27 28. There heing 4 farthings in a penny, 1 far, 1 thing is part of a penny. 30. 3 farthings is of a penny. 31. 1 penny is ja of a shilling, because there are 12 pence in a shilling. 34. 5 pence is of a shilling. 49. 2 farthings is to, or of a shilling. 5 farthings is of a shilling. 51. 1 penny is zio of 1 pound. 7 pence is at of 1£. 59. 3s. 5d. is 41 pence, which is ad's of 1£. 75. 1 nail is 'ö of a yard, 5 nails is so of a yard. 89. 1 oz. is 'a of 1 lb. 15 oz. is in of 1 lb. 91. 1 lb. is m'a of 1 quarter. 9 lbs. is of I quarter. 100. At the end of 1 hour they would be 7 and f miles apart. In 7 hours, 7 times 74, which is 543 miles. 121. This is the principle of fellowship; 3 shillings were paid ; one paid }, the other . 122. One paid ;, the other s. 123. 20 dollars were paid in the whole, one paid , another o, and the third de 121. 3 und 4 and 5, are 12. The first put in the second in; the third te 129. 4 dollars for 2 months, is the same as 8 dollars for 1 month; 3 dollars for 3 months, is the same as 9 dollars for 1 month ; and 2 dollars for 4 months, is the same as 8 dollars for 1 mouth. The question is the same as if A had put in 8 dollars, B 9 dollars, and C 8 dollars. A must have B is, and Cz, of 100 dollars. 131. A's money was in 4 times as long as C's. It is the same as if A had put in 8 dollars for the same time, and B 8 dollars for the same time. A must have , B , and C, of 88 dollars. The examples 127, 128, 129, 130, and 131, are double or compound fellowship. 139. The interest of 50 dollars for 1 year and 6 months is 4 dollars and 50 cents, and for 1 month it is 25 cents. The interest of 7 dollars for 18 months (a dollar is of a cent a month) is 63 cents. The whole amounts to 5 dollars and 38 cents. 146. The interest of 200 dollars for 1} years is 16 dollars. The interest of 67 dollars is 67 cents for every 2 months, for 16 months it will be 8 times 67 cents, which are 5 dollars and 36 cents. The whole interest is 21 dollars and 36 certs. 143. The interest of 100 dollars for 21 years, is 13 dollars and 50 cents. The interest of 100 dollars for 60 days would be 1 dollar, the interest for 20 days will be of a dollar, or 33į cents. The interest of 1 dollar for 24 years is 13} cents, for 10 dollars the interest would be 1 dollar and 35 cents, and for 30 dollars, 4 dollars and 5 cents. The interest of 7 dollars for 2 years is 7 times 134 cents or 94, cents. The interest of 37 dollars for 60 days would be 37 cents, and for 20 days į of 37 cents, or 124 cents. The whole interest is 18 dollars and 95£ cents. 146. They would both together do of the work in 1 day, and it would take them of a day to do the other. Ans. If day. 147. i would be done in 1 day, and it would take of a day to do the other 3. Ans. 1} days. 149. They both together consume of a bushel in a week, but the woman alone consumes only of a bushe) in a week. That is, they both together consume fo in a week, but the woman alone only Po, consequently, the man alone would consume 36; and a bushel would last him 34 weeks. 1 152. A and B can build į of it in 1 day; A, B, and C, can build { of it in 1 day, the difference between } and } is; therefore C can build of it in 1 day; and it would take him 13} days to build it alone. 164. Find how much they might eat in a day, in order to make it last 1 month, and then it will be easy to find how much they may eat in a day to make it lust 11 months. 167. The money is 7 parts of the whole, and the purse one part; consequently the money is 7, and the purse of 16. 170. He gave 1 part for the apple, 2 parts for the orange, and 4 parts for the melon. These make 7 parts. The apple 3 cents, the orange 6 cents, and the melon 12 cents. 175. If to a number half of itself be added, the sum is of that number ; hence, subtract 2, from 100 and the remainder is of the number of geese that he had. 180. This must be reduced to 6ths. 1 half is š, and į is , and the number itself is s. If therefore to the whole number its half and its third be added, the sum will be ; hence, 77 is of the number. 181. į is ; therefore if to a number į and of itself be added, the whole number will be ; but when 18 more is added to 7, the first number is doubled ; that is, the number is of the first number; therefore 18 is 1 of the number |