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British group.

22. Where are the following towns situated :-Barcelona, Messina, Liege,

Mosul, Nantes, Nancy, Dinan, Dinant, Kiev, Coleraine, Nera Cruz,

and Hyderabad ? 23. What are the principal passes of the Alps ? Mention any theories which

have been held as to the probable route of Hannibal in crossing them,

and give your own opinion. 24. Show how the character of a nation may be influenced by its geology

and physical geography. 25. Give the boundaries of England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland respec

tively. 26. Give the names and positions of the various islands belonging to the 27. Name the counties and principal towns on the North Western line from

London to Edinburgh. 28. Name the dockyards and chief mercantile seaports of Great Britain, with

the counties in which they are situated. 29. What are the principal exports of Great Britain, and the localities

where they are produced ? 30. Describe the positions of the following British possessions :-Gibraltar,

Corfu, Heligoland, Sierra Leone, Mauritius, Falkland Islands, Jamaica,

Newfoundland, and Guiana. 31. Trace the course of the Danube from its source to its mouth. 32. What are the principal seaports of France ? 33. Name six rivers of Russia, with the seas into which they fall. 34. Name the capitals of the following countries :-Prussia, Sweden, Persia,

China, and Canada.

35. What is the circumference of the globe in miles ? Explain and derive the

word “hemisphere.” How are latitude and longitude measured ? 36. Name the six northern counties of England and their capitals. In which

of the English counties are hors grown? What are the two com

modities which principally constitute the natural wealth of the country? 37. What are the small islands belonging to England ? 38. Name the principal rivers of England, and the seas into which they

respectively fall. 39. What are the principal cities and towns of Scotland, and in what coun

ties are they situated ? In what district is the population most con

centrated ? 40. Name the four Irish provinces, and the principal Irish ports. 41. What languages are spoken in different parts of the United Kingdom ? 42. What articles have constituted the principal imports from Russia in

recent years ? What other countries are able to supply the same commodities? 43. From what countries do we obtain tea, coffee, sugar, wine, cotton, wool,

and palm oil ? 44. Mention the principal German States, their capitals, and the titles of

their Sovereigns. 45. What is the date ordinarily assigned to the discovery of America ?

What are the British Colonies in the Northern, and the independent

States in the Southern portion of the Continent ? 46. Give the names, capitals, and position of the Australian Colonies. 47. Mention the colonial possessions of other European States. 48. Explain briefly the advantages or inconveniences which may result from

the maintenance of sovereignty over distant dependencies.

49. Explain fully how latitude and longitude are measured. Between what

limits of latitude is Great Britain included ? 50. Describe the position of the principal British colonies and dependencies. 51. State the different articles of commerce we import from each of them

respectively. 52. In what countries are the following places situated : Trafalgar, Elsinore,

Estambonl, Beirout, Acapulco, Aboukir, Buenos Ayres, Belgrade,

Abergavenny, Lima, Cayenne, Aden? 53. Describe the course of six rivers of France, mentioning the chief cities on

each. 54. Name the principal sea-ports on the Mediterranean, and the countries to

which they severally belong.
55. What was the population of Great Britain-

'1. At the beginning of the present century?
2. At the time of taking the last census ?' Give the population of any

other country of Europe. 56. Mention the principal mountain ranges of Europe and Asia, and the

height of some of the loftiest mountains. 57. Describe accurately the situation of the following islands : Malta, Corfu,

Bermuda, Minorca, Lewis, Negroport, Borneo, Guernsey, Mauritius,

Owhyhee, Juan Fernandez. 58. What are the most important natural productions of the following

countries: England, India, Spain, France, China, Canada, and the

United States of North America ? 59. By what counties are Derbyshire and Wiltshire respectively bounded ? 60. Through what counties would a person pass who travelled in a straight

line from London to Exeter ? 61. Name the Scotch counties and their capitals. 62. Draw a map of Ireland, marking the positions of Dublin, Cork, Belfast,

Limerick, and Waterford.

1

63. Explain fully how latitude and longtitude are measured. Between what

limits of latitude is Great Britain included ? C4. Describe the position of the principal British colonies and dependencies.

Into how many presidencies is. India' divided? What are their

capitals ? 65. State the different articles of commerce we import from each of them

respectively 66. In what countries are the following places situated: Trafalgar, Elsinore,

Estamboul, Beirout, Acapulco, Aboukir, Buenos Ayres, Belgrade,

Abergavenny, Lima, Cayenne, Aden? 67. Name some of the principal rivers of India, and give a general account

of the nature of the country through which they flow. 63. Name the principal seaports on the Mediterranean, and the countries to

which they severally belong. 69. To what districts of India are the terms Deccan and Carnatic applied ? 70. Mention the principal mountain ranges Europe and Asia, and the

height of some of the loftiest mountains. 71. Describe accurately the situation of the following islands: Malta, Corfu,

Bermuda, Minorca, Lewis, Negropont, Borneo, Guernsey, Mauritius,

Owhyhee, Juan Fernandez. 72. What are the most important natural productions of the following coun

tries :--England, India, Spain, France, China, Canada, and the United States.of North America ?

73. By what counties are Derbyshire and Wiltshire respectively bounded ? 74. Through what counties would a person pass who travelled in a straight

line from London to Exeter ? 75. In what provinces are Dacca and Arcot respectively situated ? Name

the districts in which cotton and opium are staple productions. 76. Draw a map of Ireland; marking the positions of Dublin, Cork, Belfast,

Limerick, and Waterford.

77. How are latitude and longitude measured ? Mention any counties which

have nearly the same latitude as London. 78. Into how many counties is England divided? Which are the counties

bordering upon Wales ? 79. Name the Irish provinces; mentioning their relative situation, and the

principal towns in any two of them. 80. Describe the course of a ship from Newcastle-on-Tyne to the Black Sea. 81. Draw a map (1) of any one English county, (2) of any French depart

ment, placing in them the rivers, and the names of the six principal

towns. 82. Where are the following cities situated, and for what are they severally

remarkable :-Alexandria, Delhi, Philadelphia, Shanghai, Kars,

Mooltan, Mosul, Worms, Nantes, Nancy, Trebizond? 83. Trace the course of four of the following rivers, stating the countries

through which they flow, and the principal towns on their banks :

Rhine, Rhone, Indus, Oder, Ingour, Bug. 84. What is the country generally known by the name of the Peninsula ?

Mention the names of any towns or rivers in that country to which

historical interest is attached, and describe their situation. 85. Describe the situation, height, length, and general appearance of the

following mountain chains :—The Cevennes, the Pyrenees, the Sierra

Nevada, the Alps, and the Apennines. 86. What are the principal imports which Great Britain receives from

America ? 87. Explain the terms latitude and longitude. Estimate roughly the latitude

and longitude of Madrid, Naples, Pekin, New York, and St. Peters

burgh.
88. Name (a) the Welsh counties bordering on the British Channel.

(6) the two Westernmost counties of Connaught.
(c) the two Northernmost counties of the Scotch mainland.

(d) the counties crossed by a straight line from Lincoln to Shrewsbury. 89. What counties are drained by the Thames, Severn, Trent, and Ouse,

respectively? Name the chief ports of their respective estuaries. 90. Describe the position of the following headlands :-North Cape, Cape

Clear, Cape Horn, the Naze, Cape St. Vincent, the Lizard, Cape

Guardafui, Cape Cod, Cape St. Roque. 91. On a rough outline of the Mediterranean mark the positions of Alex

andria, Acre, Barcelona, Tunis, Sinyrna, Leghorn, Athens, Genoa. · 92. On a rough outline map of India mark Calcutta, Bombay, Madras, Agra,

Benares, Simla, Lahore, the Ganges, the Indus, the Himalayas.
Which is the most fertile district of India ? Whence do calico and

muslin derive their names ? 93. From what countries do we obtain cotton, deals, tobacco, tea, mahogany,

gamboge, guano, currants, sherry ? 94. Through what countries do the following rivers flow, and into what seas

do they fall :-The Rhine, the Mississippi, the Vistula, the Hudson, the Volga, the St. Lawrence ?

95. Give a list of the Atlantic States of the American Union, distinguishing

the New England States. State the boundaries of Europe. 96. Name its independent States, with the capital city of each.

97. How are the relative positions of places on the earth's surface deter

mined ? State roughly the latitude and longitude of Dublin, Paris,

Rome, and of the capital of the colony of New Zealand. 98. Name (a) the counties which a collier would pass in sailing from the

mouth of the Tyne to Gravesend.
(6) the counties on the coast between Belfast and Dublin.

the counties of the highland border of Scotland. 99. What counties are drained by the Tyne, Avon, Tees, and Trent respec

tively ? Name the chief ports of their respective estuaries. 100. Enumerate the principal cities or towns on the Thames, the Elbe, the

Oder, the Rhine, the Danube, and the Vistula. 101. Into what provinces was France anciently divided ? Specify those

which have been at any time united with the Crown of England, and

mention any of the departments which most nearly correspond to them. 102. Enumerate the dependencies of the British Crown or of the East India

Company settled or acquired within the last 30 years. 103. Describe as accurately as you can the positions of Heligoland, Madagas

car, Singapore, St. Thomas' Island, Juan Fernandez, the Moluccas, and Vancouver's Island. On what nations are they respectively dependent? Name the produc

tions of those among them which are commercially important. 104. From what countries do we import corn, coffee, furs, deals, sago, indigo,

palm-oil, mahogany ? 105. What states constituted the American Union at the time of the Decla

ration of Independence ? How many have since been added ?
Name the chief cities of Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, Virginia, Ohio,

and Maine.
106. Enumerate the crowns and principalities~

(a) of Germany. (6) of Italy. 107. What is the circumference of the globe in miles ? Explain and derive

the word “hemisphere.” How are latitude and longitude measured ? 108. Mention the states into which Italy is divided, their capitals, and the

titles of their sovereigus. 109. Give the names, capitals, and positions of the Australian dependencies

of Great Britain. 110. What is the “ Zollverein ?” 111. Draw a map of Scotland, marking the principal towns. 112. Name the dockyards and chief mercantile seaports of Great Britain,

and the counties in which they are situated. 113. Through what counties does the railway from Birmingham to Exeter 114. What are the principal imports of Great Britain, and from what coun

tries are they obtained ? 115. Into how many departments is France divided ? Mention any names

which you recollect. What was the ancient division ?

pass ?

To Candidates for Situations in the Customs and Lower Offices.

Time allowed 24 hours. 116. Name in order the counties which a ship would pass in sailing

(1) From Plymouth to Harwich.

(2) From Newcastle-on-Tyne to Aberdeen, and state what is the

capital town in each county. 117. Write a geographical description of any one county of Great Britain or

Ireland, stating (as accurately as you can) its boundaries, physical features, chief products and manufactures, its divisions (if any), prin

cipal towns and railways. 118. On the accompanying map of England insert the names of the seas,

bays, adjacent islands, principal harbours and headlands of England; mark the position of the counties of Dorset, Caermarthen, Suffolk, Westmoreland, Cambridge, and Hereford, and of the towns Winches

ter, Colchester, Manchester, Chichester, Truro, Sheffield, Ipswich. 119. Mention some of the chief mountains either in Ireland or Scotland, and

state as accurately as you can their position, general features, and

elevation. 120. Where are Spike Island, St. Helena, Achil Island, Barbadoes, Norfolk

Island, Isle of Mull, Isle of Skye, Vancouver's Island ? 121. Mention some of the chief manufacturing towns of Ireland, stating what

manufactures are there carried on, and what is the present state of

trade there as compared with former periods. 122. Which are the chief agricultural districts in Scotland ?

To Candidates for Situations in the INLAND REVENUE and Higher

Offices.

Time allowed, 2} hours. 123. On the accompanying map of Europe insert the names of the seas,

islands, and chief headlands; mark the boundaries of the principal European states, and the position of their capitals; trace the course of the Rhine, Vistula, Douro, and Volga; and the line of the Pyrenees,

the Cevennes, the Caucasus, and the Balkan mountains. 124. Enumerate the most important manufacturing towns either of England

or France, describing accurately their position, and the manufactures

they respectively produce. 125. Write a brief geographical description either of Austria or of Prussia,

mentioning the boundaries, provinces, physical features, climate, chief

products, &c. 126. Describe as accurately as you can the position of the following places,

stating to whom they belong, and any circumstances which render any of them interesting :-Cairo, Natal, San Francisco, Avignon, Genoa,

Silistria, Balize, Leipsic, Antioch, Waterloo. 127. Describe the position of the following lakes, mention any peculiarities

that attach to them, or any circumstances that render them interesting : -Lake Ontario, Lake Ladoga, Loch Katrine, Lake Van, Lake of

Nicaragua, Lake of Lucerne, Ulleswater. 128. Enumerate the United States of North America, specifying those in

which slavery is prohibited. 129. What is meant by “physical geography ?”

State the chief points of contrast between the physical features of the

Northern and Southern hemispheres.

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