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LESSON XII. Ale or Beer Measure. 1. What are the denominations of Ale or Beer Measure ? Its denominations are hogsheads, barrels, gallons, quarts, and pints. 2. Repeat the table.

TABLE. r

2 pints, pt. make 1 quart, marked qt. 4 quarts - - - 1 gallon, - - gal. 36 gallons - - - 1 barrel, - - - bar. 54 gallons - - - 1 hogshead, - - hka.

LESSON XIII.
Dry Measure.

1. For what is Dry Measure used ?

Dry measure is used in measuring all dry articles, such as grain, fruits, roots, salt, coal, &c.

2. What are its denominations?

Its denominations are chaldrons, bushels, pecks, quarts, and pints.

3. Repeat the table.

TABLE. 2 pints, pt. make 1 quart, - - - qt. 8 quarts - - - - 1 peck, - - - pk. 4 pecks - - - - 1 bushel, - - bu. 36 bushels - - - 1 chaldron, - - ch. LESSON XIV. Time.

1. What are the denominations of Time ! The denominations of time are years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, and seconds. |

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2. Repeat the table.

TABLE. 60 seconds, sec. make 1 minute, marked m. 60 minutes - - - - "1 hour, - - - hr. 24 hours - - - - 1 day, - - - da. 7 days - - - - 1 week, - - - wh. 4 weeks - - - - 1 month, - - mo.

13mo. 1da. and 6hrs., | 1 common Or } * or 365da. 6hrs. Julian year, 3. How many calendar months in a year? The year is divided into 12 calendar months, which contain an unequal number of days.

Names. No. of Days.

1 month January, - - - 31 {} 2 - - - February, - - - 28 3 - - - March, - - - 31 4 - - - April, - - - - 30 5 - - - May, - - - - 31 6 - - - June, - - - - 30 7 - - - July, - - - - 31 8 - - - August, - - - 31 9 - - - September, - - 30 10 - - - October, - - - 31 11 - - - November, - - 30 12 - - December, - - 31 Total 365

4. How do you remember which of the months have 30 days, and which 31 ?

Thirty days hath September,
April, June, and November;
All the rest have thirty-one, -
Excepting February, twenty-eight alone.

LESSON XV. Circular Measure or Motion. 1. For what is Circular Measure used ? Circular measure is used in estimating latitude and longitude, and also in measuring the motions of the heavenly bodies. 2. How is every circle supposed to be divided ? Every circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts, called degrees. Each degree is divided into 60 minutes, and each minute into 60 seconds. 3. Repeat the table.

TABLE. 60 seconds " make 1 minute, marked '. 60 minutes - - 1 degree, - - -, *. 30 degrees - - 1 sign, - - - s. 12 signs or 360° - 1 circle, - - - c. TABLE OF PARTICULAR8. 12 things make I dozen. 12 dozen - - - - - 1 gross. 12 gross, or 144 dozen - 1 great gross. ALSO, 20 things make I score. 112 pounds - - - - - 1 quintal of fish. 24 sheets of paper - - 1 quire. 20 quires - - - - - 1 ream. BOOKS. A sheet folded in two leaves is called a folio. “ folded in four leaves - - a quarto, or 4to. “ folded in eight leaves - - an octavo, or 8vo. “ folded in twelve leaves - a duodecimo, or 12mo.

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