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amendment by inserting instead of the words Rice, John H. Rice, Rollins, Sawyer, Schenck, Sco- NAYS-Messrs. Ancona, Bergen, Chanler, Darling, and afford them all proper protection” the
field, Shellabarger, Sloan, Spalding, Starr, Stevens, Davis, Dawson, Eldridge, Glossbrenner, Goodyear, following:
Thayer, Francis Thomas Trowbridge, Upson, Van Grider, Hale, Aaron Harding. Hogan, Edwin V. liub
Acrnam, Burt Van Horn, Wara, William B. Wash- bell. James M. Humphrey. Kuykendall, Le Blood, And shall hire or provide by lease buildings for burn, Welker, Williams, James F. Wilson, and Ste- Marshall, Marvin, McCullough, Niblack, Nicholpurposes of cducation whenever such association phen F. Wilson-86.
son, Radford, Samuel J. Randall, Raymond, Ritshall, without cost to the Government, provide suit- NOT VOTING-Meeers. Alley, Banks, Barker, Ben- ter. Ross, Sitgreaves, Strouse, Taylor, Trimble, and able teachers and means of instruction, and he shall jamin, Bingham, Blow. Boutwell, Boyer, Brandegee, Wright--32. furnish such protection as may be required for the Broomall. Bundy, Coffroth, Conklins, Culver, Dawes, NOT VOTING-Messrs. Alley, Barker, Benjamin, safe conduct of such schools.
Delano, Denison, Driggs, Farnsworth, Finck, Grin- Bingham, Blow. Boutwell, Boyer, Brandegee, Broos.Mr. ELDRIDGE. Mr. Speaker, is it in
nell, Griswold, Abner C. Harding, llarris, Hayes, Hill, all, Bundy, Cotfroth, Conkling, Culver, Delano, Deu
Hotchkiss, Hulburd, James Humphrey, Johnson, ison, Driggs, Farnsworth, Finck, Grinnell, Griswold, order for the gentleman to modify his amend- Jones, Kasson, Kelso, Kerr, Ketcham, Labin, Mar- Harris, Hayes, Hill, Hotchkiss, Hulburd, James ment after the previous question has been shall, Marston, McIndoe, Miller, Morrill, Moulton, Humphrey, Johnson, Jones, Kasson, Kelso, Kerr, seconded?
Newell, Noell, Phelps, Pomeroy, William II. Randall, Ketcham, Latin, McIndoe, Miller, Moulton, Newell,
Rogers, Rousseau, Shanklin, Smith, Taber, John L. The SPEAKER. The amendment cannot
Noell, Phelps, Pomeroy, William H. Randall, Rogers, Thomas, Thornton, Robert T. Van Horn, Warner, Rousseau, Shanklin, Smith, Spalding, Taber, John be modified, except by unanimous consent, Elihu B. Washburne, Wentworth, Windom, Win- L. Thomas, Thornton, Robert T. Van Horn, Warner, after the previous question has been seconded. field, Woodbridge, and Wright--62.
Elihu B. Washburno, Wentworth, Windom, and Wine
field-55. Mr. ELDRIDGE. I object to the modifi
So the amendment was not agreed to. cation.
During the vote,
So the bill was passed. Mr. SCOFIELD. Oh, let this come in. Mr. NIBLACK stated that his colleague, Mr. Mr. ELIOT moved to reconsider the vote by
Mr. ELDRIDGE. You call the previous | KERR, was detained from the House by illness. which the bill was passed ; and also moved question on us, and then ask me to let this Mr. RICE, of Maine, stated that Messrs. that the motion to reconsider be laid upon the come in. I insist on my objection.
Windom, CONKLING, and Hotchkiss were ab- table.
MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE.
A message from the Senate, by Mr. FORNEY, was seconded. read a third time.
its Secretary, announced that the Senate had The SPEAKER. That cannot be done after Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I move to reconsider || passed a bill (S. No. 342) for the relief of Ira the House has commenced executing it. It is the vote by which the bill was ordered to be
B. Curtis, in which he was directed to ask the stated on page 143 of the Digest that it is not engrossed and read a third time, and demand
concurrence of the House. in order to move a reconsideration of the vote the previous question. I do it in order to give APPOINTMENTS TO MILITARY ACADEMY. on ordering the main question when it is partly the gentleman from Pennsylvania [Mr. Sco.
On motion of Mr. SCIENCK, by unanimous executed.'' FIELD] an opportunity to offer his amendment.
consent, joint resolution of the Senate No. 136, The question recurred upon the amendment The previous question was seconded and the
relative to appointments to the Military Acadoffered by Mr. SHELLABARGER, which was read main question ordered ; and under the opera
emy of the United States, was taken up from as follows: tion thereof the motion to reconsider was
the Speaker's table, the amendments of the Add at the end of section six the following: agreed to.
Senate non-concurred in, and a committee of Provided, That nothing in this act contained shall be construed to affect the right of any person to re
Mr. SCOFIELD moved to strike out all after conference asked. cover in the proper courts any title or right of pos
the word “them” in the ninth line, section session which such person may have in any of the
RAILROAD IN MISSOURI AND ARKANSAS. seven, and in lieu thereof to insert the followlands held under said field order.
ing: So that the section will read:
On motion of Mr. CULLOM, by unanimous That whenever the former owners of lands occupied And shall hire or provide by lense buildings for pur
consent, Senate bill No. 223, to revive and under General Sherman's field order, dated at Savan- poses of education whenever such association shall, extend the provisions of an act granting the nah, January 16, 1865, shall apply for restoration of without cost to the Government, provide suitable right of way and making a grant of land to the said lands, the Commissioner shall refuse the surren- teachers and means of instruction, and he shall furder of the same: Provided, That nothing in this act
States of Arkansas and Missouri to aid in the nish such protection as may be required for the safe contained shall be construcd to affect the right of any conduct of such schools.
construction of a railroad from a point upon person to recoverin the proper courts any title or right of possession which such person may have in any of
Mr. WILSON, of Iowa, demanded the pre
the Mississippi opposite the mouth of the Ohio the lands held under said field order. vious question.
river, via Little Rock to the Texas boundary, Mr. ELIOT. There is no objection to that. The previous question waş seconded and the
near Fulton, in Arkansas, with branches to Fort The amendment was agreed to. main question ordered.
Smith and the Mississippi river, approved FebThe question rccurred on the amendment of
Mr. LE BLOND. I would inquire whether
ruary 9, 1853, and for other purposes, was taken Mr. Davis, which was read, as follows: the Government is to buy the school-houses
from the Speaker's table, read a first and second for the schools.
time, and referred to the Committee on Public At the end of section two add the following:
Lands. And the powers conferred and the duties enjoined
Mr. SCOFIELD. The amendment provides by the act hereby amended shall be applicablo to all that, instead of buying sites and erecting build
JOIIN A. COAN. persons named or referred to in this section; and all acts or parts of acts inconsistent with the provisions
ings, they may temporarily hire buildings to On motion of Mr. McKEE, by unanimous of this act are hereby repealed. be occupied by teachers to be furnished by
consent, the papers in the case of John A. Coan So that the section will read: private benevolent associations.
were withdrawn from the files of the Committee That the supervision and care of said bureau shall Mr. LE BLOND. Does not the amendment extend to all loyal refugees and freedmen, so far as
of Claims, copies of the same being left. the sameshall be necessary to enable them as speedily contemplate that sites are to be purchased by
RECONSTRUCTION. as practicable to becomeself-supporting citizens of the the Government? United States, and to aid them in making the free- Mr. ELIOT. No, sir; just the opposite. The SPEAKER. The morning hour having dom conferred by proclamation of the Commanderin-Chief, by emancipation under the laws of States,
The amendment was agreed to.
expired, the first business in order is House and by constitutional amendment, available to them The bill was ordered to be engrossed and bill No. 543, which was made the special order and beneficial to the Republic. And the powers conread a third time; and being engrossed, it was
for tlris day after the morning hour, being a bill ferred and the duties enjoined by the act hereby amended, shall be applicable to all persons named accordingly read the third time.
to restore to the States lately in insurrection or referred to in this section; and all acts or parts of Mr. ELIOT demanded the previous question
their full political rights. acts inconsistent with tho provisions of this act aro hereby repealed. on the passage of the bill.
Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. Unless the memStrike out all the remaining sections of the bill. The previous question was seconded and the bers of this Congress who represent the loyal Mr. DAVIS. I call for the yeas and nays main question ordered.
people of this country approach the propoon this amendment.
Mr. ELDRIDGE demanded the yeas and | sition before us, providing for the restoration The yeas and nays were ordered. nays.
of the late rebel States, in a proper spirit and The question was taken; and it was decided
The yeas and nays were ordered.
with mutual concessions, I fear we shall fail to in the negative--yeas 35, nays 86, not voting The question was taken ; and it was decided acco
ccomplish the great work committed to our 62; as follows: in the affirmative-ycas 96, nays 32, not vot
hands. I desire to approach its consideration YEAS-Messrs. Ancona, Delos R. Ashley, Bergen, ing 55; as follows:
with charity for all and malice toward none. Chanler, Darling, Davis, Dawson, Eldridge, Gloss- YEAS-Messrs. Allison, Ames, Anderson, Delos R. I know that I approach it in a forgiving spirit brenner, Goodyear, Grider, Hale. Aaron Harding, Ashley, James M. Ashley, Baker, Baldwin, Banks, and with a thankful heart. With thankfulHogan, Edwin N. Hubbeil, James M. Humphrey, Baxter, Beaman, Bidwell, Blaine, Bromwell, BuckKuykendall, Latham, Le Blond, Marvin, McCul- land, Reader W. Clarke, Sidney Clarke, Cobb, Cook,
ness, because the din of war has been hushed lough, Niblack, Nicholson, Radford, Samuel J. Ran- Cullom, Dawes, Defrees, Deming, Dixon, Dodge,
and the national conflagration extinguished. dall, Raymond, Ritter, Koss, Sitgreaves, Stilwell, Donnelly, Dumont, Eckley, Eggleston, Eliot, Farqu- In a forgiving spirit, because I know how Strouse, Taylor, Trimble, Henry D. Washburn, and har, Ferry, Garfield, Abner C. Harding. Hart, HenWhaley-35. derson, Higby, Holmes, Hooper, Asahel W. Hubbard,
much there is to be forgiven if we would reNAYS– Messrs. Allison, Ames, Anderson, James Chester D.Hubbard, Demas Hubbard, John H. Hub
unite dissevered and broken ties, secure the M. Ashley, Baker, Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Bid- bard, James R. Hubbell, Ingersoll, Jenckes, Julian, perpetual unity of the nation, and bind up its well, Blaine, Bromwell, Buckland, ReaderW.Clarke, Kelley, Latham, George V. Lawrence, William LawSidney Clarke, Cobb, Cook, Cullom, Defrees, Deming, rence. Loan, Longyear, Lynch, Marston, McClurg.
millions of bleeding and broken hearts. Dixon, Dodge, Donnelly, Dumont, Eckley, Eggleston, Mchec, MoRuer, Mercur, Moorhead, Morrill, Morris,
In all the votes which I have given or may Eliot, Farquhar, Ferry, Garfield, Hart, Henderson, Myers. O'Neill, Orth, Paine, Patterson, Perhain, Pike, Higby, Holmes, Hooper, Asahel W. Hlubbard, Chester
give on the propositions for reconstruction, in Plants, Price, Alexander II. Rice, John H. Rice, RolD. Hubbard. Demas Hubbard, John H. Hubbard, lins, Sawyer, Schenck, Scofield, Shellabarger, Sloan,
all I have said or may say, I shall keep steadily James R. Iubbell, Ingersoll, Jenckes, Julian, Kelley, Starr, Stevens, Stilwell, Thayer, Francis Thomas, in view the one great desire of my heart, which George V. Lawrence, William Lawrence, Loan, Long- Trowbridge, Upson. Van Aernam, Burt Van Horn, outweighs and overshadows all others, and year. Lynch, McClurg, McKee, McRuer, Mercur, Ward, Henry B. Washburn, William B. Washburn, Moorhead, Morris, Myers, O'Neill, Orth, Paine, Pat- Welker, Whaley. Williams, James F. Wilson, Stephen
before which the petty schemes of parties and terson, Perham, Pike, Plants, Price, Alexander H. F. Wilson, and Woodbridgc-96.
of men dwindle into insignificance and appear
to me criminal. That desire is to see the States territorial jurisdiction of the United States by says they are now in constitutional relations to
How can this most desirable result best be ereignty and the only constitutional governing and sap the very foundations of the Govern-
ment. If these rebel States had the right to
tion, as I have already voted for the proposed as States, of all constitutional relations to the Entertaining these ideas, at the extra session || constitutional amendment which was sent to national Government which were severed by of Congress in July, 1861, I drew up a bill the Senate the other day. When that propotheir acts of rebellion and war?
embodying them, but by the advice of friends sition was up I desired to offer an amendment I claim that we have the power, and that it I did not present it until the regular session in
But the honorable gentleman from is not only our right but our duty to demand December. On the 12th of March following, Pennsylvania [Mr. STEVENS) who had charge such conditions as the majority of the loyal | by the direction of the Committee on Territo- | of the measure had entered a motion to recomrepresentatives of this Congress may deem ries, I reported to this House “ a bill to pro- mit, and would not allow the amendment to requisite for the safety and security of the vide temporary provisional governments for be offered. But I now send it to the Clerk's nation. I believe we have the constitutional the districts of country in rebellion against the desk, as the amendment I then desired to offer. power, because I believe the States represented United States." That bill, on the motion of It may do no good to send it to the Senate in this Hall during the war and now are the my then colleague, (Mr. Pendleton,) was laid now, as I learn since I got on my feet that the Government. If I did not believe this I could upon the table by a vote of 65 to 56, a number amendment which we sent over has received, not vote for any of the propositions before the of Republicans voting with the Opposition, and with an amendment to the third section, the House or any proposition of a like character. a still larger number not voting at all.
sanction of a majority of the true Union memFrom the first I have held that when the At the first session of the Thirty-Eighth Con- bers of that body, and will, undoubtedly, pass people of the late rebel States abolished their gress, upon consultation, it was thought best that body. constitutional State governments and confed. to have a committee on the rebellious States, The Clerk read as follows: erated together in violation of the national and the late Henry Winter Davis offered a res
ARTICLE – Constitution and organized hostile State gov- olution for the appointment of such a commit- Sec. 1. No State shall make or enforce any law ernments and a national confederate govern- tee. The committee was raised, and he was
which shall abridge the privileges and immunities of
citizens of the United States; nor shall any State dement, and maintained those governments by appointed its chairman.
prive any person of life, liberty, or property, without force of arms until the rebellion became so After the committee was appointed, of which due process of law; nor deny to any person within formidable as to claim the prerogatives of a I was a member, I again introduced the old bill,
its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. national de facto government, and to have con- with such modifications and additions as time
Sec. 2. No State shall deny the elective franchise
to any of its inhabitants, being citizens of the United ceded to it by the United States and the great had suggested. That bill which was reported States, above thoage of twenty one years because of Powers of Europe belligerent rights, that from passed both Houses of Congress, but did not
on the 4th day of July, A. D. 1876, all citizens of the that hour constitutional State governments receive the sanction of President Lincoln, and United States above the age of twenty-one years, not ceased in each of the States so confederated therefore failed to become a law,
convicted of crime or excluded from the right of the together, and until governments are reorgan- At the second session of the Thirty-Eighth
ballot by act of Congress or by the law of any State
because of insurrection or rebellion against the Unized in each of them in subordination to the Congress I again introduced the same bill
ted States, shall be electors in each State and Terrinational Constitution, and recognized by this with some modifications, and by direction of tory of the United States; and on and after the 4th Congress, there can be no constitutional State the committee I reported it to this House.
day of July, A. D. 1876, all natural-born citizens of
the United States thereafter becoming twenty-one governments in such States.
After a number of efforts to modify it so as to years of age, and all aliens who may thereafter bo Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. Will the secure a majority vote, it was lost, and we were naturalized and are above the age of twenty-ono gentleman allow me to ask him who he intends left at sea on this great question of reconstruc
years and can read and write the English language,
shall be qualified to vote for electors of President and shall form the State governments—the peopletion. And to-day we are reaping the fruits of Vice President of the United States, for members of of the States, or who?
our stupidity and folly. I allude to these facts the Congress of the United States, and for Governors Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I propose that the to show how steadily the national mind has
and members of State Legislatures.
Sec. 3. Representation shall be apportioned among loyal people of these States shall reorganize been marching up to this idea, that the men who the scveral States according to the respective numthese State governments and administer their remained loyal to this Government, who main- ber of inhabitants in each. governments under such rules and restrictions tained constitutional State governments, and
SEC. 4. No payment shall ever be made by the Uni
ted States or any State for oron account of the emanas the Congress of the United States, repre- who during the war administered this Govern
cipation of any slave or slaves, or for or on account senting the people of the loyal States, shall ment are the Government.
of any debt contracted in aid of insurrection or re
bellion against the United States. require.
Mr. WRIGHT. Will the gentleman from
SEC. 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. Then I Ohio [Mr. ASHLEY] allow me to ask him a by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this understand the gentleman to say that he is question?
article. willing that the loyal people shall form State Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I would rather the Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I do not desire to governments, or shall continue their State gov- gentleman would ask me his questions after I take up the time of the House in discussing this ernments and protect and elect Congressmen get through my argument.
proposition, as I understand the Senate has as part of their duty. Do I understand him Mr. WRIGHT. I wish simply to ask the || practically agreed to sustain the proposition on aright?
gentleman to give us his definition of a loyal representation which was sent them from this Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. Under such rules
House a short time since. It will be noticed, that and restrictions as this Congress shall require. Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. If the gentleman | in prescribing the qualifications of electors, I
Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. That is will ask me after I get through I will answer omit the word "male" and use the words "all
citizens of the United States above the age of Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. Now, Mr. Speaker, Mr. WRIGHT. Very well; I will ask the || twenty-one years.' I did this purposely, as I I hope I can go on without any more of these || gentleman then.
am unwilling to prohibit any State from enfraninterruptions. From the outbreak of the re- Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I was saying that | chising its women if they desire to do so. The bellion I have sought to have all the Depart- I allude to these facts for the purpose of show- Senate having struck out the third clause and ments of the Government adopt and act upon ing how steadily the national inind has been inserted another, this amendment will serve no this idea. I have held that the sovereignty of approaching this idea. And when this joint other purpose than to show what I desired to the nation was in the people who reside in the committee on reconstruction, composed of the offer the other day. States which maintained constitutional State ablest men in the nation, made their report the But, Mr. Speaker, I have an amendment governments, recognizing the national Consti- other day, they recognized the same idea, to which I desire to offer to this bill-an amendtution as the supreme law of the land, and the wit, that the constitutional governments in all ment upon which I shall ask a vote, and to Government which it created as the one to the rebel States were abolished; that during which I desire the attention of the House. which all citizens owed a paramount allegiance. the war and now they were not in constitutional House bill No. 543, as reported by the comI have held that the sovereignty of the nation relations with the national Government. And mittee, requires the adoption of the constitucould not be impaired or destroyed within the the man, whoever he may be, who stands up and tional amendment proposed before any State,
pose to offer:
no matter when it may be ratified, shall be ad- term. Sir, look at Georgia ; they would not have the effrontery to tell the people of this mitted here, thus putting it in the power of the elect Joshua Hill, but elected Alexander H. country that they will not accept such connorthern States, if they desire to do so, to Stephens; and so of nearly every rebel State. ditions. If they will not and we permit them exclude States which in good faith ratified this If the southern people are stupid enough to to dictate their own terms, is not this a practical constitutional amendment and amended their suppose that such men as Alexander II. Ste- surrender on the part of the conqueror to the State constitutions and laws so as to comply | phens will ever be admitted into the Senate or conquered ? Suppose our position had been with all the conditions we make. I desire, House of Representatives they might as well reversed ; suppose the anti-slavery men of this then, to have the bill reported by the commit- be undeceived now. Hence, I say that in view country had gone into a rebellion as the South tee so amended that whenever any State lately of the fact that the loyal men have had no did, without a pretext, without cause, whien in insurrection and rebellion shall have ratified voice in those reconstructed governments, have they had a majority in this and the other this amendment in good faith, and shall have had no voice in their legislation, have been branch of Congress, simply because a promodified its constitution and laws in conform- dumb and silent under the sway of these trai- slavery man had been elected President. Supity therewith, that its Senators and Repre- tors who were placed in power over them by pose this to have been the case, that State after sentatives shall be admitted into Congress; the Executive, the loyal men of those States State had seceded, had captured the forts of that is, that the loyal men of Tennessee and should have a fair opportunity to select men the United States, and had made war on the Arkansas now elected shall be admitted; but who will truly represent them under the Con- Union for four years, destroying half a million that as to the other States, they shall, before stitution and laws when modified in accordance of lives, as well as running up a debt of over being represented in Congress, after the adop- || with the constitutional amendment proposed by $3,000,000,000 for posterity to pay. I say suption of this amendment and the modification || Congress.
this to have been the case, do you believe of their constitution and laws, elect, or reëlect, I also have an amendment which I intend to any such proposition would have been made by if you will, Governors and all other State offi- offer when the other bill comes up, but will not those men when they had conquered as have cers, members of the Legislature, Senators of take up time by reading it now. I will send it been made by this Government, nay, prothe United States, and members of this House. to the reporter and he can insert it with my posed by this very House? Do you suppose Why do I ask for this provision? Because remarks. *
that leading anti-slavery men, like Garrison, these governments, set up by the President of Let us look, Mr. Speaker, at the condition in Phillips, Beecher, Greeley, and Gerrit Smith, the United States, set up over the heads of which we find the country. I hold in my hand would have been sent for by a pro-slavery loyal men, have every one of them elected the propositions reported by the committee of Executive to be counseled with and sent home traitors to official positions in those States, fifteen. I need not read them. They have as provisional governors to organize States over have elected traitors to this House, bave elected been carefully examined by every member. the heads of the only loyal men in those States? traitors to the Senate. I insist that this pro- All over the land, North and South, a cry is Do you think there would have been any such vision shall be applied to them, so that when raised against the report of that committee. I || stupid performance if the North bad been in their constitutions and their laws are modified ask gentlemen if they can put their hands on a rebellion? No, sir, we would have boen stripped in accordance with the proposition which we single page of human history where, after a naked, as was said by Henry A. Wise the other lay down, the loyal men of those States shall, rebellion has been put down of the character evening at Alexandria. under the amended Constitution and laws,.vote of the one we had to deal with, they can My friend from Iowa in front of me (Mr. for the officers which are to be recognized by find the conquerors making propositions so Price] hands the paper containing the extract I the Government of the United States. I ask | mild, so conciliatory, and so merciful as these am quoting, and I will read it: the Clerk to read the amendment which I pro- made by the committee of fisteen-propositions "If I had triumphed," said Governor Wise, "I as applicable to the conquerors as the con
should have favored stripping them naked. (LaughThe Clerk read as follows:
ter.) Pardon! They might have appealed for pardon, quered. Yet we find men in this Hall, men but I would have seen them damned before I would That whenever any State lately in insurrection all over the South, men holding high positions have granted it. For myself, the boot being on the shall have ratified, in good faith and irrevocably, the in the Government before the rebellion, and
other leg. I take no oaths; I ask no pardons! [Pro
longed cheers.) I give you that brigade-the old, tho its constitution and laws in conformity therewith high positions in the rebel government, who
lasting, the enduring Wisc brigade. (Cheers and and after such ratification and modification of its
applausc.]" const.iution and laws shall have elected a Gor
* Amendment to be proposed by Mr. J.M. ASHLEY Do you suppose if the rebellion in the North ernor and the State officers provided for in the con- House bill No.-, declaring certain persons ineli. to which I have referred had been put down, stitution of such State, including the State Legisla
gible to oflice under the Government of the United ture and Senators and Representatives to the ConStates.
any traitor would have been permitted to walk gress of the United States, under such limitations
in Boston and utter such treason against the and restrictions as may be imposed by the constitu- Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert tion and laws of such State when amended as herein as follows:
Government? No, sir; and yet we are deprescribed, the Senators and Representatives from
That no person who has acted as president or nounced in this Congress as a rump Congress, such State, if thus elected and qualified, may after vice president or member of cither house of the con
as Jacobins, as sanguinary men. having taken the oaths of oflice required by law, gress of the so-called confederato States of America,
Why? Be. be admitted into Congress as such: Provided, That or as head of any department or bureau thereof, or cause we ask, in restoring the governments of neither the State of Tennessee nor Arkansas shall be as military or naval officers above the grade of colo- the southern States, that our friends shall have required to reëlect a Governor and State officers or nel or master in the navy, or as governor of either of
a fair share in the administration of their State a State Legislaturo or Senators or Representatives
the so-called confederate States or member of the to the Congress of the United States; but whenever legislature thereof, or member of any State conven- governments, and that the leading traitors shall either of said States shall have ratified the above
tion who voted for an ordinance of secession, or any be punished. recited amendment, and shall have modified their person who in a foreign country acted as an agent of
Sir, under the Administration, as matters are constitutions and laws in conformity therewith, their the so-called confederate States, or who have treated Senators and Representatives now duly elected and oflicers or soldiers or sailors of the Army or Navy of now going, not a single, solitary traitor will be qualified may bo admitted into Congress on taking
the United States, captured during the late war, punished. Rebel coldiers that were in prison the oaths of office required by law.
Otherwiso than as lawful prisoners of war, or any Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. It will be observed, person who was an officer of the Army and Navy of
have all been liberated, while the soldiers of the United States, or who was educated at the Mili- the grand Union Army who are in prison for Mr. Speaker, that, by the adoption of this tary or Naval Academy of the United States, or who the slightest offenses remain, and you cannot amendment, every State which adopts in good
was head of any Departmentor bureau underthe Gor-
get them pardoned out. These are unpleasant faith the proposed amendment to the Consti
of the Thirty-Fifth or Thirty-Sixth Congress of the facts, but I could not pass them and do my tution and modifies its constitution and laws in United States, or judge of any court thereof, or who duty without referring to them. conformity therewith, and after such modifica
since 1856 acted as a foreign minister or agent of the
What do we ask? The loyal men of the tion elects a Governor and members of the military, in any State or under the Government of
nation ask that in the restoration of the rebel Legislature and Senators and members of this the United States and accepted office under any rebel States the men who were our friends and allies House, it shall have its Representatives admit
State government, or under the government of the
during the rebellion--the loyal men-shall be ted here. An exception, however, is made in
to give aid and comfort to the rebellion, shall ever clothed with the power of the local and State the case of Tennessee and Arkansas, which be eligible to any oflice of trust or profit under the governments of the South. Is this asking too now have loyal Governors and other State
Government of the United States: Provided, That
much? If this is not accorded to us, if these officers and loyal Legislatures. Those States
before the 1st day of January, A. D. 1865, ceased to men are to come back here, the loyal oath to would not be required, under this amendment, give aid and comfort to the rebellion, and labored to be repealed as is recommended, and no condito reëlect their oflicers, but the Senators and
restore the authority of the United Statesin the State
tions are to be exacted; if these men are to Representatives already elected, if they can take visions of this act; and any one claiming the benefit come back here next year and take possession the oath, would be admitted to seats in Con- of this provision may make application to the dis- of the Government, so far from treason being gress, and their present State officers would be
trict court of the United States for the district in allowed to continue in their present positions. which he resides, and the judge of said court is hereby
punished and made odious it will only prove authorized and required to hear and determine all to have been a passport to favor and to power. I think this modification a very necessary
applications for exemptions under the provisions of Sir, has it come to this? Can the unselfish one. Let gentlemen look over the South and
this act, and if the judge before whom any such hcar-
heroism and bravery, the devotion and sacri. see the character of the men who have been
him that the person claiming exemption did cease to fices of our soldiers and the loyal men and elected as Senators. In almost every instance, participate in the rebellion or give aid and comfort women of the nation so soon be forgotten? where they are not out and out open-throated
thereto, and labored to secure a restoration of the
Are the men who conducted this nation safely rebels, who ought to be incarcerated in prisons on or before the 1st day of January, A. D. 1865, he through the most terrible war recorded in hisor exiled from the country instead of approach- shall cause a record to be made of that fact in a book tory to admit, now that the rebellion is over, ing this temple of liberty ; in almost every in
to be kept by the court for that purpose, and the
that they are incapable of administering the stance, I say, where there has been any con- person so claiming exemption, setting forth the facts Government in time of peace? Are the men cessions made to loyal men the Legislatures as found by the evidence, whereupon the person so who fought the opponents of this Government have elected moderate men for the short term receiving such certificate, shall be restored to all tho
on the battle-field and at the ballot-box for the and the most inalignant rebels for the long Il States in the several States. privileges and immunities of a citizen of the United
last four years, and everywhere vanquished