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Mr. WADE. I do not remember that the Sen- || pertinent in the opinion of the king's friend;”! | demagogism in order to provoke a controversy ator said one word of that kind. I will not say but, sir, the king" himself does not consider it between me and those who are disposed to agree he did not, because I did not treasure up much of Abraham Lincoln never objected to a fair with me upon a certain proposition that we supwhat he said. I did not think it very important || inquiry like this, nor, in my judgment, will be pose to be right! How did he suppose that a then, nor do I now. But enough as to that gen- thank his " friend” for interposing in his behalf | gentleman worthy a seat upon this floor was going tleman. He is the peculiar defender of the Pres- in a case of this kind.
to be swayed by such an appeal as that? ident! I fear the President will fare very hard Sir, I did say on a former occasion that I thought Sir, I rejoice when on the other side of the unless he has better support, as I said before; there was great impropriety in this meeting, and Chamber I find gentlemen who agree with me in but I care nothing about that; it is between him I have not altered my mind on that subject. I regard to any great question that concerns the and the President. The President, I suppose, wish to God that the President had taken a dif- country. I am glad we are not divided always. will stand on his own foundation and I shall en- ferent view from that by which he seems to have || We have been divided, we frequently are divided deavor to stand on mine. I have not attacked been actuated. I wish the President had con- in opinion, so that we have to battle sharply to the President. Sometimes when I have thought | ceived it incompatible with the high position he || maintain our different positions. I regret that the President was wrong, I have attacked the holds as the President of the United States to always; and nothing pleases me more than when thing he has done that I believed to be wrong. I proceed to meet the emissaries of the rebel chief. I think I am right to be confirmed in that opinthink the Senate of the United States has some I think it was a condescension not very honora- || ion by finding that statesmen on the other side of independent duties of its own to perform. I ble to the nation, on his part; but he has done it, || the Chamber rise and express their agreement do not think that it always consists with the and good may come of it for aught I know. He with me and their intention to vote in company honor even of the President that we should be his took one view of the subject and I another; but with me. On the occasion referred to more than mere servants, obeying everything that we may being a Senator upon this floor, I entertain my two thirds of the Senate voted as I did ; and yet ascertain to be his wish and will, because he is opinion as strongly and as firmly as the Presi- || I am to be arraigned here as the enemy of the not always wiser than the whole of us or a ma- dent does his. He may be right and I may be President, and the Senator says his remarks apjority of us. I have not said he was unwise, nor wrong, but there is nothing in the relation be- || plied to nobody but me. Because I advocated a have I said he was wise. I
I have not criticised tween the President and the Senate that requires position which commanded the votes of more than the President at all. I have criticised some of me to get on my knees and humiliate myself be- iwo thirds of the Senate, and because the Senahis acis, and I have disapproved of some of them; fore him, and say these great questions of public tor from Kentucky and some other gentlemen on and the Senator believes that is a violent attack interest do not belong to me as well as to the the other side of ihe Chamber agreed to a propupon the President which needs rebuke here! President. I am responsible to the State of Ohio, osition which it was so manifest to everybody Why did he not turn to me and make that rebuke nay, to the whole nation, as much as he is, for the ought to pass, I am to be arraigned. He is parat first? He got up and made his statements and way that this thing shall come out, I want to know ticular to tell the Senate that he means the Senadid not apply them to me until he was rebuked what he is doing. We have invested him with tor from Ohio, and the attack is made on me for from higher quarters, and then he turned around vast powers, says the gentleman. So we have; | agreeing with a Senator on the other side! I say and went back to his old speech and recapitulated and is it not the business of a free people, is it nol again, the Senator thus appeals to the low, misit and said that he meant me by the old speech, the busiņess of the Senate of the United States, to erable prejudices of party spirit on the floor of the and thereby sought to get rid of the new one to- walch the President, and see how he exercises Senate; and he tells us that he hurls his anathday. That is what he was after; and he was the vast powers we have conferred upon him? I emas not at the Senate, but at the Senator from properly rebuked for it.
know of nothing more important in our position | Ohio; and yet I was speaking the sentiments, if What is more arrogant than for any Senator to than that, although we have the utmost confidence I understand the vote, of two thirds of the memrise on this foor and arraign the whole body as in the President, on these great questions we shall bers of this body. I was content with the subbeing in hostility to the President of the United look into his acts; we shall call for all the facts, stance. My position was maintained strongly States merely because a resolution of inquiry is because we are ultimately to act upon them, as against all he could say, and I thought I might offered? The Senator says we have no right to well as the President of the United States. Why well set off the vote sustaining me against a question the President for anything; it is an im- should we not respectfully ask him, “Sir, if poor, miserable, demagogical speech that anybody peachment of his wisdom to do so. Why, sir, there is nothing incompatible with the public in- || mighi make anywhere. The substantial thing resolutions of this kind are the business of almost terest in telling us wliat you have done, let us was that a triumphant vote of the Senate of the every morning hour. It is this peculiar“ friend” know what it is.” Is there anything more impori- || United States sustained me in my position; and of the President, one of “the king's friends," ant than to know what propositions he did make the Senator says he gave me a sound thrashing that must rise here in opposition to it. The Pres- to the rebels, on what terms he did agree that for holding such opinions, and that he did not ident is not opposed to it that ever I heard of. I there should be an amnesty; what offers on our mean to attack any other members of the Senate. suppose the President is perfectly willing-nay, I part they so arrogantly rejected ? These are Did not others argue the same question? Did not am not certain but that he is anxious, and I have questions that the Senator thinks we have noth- others give the same vote? Did not his remarks understood that he is anxious—to give the Senate ing to do with; these are questions which he thinks as well apply to them as to me? If I was Pilate such information on this subject as they may ask do not interest the Senate of the United States. and the Senator from Kentucky was Herod, were of him. I have heard from a gentleman-as good
He thinks this interview was a mere personal there not a great many Pilates and Herods on both a “friend,” who ought at least to be quite as amusement of the President, with which the Sen. sides of this Chamber on that same subject? The good a friend as the Senator—that the President ate has nothing to do, and in regard to which it Senator from Kentucky and myself do not disrather desired and wished to give us the informa- is impertinent to inquire. Sir, I scout all such agree more than the Senator from Wisconsin distion called for by this resolution. I will not eay ideas.
agrees with a large majority of the Senate of the that the fact is so, but I have been so informed. 1 care nothing for the gentleman's attack to-day. United States. But I am to be singled out, and Whether it be so or not, however, the President As I said before, he will not provoke a reply from old things that have slept for a year are to be has initialed a proceeding of the utmost conse- me. Perhaps I ought not to say a word in reply, | brought up against me, because another Senator quence to the nation; he has held a conference as I did not before. I care nothing for what he properly sees fit to rebuke the Senator from Wiswith leading enemies of the country with regard has said; I think nothing about it; I even bear consin for his unprovoked attack upon the Sento the great question of peace or war. Is the Sen- him no malice for anything he can say, for I have ate itself, and he parries it by saying, " I, the ate of the United States not interested in such never had anything to do with him and never the other day, attacked the Senator from Ohio; I questions? When these tremendous issues are want to have. [Laughter.] I did say on a former attacked him personally; I did not speak for the pending, are we to be told that the Senate of the occasion that I intended to know, if there was Senate; I did not speak for the country; I hurled United States has no right to look into them? power in this body to ascertain, what it was that my anathemas at the Senator from Ohio, and the The Senator scems to suppose so.
that negotiation was about. I thought it inter- rest of you ought not to complain, because I did I should like to know what the Senator thinks | esting, and I thought we ought to have it, and I not mean you. The Senate agreed with me in the people of Wisconsin have sent him here for. declared that if the Senate had the power to get my argument; but he did not mean to attack the Has he anything to do for them? Has he any the information I would know. I should have Senate, he meant to attack the Senator from Ohio! judgment of his own to exercise upon any ques- introduced such a resolution as this long before Sir, in an hour like this, when the nation is ention? and if upon any question, what more im- now, but very soon after I took my seat on mak- || gaged in a gigantic struggle with the worst eneportant than that in the midst of this gigantic war, ing those remarks to which I have just alluded mies that the world ever saw, and we are delibwe shall know what kind of negotiations have been the Senator from Massachusetts offered a resolu-erating how best we can extricate the country entered into, what offers have been made pro and tion almost in the exact terms of that which I from this condition, I envy not the Senator who con., what are the probabilities of the resuli? The would have presented, and I was content with it, so far forgets his duty to the country and to the whole nation stands on tiptoe to ascertain. The | glad that he had taken the matter under his wing, Senate itself as to rise here and make a speech of people know that questions of the most vital in- | and was not disposed to say a single word on the an hour and a half or two hours barely to lecture ierest have been pending between the President of subject, only glad that the inquiry was to be made, the Senator from Ohio or anybody else. Poor the United States and the emissaries of the rebel willing and anxious to vote for the resolution in “ friend” of the President! Miserable prop, to chief. What offers did he make, and what offers silence, without saying a word, but here I must maintain his dignity by an attack on me! It did they reject? Can any question more import- be provoked by this uncalled-for attack of the does not make much difference to the President ant than this arise before ihe American people, || Senator, repeating his old speech against me, and whether the attack succeeds or fails. The Presand is a Senator to be rebuked upon this floor trying to make it offensive by saying that he ident will not care much about it either way. But and told that he is doing something which does meant me, and me alone, or the Senator from Ken- that is the Senator's excuse. He made the longest, not belong to him, that he is an intermeddler with tucky and myself. What a poor miserable ap- fiercest, most vindictive speech I have heard in the the private business of the President, when he peal to what he supposes to be the prejudices that Senate since the rebels ran away; and now he says assumes to ask him in respectful language, "Sir, exist on one side and the other of ibis Chamber! he meant it nearly all for me, and a little portion if the public interest is not opposed to it, please What five statesmanship for a " friend" of the of it for the Senator from Kentucky, who seemed to communicate to the Senate of the United States President here, instead of undertaking to make to care as little about it as I did. That Senator what passed there at that conference between you peace and conciliation in this great council of the handled the subject so well that if I had been disand the enemies of the country?" This is im- United States, lo descend to the lowest depths of ll posed to suy anything afterward I could not have
proceeding by which the President of the chief M. COLLA MER. Vie woboje te neverything
added a word to what I believe, in the judgment of the war, assuming that instead of the Presi- the Senator. If I am supposed to be guilty of of the Senate, was his triumphant vindication of dent of the United States controlling the Army, | all these improprieties what has he to do about himself and, I thought, incidentally of me. So I granting amnesty, listening to propositions for it particularly? What charge has he over me? dropped it; and now I drop it again, hoping that peace, for laying down the arms of the rebels, the Mr. DOOLITTLE. I claim no authority over this resolution will pass, because I believe that committee on the conduct of the war must be con- the Senator from Ohio, but the Senator from Ohio things transpired in that conference which the sulted; the Senate must exercise its power and must not make war on me if he expects to have Senate of the United States ought to know. I go into all this administration and see what peace. think the President ought to tell us what propo- amnesty ought to be tendered by the President, Mr. WADE. I wish barely to say that in all sitions he made to these scoundrels, and what whether pardon should be granied if their arms the things about which the Senator accuses me, they rejected, that the whole country may know should be laid down, or upon what terms ! I had not mentioned his name or thought of him; how we stand related to them. Did they main- Let me say to the honorable Senator from Ohio, and why does he talk about my attack on him? tain their old arrogance? Did they reject propo- once for all, that I claim no more to be a sup- He seems to consider what he calls an attack on sitions that were most reasonable to be made? 'Or porter of the Administration than any other gen- the President as an attack on him. I have not did the President fail to make any propositions ileman on this floor; and I am no more a supporter mentioned his name, nor would I do so now but or terms that ordinary men should have complied of the Administration than he, in my judgment, for the fact that having got into a little controwith? Are not these things matters that the Sen- | ought to be in good faith, from the position that versy with another Senator, he turns around and ale ought to know; and if they ought to know he holds, because I believe that the interests of repeats his old speech and says he meant it all them, how else can they reach that knowledge, this country and the interests of the Government for me then and now, I care nothing about it. except by a resolution like this, respectful in its depend upon our giving the Administration a fair, He says there may be peace or war between terms, calling on the President to disclose to us a cordial, and a united support in the great struggle It will not disturb me very much whether whatever transpired, that, in his judgment, it is through which we are passing. I do not ask the there be peace or whether there be war. I reckon not incompatible with the public interest to let Senator from Ohio to go against his own convic- I shall always “pursue the even tenor of my us know? That is all there is of it; and the Sen- tions and to sustain what he does not believe; I way” here very much as I have done heretofore, ator from Wisconsin thinks that is a violentattack do not ask him to do wrong, to violate his own and I doubt whether I shall think of the Senator on the President against the peace and dignity of conscience; nor do I expect to violate my own three times during the whole session, and certhe country. Sir, there is nothing wrong about conscience, nor will I support any measure which tainly not unless he wakes me up as he has done it. There is nothing in it that the President || I believe to be wrong. I claim for myself the same now when I was not dreaming of him at all, and would not agree to. I have made no attack on independence which I am willing to give to him; || had not for a month. the President. I maintain this resolution with- but what I say to the Senator from Ohio is, that The resolution was agreed to. out fear of any rebuke from the President of the he has no right to begin a denunciation in advance
POSTAL LAWS. United States or anybody else, except the Sena- of the action of the Executive when he knows tor from Wisconsin. And, sir, I have done with || nothing of the facts, as he did time and again, the
Mr. WILSON. I ask unanimous consent to him. I have marked his course a long time. 1 other day, in his speech denouncing this whole
introduce a bill with a view to reference. do not know why he has become so venomous loward me. I have never had anything to do States has, it is said, held these conferences with until my lilile bill is finished. with him. I have no disposition to enter into those gentlemen and listened to the proposals that The PRESIDING OFFICER, (Mr. Foster.) any negotiations with him on any subject what- || they made. Why should the Senator from Ohio The bill (S. No. 390) relating to the postal laws ever. I am willing here to leave him the defender denounce it in advance? Why should he threaten is before the Senate as in Committee of the of the President. Whenever I see fit to attack the Executive with the whole power of the Senate Whole. the President when he is wrong, I shall do it just to compel the disclosure of all that occurred be- Mr. COLLAMER. In pursuance of the reas quick if this Cerberus stood in the way bark- tween them? Why all these muttering threats quest of members I had the honor to go through ing as though there was no opposition whatever; from the Senator from Ohio in advance of his with the bill, explaining its various provisions, it would make no difference with me. knowing what had occurred ?
until I reached the last section, the seventeenth. Mr. DOOLITTLE. Mr. President, this de- Mr. President, I have not denounced this res- In 1863, Congress, on the recommendation of the nunciation of the Senator from Ohio will not pro- olution as coming from the Sevator from Massa- | head of the Department, adopted a plan to enable voke my temper. I have never expressed myself chusetts as an attack on the President. I have him to put in operation the free-delivery system, as angry to the Senator from Ohio. I have spoken said, and the strongest expression I have used in and in order to do that it was provided that on all to the Senator from Ohio in earnestuess, and I relation to it is, that I believed it was unwise to drop letters two cents postage should be prepaid, usually speak in earnestness on every subject make the inquiry in the present state of the cir- and with that money it was thought he would prowhen I address the Senate. I said in reference to cumstances. I did go on and say further that it cure the free-delivery of mail matter in most of the Senator from Ohio that in the language which was the usual mode which was adopted when our cities and large towns. It was in consequence he used in his speech he did attack the Adminis- attacks were made upon the Administration by of that assurance that the law was passed. The tration and the President in the strongest terms an opposition. It seems to presuppose that the present head of the Department finds, as he thinks, possible to be used; but have I used any expres- President of the United States will not voluntarily under the experimenis made by his predecessor sion of anger toward the Senator from Ohio? Not disclose to Congress what it is necessary should and himself, that the two cents which is received at all. I have spoken of his language toward thie be disclosed, or that something has occurred on drop letters does not anything like pay the exAdministration and the Executive; I have de- which, as the Senator from Ohio himself says, in pense of the system of free delivery, and therenounced the language, denounced the position, his opinion does not conform to the dignity of fore he cannot carry on that system in many of and I have done it heretofore; I shall do it here- the high position that he holds; that he has been the cities and towns where it has been established, after, undoubtedly. When the Senator assumes doing something derogatory to his character as and he has been compelled to suspend it. He so that I stand here to speak as the special friend of President of the United Siates, as the Senator construes the law which provided for free delivery the Executive, he is entirely mistalon. I admit believes.
that he cannot have a penny post to deliver letters, that I am one among the friends of the Executive, Now, sir, I come to speak to the Senator from as formerly was the case, and the seventeenth and when I think the Executive is right in the Ohio. He says that I have no right to speak section of this bill is to so construe that law as course that he pursues, I propose to defend him particularly of him. I think I have some right not to forbid that. It is so framed as to say that against all the denunciations the Senator from when the Senator connects me personally with the act of 1863 shall receive that construction. Ohio can make, has ever made, or may hereafter the Executive in a public charge circulated all The committee on examining the subject were make, when he is wrong in making them. over the country, alleging that I had been in some willing that where he could not sustain his free
Now, Mr. President, the Senator from Ohio in conspiracy with the Executive to defeat the proper delivery system he might have the penny post, this very speech says the President was wrong action of Congress upon a bill that was then pend- but that in such cases he should have but one cent in consenting to go down to Fortress Monroe to ing. I tell the Senator from Ohio that I never postage on drop letters. The additional cent was listen to the propositions of any individuals on passed one word with the President on the sub- || given to pay for the delivery, and if there is no the subject of peace; that it was undignified and ject of the bill to which he referred until it had free delivery we think the postage should be but unbecoming his great presidential office which passed. I complain of that.
one cent on drop letters. That is to say, for inhe fills to do so. The Senator the other day in But the Senator says that is an old matter that stance the people in Dover or Salem shall not pay the midst of his denunciatory and inflammatory has been asleep. Having expressed myself on two cents on their drop letters in order to enable speech, went on to declare to the Senate, in de- it, if the Senator so desires, it can sleep. If the Boston and New York to have theirs delivered nunciation of that proceeding, that he desired to Senator thinks that upon this floor, between all free. We therefore propose in this section to know, and he vowed that he would know if there parties here who claim to support the Govern- | amend the law by providing that the Postmaster was power enough in the Senate to compel the ment in this great crisis, it is our duty that we General may set up a penny post where he does knowledge to be given, what transpired between should be at peace one with another, I am ready for not have free delivery, in his discretion; but that the President and those gentlemen. Sir, when peace. But in order that that peace may be niain- l in that case the postage on the drop letters shall that gentleman asks and prays for peace here lained, I insist that the Senator from Ohio sball be but one cent. It is further provided that in among the friends of the Administration is it for not, in every speech that he makes on this floor, those cities in which there are at least fifty thouhim to begin war on the Administration; war on travel out of the record unnecessarily to denounce | sand population he shall establish the free-delivery jto friends, denunciation of the Executive in ad- the Executive as wanting nerve, wanting blood, system; meaning thereby that if it cannot be made vance, without knowing the circumstances under failing in the performance of his duty, denoun- efficient for that purpose we shall not have it at all. which he met those gentlemen, denouncing it in cing him for this very proceeding which is called There is also an additional section recommended ignorance of all that has occurred, and declare that for by the resolution as undignified, not comport- as an amendment by the committee, beyond the the power of the Senate was to be used to compelling with the presidential office, and threatening seventeenth section as printed in the original bill. the truth of all that to be disclosed to the Senate in advance that he will bring the power of the This new section may perhaps well claim somo and the country? I suppose the honorable Sena- Senate to compel the disclosure of all that has l attention, and it may be liable to some objection. tor from Ohio is thinking about " running" this there occurred.
It is now proposed to be inserted in the form in Administration by the committee on the conduct Mr. WADE. I want to put one question to which the Department recommended. I am not perhaps entirely satisfied with it. It is said that United Sutes; but all such obscene publications deposited Senator's attention to the maximum of expense our mails are made the vehicle for the conveyance in or received at any post office, or discovered in the mails, allowed to special agents. In the seventh section,
shall be seized and destroyed, or otherwise disposed of, as of great numbers and quantities of obscene books the Postmaster General shall direct. And any person or
as it is now, the amount allowed to special agents and pictures, which are sent to the Army, and sent persons who shall deposit or cause to be deposited in any for traveling and incidental expenses is four dol. here and there and everywhere, and that it is post office or branch post otfice of the United States, for lars a day, and in the preceding section it is five getting to be a very great evil. This section is mailing or for delivery, an obscene book, pamphilet, picture, | dollars. I think it ought to be uniform. drawn with a view to prevent that. The first part
print, or other publication, knowing the saine to be of a
Mr. COLLAMER. It is five dollars a day in of it provides that if such publications are in the misdemeanor, and, being duly convicted thereot, shall, for
the Pacific States and Territories. mails the postmasters may take them out; and every such offense, be fined not more than $500, or im- Mr. SHERMAN. While the present sixth the latter part provides a penalty and a punishprisoned not inore than one year, or both, according to the
section applies to the special agent on the Pacific circumstances and agyravations of the offense. ment for those who put them into the mails. The
coast, it also authorizes the appointment of “two Senate may adopt the whole of this section, or the Mr. JOHNSON. I move to amend the amend- additional special agents to superintend postal latter part of it without the first part.
ment by striking out the first part of it, so as to matters connected with the railway mail service Mr.JOHNSON. If they are sent in envelopes,
leave it merely to create an offense on the part of of the United States," and their maximum alhow does the postmaster know what they are? those who deposit in the mails these books or lowance for traveling and incidental expenses is Mr. COLLAMER. Printed publications are
other publications. It seems to me--and in that I five dollars a day, while the next section fixes always sent open at one end. It will not require believe the chairman of the Post Office Commit- the allowance for all special agents at four dolthe breaking of seals.
tee, in a great measure, if not wholly, concurs~ lars a day. I think that ought to be increased to Mr. JOHNSON. You do not propose to let
that it would be establishing a very bad precedent | five dollars. the postmaster break the seals?
to give authority to postmasters to take anything Mr. COLLAMER. I have no objection. Mr. COLLAMER. There is not a word said out of the mail. It is true that most of the printed Mr. SHERMAN. I move to amend the presabout" seals” in the section. If gentlemen are not matter that is sent is sent without being covered ent seventh section by striking out “four" and satisfied with that part of it which authorizes the or sealed up; but if there is any danger of this inserting "five." postmaster to throw them out, that part of the
kind those who send this species of publications The amendment was agreed to. section can be stricken out; and I take it the ob- will no doubt soon begin to seal them, and then Mr. HALE. I now propose an amendment jection would be mainly that it might be made a the postmaster, whenever he suspects that the which is of some consequence, and I want the precedent for undertaking to give him a sort of envelope contains anything which is obnoxious attention of the chairman to it. I move to striko censorship over the mails and allow him to discard to objection, will break the seal. It does not ap- out the third section. It is the section which matter which was not satisfactory, politically, to pear to me to be at all necessary to the accom- compels the postage on every newspaper sent some party-like throwing out the 'abolition pa- plishment of the purpose; for after the postmas- | through the mails io be prepaid at the place of pers that used to be talked about. If it is thought ier takes the material out, what is he to do with
publication. I think that will operate to the ruin ihat it may furnish a bad precodent to that extent, it? May he circulate it if he thinks proper? It of a great many country papers. It will be de. the first clause of the section may be stricken out,
is sufficient, as I think, to accomplish the end, structive to that interest and will operate exceedand then the amendment will merely make it penal which is a laudable end in itself, to make it a ingly partially. I suppose the very large papers for anybody to deposit such matter in the mails. misdemeanor on the part of him who seeks to that circulate by fifties and hundreds of thousands, The provision is reported as the Department send through the mail matter of this description. | such as the New York Herald, Tribune, and wished it; but I shall be quite as well satisfied That will be done if the first part of the section World, and some of the Philadelphia papers, personally if the first clause is rejected.
is stricken out. I move to strike out all of the pay no postage, but are transmitted by express Mr. JOHNSON. I move to strike out the first
section after the enacting clause down to, and in- ll outside of the mails and are sold by newsboys. clause. The precedent is a bad one, I think. cluding the word "and" in line seven.
They are thus free from the burden of postage. The PRESIDING OFFICER. The first ques
Mr. SHERMAN. I would much prefer, if The country papers that are sent to their subtion is on the amendments reported by the com
the Senator would be satisfied, with simply strik- scribers go through the mails; and now, in admittee.
ing out the second clause of the first paragraph. | dition to the taxes you have imposed on them Mr. JOHNSON. Will my motion be in order
I think the prohibition against publications of || for advertising and everything else, you propose after those amendments shall have been disposed this character going into the mails ought to stand. to require the publisher to pay the postage in adof?
We are well aware that many of these publica- vance at the place of publication. I think the The PRESIDING OFFICER. It will be. tions are sent all over the country from the city small country papers are sufficiently burdened,
Mr. COLLAMER. This section of which I of New York with the names of the parties send- and that this further tax upon them will be very have just spoken is an amendment of the com- ing them on the backs, so that the postmasters severe, and in many cases ruinous. mittee; but there is one before it which should without opening the mail matter may know that A great many of the country papers do not refirst be acted upon.
it is offensive matter, indecent and improper to ceive all their subscription money, or anything The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Secretary
be carried in the public mails. I think, therefore, like it, in cash, but circulating in the country they will read the next amendment of the committee the legislative prohibition against carrying such are paid for in barter, by the country produce of in order.
matter when it is known to the postmasters should the farmers who take them; and my friend from The Secretary read the amendment, which was be left. Probably the second clause allowing him Maine [Mr. FARWELL) suggests, what I have no to strike out the thirteenth section of the bill, in to open mail matter should be struck out; and I doubt is true, that a great many of the subscrithe following words: suggest to the Senator to modify his amendment
bers never pay at all. To impose on the editor Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That nothing contained by merely moving to strike out the words “but
the necessity of paying in advance the postago in the act entitled “An act to establish a postal money-order all such obscene publications deposited in or re- upon these papers, for many of which he never system,” approved May 17, 1864, or in any other act, shall ceived at any post office, or discovered in any gets any pay, it seems to me would be burdenbe so construed as to prevent deputy postmasters at money
mail, shall be seized and destroyed or otherwise order ofices from depositing in the national banks desig.
some. It is a new feature. I think that the arnated by the Secretary of the Treasury as public deposidisposed of, as the Postmaster General shall
rangement of making the subscribe
pay quartories, to their own credit and at their risk, money-order direct."
terly is well enough. If you choose, you may funds in their charge, under the direction of the Postmaster Mr. JOHNSON. I have no objection to that, | require them to pay quarterly in advance. General, nor to prevent their negotiating drafts, orders, or oilier evidences of debt through these banks, as they may and I so modify my amendment.
Mr. FARWELL. * It is so now. be instructed and required by the Postmaster General, in
The amendment, as modified, was read.
Mr. HALE. If that is properly enforced by order to facilitate the working of the money-order system, Mr. HALE. I wish to suggest a mere verbal the Post Office Department, it is enough, and this And in lieu thereof to insert:
amendment. I think, in the third line, it would section is not necessary. And be it further enactel, That nothing contained in the be well to say that none of them shall be deliv- Mr. COLLAMER.' The law is now that the act entitled “An act to establish a postal money-order sys- ered or admitted into the mail. This simply | postage on all papers that go through the mails tem,” approved May 17, 1864, or in any other act, shall be
says they shall not be admitted. 80 construed as to prevent deputy postmasters al money.
must be paid. This section visits no new burden order or other offices from depositing in the national banks
Mr. COLLAMER. The other part goes on to on anybody. Instead of having the postage paid designated by the Secretary of the Treasury as public de- make the offense of putting in such matter for by the quarter, at the end of the quarter, and colpositories, to their own credit as deputy postmasters, mailing or delivering a misdemeanor.
lected at the office of delivery, it provides, in order money-order or other funds in their charge, under the direc- Mr. HALE. Well, I do not care about it. tion of the Postmaster General, nor to prevent their nego
to secure the money, that the postage shall be tiating drafts, orders, or other cvidences of debt through
Theamendmenttotheamendment was agreed to. || paid at the place where the paper is mailed. That these banks, as they may be instructed and required by the
The amendment, as amended, was agreed to.
will not make any country paper. pay any more Postmaster General.
Mr. COLLAMER. That ends all the amend- than it does now. Instead of having the postage The amendment was agreed to. ments proposed by the committee.
collected from the subscribers through the postThe next amendment was to add to the seven
Mr. SHERMAN. There is one amendment, master, the publisher will pay the postage when teenth section the following proviso:
verbal in its character, which I wish to suggest. he puts it in the post office, and the subscriber Provided, nevertheless, and it is herchy further enacted,
On page 5, in the fourth line of section seven, as will pay the publisher, instead of paying the postThat the system of free delivery shall be established in it now stands—the original section eight-the ref. master. That is all. There is nothing in the every place containing a population of fifty thousand within erence to the section should be stricken out, and idea that this will visit any new burden on anythe delivery of the office thereot, and at such other places
the word "preceding" inserted, so as to make it body. It is no new burden. It creates no new as the Postinaster General in his judgment shall direct: And further provided, that the prepayment postage on drop
definite. It refers now to “the seventh section amount of postage for anybody to pay. It is only letters in all places wliere free delivery is not established of this act," but by the changes made the original to secure the Government that we may get the shall be one cent only. seventh section is now the sixth section.
money we charge for our postage, and the subThe amendment was agreed to.
Mr. COLLAMER. Itought to be “the sixth." scribers will pay the postage in advance to the The next amendment was to add the following
Mr. SHERMAN. Say " the preceding sec- printer, and he will pay it to the postmaster, in
stead of their paying it to the postmaster. They as an additional amendment:
The PRESIDING OFFICER. That mistake have got to pay the printer for the paper, and And lie il further enacted, That no obscene book, pam
will be corrected as a clerical error. phlei, picture, print, or other publication of a vulgar and
they may as well pay him the postage at the same indecent character, shall be admitted into the mails of the
Mr. SHERMAN. I desire also to call the time.
But the Senator says that some of the large pers ought not to suffer for that deficiency. It is the newspapers, shall be paid in postage stamps. papers that issue great editions send their papers true that the Senator lives in the country and I The committee were right, so far as that section ouiside of the mails. Undoubtedly they do. This live in a city; but almost the only thing about went, in deciding that it gave no protection. A man section creates no new law about that. We do which I pretend to know as much as the Senator goes into a post office and pays his postage stamps, not tax by this law papers that do not go into the is newspapers, and I can assure him that if this and the postmaster receives them as so much mails. Under the law now, we do not charge section passes he will hear from the country press money, and he may sell them again and may put postage on those which do not go into the mails. all over the country, and the voice will be such the money into his pocket. But the amendment do not, therefore, see that there is any new as I predict, not such as he does.
which I have proposed says that he shall, in the burden created. As I have already explained, it Mr. LANE, of Kansas. I desire to inform the presence of the party paying him those stamps, is nothing more nor less than a provision to get chairman of the Committee on Post Offices and cancel and destroy them. It may be objected that the postage already provided for by collecting it Post Roads that in my opinion, and I live in the it will be neglecied, that it will not be done, or in a different manner.
country, the workings of this section will be to that there will be some trouble in doing it, but I Mr. ANTHONY. I think that while this prop- suspend all our weekly papers. The papers are hold that it will not be neglected. When it is osition certainly does not increase the burden, it sent to the country people on credit frequently. made the duty of the postmaster, (and it will soon makes it much more inconvenient. It is an in- The editors cannot prepay the postage. The aver- be known to every man, woman, and child in the convenience, certainly, because many of the coun- age circulation of our weekly newspapers is four land that it is his duty,) when any stamps are try papers, as has already been suggested, are not or five hundred. The editors cannot prepay the paid him for any of these purposes, in their prespaid for in money; they are paid for in barter, in postage on four or five hundred papers every ence to cancel and deface those stamps, he will do country produce. It is so with many papers in week. It is as much as they can do to live now. it. I think, perhaps, it would be well to add a the Senator's own State; and if the publisher is I can assure the Senator that the section will have
penalty to this section, providing that if he shall obliged to pay the postage in advance he will not a very serious effect on the papers in our State. fail to do it, a penalty shall be inflicted on him for send the paper. It is very desirable for the coun- I want to give my vote so that it shall be under- not doing it. try that ihese small papers that just live should stood, and I ask for the yeas and nays. ["Oh, I think I am understood. If I am, that is all I be kept alive. They are very useful in the cir- no.Well, I withdraw the call for the present. wish to say on the subject. I believe the amendculation of intelligence, very useful for town and Mr. HALE. I renew the call.
ment will accomplish the whole view that the county purposes, and they are very useful in stim- The yeas and nays were ordered; and being || committee had in mind when they drew the bill, ulating ihe patriotism of the country at this time, || taken, resulted-yeas 31, nays 7; as follows: and will also remove the objections stated by the and I think this would be felt as a very consider- YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Buckalew, Carlile, chairman of the committce upon the proposition able burden on them. It would not be of any Clark, Cowan, Dooline, Farwell, Foster, Grimes, Ilale, to strike out the first section.
Harlan, Harris, Hendricks, lowe, Lane of Kansas, Mor.. consequence to the papers in the large cities, bégan, Morrill, Nesmith, Nye, Powell, Riddle, Saulsbury,
Mr. COLLAMER. I think I need add nothcause most of them are distributed by news men, Sherman, Sprague, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Wilkinson, Wil- ing to what I have heretofore said on this subject. and those that go to individual subscribers are ley, Wilson, and Wrighii-31.
It is said that we shall have some security if we almost always paid for in advance. It is not so NAYS–Messrs. Collamer, Conness, Henderson, John
provide that the postmaster shall take these postson,
Pomeroy, Ramsey, and Van Winkle-7. with country papers; they are not generally paid
ABSENT-Messrs. Chandler, Davis, Dixon, Foot, llard
age stamps and cancel them in the presence of the for in advance; but at the end of the time a farmer
ing, Hicks, Howard, Lane of Indiana, McDougall, Rich- persons who pay them; but, sir, what security comes in with a load of wood, or a barrel of po- ardson, Stewart, Trumbull, and Wade—13.
have we that those persons will stay there! They tatoes, and settles with the publisher. If this So the amendment was agreed to.
are not bound to stay there, and there is no way section of the bill be retained it will tend very Mr. FARWELL. Was the first section stricken to keep them there. much to curtail the circulation of small country from the bill?
Mr. FARWELL. It is usual, when a postmaspapers.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The first sec- ter takes money for box rents, to give a receipt, Mr COLLAMER, It happens that I live in tion has been stricken out.
and the person waits for it though he is under no the country, and the gentleman lives in a city; I Mr. FARWELL. I propose to offer an amend- necessity to do so; and if the law provides that he understand the country press. The talk of pay- ment to that section, but I can do it when the bill shall cancel these stamps in the presence of the ing for papers in country produce, a practice is reported to the Senate.
person who pays them, ihey will be likely to stay which existed some twenty, thirty, or forty years
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The bill will There and see it done. ago, has nothing in it. There is not an article of be amendable in the Senate.
Mr. COLLAMER. There is no law requiring country produce anywhere in our country now The bill was reported to the Senate as amended. the person to stay there when he pays box rent that is not cash at the door. No man is obliged Mr. FARWELL. I have examined the first 1 until he gets a receipt, and in all probability he to run around to try to get the printer to take his section that was stricken out in Committee of the goes away and cares nothing about a receipt. wood for the paper. He can have his dollar for Whole, and I propose to offer an amendment to The great probability is that the person who pays his wood any day, anywhere. There is no such it, and then retain the section as amended as a the postage stamps will go right away without thing now as paying in produce for papers. No part of the bill.
waiting to see whether the stamps are canceled country printer could get butter for his family in The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Chair will or not. He does not care anything about that. that way. The system is all money. So far first put the question on concurring in the remain- The Senator says that if the postmaster is bound from being any injury to the publisher, this will der of the amendments made as in Committee of to cancel them he will do it; but suppose he does be a benefit. It will be a benefit that the credit the Whole, excepting the first.
not, there is no possible way of knowing who you system, which is almost entirely done away with The remainder of the amendments were con- are to call on for evidence. The Department are throughout our country, shall cease with printers || curred in.
not informed who paid them in. They do not as well as other people. This will enable the Mr. FARWELL. I move to amend the first know who were present when they were canceled, printer to say to his subscribers, “I have to
pre, section by inserting in line nine, after the word and never can know. There is no way to call pay this postage; now you must prepay me. 1 stamps” the words " which stamps shall be upon these persons, over whom we have no condo not believe it will injure them in the least. canceled by the postmaster in presence of the trol and no knowledge, whom we cannot tell any. Certain it is, that as the matter is now regulated, || person paying the same."
thing about. Ifthey are obliged to pay in postage we are losing a large amount of our postage which I will state in a word the reason of my offering stamps, you will still have to trust to the postis not collected, and this is the only way in which this amendment. It is clear from the idea the com- master's accounts; you will still have to trust to we can secure its collection.
mittee had in the first draft of this bill that there his integrity entirely. You may as well trust him Besides, while we keep up the practice of send- were two objects sought to be attained. One || by having him render his accounts as by having ing printed matter through ihe mails without pre- | object was to secure the revenue of the Post him cancel the stamps. payment, we are obliged to keep up this great Office Department against any neglect of the post
Mr. CONNESS. I was unfortunate in not system of accounts to which I have already called masters to return moneys that might be collected | hearing the first part of the remarks made by the attention. The accounts of the postmasters for for unpaid postage, or for box rents, or any other chairman of the committee, but I will state this what they collect all over the country cannot be miscellaneous matters where money might come
as an apparent objection to the amendment: the kept in postage stamps. We have now more into the hands of the postmaster in any way.
persons sent to the post offices to do business are than twenty thousand quarterly returns; and by Another was to simplify the accounts, to prevent, frequently servants and children. What is their continuing the practice of carrying newspapers if possible, the necessity of the quarterly returns testimony worth in regard to the cancellation ot without prepayment we still keep up that system, of ihese accounts. The chairman of the committee, the stamps? No cancellation made in their presand all that immense number of accounts must when the question was up upon striking out the ence can amount to a check. Nothing can be a be managed and manipulated in the Department | first section, stated as one of the leading objec- || check that is not a matter of record between the here. We never can simplify that system of ac- tions, that it would make it necessary to have all officer who does the business and the Departcountability in the office in any other manner his quarterly accounts furnished to the Depart- ment. It is there that checks can occur; but than by making prepayment uniform on printed ment, and to be there examined and passed upon nothing that can be done, or be required to be done, malter as well as on written matter.
by the Department. I hold that if this section in the presence of a third party can amount to a Mr. ANTHONY. I have no doubt that there is is retained with the amendments proposed by check. great force in the argument in regard to the siin- me, it will accomplish both the objects which,
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The question plification of accounts; but I think there is noth- evidently, the committee wished to accomplish is on the amendment to the first section before the ing at all in regard to postage. I think at the It will effectually prevent the postmaster' from question is taken on striking it out. present price of paper ihe papers that are for- | keeping back any of the money that belongs to The amendment was not agreed to. feited for the non-payment of postage are fully the Department; and, in the second place, it will The PRESIDING OFFICER. The question equal to the postage.' I think they would sell for do away with the necessity of making returns to now is on concurring in the amendment made in that.
the Department of the moneys received not only Committee of the Whole, striking out the first secMr. COLLAMER. The very same difficulty for business, but for the newspapers included in tion. arises that we never get any accounts of them. the section which has been stricken from the bill. The amendment was concurred in.
Mr. ANTHONY. Then I think you ought to The amendment that I propose provides that The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third have honester postmasters, and the country pa. all moneys for unpaid postage, which will include I reading, was read the third time, and passed.
REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES.
ninety feet wide over the canal; and the bridge Mr. CLARK, from the Committee on Claims,
and draws are to be so constructed as not to into whom was referred the memorial of Alfred
terrupt the navigation of the Ohio river. Spink and Daniel Wolf, submitted an adverse
The second section provides that the bridge report; which was ordered to be printed.
erected under the provisions of this act is to be He also, from the same committee, to whom
a lawful structure, and is to be recognized and was referred the memorial of Henry Rudd, sub
known as a post route.
The Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads mitted an adverse report; which was ordered to be printed.
reported the bill with two amendments: in line Mr. WADE. The Committee on Territories,
five, after the word “be," lo insert the words to whom was referred the bill (S. No. 430) to
"and the same is hereby;" and in line six, after amend an act to enable the people of Nevada to
the word " Jeffersonville," to strike out the words form a constitution and State government, and
“and Indianapolis;" so that it will read: for the admission of such State into the Union That the act of Congress approved July 14, 1862, entitled
“An act to establislı certain pose roads," shall be, and the on an equal footing with the original States, have
same is hereby, so amended as to authorize the Louisville directed me to report it back to the Senate with
and Nashvilie Railroad Company, and the Jeffersonville out amendment, and I should like to have it taken Railroad Company, &c. up now and passed, for I believe nobody will The amendments were agreed to. object to it. The PRESIDING OFFICER. It requires
The bill was reported to the Senate as amended,
and the amendments were concurred in. The bill unanimous consent to consider the bill now, it
was ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, having been just reported.
and was read the third time. Mr. POWELL. I object.
Mr. BUCKALEW. I move to postpone the
further consideration of the bill until to-morrow. Mr. JOHNSON. I submit the following res
My colleague is absent, and I do not know where olution; and I give notice that I shall call it up
he is. on some future day for consideration:
Mr. POWELL. I hope that motion will not
prevail. Resolved, That on and after Tuesday next the Senate
The motion was not agreed to. will take a recess every day from four o'clock p. m. to seven o'clock p. m.
The bill was passed. Mr. SUMNER. Let that lie over.
BOUNDARIES OF NEVADA. Mr. JOHNSON. I have already said that I do
Mr. WADE. I now move to take up the bill not ask its consideration now.
for Nevada. BRIDGE ACROSS TIIE OHIO RIVER.
Mr. SHERMAN. I appeal to my colleague
Mr. WADE. If my colleague will allow this bridge across the fails of the Ohio river.
bill to be taken up now, we can take up his after
ward. Mr. WILSON. I propose to move that the Senate proceed to the consideration of executive
Mr. SHERMAN. There is another bill only business.
four or five lines in length in regard to the Cova Mr. POWELL. I want my bill taken up first.
ington bridge over the Ohio river, which can be We can pass it in a few minutes.
acted upon in a moment.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The bill inMr. CONNESS. I desire to inquire whether there was any objection made to the request of
dicated by the Senator from Ohio (Mr. WADE) the chairman of ihe Committee on Territories; || having been reported to-day and objected to, the and if so, by whom? The bill that he asked the
motion can only be entertained by unanimous consideration of will not occupy an instant. It concerns the Senators from Nevada, who have
Mr. WADE. I believe it is not objected to now. had no opportunity to get the attention of the Sen
Mr. SHERMAN. I do not object to it. ate to it. It will excite no debate, and if taken up
Mr. WADE. We will take up the other bill I think will be passed with unanimity. I hope
afterward. that it will be allowed to be taken up at the pres
Mr. HENDERSON. I should like to inquire ent time.
of the Senator from Ohio if the bill will give rise Mr. POWELL. I cannot consent to it. I have to debate? yielded my bill for three weeks. I have no doubt
Mr. WADE. I presume not. I have no idea I shall vote for the bill indicated by the Senator;
that it will. The Senators from Nevada are very but I think my bill is one of that kind also, and
anxious that it shall be passed now, in order that I want it to be acted upon now.
we may get it through the other House. I do not Mr. CONNESS. We will take that bill up
think it will give rise to debate. If it does, I will afterwards.
give way. I am as much interested in the next Mr. POWELL. I think I can get my bill
bill as my colleague is, and I want it to pass; but through when taken up in a few moments.
the Senators from Nevada want this bill passed Mr. WADE. I do not care which is taken up
now, and I am anxious to accommodate them.
Mr. HENDERSON. What is the next bill? first, and I do not think that either will give rise to debate; but I should like to have that bill in
Mr. WADE. It is a bill similar to the one just regard to Nevada taken up. They can both be
passed for a bridge over the Ohio. acied upon, I think, this afternoon.
Mr. SHERMAN. It is to declare the CincinMr. POWELL. I move that the bill indicated
nati and Covington railroad a post road.
Mr. WADE. There will be no debate on either by me be now taken up. The motion was agreed to; and the Senate, as in
of them, I presume. Committee of the Whole, proceeded to consider
Mr. CONNESS. I hope the Senator from Misthe bill (S. No.392) supplementary to an act ap
souri will allow this bill to be taken up. It will proved July 14, 1862, entitled “An act to estab
only occupy a moment of lime. lish certain post roads.". It proposes to amend
Mr. HENDERSON. Certainly, I am perthe act of Congress of July 14, 1862, so as to
fectly willing to yield. I have no idea that I shall authorize the Louisville and Nashville Railroad
be able to get up my bill; my friend from Ohio Company and the Jeffersonville and Indianapolis [Mr. SHERMAN) to-ınorrow at one o'clock takes Railroad Company (stockholders in the Louis- | up the bills reported from the Finance Committee, ville Bridge Company) to construct a railroad
and I do not see any hope at all of getting my bill bridge over the Ohio river at the head of the falls of
considered. the Ohio, subject to all the provisions of that act;
There being no objection, the Senate, as in Combut the bridge may be constructed at a height not
mittee of the Whole, proceeded to consider the less than fifty-six feet above low-water mark, and
bill (S. No. 430) to amend an act to enable the with three draws, suficient to pass the largest people of Nevada to form a constitution and State boats navigating the Ohio river; one over the In- || government, and for the admission of such State diana chute, one over the middle chute, and one
into the Union on an equal footing with the oriover the canal. The spans of the bridge are not
ginal States. The bill proposes to amend the to be less than two hundred and forty feet, except
second section of the act to which it is an amendover the Indiana and middle chute and the canal.
ment, so as to read as follows, to wit: The bridge is to be constructed with draws of one
That the said State of Nevada shall consist of all the terhundred and fifty feet wide on each side of the
ritory included within the following boundaries, to wit:
commencing at a point formed by the interscction of the pivot pier over the Indiana and middle chutes, and thirty-seventh degree of longitude west from Washington
with the thirty-seventh degree of north Jatitude; thence due west along said thirty-seventh degree of north latitude to the eastern boundary line of the State of California; thence in a northwesterly direction along the said eastern boundary line of the State of California to the forty-tbird degree of longitude west from Washington; thence north along said forty-third degree of west longitude, and said eastern boundary line of the State of California, to the forly-second degree of north latitude; thence due east along the said forty-second degree of north latitude to a point formed by its intersection with the aforesaid thirty seventh degree of longitude west from Washington; thence due south down said thirty-seventh degree of west longitude to the place of beginning.
Mr. WADE. That the Senate may understand really what this bill is, I will remark that the State of Nevada is bounded on the east by Utah Territory; they lie side by side; and this bill proposes to take one degree of longitude from Utah Territory and annex it to the State of Nevada; about sixty-nine and a half miles, I suppose, or thereabouts. I have not measured it; but from the eye it seems that Nevada and Utah will then be about equal in point of territory.
Mr. SHERMAN. Are there any inhabitants in the portion proposed to be annexed to Nevada?
Mr. 'WADE. "There are a few inbabitants there, I am told. I am told also-the Senators from Nevada will be more able to speak on that point than I am--that this will make a very excellent boundary between Utah and Nevada, because there is a kind of desert that divides them on this parallel; so that it will be a natural division as well as one that will be equitable between the two; it makes their territory about equal.
The Senators from that State, however, will be able to speak more intelligently upon the subject if there is any dispute about it.
Mr. TRUMBULL.' I rise merely to inquire of the Senator from Ohio whether the Latter Day Saints have been consulted in regard to this encroachment upon their borders.
Mr. WADE. I believe not; I do not know that they were. The committee had no evidence of it.
Mr. TRUMBULL. Then it is done without consulting them at all?
Mr. WADE. I do not know that they understand it, or know anything about it, and'I do not know but they do. The committee had no such evidence.
Mr. JOHNSON. I suppose the territory that will be added to the State of Nevada by this bill has some population and constitutes portions of some of the counties into which the Territory of Ulah may be divided, and there may be suits pending there. There is no provision in this bill for the transfer of those cases to the couris in Nevada. I think perhaps it would be well, therefore, and I suggest it to the honorable members from Nevada, to let the bill lie over in order that they may make a provision that will cover all such cases. It can be done in the morning. I do not know whether there is any population there.
Mr. NYE. Mr. President, I am quite familiar with the ground described in this bill. There are no inhabitants in that portion of the Territory of Utah that we propose to annex to the State of Nevada. Next year, in all probability, there will be quite a large population there; but not Mormons. The ohjeci in getting this bill passed through Congress at the present session is with a view of determining the status of those people who shall then be ihere. The boundary as it now lies runs through a valley that is well adapted to agricultural purposes, and about in the center of the valley running from the north to the south of the Territory. The boundaries as we now propose will run through a desert, and it will be a more distinct and plainer boundary.
As I remarked, if ihis bill should pass, and this territory should be annexed to Nevada, it will have this advantage: it will not be settled by Mormons. The Latter Day Saints have called in all their subjects and followers and brought them in and about Salt Lake and further north and east. They have withdrawn entirely from this portion of territory. The valley in which it lies and the mountain on the eastern side has lately been discovered to be a mining region, and the miners will get there. Their rights will be bettered by this annexation. It is well known to this body that no laws recommended by the Governor of Utah can be passed if they come at all in collision with the will and dictum of the reigning power there, Brigham Young. Therefore, if this dis.