7. If 3 apples are worth 6 cents, how many apples must you give for 8 pears, that are worth 3 cents apiece ? 8. James had & oranges that were worth 5 cents apiece, and George had 5 quarts of cherries that were worth 6 cents a quart, which he gave to James for a part of his oranges; how many oranges did he buy, and how many had James left ? 9. Bought 8 yards of cloth at 9 shillings a yard; how many dollars did it come to ? 10. Bought 5 bushels and 3 sevenths of a bushel of salt, at 7 shillings a bushel, how many dollars did it come to ? 11. Bought 9 boxes and 2 thirds of a box of raisins for 3 dollars a box; and paid for it with cider at 4 dollars a barrel; how many barrels did it take? 12. Bought 8 pounds and 4 sevenths of a pound of opium at 7 dollars a pound, and paid for it with cloth at 5 dollars a yard ; how many yards did it take ? 13. Bought 6 chaldrons and 4 ninths of a chaldron of coal at 9 dollars a chaldron, and paid for it with oranges at 5 dollars a 'box; how many boxes did it take ? 14. Bought 7 cases and 5 sixths of a case of Florence oil at 6 dollars a case ; and paid for it with sheet lead at 7 dellars a hundred weight; how many hundred weight did it take? 15. How many dozen of eggs, at 8 cents a dczen, must you give for 7 pounds of sugar, at 10 cents a pound? 16. How much barley, at 3 shillings a hushel, must be given for 8 bushels of wheat, at 7 shillings a bushel ? 17. How much cloth, at 4 shillings a yard, must be given for a firkin of butter, worth 3 dollars ? 18. How much cloih, at 5 shillings a yard, can be bought for 2 reams of påper, at ó dollars a ream? 19. How much wheat, at 7 shillings a bushel, can be bought for 2 barrels of cider, at 4 dollars and a half a barrel ? 20. How long wculd it take a man to lay up 10 dollars, if he say?s 4 shillings a day ? 21. If a man earn 8 shillings a day, how many dollars would he earn in 10 ways ? 22. A man bought twenty pears at the rate of 2 for 3 cents; how much did they come to? 23. How many eggs, at the rate of 3 for 5 cents, can you buy for thirty cents ? 24. A man hired a labourer and agreed to give him 5 dolla.s for every 3 days' work; how much did he give hini a week, there being 6 working days in a week ? How much was it a month, allowing 4 weeks to the month ? 25. If a man receives 5 dollars for 3 days' work, how many shillings is that a day? 26. 5 men bouglat a horse for sixty-three dollars, and paid two dollars a week for keeping him; at the end of 3 weeks they sold him for fifty-four dollars; how much did each man lose by the bargain ? SECTION V. A. 1. James had 4 apples, and John liad half as many, how had lie? 2. If an orange cost 6 cents, and an apple half as much, how much does the apple cost ? 3. If you divide 8 apples equally between two boys what part of them must each have ? Ans. One half of them. 4. What is 1 half of 8 ? 5. If you divide 8 apples equally among 4 boys, what part of them must each have ? Ans. One fourth of them. 6. What is 1 fourth of 8 ? 7. If you divide 6 oranges equally among 3 boys, what part of them must 1 boy have ? 8. What is 1 third of 6 ? 9. If 4 yards of cloth cost 8 dollars, what part of 8 dollars would l yard cost ? What part of 8 dollars would 2 yards cost ? What part of 8 dollars would 3 yards cost ? 10. What is 1 fourth of 8 ? What is 2 fourths of 8? What is 3 fourths of 8 ? 11. If 6 yards of cloth will make 3 coats, what part of 6 yards will make 1 coat ? What part of 6 yards will inake 2 coats ? 12. What is 1 third of 6 ? What is two thirds of 6? 13. If 3 barrels of cider cost 9 dollars, what part of 9 dollars will 1 barrel cost? What part of 9 dollars will 2 barrels cost ? 14. What is 1 third of 9? What is 2 thirds of 9! 15. If 2 yards of cloth cost 10 dollars, what part of 10 dollars will 1 yard cost ? What part of 10 dollars will 3 yards cost ? 16. What is 1 half of 10 ? What is 3 halves of 10? 17. If 2 barrels of flour cost twelve dollars, what part of twelve dollars will one barrel cost ? What part of twelve dollars will 3 barrels cost? What part of twelve dollars will 5 barrels cost ? 18. What is 1 half of twelve ? What is 3 halves of 12 ? What is 5 halves of twelve ? 19. If 4 barrels of cider cost twelve dollars, what part of twelve dollars will i barrel cost? What part of twelve dollars will 3 barrels cost? What part of twelve dollars will 5 barrels cost? What part of twelve dollars will 7 barrels cost ? 20. What is 1 fourth of twelve ? What is 2-fourths of twelve ? 3 fourths ? 5 fourths ? 7 fourths ? 21. If 3 oranges cost twelve cents, what part of twelve cents will 1 orange cost ? What part of iwelve cents will 2 oranges cost ? What part of twelve cents will 4 oranges cost ? What part of twelve cents will 5 oranges cost ? 7 oranges ? 10 oranges ? 22. What is I third of twelve ? 2 thirds ? 4 thirds ? 5 thirds ? 7 thirds ? 10 thirds ? 23. If 5 bushels of wheat cost 10 dollars, what part of 10 dollars will 1 bushel cost ? What part of 10 dollars will 2 bushels cost ? 3 bushels ? 4 bushels ? 6 bushels ? " bushels ? 24. What is 1 fifth of 10 ? 2 fifths ? 3 fifths ? 4 fifths ? 6 fifths ? 7 fifths ? 25. What is 1 half of fourteen ? 1 seventh ? 2 sevenths ? 3 sevenths ? 5 sevenths ? 26. What is I third of fifteen ? 2 thirds ? 1 fifth ? 2 fifths ? 3 fifths? 4 fifths ? 27. What is 1 half of sixteen ? 3 fourth's ? 1 eighth ? 3 eighths ? 5 eighths ? 7 eighths ? 1 sixteenth ? 28. What is 1 half of eighteen ? 2 thirds ? 1 sixth? 5 sixths? 1 pinth ? 2 ninths ? 4 ninths ? 5 ninths ? 7 ninths ? 8 ninths ? ). eighteenth ? 5 eighteenths ? 29. What is 1 half of twenty ? I fourth ? 3 fourths ? 1 fifth'? 3 fifths ? 2 liftlıs? 4 fifths ? 1 twentieth ? 3 twentieths ? 7 twentiethis? 30. What is 1 third of twenty-one ? 2 thirds ? 1 seventh ? 5 sevenths ? 3 scvenths ? 6 sevenths ? 4 sevenths ? 31. What is 1 half of twenty-two ? l'eleventh ? 3 elevenths ? 5 eleventlis ? 7 elevenths ? 10 elevenths ? 32. What is 1 half of twenty-four ? I third ? 2 thirds? I fourth ? 3 fourths ? 1 sixth ? 5 sixths ? 1 eighth ? 3 eighths ? 7 eighths ? 1 twelfth ? 5 twelfths ? 7 twelfths ? 33. What is 1 half of twenty-six ! 34. What are 2 thirds of twenty-seven ? 2 ninths ? 4 ninths ? 5 ninths ? 8 ninths ? 7 ninths ? 35. What is 1 half of twenty-eight ? 3 fourths ? 2 sevenths ? 5 sevenths ? 3 sevenths ? 36. What is 1 sixth of thirty ? 3 fifths ? 7 tenths ? 2 thirds ? 1 half ? 37. What is 1 half of thirty-two? 3 fourths ? 5 eighths ? 1 sixteenth? 38. What is 1 half of thirty-four ? 39. What is 5 sixths of thirty-six ? 2 thirds ? 1 half? 7 twelfths ? 4 ninths ? 3 fourths ? 40. What is 1 half of thirty-eight? 41. What is 1 tbird of thirty-nine ? 42. What is 3 fourths of forty? 7 eighths ? 9 tenths ? 1 half ? , 43. What is 3 sevenths of forty-two ? 5 sixths ? B. 1. A boy having twelve apples, kept 1 fourth of them himself, and divided the other 3 fourths of them equally among 4 of his companions, how many did he give them apiece ? 2. 3 fourths of twelve are how many times 4 ? 3. A man having fourteen bushels of grain, divided 5 sevenths of it equally among 3 men ; how much did he give them apiece ? 4. 5 sevenths of fourteen are how many times 3 ? 5. A man having fifteen shillings, gave away 4 fifths of it, how many dullars did he give away ? 6. 4 fifths of fifteen are how many times 6 ? 7. A man having twenty-one cents, paid away 6 sevenths of them for oranges at 5 cents apiece; how many oranges did he buy? 8. 6 sevenths of twenty-one are how many times 5? |