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judgments as now used are modified in conformity to this title, and the party in whose favor judgment has been heretofore, or shall hereafter be given, and in case of his death, his personal representatives, duly appointed, may, at any time within five years after the entry of judgment, proceed to enforce the same, as prescribed by this title.

$ 284. After the lapse of five years from the entry of judgment, an execution can be issued only by leave of the court, upon motion, with personal notice to the adverse party, unless he be absent or non-resident, or cannot be found to make such service, in which case such service may be made by publication, or in such other manner as the court shall direct. Such leave shall not be given, unless it be established by the oath of the party, or other satisfactory proof that the judgment or some part thereof remains unsatisfied and due. But the leave shall not be necessary when execution has been issued on the judgment within the five years, and returned unsatisfied in whole or in part.

When judgment shall have been rendered in a court of justice of the peace, or in a justice's or other inferior court in a city, and docketed in the office of the clerk of the county, the application for leave to issue execution must be to the county court of the county where the judgment was rendered, or in the city and county of New York, to the court of common pleas of that city and county.

$ 285. Where a judgment requires the payment of money or the delivery of real or personal property, the same may be enforced in those respects by execution, as provided in this title. Where it requires the performance of any other act, a certified copy of the judge ment may be served upon the party against whom it is given, or the person or officer who is required thereby, or by law, to obey the same, and his obedience thereto enforced. If he refuse he may be punished by the court as for a contempt.

§ 286. There shall be three kinds of execution; one against the property of the judgment debtor; another against his person; and the third for the delivery of the possession of real or personal property, or such delivery with damages for withholding the same. They shall be deemed the process of the court, but they need not be sealed nor subscribed, except as prescribed in sec

tion 289.

§ 287. When the execution is against the property of the judgment debtor, it may be issued to the sheriff of any county where judgment docketed. When it requires the delivery of real or personal property it must be issued to the sheriff of the county where the property, or some part thereof is situated. Executions may be issued at the same time to different counties. Real property adjudged to be sold must be sold in the county where it lies, by the sheriff of the county, or by a referee appointed by the court for that purpose, and thereupon the sheriff or referee must execute a conveyance to the purchaser, which conveyance shall be effectual to pass the rights and interest of the parties adjudged to be sold.

An execution may issue against a married woman, and it shall direct the levy and collection of the amount of the judgment against her from her separate property, and not otherwise.

$ 288. If the action be one in which the defendant might have been arrested, as provided in section 179 and section 181, an execution against the person of the judgment debtor may be issued to any county within the jurisdiction of the court, after the return of an execution against his property unsatisfied in whole or in part. But no execution shall issue against the person of a judgment debtor, unless an order of arrest has been served, as in this act provided, or unless the complaint contains a statement of facts showing one or more of the causes of arrest required by section 179.

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§ 289. The execution must be directed to the sheriff, or coroner, when the sheriff is a party or interested, subscribed by the party issuing it, or his attorney, and must intelligibly refer to the judgment, stating the court, the county where the judgment roll or transcript is filed, the names of the parties, the amount of the judgment, if it be for money, and the amount actually due thereon, and the time of docketing in the county to which the execution is issued, and shall require the officer substantially as follows:

1. If it be against the property of the judgment debtor, it shall require the officer to satisfy the judgment out of the personal property of such debtor, and if sufficient personal property cannot be found, out of the real property belonging to him on the day when the judgment was docketed in the county, or at any time thereafter ;

2. If it be against real or personal property in the hands of personal representatives, heirs, devisees, legatees, tenants of real property, or trustees, it shall require the officer to satisfy the judgment out of such property ;

3. If it be against the person of the judgment debtor, it shall require the ɔfficer to arrest such debtor, and cummit him to the jail of the county until he shall pay the judgment, or be discharged according to law.

4. If it be for the delivery of the possession of real or personal property, it shall require the officer to deliver the possession of the same, particularly describing it, to the party entitled thereto, and may at the same time require the officer to satisfy any costs, damages, or rents and profits, recovered by the same judgment out of the personal property of the party against whom it was rendered, and the value of the property for which the judg. ment was recovered, to be specified therein, if a de livery thereof cannot be had, and if sufficient personal property cannot be found, then out of the real property belonging to him on the day when the judgment was docketed or at any time thereafter, and shall in that respect be deemed an execution against property!

$ 290. The execution shall be returnable within sixty days after its receipt by the officer to the clerk with whom the record of judgment is filed.

$ 291. Until otherwise provided by the legislature, the existing provisions of law not in conflict with this chapter, relating to executions, and their incidents, the property liable to sale on execution, the sale and redemption thereof, the powers and rights of officers, their duties thereon, and the proceedings to enforce those duties, and the liability of their sureties, shall apply to the executions prescribed by this chapter.

$ 292. When an execution against property of the judgment debtor, or any one of several debtors in the same judgment issued to the sheriff of the county where he resides or has a place of business, or if he do not reside in the state, to the sheriff of the county where a judgment roll, or a transcript of a justice's judgment for twenty-five dollars or upward, exclusive of costs,

is filed, is returned unsatisfied, in whole or in part, the judgment creditor, at any time after such return made, is entitled to an order from a judge of the court, or a county judge of the county to which the execution was issued, or a judge of the court of common pleas for the city and county of New York, when the execution was issued to such city and county, requiring such judgment debtor to appear and answer concerning his property before such judge, at a time and place specified in the order, within the county to which the execution was issued. But in case of an order made by a justice of the supreme court, all subsequent proceedings shall be had before some justice in the judicial district where the judgment debtor resides, to be specified in the order. After the issuing of an execution against property, and upon proof by affidavit, of a party or otherwise, to the satisfaction of the court, or a judge thereof, or county judge, or any judge of the court of common pleas for the city and county of New-York, that any judgment debtor, residing in the county where such judge or officer resides, has property, which he unjustly refuses to apply towards the satisfaction of the judgment, such court or judge may, by an order, require the judgment debtor to appear at a specified time and place, to answer concerning the same: and such proceedings may thereupon be had for the application of the property of the judgment debtor towards the satisfaction of the judgment as are provided upon the return of an execution. Whenever it shall satisfactorily appear, by affidavit, to a justice of the supreme court that such county judge, or judge of said court of common pleas, is incapacitated

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