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within thirty days thereafter, present to the trustees a succinct account of the principal facts and results so recorded, with his report thereon. The first assistant physician shall perform the duties and be subject to the responsibilities of the superintendent during the sickness or absence of the latter.

§ 13. The treasurer shall have the care and custody of all moneys Treasurer. belonging to the asylum. He shall open with one of the banks in the city of Binghamton, to be selected with the approbation of the comptroller of the State, an account in his own name as such treasurer ; and he shall deposit all moneys immediately upon receiving them in such bank, and shall draw for the same only for the uses of the asylum, and in the manner prescribed in the by-laws, upon the written order of the steward, specifying the object of the payment. He shall keep full and accurate accounts of receipts and payments, in the manner directed by the by-laws, and such other accounts as the trustees shall direct. He shall balance all the accounts on his books annually, on the last day of September, and make a statement of the balances thereof, and an abstract of the receipts and payments of the preceding year, and submit the same to the auditing committee of the board of trustees within ten days thereafter, which committee shall compare the same with his books and vouchers, and verify the same by a further comparison with the books of the steward, and shall certify the result of their examination and audit to the board of trustees within ten days thereafter. He shall also render quarterly statements of his receipts and payments for the previous quarter, on or before the tenth day of January, April, July and October in each year, to such auditing committee, who shall make like comparison, verification and certificate, as in the case of the annual balance and statement of accounts. He shall further render an account of the condition of his books, and of the funds and other property in his custody, whenever required to do so by the trustees or the superintendent.

$ 14. The steward, under the direction of the superintendent, shall Steward. make all purchases for the asylum, and preserve the original bills and receipts therefor, and shall keep full and accurate accounts of the same, in books kept for such purpose ; and also copies of all orders drawn by himself upon the treasurer. He shall also, under like direction, make contracts in the name of the superintendent with the attendants and assistants, and keep and settle their accounts; he shall also keep the accounts for the support of the inmates of the asylum and the expenses incurred in their behalf, and shall furnish the treasurer every month, a statement of such as fall due within the month ; he shall make for the information and inspection of the superintendent, treasurer and trustees, quarterly abstracts of all accounts up to the last days of March, June, September and December, and submit the same to the superintendent within five days thereafter in each case; and he shall be accountable for the careful keeping and economical use of all furniture, stores and other articles provided for the asylum.

$ 15. The resident officers of the asylum, and all attendants and Exempassistants actually and regularly employed therein, shall, during the tiondet time of such employment, be exempt from serving on juries, from all officers assessments for labor on highways, and in time of peace from service and afts

. in the militia; and the certificate of the superintendent of the fact of such employment shall be sufficient evidence thereof.

Trustees' records.

§ 16. The trustees shall keep, in a book provided for that purpose, a full and true record of their doings, which shall be open at all reasonable times to the inspection of the governor, the comptroller, the State board of charities, and of all persons whom they, or either of them, or either house of the legislature may appoint to examine the

same.

tion of trustees.

Trustees' $ 17. The trustees shall maintain an effective inspection of the asyvisits.

lum, for which purpose they shall make frequent visitations thereto, a majority of them at least once every three months, and the whole board once a year, at the times and in the manner prescribed in the by-laws. In a book kept for that purpose, the visiting trustees shall note the date of each visit, the condition of the asylum and inmates, with their opinion thereon, which all the trustees present shall sign. The general results of such inspection, with such suggestions for improvement as they may have recommended, shall be inserted in their

annual report to the legislature. Compensa- 8 18. The trustees shall receive no compensation for their services,

but shall receive such reasonable traveling and other expenses incurred necessarily by them as the comptroller shall approve, which shall be

paid to them by the treasurer of the asylum. Purchases. $ 19. All purchases for the use of the asylum shall be made for

cash, and not on credit or time; every voucher taken for the same shall be filled up at the time it is taken; every abstract of vouchers for money paid shall have attached thereto the oath of the steward that such vouchers were filled up and receipted, and the money paid therefor, at the time or times the same is therein purported to have been done, and the trustees shall make all needful rules and regulations to

enforce the provisions of this section. Removal § 20. The trustees of said asylum, as portions of the building from of chronic tinie to time may be completed for the reception of the insane, shall

give notice thereof to the State board of charities, and also as to the number of patients they may be ready to receive. The chronic pauper insane, from the poor-houses of the counties which may be designated by the State board of charities therefor, shall be sent to the said asylum herein established, by the county superintendents of the poor; and such numbers of the chronic insane, pauper inmates of State lunatic asylums, from the counties thus designated, as may be discharged therefrom not recovered, and who continue a public charge,

Shall also be sent to said asylum; and all such patients shall be a charge.

charge upon the respective counties from which they are sent, whether such patient shall be sent by the superintendent of the poor, or by

order of any court or officer thereof, or from lunatic asylums. Discharge $ 21. The trustees, upon the superintendent's certificate of entire of patients recovery, may discharge any patient to the care of his or her friends,

or to the care of the superintendent of the poor; or they may discharge any patient, upon the superintendent's certificate that such patient is harmless and will probably continue so, and is not likely to be improved by farther treatment in the asylum, to his or her friends who will present sufficient evidence that they are able to maintain and care for the same properly. They may also discharge and deliver any patient as aforesaid, whose relations or friends will undertake with good and approved sureties for his or her peaceable behavior, safe custody and comfortable maintenance without further public charge, and the bond of such sureties shall be approved by the county judge of the

from counties.

To be county

State board of

tendent to pay expenses of.

county from which such patient was sent, and shall be filed in the county clerk's office of said county, upon the presentation of a certified copy thereof the trustees may discharge such patient; and in all such cases the trustees shall forth with notify the superintendent of the poor of the proper county of such discharge and such guarantees. The State board of charities shall, by a specially appointed committee, Visits of annually visit the asyluin, and on a personal inspection and due examination of its official records and on conferring with the superintend- charities. ent, may direct the discharge or removal to the counties from whence they came, of any quiet and harmless chronic insane in the asylum, if in the judgment of the committee their health and comfort can properly be provided for by the superintendents of the poor of their respective counties.

$ 22. Whenever the trustees of said asylum, or the State board of Removal charities shall order a patient removed from the asylum to the county asylum! whence he came, the superintendent of the poor of such county shall County audit and pay the actual and reasonable expense of such removal as superinpart of the contingent expenses of the poor of such county. But if any town, city or person be legally liable for the support of such patient, the amount of said expenses may be recovered by such superintendent, of the corporation or person so liable, for the use of such county. If such superintendent of the poor neglect or refuse to pay such expenses Refusal of on demand, the treasurer of the asylum may pay the same and charge superinthe amount thereof to such county, and the treasurer of said county to pay. is hereby authorized and required, on demand of the treasurer of said asylum, to pay the same with interest after thirty days; and the supervisors of such county shall levy and raise the amount thereof as other county charges are levied and collected.

$ 23. The treasurer of every county having patients in said asylum County is hereby authorized and directed to pay to the treasurer of the asylum treasy mens all bills for the clothing and maintenance of such patients, as they for mainshall become due and payable according to the by-laws of the asylum, etc.

tenance, upon the order of the steward; and the supervisors of said county Supervisshall annually levy and collect the amount of such bills as other bills ors to levy and taxes are levied and collected by them, and also such further sums as will probably cover all similar bills for said county for one year in Towns to advance. Said county shall, however, have the right to require any individual, town, city or county that is legally liable for the support of such patient or patients, to reimburse it in the amount of said bills, with interest from the day of paying the same.

$ 24. Every town, city or county, paying for the support of any in- Towns, mate in said asylum shall have the right to require any other town, etcu may city or county, that is legally liable for his support to refund to it the other amount so paid, with interest thereon from the time of payment.

legally lia$ 25. All town and county officers sending a patient to said asylum ble, to shall, before sending him, see that he is in a state of bodily cleanliness, Local and is comfortably clothed, and provided with a suitable change of rai- officers to ment, as prescribed by the by-laws of the asylum.

$ 26. The charges for maintaining a patient in said asylum, in addi- ness, etc., tion to the charge for clothing, shall be annually fixed by the trustees, patients and shall not exceed the actual cost thereof, exclusive of officer's sala- septuto. ries and appropriations for repairs; nor shall it exceed the rate required Charges at the Willard Asylum.

reimburse.

towns,

.

attend to cleanli

patients

for maintenance of

Power of supreme

$ 27. None of the provisions of this act shall restrain or abridge the court not power and authority of the supreme court of the State over the perabridged.

sons and alleged property of the insane.

8 28. This act shall take effect immediately.

CHAP.284.

State Re

ch. 173,

New York AN ACT to amend chapter one hundred and seventy-three of formatory.

the laws of eighteen hundred and seventy-seven, entitled “An act in relation to the imprisonment of convicts in the New York State Reformatory at Elmira, and the government and release of such convicts by the managers."

PASSED May 15, 1879 ; three-fifths being present. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and

Assembly, do enact as follows: Amending

SECTION 1. Section six of chapter one hundred and seventy-three Laws 1877.

of the laws of eighteen hundred and seventy-seven, entitled “ An act in relation to the imprisonment of convicts in the New York State Reformatory at Elmira, and the government and release of such con

victs by the managers, is hereby amended so as to read as follows : Transfer § 6. Whenever there is unoccupied room in the reformatory, the from State board of managers may make requisition upon the superintendent of prisons to. prisons, who shall select such number as is required by such requisi

tion from among the youthful, well-behaved and most promising con-
victs in the State prisons and county penitentiaries convicted of felony,
and transfer them to the reformatory for education and treatment un-
der the rules and regulations thereof. And the board of managers are
hereby authorized to receive and detain, during the term of their sen-
tence to the State prison or penitentiary, such prisoners so trans-
ferred ; and the laws applicable to convicts in the State prisons, so far
as they relate to the commutation of imprisonment for good conduct,
shall be applicable to said convicts when transferred under this section.

8 2. This act shall take effect immediately,
Ante, p. 394.

CHAP 27.

ance com

Co-opera- AN ACT to provide for the formation of county and town cotive insur

operative insurance companies. panies.

PASSED May 15, 1879 ; three-fifths being present. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

Incorporation.

SECTION 1. It shall be lawful for any number of persons, not less than twenty-five, residing in one or more adjoining towns or in any county in this state who collectively own property of not less than fifty thousand dollars in value, which they desire to have insured, to form themselves into an incorporated company for the purpose of cooperative insurance against loss or damage by fire or lightning, by mak.

ing, signing and acknowledging before some officer by law authorized to take acknowledgments of conveyances of real estate a certificate of Certificate their intention to form such corporation stating the town or towns, or the county in which such company intends to do business, its corporate name which shall embrace the county in cases when the association includes a county, and the name of the town in cases of towns in which the business office of said company is located. Every person Member

ship. insured in said company shall sign an application for insurance as required by the articles of association and by-laws of the company, and thereby become a meinber thereof. Amended in 1880, ch. 397; post, p. 1005.

§ 2. Every company formed according to the provisions of this act Directors. shall choose of their members not less than five directors in the case of town insurance companies nor less than one director for every town in the case of county insurance companies within the territorial limits of said company, whose duty it shall be to manage the business of the company, who shall hold their office one year or until others are elected and qualified, and said directors shall choose from the members of said company a president and a secretary, and such other officers as their by-laws shall prescribe. All officers to be elected by ballot. The business and corporate powers of the companies incorporated under this act, shall be exercised by said board of directors subject to the by, laws of the company. The by-laws shall prescribe the number of said directors necessary to constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, and may provide for an executive committee for such purposes as may be necssary, and may require officers to give such bonds as the interests of the company may require.

Amended in 1880; post, p. 1005.

83. It shall be the duty of the first directors of any company organized statement under this act, before doing any business of insurance, to prepare a state- and filed. ment showing the name of the company, the names of the persons comprising the proposed company, with the amount of proposed insurance to each, the name of the association, a copy of the articles and by-laws of association, and the names of the county, town or towns comprising the territorial limits within which it is proposed to do business, the names of the directors and officers, with their post-office address, the place where the principal office for the transaction of business shall be located and the mode and manner in which the business of said company is to be conducted, and file a copy thereof, signed by said directors and officers, in each of the following offices, namely: in the office of the clerk of the county where the office of the company is located, and in case of town insurance companies in the office of the clerk of the town where the office of said company is located.

$ 4. The persons so associating, after having filed the statement as When required by section three, may open books to receive propositions and business enter into agreements in a manner authorized by this act. But no comcompany organized under this act shall do any business or issue any

menced. policies until bona fide agreements have been entered into covering property to be insured to the amount of not less than one hundred thousand dollars in cases of county associations, and fifty thousand dollars in cases of town associations.

$ 5. The directors of every company formed under this act shall Records, procure proper books in which the secretary shall keep a perfect record of all the transactions of the company and of the board of directors, and shall show at all times fully and truly, the condition, affairs and business of said company, and shall be kept open for the inspection of

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