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death, regularly levied contributions on the duke he had received, and was in the act of depositing and his tenants ; not by nightly depredations and it in a press or cupboard ; at the same time say. robberies, but in broad day, and in a systematicing, that he would cheerfully give all in the baz manner, on an appointed time, making a complete for Rob Roy's head. This notification was not sweep of all the cattle of a district ; always pass- lost on the outside visitor, who instantly gare ing over those not belonging to the duke's estate, orders, in a loud voice, to place two men at each or the estates of his friends and adherents. And window, two at each corner, and four at each of having previously given notice where he was to the two doors, thus appearing to have twenty be on a certain day, with his cattle, he was met men. Immediately the door opened, and he walked there by people from all parts of the country, to in, with his attendant close behind, cach armet whom he sold them publicly. These meetings, with a sword in his right, and a pistol in his left or trystes as they were called, were held in differ- hand, and with dirks and pistols slung in their ent parts of the country ; sometimes the cattle belts. The company started up, but he desired were driven south, but oftener to the north and them to sit down, as his business was only with west, where the influence of his friend, the duke Killearn, whom he desired to band down the bag, of Argyle, protected him,
and put it on the table. When this was done, he When the cattle were in this manner driven desired the money to be counted, and proper reaway, the tenants paid no rent, so that the duke ceipts to be drawn out, certifying that he received was the ultimate sufferer. But he was made to the money from the duke of Montrose's agent, as suffer in every way. The rents of the lower farms the duke's property, the tenants having paid their were partly paid in grain and meal, which was rents, so that no after-demand could be made on generally lodged in a store house, or granary, them on account of this transaction; and tinding called Girnal, near the loch of Monteith. When that some of the people had not obtained receipts, Macgregor wanted a supply of meal, he sent he desired the factor to grant them immediately, notice to a number of the tenants to meet him at " to shew his Grace, (said he,) that it is from him the Girnal, on a certain day, with their horses, to I take the money, and not from these honest med, carry bome his meal. They met accordingly, who have paid him.” After the whole was conwhen he ordered the horses to be loaded, and cluded, he ordered supper, saying, that as he had giving a regular receipt to his Grace's storekeeper got the purse he should pay the bill; and after for the quantity taken, he marched away, always they had drank heartily logether for sereral entertaining the people very handsomely, and hours, he called his Bailie to produce his dirk, careful never to take the meal till it had been and lay it naked on the table. Killearn was then lodged in the duke's store-house, in payment of sworn, that he would not move, nor direct any
When the money rents were paid, Macgre- one else to move from that spot, for the space of gor frequently attended. On one occasion, Mr. an hour after the departure of Macgregor, who Graham, of Killearn, (the factor,) had collected thus cautioned him : “ If you break your oath, the tenants to pay their rents, all Rob Roy's you know what you are to expect in the next men happened to be absent, except Alexander world; and in this"--pointing to his dirk. He Stewart, the Bailie. With this single attendant then walked away, and was beyond pursuit before he descended to Chapellairoch, where the factor the hour expired. and tenants 'were assembled. He reached the At another collection of rent, by the same geshouse after it was dark, and looking in at the tleman, Macgregor made his appearance, and window, he saw Killearn, surrounded by a number carried him away, with his servants, to a small of the tenants, with a bag full of money which island in the west end of Loch Cathrine ; and
having kept him there for several days, entertain-| terror into the minds of the troops whom he often ing him in the best manner, as a duke's represen-defeated and out-generalled. tative ought to be, be dismissed him with the One of the instances occurred in Breadalbane, usual receipts and compliments to his Grace. when an officer and forty chosen men were sent
In this manner did tiis extraordinary man live out after him. The party crossed through Glenin open violation and detiance of the laws of his falloch to Tynedrum; and Macgregor, who had country, and died peaceably in his bed, when full information of all their movements, was with nearly eighty years of age. His funeral was at a party in the immediate neighbourhood. He put tended by all the country round, high and low, himself in disguise of a beggar, with a bag of the duke of Montrose, and his immediate friends, meal hung on his back; (in those days alms were only excepled.
always bestowed in produce ;) went to the inn at Ilow such things could happen, at so late a Tynedrum, where the party was quartered, walked period, must appear incredible ; and this, too, into the kitchen with great seeming indiference, within thirty miles of the garrisons of Stirling and sat down among the soldiers. They soon found and Dumbartor, and the populous city of Glas- the beggar was a lively sarcastic fellow, when they gow; and, indeed, with a small garrison stationed began to attempt some practical jokes upon him. at Inversnaid, in the heart of the country, and on He pretended to be very angry, and threatened to the estate which had belonged to Macgregor, fortell Rob Roy, who would quickly show they were the express purpose of checking his depredations. not to give, with impunity, such usage to a poor The truth is, the thing could not have happened harmless person. He was immediately asked what had it not been for the peculiarity of the man's he knew of Rob Roy, and if he could tell where character ; for with all his lawless spoliations, he was. On his answering that he knew him well, and unremitting acts of vengeance and robbery and where he was, the serjeant informed the offiagainst the Montrose family, he had not an enemy cer, who immediately sent for him. Alter some in the country beyond the sphere of their influence. conversation, the beggar consented to accompany He never hurt or meddled with the property of a them to Crianlarich, a few miles distant, where poor man; and, as has been stated, was always i he said Rob Roy and his men were, and that he careful that his great enemy should be the princi- believed their arnis were lodged in one house, pal and the only sufferer. Had it been otherwise, while they were sitting in another. He added, it was quite impossible that, notwithstanding all that Rob Roy was very friendly, and sometimes his enterprises, address, intre pidity, and vigilance, joked with him, and put him at the head of the he could have long escaped, in a populous coun- iable ; “And when it is dark," said he, “ I will try, with a warlike people, well qualified to exe-go forward ; you will follow in half an hour, and cute any daring exploit, such as the seizure of when near the house, rush on, place your men at this man, had they been his enemies, and willing the back of the house, ready to seize on the arms to do so. Instead of which, he lived socially of the Highlanders, while you shall go round to among them, that is, as social as an outlaw, the front, with the serjeant and two men.; walk always under a certain degree of alarm, could do; in, and call out that the whole are your prisoners, giving the education of gentlemen to his sons, and don't be surprised although you see me at the frequenting the most populous towns, and whether head of the company.” As they marched on they in Edinburgh, Perth, of Glasgow, equally safe, had to pass a rapid stream at Dalrie, a spot celeat the same time that he displayed great and brated on account of the defeat of Robert Bruce, masterly address in avoiding or calling for public by Macdougal of Lorn, in the year 1304. Here notice. These instances of his address struck the soldiers asked their merry friend, the beggary to carry them through on his back. This he did,, that something must soon be done, or never, as sometimes taking two at a time, till he took the they would speedily gain the low country, and be whole over, demanding a penny from each for his out of reach. In the course of the night he protrouble. When it was dark they pushed on, the cured a number of goat-skins, and cords, with beggar having gone before. The officer followed which he dressed himself and his party in the the directions of his guide, and darted into the wildest manner possible ; and pushing forward house, with the serjeant and three soldiers. They before day-light, took post near the road-side, in had hardly time to look to the end of the table, a thick wood below Grandtully castle. When the where they saw the beggar standing, when the soldiers came in a line with the party in ambush, door was shut behind them, and they were in the Highlanders, with one leap, darted down upon stantly pinioned, two men standing on each side, them, uttering such yelis and shouts, as, along holding pistols to their ears, and declaring they with their frightful appearance, so confounded were dead men if they uttered a word. The beg- the soldiers that they were overpowered and disa gar went out and called in two more men, who armed, without a man being hurt on either side. were instantly secured, and so on in the same man- Rob Roy kept the arms and ammunition, released ner with the whole party. Having been disarmed, the soldiers, and marched away in triumph, with they were placod under a strong guard till morn- bis rescued men, ing, when he gave them a plentiful breakfast, and The terror of his name was much increased by released them on parole, (the bailie attending exploits like these, which perhaps lost nothing with his dirk, over which the officer gave his pa- by the telling, as the soldiers would not probably role,) to return immediately to their garrison, be inclined to diminish the danger and fatigues of without attempting any thing more at this time. a duty in which they were so often defeated. But This promise Rob Roy made secure by keeping it is unnecessary to repeat the stories preserved their arms and ammunition, as lawful prize of and related of this man and his actions, which
were always daring and well contrived, often sucSome time after the same officer was again sent cessful, but never directed against the poor, nor after this noted character ; probably to retrieve prompted in revenge, except against the duke of his former mishap. In this expedition he was Montrose ; and without an instance of murder or more fortunate, for he took two of the freeboot- bloodshed committed by any of his party, except ers prisoners, in the higher parts of Brcadalbane, in their own desence. near the scene of the former exploit, but the con- In his war against the Montrose family he was elusion was nearly similar. Re lost no time in supported and abetted by the duke of Argyle, from proceeding in the direction of Perth, for the pus- whom he always received shelter when hard pressed, pose of putting his prisoners in jail ; but Rob or, to use a hunting term, when he was in danger Roy was equally alert in pursuit. His men march- of being earthed by the troops. These two pow. ed in a parallel line with the soldiers, who kept erful families were still rivals, although Montrose along the bottom of the valley, on the south side had left the Tories, and joined Argyle and the of Loch Tay, while the others kept close up the Whig interest. It is said that Montrose reproached side of the hili, anxiously looking for an oppor-/ Argyle, in the House of Peers, with protecting tunity to dash down and 'rescue their comrades, the robber Rob Roy; when the latter, with his if they saw any remissness, or want of attention usual eloquence and address, parried off tbe acci on the part of the soldiers. Nothing of this kind sation, (which he could not deny) by jocularly offered, and the party had passed Tay bride, near answering, that if he protected the robber, the which they halted and slept. Macgregor now sail other supported him.
FIRST ESTABLISHMENT OF A PROVISION FOR THE rights, aceording to law, at the time when they
SUPPORT OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. were granted, should be liable to any further It was not ill 1617, fifty years after the final challenge, or alteration in their possession. establishment of the presbyterian religion in Scotland, that Parliament made any effectual pro
TERRIBLE INUNDATION. vision for the support of its ministers. By the On Christmas eve, in 1358, there happened an statute, chap. 3, of the Parliament of that year, inundation in Lothian, great beyond example. the Lord Chancellor, along with certain commis. The rivers swollen by excessive rains, rose above sioners from the clergy, nobility, barons or their banks, and swept away many bridges and knights, and borgesses, were appointed with power houses; tall oaks and other large trees ibat grew to call before them all persons having, or claim-on the banks were undermined by the waters, and ing right to tithes, either as proprietors or as carried off to the sea. The sheaves of corn, laid lessees, and to assign from the tithes of each out to dry in the adjacent fields, were utterly lost. parish a perpetual local stipend to the minister The suburb of lladdington, called the Nungate, of the parish, the minimum being 500 merks, or was levelled to the ground. When the water apabout £27. 158. sterling, and the maximum 800 proached the Nunnery at Iladdington, a certain merks, or £44.9s. sterling. This statute, hox-Nun snatched up the statue of the Virgin, and ever, provides that where the fruits of any benefice threatened to throw it into the river, unless Mary were in possession of the minister, they should protected her abbey from the inundation; at that be enjoyed by him, as before, and should not be moment the river retired, and gradually subsided subject to the jurisdiction of the commission, be- within its ancient limits. The Nun (says Fordun) cause there were many parsonages, at the time of was a simpleton, but devout, although not acthe Reformation, which had not been attached cording to knowledge. If, however, she perto any of the dignitaries of the church, but be-ceived any abatement of the inundation before longed to the clergy actually serving the cure. she uttered her threat, she was not a simpleton. The churches again, belonging to the episcopal benefices, seem also to have been exempted from
JOHN ROY STEWART. this commission, as falling under the general A gentleman of the Bradwardine character is clause of the statute, restoring the episcopal or- still remembered by the Highlanders with a deder, by which the bishops were bound to provide gree of admiration bordering on enthusiasm ; this a competent stipend; but, in all other cases, the was John Stewart, of the family of Kincardine, provision of the church was placed on a sure in Strathspey, known to the country by the name foradation, the commissioners having power to of John Roy Stewart, an accomplished gentleman, assign a competent uipend to each minister from an elegant scholar and poet, a brave soldier, and the tithes of his own parish, and the tithes were an able officer. He composed, with equal facility, equally subject to the hurther of this stipend, and in English, latin, and Gaelic; but it was by his placed equally with the jurisdiction of the com- songs, epigrams, and descriptive pieces in the latmissioners, whether they were vested in the ter language, that he attracted the admiration of crown, by the act of Annexation, 1587, or had his countrymen. passed into the hands of the lay-impropriators. He was an active leader in the rebellion of
The statute in conclusion, enacted, probably with 1745, and during his hiding of many months, he is a view of reconciling the lay-impropriators to had more leisure to indulge bis taste for poetry
this augmented provision of the clergy, that no and song. The country traditions are full of his person who enjoyed the possession of tithes, by descriptive pieces, eulogies, and laments on
friends, or in allusion to the events of that unfor- they had a tendency to soften the manners of the tunate period. He had been long in the service people, and to teach the great truths of christianity of France and Portugal, and had risen to the rank io many who could not read the holy scriptures. of Colonel.
These mysteries, or religious exhibitions, were He was in Scotland in 1745, and commanded a originally under the direction of the monks and regiment composed of the tenants of his family, of the clergy, who were the actors; and to whom and a considerable number of the followers of the people were probably indebted for their inSir George Stewart, of Grandtully, who had been troduction into Scotland. In Aberdeen they applaced under his command; with these, amount- pear, however, at an early period, to have been ing, in all, to 400 men, he joined the rebel army, conducted under the auspices of two personages, and proved one of its ablest partizans. Had the styled “ The Abbot and Prior of Bon-Accord," rebel commanders benefited by his judgment and who were represented by two young citizens, military talents, that deplorable contest would probably sons, or connexions of some of the have, probably, been lengthened, and much addi-magistrates in whom the nomination of these tional misery inflicted on the country. Colonel popular offices was vested. Stewart recommended to oppose the passage of The salary which was annexed to them, for the Duke of Camberland's army across the Spey. supporting their charges, was generally five merks, Had this advice been acted upon, allowing for the or the fines of admission of two burgesses of expeditious movements of the rebels, many men guild; but was increased from time to time, acmust have been lost in forcing the passage of that cording to the addition which was made to those rapid river.
fines. The earliest exhibition of this kind on record, is the play of “ Halyblude,” which was
performed in 14 10, at the Windmill-hill, under The wool of Scotland fell very considerably in the “ Abbot and Prior of Bon-accord.” The exits price in consequence of the Union with Eng- pense on this occasion being five merks, was deland, by which it was excluded from the great frayed as above mentioned. market of Europe, and confined to the narrow one In 1479, we find announced in the feast of Corof Great Britain. The value of the greater part pus Christi, a similar play, which was attended of the lands in the southern counties of Scotland, with the like expense. In process of time such which are chiefly a sheep country, would have religious exhibitions became secular amusements, been very deeply affected by this event, had not and profane subjects were introduced, as the favorthe rise in the price of butchers' meat fully com- ite to pics of plays performed by the citizens. pensated the fall in the price of wool.
These recreations, it seems, were too frequently
practised; accordingly, we fi:vt they were afterMIRACLE PLAYS, OR MYSTERIES.
wards restricted, by the magistrates, to certain Miracle plays, or Mysteries, were common in days in the year; namely, to the Anniversary of St. many places in Scotland in the time of Popery. Nicholas, the tutelary saint of the boroughs, the Being the first and earliest of modern dramatic sundays of May, and other festival days. On these exhibitions, they were performed originally, in occasions the citizens dressed in their gayest archurches and monasteries, afterwards in the open ray, assembled at the Woolman-hill and Playfiek. air, or some spót calculated to shew the perform- where they received the Abbot and Prior of Bosance to the greatest advantage. Rude and even accord with pompous ceremony. These person ridiculous as they may now appear to be, they ages, and their train of attendants, mounted e were interesting and instructive to our ancestors ; steeds, afterwards proceed in parade through ibu
PRICE OF WOOL AFTER THE UNION.