« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENT BOARD, NEW ALBION BUILDING,
1 BEACON STREET, Boston, Jan. 20, 1915.
To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives.
The Industrial Accident Board has the honor to transmit herewith its second annual report.
INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENT BOARD,
DUDLEY M. HOLMAN.
ROBERT E. GRANDFIELD, Secretary.
The Commonwealth of Alassachusetts.
INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENT BOARD.
SECOND ANNUAL REPORT
INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENT BOARD.
INTRODUCTION. The workmen's compensation idea has attained rapid progress in the United States since the first law became effective in 1911, until now there are 24 States in which this type of legislation is in effect, and many others in which commissions have been appointed to consider such legislation. While the Commonwealth of Massachusetts was not the first State to pass a law of this nature, nevertheless, it may well be considered a pioneer in this very important field of social legislation.
The proof of this assertion lies in the fact that since July 1, 1912, when the Workmen's Compensation Act became effective in Massachusetts, the Industrial Accident Board has repeatedly been called upon to furnish data and information to other industrial accident boards and commissions, State governments contemplating legislation on the subject, insurance departments, various organizations, special commissions, and individuals interested in the development of the problem.
Commendation has been expressed to the Industrial Accident Board, not only on the wealth of its experience, but also on the methods used in administering the act, and upon the establishment of legal definitions and precedents which are of great assistance in crystallizing the principles which underlie the law of providing compensation for industrial injuries.
In this, the second annual report, the Industrial Accident Board takes pleasure in presenting the results accomplished in the second year of the act. This experience, taken in conjunction with that for the first year, is extremely valuable, not only as a justification of the Workmen's Compensation Act, but also as a reservoir of knowledge to be drawn upon in formulating new principles, and in developing the law and its administration in a manner which will tend to provide the maximum of justice to the greatest possible number of individuals directly concerned.
Two changes in the personnel of the Board have occurred during the past year: Mr. James B. Carroll, the chairman, and Mr. Edward F. McSweeney, the retiring members, were appointed, respectively, to a justiceship in the Superior Court and to the chairmanship of the Port Directors of Boston. Later Mr. Carroll was made a justice of the Supreme Judicial Court. They were succeeded in order by Mr. Frank J. Donahue and Mr. Thomas F. Boyle, who were, respectively, Secretary of the Commonwealth and chairman of the Civil Service Commission at the time of their appointment.