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not be lost upon us; may. we learn that the mine, I only purchased the land, and not the evils which we feel, and the errors which we treasures which were hidden in it; but still, he see among us, are to be encountered in no rash from whom I bought will not receive it back.” and lawless spirit; that whatever violates order, The defendant answered, “I am as conscientious and tends to the sudden disruption of the bonds as my fellow-citizen. I sold the land and all of society, has no just place among the means that it contained, and therefore the treasure.” for the reformation of men, and that patience The judge repeated their words that he might and forbearance are no less essential than zeal be certain he had understood the case, and after and firmness, to the promotion of truth. S. some reflection, he said, “ You have a son, my

friend, have you not ?" “ Yes."

“ Yes." “Well, your son shall Man, in his present state, comes into the daughter ?" world, more helpless than any other creature, marry his daughter, and the treasure shall be yet, as a proof of his high original, he retains a given to the pair for a marriage portion.” Alexspecific difference from them all,—in his rational

ander appeared, surprised. “Is my decision

unrighteous ?" asked the ruler. • Oh, no,” faculty, power of speech, and laughter; his ca

How pacity of pitying even those whoin he has made replied Alexander,“ but it snrprises me.”

would the case have been settled in your counwretched by his cruelty ; and in the use of material fire. "It is observable, with respect to the try?" "To tell the truth,” answered Alexander, last, that the wild animals dare pot approach it;

“the two men would have been put under and that the tame, though they learn to love its guard, and the treasure seized for the king.”

* For the king ?” asked the ruler, in astonishwarmth, can neither be taught to kindle it, or to

ment, Does the sun shine in your country?” maintain it by the addition of fuel; though the art of doing it is frequently practised in their : Oh, yes.” “ Does it rain there?" "Certainly."

” sight. That man in this world is not at his

Singular! Are there tame, grass-eating ani. mals there?” “Of n

• Then,” original home, we may infer, as well from his

said the ruler, “it must be on account of these capacity to receive such supernatural influence and intelligence, as raise his mind to the know. the sun to shine and the rain to fall. You men

innocent animals that the all good Being allows ledge, contemplation, and worship of the Deity, do not deserve it." (which none of the other creatures appear to have,) as from the consideration, that the instinct of brutes and birds is evidently more acute, in matters that concern theinselves, than our rational faculty exerted on like occasions. A bee shut Hon. J. M. Niles, in his late address before up in a snuff box, or a pigeon tied up in a bag, the New Haven County Agricultural Society, taken twenty or thirty miles from home, and makes the following judicious remarks in relathen released, wants no compass by which to tion to the influence of railroads : steer its course homeward, but would either “ It has been supposed by many, that the of them, probably, arrive there before its system of railroads and canals, by bringing the captors, who may miss their way, in their at- products of the west into competition with those tempts to find it.Dillwyn's Reflections,

of the Atlantic States, would operate injuriously to the agricultural interests of the latter, and re

duce the value of land. But on a full developWISE SIMPLICITY.

ment of that system, the result will be otherOn his way to conquer the world, Alexander wise. Were agriculture and commerce the only the Macedonian reached a country in Africa, great interests of our country, this consequence where the people, separated from the rest of the night have followed. But manufactures, the world, dwelt peaceably in - huts, and knew no other great interest, supply local markets for the thing of wars or conquerors. Alexander was farmer; and the railroad system is already exled into the presence of the ruler of this people, erting a powerful influence in establishing manuwho received him hospitably. The ruler placed factures in the interior, at points remote from before him dates, figs and bread, but all of gold. tide water; and thus creating local markets for

Do you eat gold here?” asked Alexander. those products of the farm which would not “I put it before you,” replied the ruler,“ be- justify transportation to our commercial cities on cause you have nourishing food in your own the seaboard. Whilst railroads bring the great country, and could not have come here to seek staples of the west into competition with those it.” “Your gold did not entice me here,” re- of the Atlantic States, they enable the latter to plied, Alexander, “but I would learn your send to market, at a good profit, a great variety customs." "Indeed," replied the other, then of products, which could not otherwise be done, stay with us as long as you will.”

and which will not bear transporting from the While they were conversing, two citizens western states. And this system, by its influence came to ask for judgment. The plaintiff said, in evolving the various resources of the country, “I bought a piece of land of this man, and in and increasing its wealth, exerts a favourable indigging it, I have found a treasure. This is not. fluence on agriculture generally, and more es




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pecially on sections contiguous to our commer

SUMMARY OF NEWS. cial towns and manufacturing districts. Whilst EUROPE.—The steamship America arrived at it brings the flour and provisions of the west into Jersey City (opposite New York) on the 29th ult., the market on the seaboard, it enables the farmers having sailed from Liverpool on the 15th. This in the Atlantic States to avail themselves of the arrival dispels for the present the apprehension of markets, where local ones do not exist, for hay, at the last accounts. The intention of the Chartists

a revolution in England, which seemed threatening milk, vegetables, fruit, and various articles, which, who called the meeting on Kennington Common on were it not for those facilities, would bear trans- the 10th, was to march in procession to the Parportation a few miles only.”

liament House, and present an immense petition,

praying for certain great reforms in the electoral Our beloved friends Benjamin Seebohm and franchise. The petition is an ably written docuRobert Lindsey, whose arrival was noticed in our ment, setting forth in the clearest manner the

rights of the people, and the inequality and injustice 24th number, having beeu engaged since that time of the present system of representation, and praying mostly in the city and its vicinity, set set out on for universal suffrage, vote by ballot, amual inSeventh day, the 19th ult., for New York, going by stead of septennial parliaments, abolition of the the way of Bristol, Burlington, &c.

property qualification for a seat in that body, pay, ment of the members, and the division of the

country into equal electoral districts, each having CHRIST OUR REFUGE.

one representative. These are substantially che points embraced in “the people's charter," for which the Chartists are contending. In the

pre. Jesus, refuge of my soul,

liminary meetings, some very violent language Let me to thy bosom fly,

was used, some of the speakers declaring that While the raging billows roll,

after the petition had been presented to parliaWhile the tempest still is high;

ment, the procession should next day reorganize Hide me, Oh my Saviour, hide,

and proceed to the House, to demand an answer, 'Till the storm of life is past,

and that if opposed, they should force a passage. Safe into the haven guide,

Hundreds of thousands were expected to be There receive my soul at last.

present at the meeting. The Government proOther refuge have I none,

hibited the procession, and made great military Hangs my helpless soul on Thee;

preparations to prevent it from entering the city. Leave, ah! leave me not alone,

The meeting took place, and was attended by Still support and comfort me:

immer.se numbers, but the procession was given All my trust on Thee is staid,

up, and the day passed off without any disturbance. All my help from Thee I bring, The petition was taken by a delegation to the Cover my defenceless head

House of Commons, and presented by Feargus With the shadow of thy wing.

O'Connor, who stated that upwards of five millions Plenteous grace with Thee is found,

of names were appended to it. The committee Grace to pardon all my sin;

appointed to examine it, however, reported the Let the healing streams abound,

number at less than two millions, and declared Make and keep me pure within :

that very many of these were evidently fictitious. Thou of Lise the fountain art,

No outbreak had as yet occurred in Ireland, Freely let me take of Thee;

though the peasantry continued to procure arms in Spring Thou up within my heart,

great quantities, and some of the disaffected Rise to all eternity.

journals openly published articles giving instruction

in the use of the weapons, and contemplating in THE STAR OF BETHLEHEM.—Matt. ii. 2.

the most undisguised manner, a rising against the

Government. France remained tranquil. In Italy Brightest and best of the sons of the morning, tio decisive movement had yet taken place. The Dawn on our darkness, and lend us thine aid !

Austrian army was stationed near Mantua, and Star of the East, the horizon adorning,

the King of Sardinia was advancing against ibem. Guide where our infant Redeemer is laid.

It appears that Tuscany and Rome had sent troops Cold on his cradle the dew-drops are shining;

to the assistance of the army under the Sardinian Low lies his bed with the beasts of the stall ;

King, and that Naples was about to do the same. Angels adore him in slumber reclining,

A bloody battle was shortly expected. The Maker, and Monarch, and Saviour of all!

Duchies of Sleswick and Holstein, previously under

the Government of Denmark,'having revolted Say, shall we yield him, in costly devotion,

against that power, and, as is reported, decided Odours of Eden, and offerings divine ?

upon joining the Germanic Confederation, it apGems of the mountain, and pearls of the ocean ? Myrrh from the forest, and gold from the mine?

pears that the Danish troops had advanced into

the territory of the insurgents and defeated them Vainly we offer each ample oblation;

in a severe battle. Prussia was sending troops to Vainly with gold would His favour secure :

assist the Duchies. Richer by far is the heart's adoration ; Dearer to God are the prayers of the poor.

The stated annual meeting of the Haverford Brightest and best of the sons of the morning,

School Association will be held at the committee Dawn on our darkness and lend us thine aid ! room, Arch street meeting house, on Second day Star of the East, the horizon adorning,

afternoon, the 8th inst., at 4 o'clock. Guide where our infant Redeemer is laid.

Charles Ellis, Secretary


Ꮃ .




No. 34.


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that he soon became an important assistant, and Published Weekly by Josiah Tatum,

ultimately a principal in the concern.

In the year 1796, he was united in marriage No. 50 North Fourth Street,

to Mary Hamilton. The domestic happiness PHILADELPHIA.

which he enjoyed in this connection was of Price two dollars per annum, payable in advance, or six short duration; for in less than eleven months copies for ten dollars.

she was removed by death, soon after the birth This paper is subject to newspaper postage only.

of a daughter. Whilst 'the tide of sorrow was

ready to overwhelm him, the Lord was merciA TESTIMONY

fully near to sustain, and he was enabled to Of Grace Church Street Monthly Meeting, mitted in love. In the depth of his distress, he

believe that this afflictive dispensation was perLondon, concerning William ÅLLEN.

writes, “The billows were checked, and a “ Write, blessed are the dead which die in the portion of heavenly serenity spread itself over Lord, froin henceforth: yea, saith the Spirit, my mind." that they may rest from their labours; and their As he advanced in life, he was much occupied works do follow them.”

with the executive part of an increasing business, It having pleased the great Head of the church and in the prosecution of various studies conto remove from amogst us, this, our beloved nected with it; yet, amidst his numerous avocafriend, we feel it incumbent upon us to give forth tions, he was a bright example in the diligent a testimony concerning him; not from any attendance of his own week-day meeting, and desire to eulogize the instrument, but to magnify was careful also to set apart a portion of each that grace by which he was, through a long day for private religious retirement, a practice course of years, enabled to stand amongst us, as from which he derived strength and comfort to an upright pillar in the spiritual building, the latest period of his life. The following

He was the son of Job and Margaret Allen, memorandum, written about this time, evinces of Spitalfields, London, and was born in the his watchful care lest temporal concerns should Eighth month, 1770. His pious parents early obstruct a full dedication of heart to the Lord. directed his mind to take heed to the conviction's “Oh! saith my soul, may I never love anything of the Spirit of 'Truth. Their instructions and more than Him, but be favoured to keep every tender restraint were especially blessed to him, thing in subordination, yea, under my feet. Oh! and he often, through life, acknowledged with that I may be wholly devoted to Him and His filial affection and gratitude, the benefit he had cause, being careful for nothing, but how to fill derived from the watchful care of his beloved up my duty from time to time." mother, to whose comfort, in her declining years, Being occupied in the pursuit of many behe felt it a privilege to minister.

nevolent and scientific objects, he was brought Through yielding to the tendering influence into contact with persons who filled important of divine love, his heart became deeply im- and conspicuous positions in the world. He pressed with the truth and excellence of those was many years engaged as a public lecturer on principles in which he was educated. Although chemistry, &c., and he availed himself of the of a lively disposition, and subjected to many of opportunity thus afforded, to impress upon his the temptations incident to natural genius, he audience the great truths of revealed religion, was, in a remarkable manner, preserved in hu- and was careful to manifest, by an undeviating mility, and in a concern to seek, in preference adherence to the simplicity of his holy profession, to all other things, “ the kingdom of God and that his chief concern was to prove himself a His righteousness." His inclination for scien

His inclination for scien- humble and self-denying disciple of the Lord tific pursuits led him to quit the business into Jesus. The following memorandums, made after which his father had introduced him, and to commencing a course of lectures in the First enter a chemical establishment at Plough Court, month, 1804, evince the exercise of his mind on Lombard street. Here his talents, united with this subject: “I hope I have been hitherto fahabits of active industry, rendered him so useful, I voured to act consistently in my public situation

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at the Royal Institution. May I be preserved, , of his remarks about this time show the progress and never give up my principles for the applause of the work of preparation. of the world.”. At a later date, in allusion to " 5th mo. 5th, 1817. of this week, I must this engagement, he says, “Some comfort in re-record with thankfulness, that however unflecting that I have endeavoured to behave con- worthy of divine regard, it has been mercifully sistently with the profession I am making ; so manifested. My faith has been greatly strengthcontinue to help, dear Lord, and graciously ened, and I have been enabled to offer up all preserve me from bringing reproach on thy that may be called for. It is only, however, in great cause.'

the day of the Lord's power, that his people are After his marriage with Charlotte Hanbury, a willing people. in 1806, he divided his time between Plough “ 5th mo, 17th. At the invitation of E. J. Court and Stoke Newington, the latter place Fry, I saw the female prisoners at Newgate. eventually becoming his usual residence. He was The plan of this dear Friend seems, to me, to appointed by our Monthly Meeting to the station be sanctioned from above. I ventured to adof elder, in 1813, having for nine years accepta- dress them, at parting, and when I got back to bly filled the office of overseer. He was seri-Newington, had peace in it. What a favour! ously impressed with a sense of the responsi- " 5th mo. 25th. The meeting for worship, on bility incurred in these important stations, and sixth-day, was uncommonly solemn and conwhilst watching over the flock, he was careful firming. I thought I could have kneeled down, to enter into frequent and close self-examination'; and given thanks at the conclusiou; but was this is instructively shown by the following re- afraid that I was not sufficienty purified." marks, dated Ninth month, 1817: “ For some In the year 1818, under a solemn sense of days past, I have been humbled under a sense the awfulness of the engagement, our dear friend, of my own weaknesses and imperfections. at length yielding to the constraining power of Wash me, and make me clean, has been my heavenly love, spoke as a minister, in our reprayer. The religion of Jesus requires purity ligious assemblies. In the course of the same

. of heart; it is not enough that the outward con- year, and with the concurrence of his Monthly duct be irreproachable, or even applauded by Meeting, he united with his beloved friend, men. The ihoughts of our hearts ought con- Stephen Grellet, now of Burlington, North tinually to be acceptable to Him who sees in America, in extensive service on the continent Under date of the same month, he of Europe.

of Europe. During this journey, which occusays, “ How I long to experience more and more pied about eighteen months, he was indefatiof the cleansing, sanctifying power of the dear gable in his exertions on behalf of the poor, the Redeemer," and, in contemplating, at the same ignorant, and the oppressed; and in several intime, the infinite purity of the Divine Being, stances, his labours were signally owned by the and the corruptions of his own heart, he Divine blessing. They visited the little comdeeply felt the absolute necessity of a Medi- pany professing with Friends in Norway, from ator.

thence, proceeding by Stockholm, and through In the year 1816, our dear friend and his wife Finland, to Petersburg. Much of their service accompanied two women Friends, who were in that city, and elsewhere, consisted in diffusing liberated for religious service on the continent a knowledge of our Christian principles, amongst of Europe. After visiting the Friends of Pyr. persons of piety and influence; and these opmont and Minden, they were proceeding to the portunities were often eminently owned by Him South of France, when William Allen was who had put them forth; so that our dear brought into deep affliction by the loss of his friend observes, “We may, indeed, say,

It is wife, who died near Geneva, after an illness of the Lord's doing, and marvellous in our eyes." about three weeks. In this proving season, the When visiting some of the large military schools eternal God was his refuge, and underneath were in Russia, he saw, with much concern, that the the everlasting arms, and in the depth of his reading lessons were extracted from the works anguish, he uttered the language, " Thy will, of infidel writers. Feeling the importance of

“ Lord, be done."

remedying this evil, he forcibly pointed out In the following year, by appointment of the some of the leading pious characters in PetersMeeting for Sufferings, he accompanied two burg, the excellent opportunity which these women Friends from America, on a visit to the schools afforded, for disseminating a knowledge South of France. In the review of this journey, of Christian truth by the introduction of portions he expresses his reverent thankfulness for the of Holy Scripture. His suggestions met with mercies vouchsafed, and adds, “ I distinctly felt warm encouragement; he was solicited to pre. the reward of peace for this little act of faith and pare a selection from the sacred volume, and, dedication.”

assisted by some of his friends, he compiled the His mind was often brought into deep exer- Scripture Lessons which have ever since been cise, under an apprehension that it would be in use in those schools, and have become extenrequired of him to bear a public testimony to sively circulated in most of the countries of Euthe goodness of his gracious Master, and some rope, as well as in South Africa. At the close

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of the day, on which this work was commenced, common degree, guided him in his daily walk he remarks in his journal, “I think that I never through life. He cherished a lively interest in felt more peace, or divine support, in any plan, the comfort of all, whatever might be their or engagement, than I did this evening." After station, who were placed within the sphere of leaving Petersburg, they proceeded through some his immediate influence; and, with a self-sacriof the large towns of Russia to the German ficing kindness, he sought to promote their temcolonies near the banks of the Dneiper, thence poral and spiritual welfare. His ear was at all to Constantinople, Smyrna, Greece, and the times open to the call of human suffering; and Ionian Islands, finding, from place to place, a he was ever ready to use personal exertion, and field of service open before them. After a de- to distribute freely of his substance, for the relief tention at Zante, in consequence of a serious and of the necessitous. protracted illness, he returned home through

(To be continued.) Italy, Switzerland and France. On the review

From the Non-Slaveholder. of this journey he thus writes: "My mind was calm and peaceful

, though humbled in the feeling THIRD ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MANAof my weakness and numerous imperfections. I

GERS OF THE PHILADELPHIA FREE PRO. am abundantly convinced, that, in my own

DUCE ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS. strength, as a rational creature, I can do nothing In the report which the managers submitted to to promote the dear Master's work; but I have the Association last year, a general view was faith to believe that, through His Spirit strength. exhibited of the intimate connection between ening me, I can do all that he requires of me," slavery, in its various ramifications, and the

Soon after his return, he says, “I seem to market for its products, by which it is supported. have repeated evidence that the Lord is calling Notice was taken of the renewed stimulus which me 10 public service, but I am often much the African slave-trade had received from the reafraid, and desire never to speak in His name duction of the duty on sugar, by which the probut when he is graciously pleased to furnish the ducts of Cuban and Brazilian slavery were power." His communications being much to brought into competition in the British market the comfort and edification of his friends, he was with the free grown produce of their own colorecorded as an approved minister in the Fifth nial possessions. And it is with poignant remonth, 1820. He observes that this placed gret, that we have now to state, that the murderhim in an awful situation, and adds, “ May the ous traffie, by which that slavery is sustained, great Preserver of men be near to sustain and not only continues unabated, but has been greatly support me under every trial, and to prevent me increased. Vessels built and equipped in the from doing anything which might tend to injure United States, and furnished with all the mateHis great and good cause.

rials for the prosecution of this piratical trade, In the year 1822, our dear friend again still navigate the ocean under protection of the visited the continent of Europe. He went forth, American flag; and although, when slaves are as he remarks, in simple faith, not being able to taken on board, a foreign ensign is usually subsee far before him, but as he was careful to stituted, there can be little doubt that American follow the leadings of his Divine Master, the citizens and American capital are frequently enpaih of duty became clear, and he was made an gaged in their transportation. instrument of great usefulness to his fellow- So active has this traffic been, that 3000 capcreatures. At Vienna and Verona he was the tured slaves were carried to Sierra Leone in two means of diffusing widely, amongst persons con- months. These were chiefly boys, from six to nected with the principal governments of Eu- fifteen years of age, who seem to have been prerope, a knowledge of the iniquities of the African ferred to older slaves, because a greater number Slave-trade : he also pleaded the cause of the of them could be stowed in a given space. oppressed Greeks, for whom he obtained some These, of course, must be considered as a small important privileges; and that of the persecuted part of the number embarked on the African Waldenses of Piedmont, who, in consequence coast. It is almost needless to mention that the of his exertions, gained increased liberty of con- horrors of this blood-stained traffic, are greatly science. After some religious service amongst increased by the means adopted for its suppresthis people, and also in Switzerland, Germany sion; the vessels employed in its prosecution, and France, he was favoured to return home in being constructed for rapid sailing, and theresafety; and in a review of the mercies received, fore allowing a smaller space for the living cargo. he says, “ deeply humbled in thankfulness that The illicitness of the traffic often drives those my dear Master had preserved those who were who engage in it, to the adoption of barbarous dearest to me, and brought me back to them in expedients, which would hardly be thought of in the possession of his sweet peace.”

a legalized commerce. Reporis are not wanting In the several relations of domestic and social of whole cargoes of slaves being consigned to the life, his character shone with peculiar brightness, deep, when no other method could be devised to and was calculated to attract those around him conceal the employment of the slavers. But to that blessed principle of truth, which, in nol without taking much account of such cases, we

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