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to annex a list of such schools in your district, and I am to request that you will have the goodness to enter, opposite to the name of each school, the month on which you could undertake annually to inspect it, and then return the list to this office.

I have the honor to be, &c.

R. R. W. LINGEN. Her Majesty's Inspector of Schools, &c.

Enclosure in foregoing Letter.

Committee of Council on Education,
Council Office, Downing Street,

May, 1852. I Am directed by the Lord President of the Council to request your attention to certain recent administrative regulations respecting the payment of the annual grants, to which, as a certificated teacher, you are conditionally entitled in augmentation of your salary.

This circular is addressed directly to yourself, to guard against the chances of miscarriage, but you should immediately deliver the enclosed duplicate copy to the principal acting manager or correspondent of your school.

The grants in question have hitherto been calculated from the quarter-day next following the date at which each certificated teacher is reported to the Committeee of Council to have entered upon a new engagement, and this period has not always harmonized with the season allotted by Her Majesty's Inspector for his annual visit to the school, or with the date of the indentures of the pupil-teachers apprenticed in it. Serious inconveniences having arisen from this discrepancy between the school year as reckoned from the date of the Inspector's visit, and as reckoned from the date at which each annual augmentation grant falls due, my Lords have directed1. That in every school in which pupil-teachers are engaged, the pupil

teacher year, i.e., the year reckoned from the month assigned in the indentures for the commencement of the apprenticeship, shall henceforth be regarded as the school year for all purposes, and that all the annual grants awarded in support of the school shall be calculated

with reference to years thus computed. 2. That in schools where no pupil-teachers are engaged Her Majesty's

Inspectors be requested to appoint certain months for their annual visits, and that the school year in each case be henceforth reckoned

from the 1st day of the month so allotted. In accordance with this plan, the school year in your school commences on the 1st day of

but the yearly grant in augmentation of your salary is conditionally due at There is an interval of

months between these two periods ; ard the augmentation of your salary for the current year, which is proposed to be paid up to the 1st day of

next, will consequently have to be calculated for

instead of twelve months. In future years the usual amount will be conditionally payable on the 1st day of the abovenamed month, and payment will be made as nearly to that day as possible.

For further information as to the effect of the arrangements now announced, I beg leave to refer you to the enclosed broad sheet.*

I have the honor to be, &c.

(Signed) R. R. W. LINGEN.

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* Vide Minutes for 1850-51, vol. i. page xcvi.

(No. 5.)
Letter from Her Majesty's Assistant Inspector of Schools, the

Rev. J. W. D. Hernaman ; with reply thereto.

Clifton, 3 February 1853.
I shall feel obliged if you will inform me what course to pursue Certificato
when a certificate has been held by master more than five years, and is of merit held
consequently filled up.

The case which has induced my present inquiry is that of Mr. B. Wilson, further enmaster of St. Michael's National School, in Bristol, in whose certificate

thereon. favourable entries have been made each year by the Rev. F. Watkins.

I have the honor to be, &c.
The Secretary of the

(Signed) J. W. D. HERNAMAN,
Committee of Council on Education, &c.

more than

five years;

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(No. 6.)
Reply to foregoing letter.
Committee of Council on Education,

Council Office, Downing Street,

9 February 1853.
I HAVE the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the
3rd instant.

I am directed to inform you that My Lords see no impediment to entering
additional notices of inspection on the back of a certificate after the five
spaces on the face of it have been filled up.

Supposing the sixth notice to be unfavourable, and the other five to be
favourable, My Lords think that thus much allowance should be made for
the number of notices that (in some sense) might appear to be fixed by the
structure of the document, viz., that, except in an extreme case, the sixth
entry should not be forthwith made, but the teacher should have a year's
grace to act upon the caution verbally conveyed to him by Her Majesty's
Inspector, before having the producible value of his certificate reduced. Such
a caution would of course have to be reported to the Committee of Council
by Her Majesty's Inspector.

I have the honor to be, &c.
The Rev. J. W. D. Hernaman,

(Signed) R. R. W, Lingen,
H. M. Assistant Inspector of Schools, &c.

H. M. In



(No. 1.)

Committee of Council on Education,

Council Office, Downing Street.
I am directed to request that you will have the goodness to prepare Instructions
the papers named in the enclosed list, to be used at the ensuing examination issued to
of candidates for certificates of merit.

spectors for The number of sections which each paper is intended to comprise is stated preparation in a separate column in the list. Each section should comprise three questions,


whereon to with a certain connexion in the subject matter, and progressive in difficulty. examine Questions exceeding this number will be omitted in printing.

candidates I beg leave to request that you will refer to the papers which were set upon those subjects at examinations which have been recently held, and that Merit. you will adhere to the same character, and standard of questions.

I am to state expressly their Lordships' wish that every question should be worded in the simplest and least ostentatious language, and that the first question in each section should be of such a character as that ignorance of it would be inexcusable in any person professing even a moderate acquaintance with the subject of the paper.

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for Certificates of

The questions generally, without being vague, should be such VAJESTY'S naturally suggest themselves to a well-informed person, and not might be thought to be curious rather than essential.

The simplest questions are found to be precisely those by which it i:D SCHOOL to discriminate the merits of the answers.

Managers of I have the honor to be, & (Signed) R. R. W. LINE

ites of 1846

rutes, and o
of Council
; and they
any time aft-

ion of the

schools under in

(No. 2.)
Circular Letter to Her Majesty's Inspectors of Schools, &c.

Committee of Council on Educazed in their

Council Office, Downing Stret Stipendary

16 October 1852.
I am directed to inform you that complaints have been made to

the Manag Reading (as Lords concerning the very small degree of attention which reading (as pai part of elocution) in

elocution) receives in elementary schools.
It has been brought under their Lordships notice that out of nine Quee

er Majesty scholars in a training school under inspection not one was found qualified

or enteret spection.

read the lessons in chapel.

In order to direct attention to this deficiency, my Lords think it desiral that you should, on all occasions of examining pupil-teachers, make it a poi to require each of them to read to you a passage from some book, with th words of which you are not familiar, while you stand yourself at son distance from the reader, without any book in your hand; the result to b recorded under the appropriate heading in the Form No. X.

It is unnecessary to remark that the power to read well does not depend upon distinct articulation, correct accents, and a certain exertion of the voice only, although even these mechanical parts of the matter appear to be receiving inadequate attention. It depends also, and principally, upon an intelligent analysis of the several parts of every sentence, upon the distinction of subject and predicate, of principal and accessory clauses, and, generally, upon a knowledge of the relation of each word, in sense and construction, to the rest.

The reading will be found to be best in those schools where a passage not 'H. M. longer than will suffice to go round the class is selected for the purpose, and is then both read aloud and analyzed with reference to the mode of reading it.

Reading lessons are, in most cases, made to serve merely as texts for lectures and questions in the subject matter of them, and it may be necessary to read much with this object principally in view. It is, however, desirable that every school time-table should contain an entry of one daily lesson for each class in the art of reading as such.

I am to request that you will give effect to these observations forthwith in your examinations of pupil-teachers, and that you will, as you have opportunity, direct the attention of the school managers and school teachers to the deficiency which exists.

You will receive instructions to include an exercise in the art of reading in the oral part of the next Christmas examination at the training schools.

I have the honor to be, &c.

(Signed) R. R. W. LINGEN. To Her Majesty's Inspector of Schools, &c.


etes of 1846-7. D SCHOOLMISTRESSES WHO HAVE OBTAINED CERTIFICAT Managers of the School for which such assistance is desired. I nutes, and of the terms upon which such benefits are granted, wi

of Council on Education, Privy Council Office, Downing Stree ; and they would become entitled to the rates of Augmenta- In cases w} any time afterwards they obtained the requisite Salaries and Schools, sul

Classes, i. ized in their Lordships' Minutes. 1.-Principal Teachers (as Teachers of or Stipendary Monitors, as set forth in a separate Broad Sheet. i the Managers of the exact time at which the charge was 4. Prope

Grants are ion of the School to take place within one year; and, if the allotted for ser Majesty's Inspector does not harmonize with the date at

year; and or entered upon his School, he will receive a proportionate Augmenta

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20 00

24 0 0



Schools Reading

42 0 0

36 00

18 00

18 00

38 00

22 0 0

32 00

16 0 0

16 0 0

36 0 0

21 00

30 0 0

15 00

15 00

cution English

Compo Penmand Arithme Industris English Geograpi The Or

pline, of Ele Knowled Duties Fcono

34 00

20 00

14 0 0

28 00

14 00


32 00

26 00

13 00

13 00

18 00

30 0 0

24 0 0

12 00

12 0 0

28 0 0

17 00

1 0 0

22 0.0

11 00

16 0 0

10 00



Proper forms, together with such other Documents as are necessary to
u be furnished to Trustees or Managers of Schools, who
t, London."
iere School Managers desire to obtain Grants from the Committee of Council for Assistants
ch Assistants must be brought within the conditions which define one or other of these t
. they must either obtain Certificates of Merit, or fulfil the conditions of apprenticeship as Pu
r Stipendiary Monitors.

ortionate payments will be made for the first year only. The Rule is, that Augmentati eonditionally due for periods of Twelve Months, such periods being reckoned from the mon the annual visit of Her Majesty's Inspector in one year to the same month in the followir

Teachers who quit their Schools in the course of one of these periods, will not be allowe Readingțion for any portion of the incomplete period. cution) i schools under in spection


part of e


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May be conveniently as.
sembled at the Annual
Examination held at
the Normal School in
which they were edu-
cated, and may be ex-
amined in common
with the Students (in-
less they prefer to
present themselves at
the District Examina-
tions mentioned in the
next column). The
Masters who have left
the School will be ex-
pected to give evidence
of a higher degree of
practical skill in teach-
ing, and of a riper
knowledge of disci-
pline, organization, and
method ; in other re-
spects, evidence will
be required of attain.
ments closely similar
in degree to those of
the Students in the
Normal Srlool.

May attend at In one of the Di-
some central place

visions of the £30. in each Inspec

Upper Class
tor's District,
where proper
lodgings, rooms, In one of the Di-7
and a suitable visions of the

School for exami- Middle Class
nation may

be available, at such periods as their In one of the D= Lordships shall visions of the £20. from time to tiine Lower Class appoint. Due notice will be given to all Candidates Two thirds of the abore for whom applica- sums trill be granted !!! cation has been Female Training Schools made by the for Students who obtain Ma gers of their the corresponding Cor. Schools, and each tificatrs. other public notice will be given as may appear expcdient.

Vo Grant will be made to a Training Schoo! for Students aree hain

away much

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