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3. Mention the chief carbohydrates, giving their composition, sources and 12 distinguishing tests,
4. Write brief notes on tannins, alkaloids, glucosides, and albuminoids. 12
SECTION II. 5. Point out the relation which exists between hydrocarbons, alcohols and 13 acids of the methane series. How do the physical properties of the members of each group change with molecular weight? Starting with hydrocarbons, by what general methods may alcohols and acids be prepared ?
6. What is meant by “saponification"? Describe a method by which 12 soft and hard soap is prepared and explain the use of soap for washing purposes,
7. How do amines differ from amides in composition and in behaviour? 13
8. Point out the analogies and the differences that exist between terpenes, 12
N.B.–The answers to Sections I and II should be arranged and given up
to the Examiners in two separate books.
1. A man has a field in the form of a right-angled triangle whose area is 12 15 acres, and whose sides are as 3, 4 and 5; he wants to have a gravel walk round the outside of the field which is to contain just 1 acre and to be of equal breadth in all places, so that the walk along the sides is rectangular and at the corners circular sectors. Find the breadth of the walk and the length of the wall which would enclose it all round.
2. Draw a plan of a field and find its area from the following notes: the 10 lengths are expressed in links :
300 240 160 100 $0
0 From A
5. Find the cubical contents of a log of timber 30 feet long, the crosssectional areas at intervals of 5 feet being respectively 7-5, 6:08, 3:54, 2-52, 1.86, 1•34, 0.92 square feet. Find also the volume if only the cross-sectional areas of the two ends and the middle were given.
4. The transverse section of a wedge is an isosceles triangle, the sides 9 of which are double of the base and the perimeter is 25 inches ; also the ree parallel edges of the wedge are 15, 17 and 22 inches : find its rolame.
5. The chord of an arc of a circle is 48 inches and its height is 7 inches; 10 find approximately the length of the arc and also the radius of the circle.
6. The outer diameter of a hollow iron roller is 1 foot 9 inches, the 10 thickness of the metal 14 inches, and the length of the roller 5 feet. Supposing a cubic foot of cast iron to weigh 464 lbs., what would the roller cost at 16s. per cwt. and how many times would it turn round in rolling 5 acres of land ? (n = 3:1416.)
7. The perpendicular height of a cone is 5 feet and the diameter of its 10 base 3 feet; a thread .01 inch in diameter is wound round from the bottom to the top, so as to cover the whole convex surface, each round just touching the preceding one. Find the length of the thread approximately.
& The circumference of the base of a hay-stack is 40 feet, the circnm. 12 ference at the eaves 60 feet, the perpendicular height of the lower part 15 feet, and that of the upper part 16 feet ; how many tons are contained in the stack, supposing each cubic yard to weigh 216 lbs. ?
9. How far distant must the centre of a sphere of radias 1 foot be 3 placed from an observer's eye, in order that ia of the whole surface may be visible to him ?
10. Give a description of the sliding rule and state how it is used for measuring timber, taking dimensions and casting up contents.
MONDAY, 4th NOVEMBER.
[10 A.M. TO 1 P.2.]
1. Describe the various kinds of albumen met with in albuminous seeds, 13 giving examples in illustration. What is the function of albumen ?
2. What is the tracheal (vascular) tissue ? Describe the various forms 10 of tracheæ, and name the plants and parts of plants where they are ordinarily met with.
3. Enumerate the distinctive characters of Angiosperms and Gymno- 1.5 sperms as well as Monocotyledonous and Dicotyledonous plants.
4. Discuss the relative merits of the Artificial and Natural systems of 10 Classification of plants, and give a brief outline of Bentham and Hooker's Natural System.
5. How do plants propagate themselves in ways, other than the sexual 10 e prorduction ? Illustrate by series of examples,
6. Give a short account of the nature, mode of infection, preven tion and 35 cure of Potato Disease Fungus.
7. Give the general characters of the Natural Orders Cucurbitaceæ, 15 Compositeæ and Labiateæ, Name the economical and agricultural plants belonging to each of them. 8. Describe the plants placed before you.
TUESDAY, 5TH NOVEMBER,
[2 P.M. TO 5 PM.]
1. Describe the differences between the alimentary canal of the horse 10 and ox and give an outline of the digestive process in each.
2. Name the bones of the foreleg of the horse and the hindleg of the 10
3. Name the extensor and flexor muscles of the foreleg of the ox.
10 4. Describe the position of the following parts of the horse :-Poll, 10 withers, counter, gaskin and glinns ; in the ox, the muffle, dewlap, croup, dental pad, and flap of the flank.
5. Give the boundaries of the abdomen and name the organs found 10 therein, 6. Describe the brain and explain what reflex action meanse
10 7. Give the normal temperature of the horse, ox and sheep, and state 10 what conditions influence the heat of the body. 8. Describe the skin and give its functions.
10 9. Define death, growth, development, and generation.
10 10. What is the retina and what purpose does it serve.
[10 A.M. TO 1 P.M.]
AGRICULTURE-PAPER I. 1. Write down a detailed description of the cultivation of Ginger, Garlic, 35 and Carda mum.
2. Which is more advantageous-mixed cropping or rotation of crops and 15
3. Write down all the field operations of Maize, Bajri and Groundnut ;3.) crops in order of time from ploughing to the preparation for narket.
t. Name and describe the diseases which affect the sugarcane crop
WEDNESDAY, 6TH NOVEMBER.
[2 P.M. TO 5 P.M.]'
1. Give seed rates and outturns of the following crops :
Tur, Rice, Til, Chillies.
What is grafting? State the advantages of the system.
3. Give vernacular and scientific names of the plants that are useful fur feneing.
4. Describe the preparation of Alæ fibre.
5. Give the analyses of Niger and Safflower cakes and justify the age of feeding cakes as manure.
6. Name the different varieties of Tea and describe their manufacture.
EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF LICENTIATE
"ADARJI MERNOSJI MASANI, M.A., B.Sc.
...} In Geology.
...} In Botany.
::} In Agriculture P. R. MEHTA, M.R.A.C.
MONDAY, 4T5 NOVEMBER.
(10 A.M. TO 1 P.M.]
What is the exact signification of the term Rock? Describe how 10 edimentary and igneous rocks are formed. By what other names is each known ? Give the characteristic differences between them.
2. Give a short explanation of the following terms :-Dip, strike, bade, 10 inticline, syncline, fault, outcrop.
3. Give a short account of the formation of soils. Describe the changes 10 that a granitic rock passes through under the process of weathering. Give the special characters of Black cotton soil or Regur.
4. What is coal ? How is it formed? Name the principal coal. 10 bearing fields of India, and give their characteristic fossils.
5. Give an exact and comprehensive definition of a fossil. How are fossils preserved ? What do they teach us ?
6. How do you distinguish between minerals and rocks ? Illustrate 10 your answer by typical examples.
7. What are the characters and essential constituents of the following 10 rocks?:
Limestone, saudstone, shale, granite, gneiss, trap, laterite.
8. Mention and describe the principal forms of free silica found in
9. Explain what is meant by weathering, denudation, soil, subsoil ? 10 Draw a vertical section to show the manner in which most arable lands vary in structure from the surface into the interior, and name the individual gradations.
10. Of what two principal parts do all soils consist ? Of what minerals 10 principally do all soils consist? How would you name a soil which con. tained one of these substances in large quantity ?
1. What are the reserves available for new growths in plant life before 15 they are in a position to absorb and elaborate fuod, independently of such reserves ? In wbat organs, and under what forins do they occur?
2. How is Stelar tissue arranged in Dicotyledonouş and Monocotyledon- 10
ous stems ?