside on the banks of the above lake, HURON, a large lake of North America, one

and whose language is spoken over a great ex

tent of country. of the five principal ones which lie partly in the British territories, and partly in those of the

HURÄRICANE, n. s. ) Fr. ouragan; Span. United States. Its form is nearly triangular, and

HURRICA'NO, n. s. Shraacan. A violent its circumference above 1000 miles, being up- storm, such as is often experienced in the western wards of 240 miles long from east to west, and hemisphere. 180 broad from north to south. It has many Blow winds, and crack your cheeks ! bays and islands, and communicates with lake You cataracts, and hurricanoes, spout! Shakspeare. Michigan on the west by the straits of Michilli

A poet who had a great genius for tragedy, made mackinac, with Lake Superior on the north-east

every man and woman too in bis plays stark raging by those of St. Mary, and with lake Erie on the mad': all was tempestuous and blustering; heaven south by those of Detroit. It abounds with and earth were coming together at every word ; a fish, particularly trout and sturgeons, and its mere hurricane from the beginning to the end. banks with sand cherries. The Chippeway,

Dryden. Ottoway, and Huron Indians reside on its banks. The ministers of state, who gave us law, It lies between 80° 10' and 84° 30' W. long., In corners with selected friends withdraw; and between 43° 30' and 46° 10' N. lat.

There in deaf murmurs, solemnly are wise, On the western side of lake Huron an extensive Whisp’ring like winds, ere hurricanes arise. Id. series of islands, called the Manatoulin Islands, A storm or hurricano, though but the force of air, stretches in an easterly direction for 160 miles; makes a strange havock where it comes.

Burnet.

Id.

So, where our wide Numidian wastes extend, Your pobles will not hear you ; but are gone Sudden th' impetuous hurricanes descend,

To offer service to your enemy;
Wheel through the air, in circling eddies play, And wild amazement hurries up and down
Tear up the sands, and sweep whole plains away. The little number of your doubtful friends.
Addison.

Shakspeare. HURRICANES, in the warm climates, greatly

Among all the horrible hurries in England, Ireland exceed the most violent storms known in this

was then almost quiet.

Hayward. The ruin and desolation accompany

Mars, that horrid hurrier of men. country.

Chapman.

For whom all this haste ing a hurricane,' says Dr. Mosely in his Treatise

Of idnight rch, and hurry'd meeting here? on Tropical Diseases, cannot be described.

Milton. Like fire, its resistless force consumes every

That haurrycd o'er thing in its track, in the most terrible and rapid Such swarms of English to the neighb'ring shore. manner. It is generally preceded by an awful

Dryden. stillness of the elements, and a closeness and Did you but know what joys your way attend, mistiness in the atmosphere, which makes the You would not hurry to your journey's end. sun appear red, and the stars larger. But a Impetuous lust hurries him on to satisfy it. South. dreadful reverse succeeding—the sky is suddenly It might have pleased him in the present heat and overcast and wild—the sea rises at once from a hurry of bis rage; but must have displeased him

infinitely in the sedate reflection.

Id. profound calm into mountains the wind rages and roars like the noise of cannon--the rain

Stay these sudden gusts of passion,
That hurty you away.

Rowe's Royal Convert. descends in deluges—a dismal obscurity enve

Ambition raises a tumult in the soul, it inflames lopes the earth with darkness—the superior the mind, and puts into a violent hurry of thought. regions appear rent with lightning and thunder

Addison. the earth often does, and always seems to trem A long train of coaches and six ran through the ble-terror and consternation distract all nature heart, one after another in a very great hurry. Id. birds are carried from the woods into the ocean; I do not include the life of those who are in a and those whose element is the sea seek for perpetual hurry of affairs, but of those who are not

Id, refuge on land—the frightened animals in the always engaged. field assemble together, and are almost suffocated

A man has not time to subdue his passions, esta. by the impetuosity of the wind in searching for blish his soul in virtue, and come up to the perfection shelter, which, when found, serves only for of his nature, before be is hurried off the stage. Id.

After the violence of the hurry and commotion destruction—the roofs of houses are carried to

was over, the water came to a state somewhat more vast distances froin their walls, which are beaten

calm.

Woodward. to the ground, burying their inhabitants under

The pavement sounds with trampling feet, them-large trees are torn up by the roots, And the mixt hurry barricades the street. and huge branches shivered off, and driven

Gay's Trivia through the air in every direction, with immense If a council be called, or a battle fought, you are velocity—every tree and shrub that withstands not coldly informed, the reader is hurried out of the shock, is stripped of its boughs and foliagem himself by the poet's imagination. plants and grass are laid Alat on the earth-luxu

Pope's Preface to the Iliad.

Time hurries on riant spring is changed in a moment to dreary winter. This dreadful tragedy ended, when it

With a resistless unremitting stream,

Yet treads more soft, than e'er did midnight thief, happens in a town, the devastation is surveyed with accumulated horror : the harbour is covered

That slides his hand under the miser's pillow,
And carries off his prize.

Blair. with wrecks of boats and vessels; and the shore

Ah! then and there was hurrying to and fro, has not a vestige of its former state remaining.

And gathering tears, and tremblings of distress, Mounds of rubbish and rafters in one place, And cheeks all pale, which, but an hour ago, heaps of earth and trunks of trees in another, Blushed at the praise of their own loveliness. deep gullies from torrents of water, and the

Byron. Childe Harold. dead and dying bodies of men, women, and

HURST Castle, a fortress in Hampshire on children, half buried, and scattered about, where a remarkable tongue of the county, projecting two streets but a few hours before were, present the miles into the sea toward the Isle of Wight, miserable survivors with a shocking conclusion though scarcely 200 yards over at high water. of a spectacle to be followed by famine, and, The castle was built by Henry VIII., and conwhen accompanied by an earthquake, by mor- sists of a round tower, fortified by bastions. tal diseases. These destructive phenomena are Here Charles I. remained for several days prenow thought to arise from electricity, though the vious to his trial. It is two miles west of Yarmanner in which it acts in such cases is un- mouth. known. See WIND.

HURT, v.a. & n. s. Imperf. I hurt; preHUR'RY, v. n. & n. s. Sax. pergian, to

HURT'ER, n. s.

terper. I have burt. Sax. Hurʻrier, n. s. plunder : hurs was HURTFUL, adj. býnt; Teut. hurtew; likewise a word used by the old Germans in HURT'FULLY, adv. Fr. heurter, to strike. urging their horses to speed, and seems the HURT'FULNESS, n.s. Hurt implies corporeal imperative of the verb.-Johnson. To hasten; HURT'LESS, adj. injury, as mischief; to put into precipitation or confusion; to drive HURT'LESSLY, adv. wound; blow; bruise; confusedly; to move on with precipitation : HURT'LESSNESS, n. s:) mental pain, or woundhurry, tumult; commotion : hurrier, a dis- ed feelings ; sorrow; displeasure ; personal turber.

loss by injustice or wrong: hurtful, mischievous,

pernicious: hurtless, innocent; harmless; in And hertily thei hurtlen al at ones capable of doing injury.

And fro the top, doune cometh the grete stonesto I have slain a man to my hurt.

Genesis.

Id. Legende of Good Women

His harmful club he gau to hurtle high, Why should damage grow to the hurt of the king ? And threaten battle to the fairy knight. Ezra.

Faerie Queene. See thou hurt not the oil and wine. Revelation. The noise of battle hurtled in the air. Skakspeare. For there n'as lady ne creture,

Kindness Save on the wals old portraiture

Made him give battle to the lioness, Of horsmen, haukes, and hounds,

Who quickly fell before bim; in which hurtling, And hurt dere all full of woundes,

From miserable slumber I awaked. Some like bitten, some hurt with shot.

Shakspeare. As You Like It. Chaucer's Dreame.

HUS'BAND, n. s. & v. a. Dan, and Swed. Spiritual theft is sacriledge, that is to say,

Hus'BANDLESS, adj. hus bonde, master, Hurting of holy thinges. id. The Persones Tale.

Hus“BANDLY, adj. from house and The hurt thereby is greater than the good.

Spenser.
Hus'BANDMAN, n. S.

Ru. bonda ; or She joyed to make proof of her cruelty

Hus'BANDRY, 1. s.

Dan. and Swed. * On gentle dame, so hurtless and so true.

bonde, a conductor, a male guide. A man mar

Id. Faerie Queene. ried to a woman; the male of animals : an ecoSecret neglect of our duty is but only qur own nomist; a man that knows and practises the hurt : one man's contempt of the common prayer of methods of frugality and profit: a tiller of the the church of God may be most hurtful unto many. ground, or farmer : the verb signifies to manage

Hookor.

with frugality; to till or cultivate : husbandless, Where is he wounded ? -There will be large cicatrices to shew the people : husband man, an agriculturist : husbandry, til

without a husband : husbandly, thrifty; frugal: he received seven hurts i' the’ body.

Shakspeare. Coriolanus.

lage of land by manual·labor; thrift; frugality; My heart is turned to stone : 1 strike it, and it parsimony. hurts my hand.

Id. Othello.

And after digaer, gonnen they to dance Carter adventured bravely, and received two great And sing also, sauf-Dorigene alone, hurts in his body.

Hayward. Which made alway hire complaint and hire mone, Virtue may be assailed, but never hurt ;

For she ae saw him on the dance go,
Surprized by unjust force, but not enthralled.

That was hire husband and hir love also.
Milton.

Chaucer. The Frankeleines Tale. The Adonis of the sea, is so called, because it is a This widewe, which I tell you of my tale, moving and innocent fish, that hurts nothing that has Sin thilke day that she was last a wif, life.

Walton.

In patience led a full simple lif. Unto her home he oft would go,

For litel was bir catel and hir rente; Where bold and hurtless many a play he tries, By husbondry of swiche as God hir sente Her parents liking well it should be so ;

She found herself, and eke her doughtien two. For simple goodness shined in his eyes. Sidney.

Id. The Nonnes Priestes Tak. Your neighbours have found you so hurtlessly Husbandry supplieth all things necessary for food. strong, that they thought it better to rest in your

Spenser. friendship than make new trial of your enmity. Id. Husband's work is laborious and hard.

Hubberd's Tale. It breeds contempt For herds to listen, or presume to pry,

Asked if in husbandry be ought did know, Wben the hurt lion groans within his den.

To plough, to plant, to reap, to sow.

Id. Dryden.

Bare plots full of galls, if ye plow overthwart; The hurtful hazle in the vineyard shaun,

And compass it then, is a husbandly part.

Twser. Nor plant it to receive the setting sun.

Think you I am no stronger than my sex,
Id. Georgicks.

Being so fathered and so husbanded? Shakspeare.
Shorter every gasp he takes,

If you shall prove
And vain efforts and hurtless blows he makes.

This ring was ever her's you shall as easy
Id. Æneid.

Prove that I husbanded her bed in Florence,
The pains of sickness and hurts, hunger, thirst, and

Where yet she never was.

Id. cold, all men feel.

Locke.

Lorenzo, I commit into your hands
In arms and science tis the same,

The husbandry and manage of my bouse. Id. Our rivals' hurts create our fame. Prior.

It will be pastime passing excellent,
If it be husbanded with modesty.

id. Hurters, in fortification, pieces of timber

A widow husbandless, subject to tears; about six inches square, placed at the lower end

A woman, naturally born to fears, Id. of the platform, next the parapet, to prevent the

This Davy serves you for good uses ; he is your wheels of the gun carriage from hurting the

serving-man, and your husbandman. parapet, whence the name. HURTLE, v. n. & v.a. Prabably from hurt.

Why, woman, your husband is in his old lunes Fr. heurter; Ital. urtare. To clash; to skir- again : be so takes on yonder with my husband, and

so rails against all married mankind.

Id. mish; to run against any thing; to jostle; to

In my right, meet in shock and encounter ; to move with vio

By me invested, he compeers the best. lence or impetuosity, but this meaning is obso -That were the most, if he should husband you. lete.

Id. He foineth on his foo with a tronchoun ;

Peace bath from France too long been chased; An he him hurtlesh with his hors, adoun.

And all her husbandry doth lie on heaps,
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale. Corrupting in its own fertility. Id. Henry V.

Id.

There's husbandry in heaven;

HUSBANDRY, as an art, may include all that The candles are all out. Id. Macbeth.

is practical in AGRICULTURE as a science. See Thy husband is thy lord, thy life, thy keeper, that article. Thy head, thy sovereign. Id. Taming of the Shrew.

It is usually held to embrace still more, i.e. The seeds of virtue may, by the husbandry of Chris

the selection and management of stock and the tian counsel, produce better fruit than the strength of entire business of the grazier. The usuage of self-aature.

Raleigh.

our language, as will be seen above, even down Husbandry the Spaniards wanting in the valleys of

to Swift's time, included also in good husbandry Mexico, could not make our wheat bear seed. Id.

domestic management of all sorts, and even poI heard a great husband say, that it was a common

litical economy. It was originally applied to error to think that chalk helpeth arable grounds.

Bacon. agricultural pursuits only because they formed

one of the largest of the ordinary occupations A farmer cannot husband his ground, if he sits at it

d.

of mankind. On consideration, therefore, we great rent, The French, wisely husbanding the possession of a

ggish eye.

have felt that Rural Economy will more specivictory, kept themselves within their trenches. fically designate the practical parts of the science

Id. Henry VII. of agriculture, not included in that article: we Many men love the sea, others husbandry; briefly, may hope at that period of our work to see some they cannot agree in their own trades and professions, of the contemplated measures of government much less in their lives and actions.

with regard to the agricultural interests assume a Burton. Anat. Mel.

definite shape; and shall be able to include the If thou be master-gunner, spend not all latest agricultural inventions and improvements. That thou canst speak at once; but husband it, And give men turns of speech.

Danish hys ;
Herbert.

HUSH, interj., adj., & v. n.
In those fields

HUSH-UP, v.a.

Goth. thus. The The painful husband ploughing up his ground,

Hush-MONEY.

interjection is Shall find all fret wiib rust, both pikes, and shields. expressive of silence! be still ! no noise! the

Hakewill. adjective signifies silent; quiet: the verbs, to be He was a father to the fatherless,

still, or cause to be still; to appease: to hushTo widows he supplied a husband's care.

up, to suppress in silence; to forbid to be menFletcher's Purple (sland.

tioned : hush-money, a bribe to secure silence. Thus with Sapphira and her husband's fate (A fault which I like them am taught too late),

Husht ! pees,' quod the miller, seist thou not

the Frere For all that I gave up I nothing gain,

How he lowreth under his hood with a And perish for the past that I retain. Cowley,

Chaucer. The Pardonere and Tapstere. Such, as good husbands covet or good wives (The dere companions of most happy lives)

When they were set, and husht was al the place.

Id. The Knightes Tale. Wrong courses take to gain them; yet contemne

This frowned, that fawned, the third for shame Their honest love, who rightly counsel them.

did blush; G. Withers,

Another seemed envious or coy ; A family governed with order will fall naturally to Another in her teeth did gnaw a rush; 'he several trades of husbandry, tillage, and pasturage. But at these strangers' presence every one did hush. Temple.

Spenser. This careful husband had been long away,

Speak softly;
Whom his chaste wife and little children mourn.

All's husht as midnight yet.
Dryden.

Shakspeare. Tempest.
If continued rain

My love would speak; my duty hushes me. The lab'ring husband in his house restrain,

Shakspeare. Let him forecast his work. Id. Georgicks. The king hath done you wrong; but hush! 'tis so. Let any one consider the difference between an

Id. anre of land sown with wheat, and an acre of the As we often see, against some storm, same land lying without any husbandry upon it, and A silence in the heavens, the rack stands still, he will find that the improvement of labour makes the The bold winds speechless, and the orb below value. Locke. As hush as death.

Id. Hamlet. The contract and ceremony of marriage is the occa When in a bed of straw we shrink together, sion of the denomination of relation of husband. Id. And the bleak winds shall whistle round our heads,

The greatest schemes which human wit can forge, Wilt thou then talk thus to ine? Wilt thou then Or bold ambition dares to put in practice,

Hush my cares thus, and shelter me with love ? Depend upon our husbanding a moment,

Otway. And the light lasting of a woman's will.

Hushed as midnight silence go; Rowe's Lady Jane Grey. He will not have your acclamations now. You bave already saved several millions to the

Dryden. publick, and that what we ask is too inconsiderable to The court was hushed, and a whisper ran. break into any rules of the strictest good husbandry.

Addison. Swift. This matter is hushed up, and the servants are for. The mule being more swift in his labour than the bid to talk of it.

Pope. ox, more ground was allowed to the mule by the hus A dexterous steward, when his tricks are found, bandman.

Broome. Hushmoney sends to all the neighbours round;
And if in the mean time her husband died,

His master, unsuspicious of his pranks,
But heaven forbid that such a thought should cross Pays all the cost, and gives the villian thanks.
Her brain though in a dream! (and then she

Swift. sighes),

Alas! thou art pale, and on thy brow the drops Never could she survive the common loss.

Gather like night new. My beloved, hush,
Byron. Don Juan, Calm thec.

Byron.
Vol. XI.

21

Wilton.

boil

Speak to me,

as the lawful head of the church. This occaPor I have called on thee in the still night,

sioned a violent altercation between the archStartled the slumbering birds from the hushed bishop of Prague and our reformer, which the boughs,

latter daily augmented by his exclamations And woke the mountain wolves, and made the caves

against the court of Rome, and the corruptions Acquainted with thy vainly echoed name.

Id. Manfred.

that prevailed among the sacerdotal order. Se

veral other circumstances contributed to inflame HUSK, n. s. & v. a.). Belg. hulsck ;. Swed. the resentment of the clergy against him. He Ilus'KED, adj. hulsu. The outmost in- adopted the philosophical opinions of the Realists, Ilus'KY, adj.

Stegument of fruits : husk, and strongly opposed, and persecuted, as some to strip off the integument: husked, covered with say, the Nominalists, whose number and influence a husk : husky, abounding in husks.

were considerable in the university of Prague. Do but hehold yon poor anu starved hand, He also multiplied the number of his enemies in And your fair souls shall suck away their souls, 1408, by procuring a sentence in favor of the Leaving them but the shales and husks of men. Bohemians, who disputed with the Germans

Shukspeare. concerning the number of suffrages which their Thy food shall be The fresh brook muscles, withered roots, and husks respective nations were entitled to, in all matters Whercin the acorn cradled. Id. Tempest.

decided by election, in this university. In con

sequence of a decree obtained in favor of the Most seeds, in their growing, leave their husks or rind about the root. Bacon's Natural History.

former, which restored them to their constituArt thou returned here to repent too late,

tional right of three suffrages, usurped by the And gather husks of learning up at last,

latter, the Germans withdrew from Prague, and, Now the rich harvest time of life is past,

in 1409, founded a new academy at Leipsic. And winter marches on so fast.

Cowley. This event no sooner happened than Huss began Yea, some have lived on huskes, whilst others fed to inveigh with greater freedom than he had beOn that which was their labour's due reward, fore done against the vices and corruptions of And, where pursued, (till they almost were dead) the clergy, and to recommend, in a public manWithout the world's compassion or regard.

ner, the writings and opinions of Wickliffe, as

G. Withers. far as they related to the papal hierarchy, the Fruits of all kinds, in coat

despotism of the court of Rome, and the corrupRough or smooth rind, or bearded husks, or shell

tion of the clergy. Hence an accusation was She gathers; tribute large! and on the board

brought against him, in 1410, before the tribunal Heaps with unsparing hand.

of John XXIII., by whom he was solemnly exSome steep their seeds, and some in cauldrons

pelled from the communion of the church. NotO'er gentle fires; the exuberant juice to drain,

withstanding this sentence of excommunication, And swell the flatt'ring husks with fruitful grain.

he proceeded to expose the Romish church with Dryden.

a fortitude and zeal that were almost universally Most have found

applauded. He was now, therefore, summoned A husky harvest from the grudging ground. to appear before the council of Constance. Se

Id. Virgil.

cured, as he apprehended, from the rage of his With timely care

enemies, by the safe conduct granted hiin by the Shave the goat's shaggy beard, lest thou too late

emperor Sigismund for his journey to Constance, In vain should'st seek a strainer, to dispart

his residence in that place, and his return to his The husky terrene dregs from purer must.

Phillips.

own country, he obeyed the order of the council, Some, when the

and appeared before it to demonstrate his innopress Has drained the pulpous mass, regale their swine

But, by the most scandalous breach of With the dry refuse: thou, more wise, shalt steep public faith, he was cast into prison, declared a Thr: husks in water, and again employ

heretic, and burnt alive in 1415 ; a punishment The pond'rous engine.

Id. which he endured with unparalleled magnaBarley for ptisan was first steeped in water till it nimity and resolution. The same uuhappy fate swelled; afterwards dried in the sun, then beat till attended Jerome of Prague, his intimate comthe husk was taken off, ard ground.

panion, who attended the council to support his

Arbuthnot on Coins. Do not content yourselves with mere words, iest writings, which were numerous and learned,

persecuted friend. See Jerome. John Huss's you feed upon husks instead of kernels. Watts.

were burnt along with him; but copies of most, HUSS (John), an eminent reformer and mar- if not all of them, were preserved, and publislied tyr, born at Huss, in Bohemia. He lived after the invention of printing. at Prague, where he was distinguished by his HUSSITES, in ecclesiastical history, a party of uncommon erudition and eloquence, and per- reformers, the followers of John Huss. They formed the functions of professor of divinity in adhered to their master's doctrine after his death the university, and pastor in the church of that with a zeal which broke out into an open war, city. He adopted 'the sentiments of Wickliffe, that was carried on with the most savage and unand the Waldenses; and in 1407 began openly paralleled barbarity. John Ziska, a Bohemian to oppose and preach against divers errors in knight, in 1420, put himself at the head of the doctrine, as well as corruptions in point of disci- Hussites, who were now become a very considepline, then reigning in the church. He also en- rable party, and threw off the despotic yoke of deavoured to withdraw the university of Prague Sigismund, who had treated their brethren in the from the jurisdiction of Gregory XII. whom the most barbarous manner. Ziska was succeeded kingdom of Bohemia had hitherto acknowledged by Procopius, in the year 1424. The acts of

cence.

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